CDFP-derived statistics for Philippine vascular plants (v. 1 October 2021)

(Data excludes taxa listed as 'Possibly present')


Pteridophytes Gymnosperms Angiosperms Total
No. of families 40 6 236 282
No. of genera 172 12 1743 1927
No. of endemic genera 1 0 19 20
Total no. of species 1037 42 8896 9975
    No. of native species 1031 42 8367 9440
    No. of naturalized species 0 529 535
No. of endemic species 266 16 4485 4767
% of endemic species
(of total native species)
25.8% 38.1% 53.6% 50.5%

Progress of photo-documentation of Philippine vascular plant species


Conservation threat status

(Status as per DAO 2017-11 or recommended in literature)

Pteridophytes Gymnosperms Angiosperms Total
Extinct 0 0 8  8
Critically endangered 24 6 226 256
Endangered 56 6 237 299
Vulnerable 59 10 359 428
Other threatened species 20 3 111 134
Near threatened 20 0 59 79
Least concern 1 104 105
Not threatened 0 0 13 13
Data deficient 0 0 65 65

Largest families & genera in the Philippines

Family No. of species Genus No. of species
Orchidaceae 1348 Bulbophyllum (Orchidaceae) 208
Rubiaceae 672 Hoya (Apocynaceae) 208
Fabaceae 421 Syzygium (Myrtaceae) 194
Apocynaceae 417 Begonia  (Begoniaceae) 150
Poaceae 395 Dendrobium (Orchidaceae) 146
Myrtaceae 236 Psychotria (Rubiaceae) 121
Euphorbiaceae 215 Dendrochilum (Orchidaceae) 120
Cyperaceae 205 Ficus (Moraceae) 107
Melastomataceae 189 Cyrtandra (Gesneriaceae) 100
Urticaceae 189 Medinilla (Melastomataceae) 92
Asteraceae 174 Elatostema (Urticaceae) 83
Polypodiaceae 169 Heptapleurum  (Araliaceae) 67
Gesneriaceae 168 Piper (Piperaceae) 67
Acanthaceae 165 Nepenthes (Nepenthaceae) 60
Phyllanthaceae 160 Saurauia  (Actinidiaceae) 57
Annonaceae 159 Ardisia (Primulaceae) 55
Begoniaceae 150 Elaeocarpus (Elaeocarpaceae) 53
Moraceae 144 Pandanus (Pandanaceae) 53
Lamiaceae 142 Diplazium  (Athyriaceae) 52
Primulaceae 138 Selaginella (Selaginellaceae) 49

Genera endemic to the Philippines

Genus No. of species
Adelmeria (Zingiberaceae) 9
Amesiella (Orchidaceae)
Antherostele (Rubiaceae)
Astrocalyx (Melastomataceae) 1
Ceratocentron (Orchidaceae) 1
Cyrtochloa (Poaceae)
Fenixia (Asteraceae) 1
Gloeocarpus (Sapindaceae) 1
Gongrospermum (Sapindaceae) 1
Greeniopsis (Rubiaceae)
Leptosolena (Zingiberaceae) 1
Malindangia (ined.) (Calophyllaceae) 1
Phragmorchis (Orchidaceae) 1
Podosorus (Polypodiaceae) 1
Reutealis (Euphorbiaceae) 1
Santotomasia (Orchidaceae) 1
Schuitemania (Orchidaceae) 1
Swinglea (Rutaceae) 1
Thaumasianthes (Loranthaceae) 1
Villaria (Rubiaceae) 11

Recommended Citation: Pelser, P.B., J.F. Barcelona & D.L. Nickrent (eds.). 2011 onwards. Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines. www.philippineplants.org

Copyright © 2011, Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines