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Simaroubaceae

Ailanthus Desf.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 8 October 2017

Photos
  1. Ailanthus integrifolia Lam., Dict. 3, 2 (1792) 417; --Noot., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 218.
  2. Ailanthus triphysa (Dennst.) Alston, Handb. Fl. Ceylon vi, suppl. (1931) 41; --Noot., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 219; --Adenanthera triphysa Dennst., Schlüssel Hortus Malab. (1818) 32. --Ailanthus philippinensis Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philip.) 35 (1906) 25; EPFP 2 (1923) 348. --Hebonga mollis Radlk., PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 367; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 348. --Hebonga obliqua Radlk., PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 366; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 348. India (Concan; Malabar; Canara), Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, throughout Malesia (except Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Lesser Sunda Isls, and New Guinea) to Queensland and N of New South Wales.

Brucea J.F.Mill.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 8 October 2017

Photos
  1. Brucea javanica (L.) Merr., J. Arnold Arb. 9 (1928) 3; --Noot., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 211; --Rhus javanica L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 265. --Brucea amarissima (Lour.) Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 18; EPFP 2 (1923) 347; --Gonus amarissimus Lour., Fl. Cochinch. (1790) 658. Sri Lanka, India (Deccan), Bangladesh, Andaman Isls, Myanmar, S China, Hainan, Taiwan, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Borneo, Philippines, Sulawesi, Moluccas, New Guinea, N Australia (Northern Territory & N Queensland). Introduced in Fiji and Micronesia (Ponape). Lowland open sites and light secondary forests and thickets, also on limestone. Photos
  2. Brucea mollis Wall. ex Kurz, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt. 2, Nat. Hist. 42(2) (1873) 64; --Wall., Cat. (1848) No. 8483; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 347; --Noot., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 212. --Brucea macrobotrys Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 19; EPFP 2 (1923) 347. --Brucea stenophylla Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 274; EPFP 2 (1923) 347. E Himalayas, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Hainan, Philippines.  Open forests, often in damp places, 0-1800m, Fl. Jan-Aug. Photos

Eurycoma Jack

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 18 August 2017

Photos
  1. Eurycoma longifolia Jack, Mal. Misc. 2 (1822) 45. Photos

 Hebonga Radlk. = Ailanthus

Picrasma Blume

Photos
  1. Picrasma javanica Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 247; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 347; --Noot., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 214. Sikkim, Assam, Andaman Isls, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Sumatra, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Borneo (Sabah), Philippines, Sulawesi, Moluccas, New Guinea, Solomon Isls. Photos

Quassia L.

Photos
  1. Quassia amara L., Sp. Pl. ed. 2 (1762) 552; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 272; EPFP 2 (1923) 346; --Noot., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 199. Native of Brazil. Cultivated in Malesia, occasionally naturalized. Photos
  2. Quassia indica (Gaertn.) Noot., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 199; --Samadera indica Gaertn., Fruct. 2 (1791) 352; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 345. Madagascar, Sri Lanka, India (S Concan, Malabar), Andaman Isls, Myanmar (Martaban; Tenasserim), S Vietnam, throughout Malesia (except Sumatra, Java, and the Lesser Sunda Isls) to the Bismarcks and Solomon Isls. Cultivated in Java and elsewhere. Photos

Samadera Gaertn. = Quassia


Literature

DENR Administrative Order. 2017. Updated national list of threatened Philippine plants and their categories. DAO 2017-11

Fernando, ES, PA Gadek & CJ Quinn. 1995. Simaroubaceae, an artificial construct: evidence from rbcL sequence variation. American Journal of Botany 82: 92-103.

Nooteboom, HP. 1962. Simaroubaceae. Flora Malesiana series 1, 6: 193-226; 968-972. Also includes Surianaceae in the treatment.

Pelser, P.B., J.F. Barcelona & D.L. Nickrent (eds.). 2011 onwards. Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines. www.philippineplants.org

Copyright © 2011, Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines

Last updated 17 November 2017