Adoxaceae

Sambucus L

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 13 August 2023
  1. Sambucus canadensis L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 269. Distribution: America. Notes: Cultivated. In gardens throughout Malesia, naturalized. Naturalized.
  2. Sambucus javanica Reinw. ex Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 657; EPFP 3 (1923) 576; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 576; Kern & Steen., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1951) 191. Distribution: India to China, Japan, Java, Malay Peninsula, New Guinea, Philippines, Sulawesi, Taiwan. BILIRAN, CATANDUANES, LEYTE, LUZON: Abra, Albay, Aurora, Bataan, Benguet, Camarines Sur, Ifugao, Ilocos Norte, Isabela (photos), Laguna, Mountain Province, Nueva Vizcaya, Pampanga, Quezon, Rizal, Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Cotabato, Davao del Sur, Lanao del Sur, South Cotabato, Zamboanga, Zamboanga del Norte, Zamboanga del Sur, MINDORO, NEGROS, PANAY. Notes: In most of all provinces in Luzon. Everwet primary and secondary forests, thickets, clearings, chiefly at medium elevation, ascending to 2000m. Fl./fr. Jan-Dec. Native.

Viburnum L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 6 January 2023
  1. Viburnum glaberrimum Merr., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 329; EPFP 3 (1923) 577; Kern & Steen., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1951) 185. = Viburnum cornutidens Merr., PJS 26 (1925) 491; EPFP 4 (1925) 251; Kern & Steen., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1951) 185; Type: BS 40309 Ramos & Edaño (US, iso), Luzon: Benguet, Mt Baudan. = Viburnum platyphyllum Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 284; EPFP 3 (1923) 577, as ‘pachyphyllum’; Kern & Steen., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1951) 185. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Albay, Aurora, Benguet, Camarines, Ifugao, Mountain Province, Nueva Ecija, Nueva Vizcaya, Pangasinan, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Misamis Occidental, NEGROS. Notes: In primary forests, 100-450m, according to Merrill (1923) 1000-400m. Native.
  2. Viburnum luzonicum Rolfe, J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 21 (1884) 310; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 577; Kern & Steen., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1951) 190. = Viburnum laxum Elmer, LPB 7 (1915) 2576. Distribution: China, Indochina, Moluccas, Philippines, Taiwan. BILIRAN, LUZON: Abra, Albay, Bataan, Benguet, Cagayan, Camarines, Camarines Sur, Ifugao, Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, Isabela, Laguna, Mountain Province, Nueva Ecija, Nueva Vizcaya, Pampanga, Quezon, Zambales, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Cotabato, Davao, Davao del Sur, Lanao, Lanao del Sur, Misamis Occidental, MINDORO, NEGROS, PANAY (photos). Native.
    • var. luzonicum. Distribution: China, Indochina, Moluccas, Philippines, Taiwan. LUZON: Bataan, Benguet, Cagayan, Camarines, Isabela, Mountain Province, Nueva Vizcaya, Pampanga, NEGROS. Notes: In thickets and forests, 800-2200m. Fl./fr. Jan-Dec. Native.
    • var. apoense Elmer, LPB 7 (1915) 2577; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 577; Kern & Steen., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1951) 190. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. ?LUZON: ?Pampanga, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Cotabato, Davao, Davao del Sur, Lanao. Notes: In thickets and forests at medium elevation. Native.
    • var. floribundum (Merr.) J.Kern, Reinwardtia 1 (1951) 163; Kern & Steen., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1951) 190; ≡ Viburnum floribundum Merr., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 328; EPFP 3 (1923) 577. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Abra, Mountain Province, Pampanga. Native.
    • var. sinuatum (Merr.) J.Kern, Reinwardtia 1 (1951) 163; Kern & Steen., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1951) 190; ≡ Viburnum sinuatum Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 35 (1906) 65; EPFP 3 (1923) 578. Distribution: LUZON: Bataan, Benguet, Ilocos Norte, Laguna, Mountain Province, Zambales, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, NEGROS. Native.
  3. Viburnum odoratissimum Ker Gawl., Bot. Reg. 6 (1820) t. 456; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 577; Kern & Steen. Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1951) 189. = Viburnum zambalense Elmer, LPB 9 (1934) 3181. Distribution: Philippines, Sulawesi. BILIRAN, LEYTE, LUZON: Abra, Apayao, Aurora, Bataan, Benguet, Camarines, Ifugao, Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, Isabela, Laguna, Mountain Province, Nueva Ecija, Nueva Vizcaya, Pampanga, Quezon, Rizal, Sorsogon, Zambales, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Bukidnon, Cotabato, Davao Oriental, Davao del Sur, Lanao, MINDORO, NEGROS, PANAY. Notes: In primary forests, ravines, thickets etc. 1000-2000m. Fl./fr. Jan-Dec. Viburnum cornutidens and Viburnum platyphyllum have been synonymized with Viburnum odoratissimum following LaFrankie pers. comm. (12-Dec-13). Native.
  4. Viburnum propinquum Hemsl., J. Linn. Soc. 23 (1888) 355; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 578; Kern & Steen., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1951) 189. = Viburnum valerianicum Elmer, LPB 7 (1915) 2578. Distribution: China, Philippines, Taiwan. LUZON: Benguet, Ifugao, Nueva Vizcaya, Pampanga, Rizal. Notes: Mossy forests, 2200-2450m in Benguet. Native.

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