CDFP-derived data for Philippine vascular plants (v. 1 October 2022)

(Data without taxa listed as 'Possibly present' and 'Incertae sedis')


Pteridophytes Gymnosperms Angiosperms Total
No. of families 40 6 241 287
No. of genera 176 13 1760 1949
No. of endemic genera 1 0 19 20
Total no. of species 1046 42 8916 10004 
    No. of native species 1040 42 8374 9456
    No. of naturalized species 0 542 548
No. of endemic species 269 16 4533 4818
% of endemic species
(of total native species)
25.9% 38.1% 54.1% 51.0%

Progress of photo-documentation of Philippine vascular plant species


Conservation threat status

(Status as per DAO 2017-11 or recommended in literature)

Pteridophytes Gymnosperms Angiosperms Total
Extinct 0 0 8  8
Critically endangered 25 6 245 276
Endangered 56 6 249 311
Vulnerable 59 10 370 439
Other threatened species 20 3 111 134
Near threatened 20 0 63  83 
Least concern 1 121 122
Not threatened 0 0 13 13
Data deficient 0 78  79 

Largest families & genera in the Philippines

Family No. of species Genus No. of species
Orchidaceae 1348 Bulbophyllum (Orchidaceae) 207
Rubiaceae 681 Hoya (Apocynaceae) 207
Fabaceae 424 Syzygium (Myrtaceae) 194
Apocynaceae 415 Begonia  (Begoniaceae) 163
Poaceae 404  Dendrobium (Orchidaceae) 146
Myrtaceae 237 Psychotria (Rubiaceae) 120
Euphorbiaceae 215 Dendrochilum (Orchidaceae) 120
Cyperaceae 207 Ficus (Moraceae) 109
Melastomataceae 193 Cyrtandra (Gesneriaceae) 103
Urticaceae 190 Medinilla (Melastomataceae) 92
Asteraceae 175 Elatostema (Urticaceae) 84
Gesneriaceae 171 Piper  (Piperaceae) 68
Polypodiaceae 170 Heptapleurum  (Araliaceae) 67
Acanthaceae 164 Nepenthes (Nepenthaceae) 59 
Begoniaceae 163 Ardisia (Primulaceae) 58
Phyllanthaceae 160 Saurauia (Actinidiaceae) 57
Annonaceae 158 Elaeocarpus (Elaeocarpaceae) 53
Moraceae 146 Pandanus (Pandanaceae) 53
Primulaceae  146 Diplazium  (Athyriaceae) 52
Lamiaceae 142 Selaginella (Selaginellaceae) 49

Genera endemic to the Philippines

Genus No. of species
Adelmeria (Zingiberaceae) 9
Amesiella (Orchidaceae)
Antherostele (Rubiaceae)
Astrocalyx (Melastomataceae) 1
Ceratocentron (Orchidaceae) 1
Cyrtochloa (Poaceae)
Fenixia (Asteraceae) 1
Gloeocarpus (Sapindaceae) 1
Gongrospermum (Sapindaceae) 1
Greeniopsis (Rubiaceae)
Leptosolena (Zingiberaceae) 1
Malindangia (ined.) (Calophyllaceae) 1
Phragmorchis (Orchidaceae) 1
Podosorus (Polypodiaceae) 1
Reutealis (Euphorbiaceae) 1
Santotomasia (Orchidaceae) 1
Schuitemania (Orchidaceae) 1
Swinglea (Rutaceae) 1
Thaumasianthes (Loranthaceae) 1
Villaria (Rubiaceae) 11

Recommended Citation: Pelser, P.B., J.F. Barcelona & D.L. Nickrent (eds.). 2011 onwards. Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines. www.philippineplants.org

Copyright © 2011, Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines