Achariaceae

Eleutherandra Slooten

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 13 October 2019

Possibly present

  1. Eleutherandra pes-cervi Slooten, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg ser. 3, 7 (1925) 329. Distribution: Borneo, ?Philippines, Sumatra. ?SAMAR. Notes: Note by P.B. Pelser & J.P. Collantes (14-Aug-20): PPI 24198 Reynoso & Majaducon (L) possibly represents this species in the Philippines.

Erythrospermum Lam.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 7 October 2017

Incertae sedis

  1. Erythrospermum sp.; Soejarto et al., Prelim. Checklist Fl. Pl. Palawan (1995); Voucher: Soejarto 7683 (A, F, PNH), Palawan: Mt Capoas, NE foot. Distribution: PALAWAN. Native.

Hydnocarpus Gaertn.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 7 September 2019
  1. Hydnocarpus alcalae C.DC., PJS 11 c (1916) Bot. 37; EPFP 3 (1923) 107; Sleumer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 5 (1954) 25. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Albay, Laguna. Notes: Low elevation forests. Cultivated and naturalized in Laguna (Mt Makiling). Conservation status: Other Threatened Species (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  2. Hydnocarpus cauliflorus Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 323, as 'cauliflora'; EPFP 3 (1923) 107; Sleumer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 5 (1954) 25. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Cotabato. Notes: Low elevation primary dipterocarp forest. Native.
  3. Hydnocarpus heterophyllus Blume, Rumphia 4 (1848) 22, as 'heterophylla'; Sleumer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 5 (1954) 20. Distribution: BUSUANGA, LEYTE, LUZON: Camarines, Sorsogon, MASBATE, MINDORO, NEGROS, PALAWAN, PANAY, TABLAS, TICAO. Native.
    • ssp. philippinensis Sleumer, Bot. Jahrb. 69 (1938) 20; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 5 (1954) 20. = Taraktogenos heterophylla auct. non (Blume) Slooten; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 108. = Cyclostemon iwahigensis Elmer, LPB 4 (1911) 1278. Distribution: Philippines, Sulawesi. BUSUANGA, LEYTE, LUZON: Camarines, Sorsogon, MASBATE, NEGROS, PALAWAN, PANAY, TABLAS, TICAO. Notes: Low elevation forests. Native.
  4. Hydnocarpus polypetalus (Slooten) Sleumer, Bot. Jahrb. 69 (1938) 62, as 'polypetala'; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 5 (1954) 31; Soejarto et al., Prelim. Checklist Fl. Pl. Palawan (1995); ≡ Taraktogenos polypetalum Slooten, Bijdr. Combret. Flacourt. Ned.-Ind. (1919) 74. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines, Sumatra. PALAWAN. Notes: Lowland to medium elevation primary forest. Native.
  5. Hydnocarpus subfalcatus Merr., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 297, as 'subfalcata'; EPFP 3 (1923) 107; Sleumer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 5 (1954) 22. = Hydnocarpus ovoideus Elmer, LPB 4 (1912) 1514, as 'ovoidea'; Type: Elmer 12410, Sibuyan: Magallanes, Mt Giting-giting, May-1910. = Hydnocarpus quadrasii Elmer, LPB 4 (1912) 1515; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 107; Type: Elmer 12085, Sibuyan: Magallanes, Mt Giting-giting, Mar-1910. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines, Sumatra. LUZON: Cagayan, Pangasinan, Quezon, Zambales, MINDANAO: Surigao, SAMAR, SIBUYAN. Notes: Low elevation thickets and forests, on non-inundated level ground. Native.
  6. Hydnocarpus sumatranus (Miq.) Koord., Exk. Fl. Jav. 2 (1912) 631, as 'sumatrana'; Sleumer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 5 (1954) 27; ≡ Bergsmia sumatrana Miq., Fl. Ind. Bat. Suppl. (1860) 159. = Hydnocarpus hutchinsonii Merr., PJS 17 (1920) 291; EPFP 3 (1923) 107. Distribution: Borneo, Java, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra. BASILAN, MINDANAO, MINDORO, ?PALAWAN, TAWI-TAWI. Native.
    • var. sumatranus. Distribution: Borneo, Java, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra. BASILAN, MINDANAO, TAWI-TAWI. Notes: Rainforests, never in inundated areas, on sandy or clayey soil and hilly or steep ground, elevation 30-200m. Native.
    • var. pentagynus (Slooten) Sleumer, Bot. Jahrb. 69 (1938) 52, as 'pentagyna'; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 5 (1954) 28; ≡ Hydnocarpus pentagynus Slooten, Bijdr. Combret. Flacourt. Ned.-Ind. (1919) 64. = Hydnocarpus palawanensis Merr. & Quisumb., PJS 82 (1953) 330. Distribution: ?Borneo, ?Philippines, Sumatra. ?PALAWAN. Notes: Known with certainty only from a single collection from Sumatra. Very similar but not quite identical specimen have been found in Palawan in Puerto Princesa (PNH 192 Edano). This was described as Hydnocarpus palawanensis Merr. & Quisumb. Similar materials have also been found in Borneo (Sarawak and Mt Kinabalu). Native.

Pangium Reinw.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 19 July 2022
  1. Pangium edule Blume ex Reinw., Syll. Pl. Nov. ii. (1828) 12; Blume, Cat. Gew. Buitenz. (1823) 112, nom. inval., nom. nud.; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 108; Sleumer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 5 (1954) 35. Distribution: Bismarck Arch, Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Pacific Ocean, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra. CEBU, LEYTE, LUZON: Camarines, Sorsogon, MINDANAO, NEGROS, PALAWAN, PANAY, SAMAR. Notes: Primary and secondary forests at low and medium elevation. Native.

Ryparosa Blume

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 26 September 2022
  1. Ryparosa cauliflora Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 325; EPFP 3 (1923) 109; Sleumer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 5 (1954) 42. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Camarines Norte, MINDANAO: Surigao, TINAGO. Notes: Forests at low elevation. Native.
  2. Ryparosa hullettii King, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt. 2, Nat. Hist. 59 (1890) 126. Distribution: Borneo, Malay Peninsula, Philippines. PANAY. Notes: Known for the Philippines from Mt Poras: Reynoso 21076. Native.

Possibly present

  1. Ryparosa fasciculata King, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt. 2, Nat. Hist. 59 (1890) 127. Distribution: PALAWAN.

Trichadenia Thwaites

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 13 October 2019
  1. Trichadenia philippinensis Merr., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 298; EPFP 3 (1923) 108; Sleumer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 5 (1954) 39. = Vitex curtifrutescens Elmer, LPB 8 (1915) 2873; Bramley, Fl. Males. ser 1, 23 (2019) 421; Type: Elmer 10994 (PNH, holo; E, K, L, NY, iso), Mindanao: Todaya (Mt Apo), Jul-1909. Distribution: Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi. LUZON: Camarines, Isabela, Laguna, Nueva Ecija, Pangasinan, Quezon, Rizal, MINDANAO: Davao, Lanao, NEGROS, PANAY, SIBUYAN. Notes: Low elevation primary or old secondary forests, on flat or hilly but non-inundated places, ascending to 500m. Native.

References