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Sapindaceae

Excluding Aceraceae

Alectryon Gaertner

Photos
  1. Alectryon fuscus Radlk., PJS 8 c (1913) 446, 461; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 506; --Leenh., Blumea 33 (1988) 318; --Leenh. in Adema et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1994) 456; --Type: Ahern 747 (M, holo; BO, NY, iso). LUZON: Ilocos Sur, Bataan. Low elevation thickets and forests. Fr. Jan (ripe?). Photos
  2. Alectryon glaber (Blume) Radlk., Sapind. Holl.-Ind. (1879) 14; --Leenh., Blumea 33 (1988) 323,  Fig. 2; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1994) 459; --Spanoghea glabra Blume, Rumphia 3 (1847) 174; --Type from the Lesser Sunda Isls. --Alectryon excisus Radlk., PJS 8 c (1913) 460; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 506; --Type: Ahern 470 (M, holo; iso BO). --Alectryon inaequilaterus Radlk., PJS 8 c (1913) 446, 460; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 506. –Merrill 5393 (M, holo). --Alectryon ochraceus Radlk., PJS 8 c (1913) 446, 460; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 506; --Type: FB 17455 Curran (M, holo). Philippines, Sulawesi, Seram, Kai Isls. LUZON, MINDORO, PALAWAN, NEGROS, SULU ARCHIPELAGO (UBIAN), MINDANAO, TINAGO. Coralline limestone cliffs along seashore, low elevation thickets and forests. Photos

Allophylus L.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 31 October 2012

Photos
  1. Allophylus apiocarpus Radlk., Sitz. Kgl. Bayer. Akad. 38 (1908) 227; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 494. CEBU, BASILAN, MINDANAO. Thickets or forests at low altitudes.
  2. Allophylus brevipetiolatus Radlk., PJS 8 c (1913) 443, 449; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 494. PANAY. Slopes in open forests at low altitudes.
  3. Allophylus chlorocarpus Radlk., Sitz. Kgl. Bayer. Akad. 38 (1908) 227; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 494. SAMAR, PALAWAN, MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Davao. Old clearings, thickets, etc., ascending to 700m.
  4. Allophylus cobbe (L.) Raeusch., Nomencl. ed. 3 (1779) 108; --Leenh., in Adema et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1994) 459, Fig. 6; --Rhus cobbe L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 267. S America, S Africa, Madagascar, Myanmar, Indochina through Peninsular Malaysia to New Guinea. Widespread in the Philippines in most islands and provinces. All species of Allophylus were lumped by Leenhouts to this single, very polymorphic species. Photos
  5. Allophylus dimorphus Radlk., Act. Congr. Bot. Amsterdam 1877 (1878) 126 (Sapind. Holl.-Ind. 56); --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 494. Indochina. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, La Union, Cagayan, Zambales, Bataan, Pampanga, Bulacan, Rizal, Laguna, Batangas, MINDORO, CUYO. Dry thickets and second-growth forests at low altitudes. Common. Photos
  6. Allophylus filiger Radlk., Act. Congr. Bot. Amsterdam 1877 (1878) 126 (Sapind. Holl.-Ind. 56); --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 495. Allophylus dasythyrsus Radlk., Sitz. Kgl. Bayer. Akad. 38 (1908) 227; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 494. LUZON: Cagayan, Nueva Ecija, Bataan, Bulacan, Rizal, Laguna. Secondary and primary forests at low altitudes, ascending to 500m.
  7. Allophylus granulatus Radlk., PJS 8 c (1913) 444, 451; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 495. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Benguet, Isabela. Forested slopes at low and medium altitudes.
  8. Allophylus grossedentatus (Turcz.) Fern.-Villar, Novis. App. (1880) 51; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 495; --Schmidelia grossedentata Turcz., Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou xxxi. (1858) I. 401. LUZON: Laguna, LEYTE. Forests at low altitudes, ascending to 500m.
  9. Allophylus hymenocalyx Radlk., Sitz. Kgl. Bayer. Akad. 38 (1908) 227; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 495. MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Davao, Agusan. Forests up to 1000m.
  10. Allophylus insignis Radlk., Sitz. Kgl. Bayer. Akad. 38 (1908) 227; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 495; --Type: Cuming 1447, Luzon: Nueva Ecija prov. LUZON: Nueva Ecija. “also in Palawan fide Radlk.. Not seen; probably very close to A dimorphus Radlk.” –Merr., (1923, l.c.)
  11. Allophylus largifolius Radlk., Sitz. Kgl. Bayer. Akad. 38 (1908) 227; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 495. MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Forested ravines at low altitudes.
  12. Allophylus leptocladus Radlk. in Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1602; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 495. MINDANAO: Lanao, Davao (Mt Apo, Todaya). Forests, 1200-1600m. 
  13. Allophylus leucochrous Radlk., PJS 8 c (1913) 444; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 495. LUZON: Sorsogon, POLILLO. Thickets and forests at low and medium altitudes.
  14. Allophylus lopezii Merr., PJS 26 (1925) 469; EPFP 4 (1925) 249; --Type: BS 41387 Lopez. BUSUANGA. Forests at low altitudes.
  15. Allophylus macrostachyus Radlk. in Perkins, Frag. Fl. Philip. (1904) 56; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 496. LUZON: Benguet, Pangasinan, Nueva Ecija, Pampanga, Bataan, Rizal, Laguna, Quezon, Batangas. MINDORO. Secondary and open primary forests at low altitudes.
  16. Allophylus malvaceus Radlk., Sitz. Kgl. Bayer. Akad. 38 (1908) 227; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 496; --Type: Cuming 1021. LUZON: Pangasinan. Type not seen by Merrill.
  17. Allophylus peduncularis Radlk., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 443, 450; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 496. LUZON: Sorsogon, MASBATE, TICAO. Thickets and forests at low altitudes.
  18. Allophylus racemosus (L.) Radlk. in Engl. & Parntl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 3, 5 (1895) 313; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 496. Myanmar and Indochina, across Malesia. LUZON: Bulacan, PALAWAN, NEGROS, MINDANAO, BASILAN, SULU ARCHIPELAGO. Thickets and forests at low altitudes.
  19. Allophylus samarensis Radlk., PJS 11 c (1916) 192; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 496. SAMAR. Forested slopes, c. 200m.
  20. Allophylus setulosus Radlk. in Perkins, Frag. Fl. Philip. (1904) 58; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 496. MINDANAO: Zamboanga, JOLO. Thickets at low altitudes.
  21. Allophylus simplex Quisumb., PJS 76 (1944) 44, non Baill. (1894); --Type: Merrill 7262, Palawan: Palawan prov., Malampaya Bay, low altitude forests, 18-Sep-1910. PALAWAN, BALABAC. Lowland forests.
  22. Allophylus simplicifolius Radlk. in Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1601; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 496. PANAY (photos), SAMAR, MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Davao, Agusan, SIARGAO. Forests up to 500m. Photos
  23. Allophylus stenophyllus Radlk., PJS 14 (1919) 417; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 497. LUZON: Ilocos Norte. Dry thickets at low altitudes.
  24. Allophylus subinciso-dentatus Radlk. in Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1603; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 497. MINDANAO: Davao, Surigao. Thickets and forests at low and medium altitudes, ascending to 1000m.
  25. Allophylus ternatus (JR & G Forst.) Radlk. in Engl. & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 3, 5 (1895) 313; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1921) 497; --Aporetica ternata JR & G Forst., Char. Gen. Pl. (1775) 66, t. 66; --Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 290. Borneo to the Carolines, Timor, tropical Australia, New Caledonia, New Hebrides, and the Marshall Isls. LUZON: Zambales, Bataan, Quezon, Camarines, Albay, POLILLO, MINDORO, LEYTE, MINDANAO, BASILAN. Thickets along the seashore and along tidal streams.
  26. Allophylus timorensis (DC) Blume, Rumphia 3 (1847) 130; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 497; --Schmidelia timorensis DC, Prodr. 1 (1824) 611, nom. illeg.; --Type from Timor. Nicobar Isls eastward to Taiwan, across Malesia to Samoa and New Caledonia. LUZON: Zambales, Quezon, Camarines, Sorsogon, MINDORO, DUMARAN, PALAWAN, BALABAC, BANCALAN, SIBUYAN, MASBATE, PANAY, NEGROS, BOHOL, SAMAR, MINDANAO, SULU ARCHIPELAGO Common in thickets along the seashore.
  27. Allophylus triphyllus (Burm.f.) Merr., PJS 19 (1921) 363; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 497. Across Malesia. PALAWAN, BASILAN, JOLO. Thickets at low altitudes.
  28. Allophylus unifoliolatus Radlk.in Elmer, LPB 1 (1907) 208; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 498. LEYTE. Forests and thickets at low altitudes.

Aphania Blume =Lepisanthes subgenus Aphania (Blume) Leenh.

Arytera Blume

Photos
  1. Arytera litoralis Blume, Rumphia 3 (1847) 170; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 512, incl. forma rufescens (Turcz.) Radlk. ex Gibbs, J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 42 (1914) 65; --Turner, Blumea 38 (1993) 142; --Turner in Adema et al. Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1994) 473, Fig. 8 c-e. --Arytera xerocarpa (Blume) Adelb., Blumea 6 (1948) 324; --Type from Nusa Kambangan, Indonesia. NE India, all over SE Asia to S China (Hainan), across Malesia. Throughout the Philippines. Photos

Cardiospermum L.

Photos
  1. Cardiospermum halicacabum L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 336; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 493; --Fl. Males. ser.   1, 11 (1994) 484. Pantropic. Certainly an introduced plant in the Philippines. In thickets, waste places, etc. in the settled areas throughout the archipelago. Photos

Crossonephelis Baillon =Glenniea

Cubilia Blume

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 18 August 2017

No Photos
  1. Cubilia cubili (Blanco) Adelb., Blumea 6 (1948) 325; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1994) 491. --Cubilia blancoi Blume, Rumphia 3 (1847) 101; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 505. E Borneo, Philippines, Sulawesi, W Moluccas. LUZON: Benguet, Cagayan, Bataan, Bulacan, Rizal, Laguna, MINDORO, BILIRAN, SAMAR, MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Agusan, Surigao. Medium altitude primary forests. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11).

Dictyoneura Blume

Photos
  1. Dictyoneura acuminata Blume, Rumphia 3 (1847) 163; --J. Dijk, Blumea 31 (1986) 441; --J Dijk  in Adema et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1994) 508, Fig. 20 a-c.

Dimocarpus Lour.

Photos
  1. Dimocarpus foveolatus (Radlk.) Leenh., Blumea 19 (1971) 118--Leenh. in Adema et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1994) 513; --Euphoria foveolata Radlk., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 445, 457; --Type: BS 7370 Ramos. LUZON: Cagayan, PANAY, SAMAR. Low and medium altitude forests.
  2. Dimocarpus fumatus (Blume) Leenh., Blumea 19 (1971) 119.
  3. Dimocarpus longan Lour., Fl. Cochin. (1790) 233.

Dodonaea Miller

Photos
  1. Dodonaea viscosa (L.) Jacq., Enum. Pl. Carib. (1760) 19. Tropics and subtropics of the World. In Malasia known from Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Philippines, Sulawesi, Moluccas, and New Guinea. Photos

Elattostachys (Blume) Radlk.

Photos
  1. Elattostachys verrucosa (Blume) Radlk., Act. Congr. Bot. Amsterdam 1877 (1878) 113 (Sapind. Holl.-Ind. 43); --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 511; --Adema et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1994) 533, Fig. 27. Java, Philippines, Sulawesi, Lesser Sunda Isls (Bali; Lombok; Sumbawa; Sumba;  Flores; Wetar; Timor), Moluccas (Tanimbar Is).  LUZON, MINDORO, PALAWAN, SULU. Photos

Erioglossum Blume =Lepisanthes subgenus Erioglossum (Blume) Leenh.

 Euphoria Commers. ex Juss. =Litchi

 Euphoria auct. non Juss. =Dimocarpus

Euphorianthus Radlk.

No Photos
  1. Euphorianthus euneurus (Miq.) Leenh., Blumea 33 (1988) 198; --Leenh. in Adema et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1994) 536, Fig. 28. --Euphorianthus obtusatus Radlk. ex Koord., Meded. Lands Plantent. 17 (1898) 406, nomen; PJS 20 (1922) 660, descr., --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 510. Lesser Sunda Isls (Alor), S Philippines, Sulawesi, Moluccas (Halmahera; Sula Isls; Seram), New Guinea, Vanuatu.

Ganophyllum Blume

Photos
  1. Ganophyllum falcatum Blume, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1 (1850) 230; --Leenh. in Adema et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1994) 538, Fig. 29; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 515. Andaman Isls, Nicobar Isls, across Malesia to Australia (Western, the Northern Territory, and Queensland). Photos

Glenniea Hook.f.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 18 August 2017

No Photos
  1. Glenniea philippinensis (Radlk.) Leenh., Blumea 22 (1975) 412; --Leenh. in Adema et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1994) 542; --Crossonephelis philippinensis (Radlk.) Leenh., Blumea 21 (1973) 100; --Hedyachras philippinensis Radlk. in Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 56 (1920) 258; PJS 20 (1922) 660, descr. ampl.; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 502. SE Thailand, Vietnam, Borneo (Sabah), Philippines. LUZON: Laguna (Mt Makiling), PANAY, DINAGAT. Lowland thickets and forests along streams. Fl. Jun, Oct; fr. May-Dec. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11).
  2. Glenniea thorelii (Pierre) Leenh., Blumea 22 (1975) 412; --Adema et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1994) 544, Fig. 30 a, b. --Lepisanthes palawanica Radlk. in Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1604; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 500. --Crossonephelis palawanica (Radlk.) Leenh., Blumea 21 (1973) 97. --Alectryon sp., Leenh., Blumea 17 (1969) 88. S Vietnam, Sumatra (Indragiri, Palembang), Borneo, W-C Philippines, and W New Guinea (Birdhead peninsula).  Lowland primary forest on alluvial plains, slopes, or ridges, also along riverbanks, up to 200m. Fl. Apr, Oct, Dec; fr. Mar, Sep. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11).

Gloeocarpus Radlk.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 18 August 2017

No Photos
  1. Gloeocarpus patentivalvis (Radlk.) Radlk. in Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 56 (1920) 253, in nota; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 509; --Welzen, Blumea 35 (1991) 390; --Welzen in Adema et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1994) 546, Fig. 31; --Cupaniopsis patentivalvis Radlk. in Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1612. LUZON, LEYTE, SAMAR, MINDANAO. Lowland primary dipterocarp forest, along ridges, riverbanks, altitude 60-400m. Fl. Jul; fr. Feb-Mar, May, Dec. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11).

Gongrospermum Radlk.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 18 August 2017

No Photos
  1. Gongrospermum philippinense Radlk., PJS 8 c (1913) 447; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 512; --Welzen, Rheedea 1 (1991) 60; --Welzen in Adema et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1994) 548, Fig. 32; --Type: BS 12358 RC McGregor. LUZON: Laguna. Forested slopes, low elevation. Conservation status: Critically Endangered (DAO 2017-11).

Guioa Cav.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 18 August 2017

Photos
  1. Guioa acuminata Radlk., PJS 8 c (1913) 446, 463; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 506; --Welzen, Leiden Bot. ser. 12 (1989) 171, Fig. 61; --Welzen in Adema et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1994) 563; --Lectotype: BS 10916 Ramos (M, holo, designated by Welzen, 1989; US, iso). C & E LUZON, POLILLO. Lowland secondary forests up to 100m. Fl. Throughout the year. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  2. Guioa bicolor Merr., PJS 17 (1920) 279; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 507; --Welzen, Leiden Bot. ser. 12 (1989) 181; --Welzen in Adema et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1994) 566; --Type: BS 34487 Ramos & Pascasio (PNH, holo, lost; A, K, P, iso). Endemic to the Philippines. SABTANG, LUZON, MINDANAO. On ridges, woods, cut forest. Soil: iron deposit present, altitude 130-850m. Bud Apr, fr. May. Conservation status: Other Threatened Species (DAO 2017-11).
  3. Guioa bijuga (Hiern) Radlk., Sapind. Holl.-Ind. (1879) 38; --Welzen, Leiden Bot. ser. 12 (1989) 183; --Welzen in Adema et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1994) 567. Thailand, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo, W Philippines.  PALAWAN, BALABAC. 
  4. Guioa diplopetala (Hassk.) Radlk., Nachtr. Sapind. Holl.-Ind. (1878) 88; --Perkins, Fragm. Fl. Philip. (1904) 63; --Radlk., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 446; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 507; --Welzen, Leiden Bot. ser. 12 (1989) 197, Fig. 76, 77; --Welzen in Adema et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1994) 574. Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Borneo, Sulawesi.  Welzen omitted the Philippines in the distribution range of the species, but Perkins (1904) and Merrill (1923) cite Ahern 514 from MINDANAO: Surigao. In thickets or forests At low altitudes.
  5. Guioa discolor Radlk. in Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1609; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 507; --Welzen, Leiden Bot. ser. 12 (1989) 203, Fig. 78; --Welzen in Adema et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1994) 574. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Isabela, Aurora, SAMAR. Primary diptrocarp forests, 90-850m. Fl. May-Jun. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  6. Guioa koelreuteria (Blanco) Merr., Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 241; EPFP 2 (1923) 507; --Welzen, Leiden Bot. ser. 12 (1989) 219, Fig. 76, 86; --Welzen in Adema et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1994)   576. --Guioa mindorensis Merr., PJS 20 (1922) 404; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 508. --Guioa salicifolia Radlk. in Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1608; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 509. Borneo (isls NE off Sabah), Philippines. Throughout the Philippines in most islands and provinces. Low and medium altitude second-growth forests, common. Photos
  7. Guioa myriadenia Radlk. in Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1610; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 509; --Welzen, Leiden   Bot. ser. 12 (1989) 240, Fig. 98; --Welzen in Adema et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1994) 580. --Guioa falcata Radlk., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 446, 461; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 507. --Guioa ferruginea Merr. ex Salvosa, Lex. Philip. Trees (1963) 105, nom. nud., based on BS 42181 Ramos. --Guioa obtusa Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 276; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 508; --Type: BS 26636 Ramos (NY, US, iso), Luzon: Aurora prov., Mt Dingalan, on forested slopes, c. 270m, 19-Sep-1916. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province, Benguet, Aurora. Primary forest, forested slopes, along pine crests, altitude 270-1700m. Fl. Dec-Apr; fr. Jul. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11).
  8. Guioa palawanica Welzen, Blumea 33 (1988) 415, pl. 15a, b; --Welzen in Adema et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1994) 583; --Type: BS 697 Foxworthy (L, holo; M, US, iso), Palawan: Palawan prov., Mt Victoria, along rocky bank of river, 23-Mar-1906. --Guioa glauca sensu Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 507, non (Labill.) Radlk. (1878). PALAWAN. Lowland forest on ultramafics, in stunted montane forest with many epiphytes, and along rivers, altitude 200-815m. Fr. Nov-Mar. Conservation status: Critically Endangered (DAO 2017-11).
  9. Guioa parvifoliola Merr., PJS 14 (1919) 417; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 508; --Welzen, Leiden Bot. ser. 12 (1989) 252; --Welzen in Adema et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1994) 583; --Type: BS 33187 Ramos (PNH, holo, lost; A, K, P, US, iso), Luzon: Ilocos Norte prov., Mt Nagapatan, Aug-1910. LUZON: Ilocos Norte. Dry slopes, c. 700m. Fr. Aug. Conservation status: Critically Endangered (DAO 2017-11).
  10. Guioa pleuropteris (Blume) Radlk., Act. Congr. Bot. Amsterdam 1877 (1878) 109 (Sapind. Holl.-Ind. 39); --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 508; --Welzen, Leiden Bot. ser. 12 (1989) 257; --Welzen in Adema et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1994) 585, Fig. 38 b, 41, 42 (map). --Guioa aptera Radlk. in Perkins,  Frag. Fl. Philip. (1904) 62;--Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 506. --Guioa lasiothyrsa Radlk. in Perkins,  Frag. Fl. Philip. (1904) 63;--Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 508, incl. forma elmeri Radlk. --Guioa subapiculata Radlk. in Perkins,  Frag. Fl. Philip. (1904) 64;--Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 509. Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Cambodia; Malesia: Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo, the Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan, Isabela, Aurora, Quezon, Bataan, Laguna, Camarines, PALAWAN, PANAY, NEGROS, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Zamboanga Peninsula, Lanao. Primary forests at low and medium altitudes. Photos
  11. Guioa pubescens (Zoll. & Moritzi) Radlk., Act. Congr. Bot. Amsterdam 1877 (1878) 109 (Sapind. Holl.-Ind. 39); --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 509; --Welzen, Leiden Bot. ser. 12 (1989) 272; --Welzen in Adema et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1994) 591. Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Banka, W Java, Karimundjawa Is, Borneo (above equator), SW Philippines. PALAWAN (Puerto Princesa, Mt Pulgar). Forests, altitude 75-600m.
  12. Guioa reticulata Radlk., PJS 8 c (1913) 446, 462; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 509; --Welzen, Leiden Bot. ser. 12 (1989) 277; --Welzen in Adema et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1994) 592; --Lectotype (Welzen 1989): BS 7055 Ramos (M, holo; NSW, iso). --Guioa sulphurea Radlk., PJS 8 c (1913) 276; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 509; --Type: FB 22429 Alvarez (M, holo; F, L, NSW, iso). LUZON: Ilocos Sur, Abra, Benguet, Nueva Ecija. Secondary forests and forested slopes, 600-1200m. Fl. Jan-Feb; fr. May. Conservation status: Critically Endangered (DAO 2017-11).
  13. Guioa truncata Radlk. in Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1611; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 509; --Welzen, Leiden   Bot. ser. 12 (1989) 292, Fig. 125; --Welzen in Adema et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1994) 596; --Type: Elmer 11219 (M, holo; A, BM, F, FI, K, L, NY, U, US, W, iso), Mindanao: Davao, Mt Apo, Todaya, forest at 4000ft, Jul-1909. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Davao (Mt Apo). Dense moist forests and mossy forests, altitude 1300-2300m. Fl. Mar, fr. Jul. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11).

Harpullia Roxb.

Photos
  1. Harpullia arborea (Blanco) Radlk., Sitz. Kgl. Bayer. Akad. 16 (1886) 404; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 515; --Adema et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1994) 601, Fig. 45, 45 a-f. --Harpullia arborea var. megalocarpa Merr., PJS 27 (1925) 35; EPFP 4 (1925) 253; --Type: Loher 13273, Luzon: Rizal prov. Sri Lanka, India, Thailand, S Vietnam, throughout Malasia. Throughout the Philippines especially in the more seasonal areas. Low to medium altitude thickets and secondary forests. Photos
  2. Harpullia cupanioides Roxb., Hort. Beng. (1814) 86, nomen nud.; Fl. Ind. ed. 2, 1 (1832) 645. --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 516; --Adema et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1994) 606, Fig. 46g, h. --Harpullia macrocalyx Radlk., PJS 8 c (1914) Bot. 448, 473; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 516; --Type: Loher 5891 (M, holo). S China, India (Assam), Bangladesh, Andaman Isls, Myanmar, Thailand, Indochina, throughout Malesia, N Australia (Northern Territory: Entrance Is, Port Essington).   LUZON: Benguet, Rizal, Laguna, CATANDUANES, PANAY, SIQUIJOR, SULU ARCHIPELAGO. Lowland to montane primary and secondary forests up to 1500m. Photos
  3. Harpullia ramiflora Radlk.,Sapind. Holl.-Ind. (1879) 15, 54; --Adema et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1994) 611, Fig. 46m; --Type from Aru Isls. Philippines, Moluccas (Halmahera), New Guinea, Australia (Queensland).  CATANDUANES, CEBU.

Hebecoccus Radlk. =Lepisanthes subg. Lepisanthes  sect. Hebecoccus (Radlk.) Leenh.

Hedyachras Radlk. =Glenniea

Lepidopetalum Blume

No Photos
  1. Lepidopetalum perrottetii (Cambess.) Blume, Rumphia 3 (1847) 171; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 514; Welzen et al., Blumea 36 (1992) 458, Fig. 2c, 3a, 7; --Adema et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1994) 624, Fig. 50 c-d; --Cupania perrottetii Cambess., Mém. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris 18 (1829) 45; --Type: Perrottet s..n (P, holo; L, P, iso), Samboanga [=Zamboanga], not Manila. --Lachnopetalum glabrum Turcz., Bull. Soc. Nat. Moscou 36 (1863) 586, nom. Illeg.; --Vidal, Phan. Cuming. (1885) 38, 105. –Cuming 1169 (holo unknown; L, M, MEL, NY, P, iso); Luzon: Ilocos Sur prov. --Cupania richii A Gray, US Exp. Exp. Bot. 1 (1854) 257; --Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 79; --Type: US Expl. Exped. (A, holo; US, iso), Mindanao: Zamboanga, Caldera. N & E Philippines. Lowlands generally from sea-level to 1200m. Along roadsides, secondary forests, wastelands, forest edges. Possibly two flowering seasons: Jan-Mar (-Apr) and May-Jun. Fr. (Feb to) Mar-Jun and Sept to Nov (to Feb).

Lepisanthes Blume

Photos
  1. Lepisanthes falcata (Radlk.) Leenh., Blumea 17 (1969) 69; --Adema et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1994) 633; --Hebecoccus falcatus Radlk., PJS 8 c (1914) Bot. 444, 453; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 499. --Hebecoccus inaequalis Radlk., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 453; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 499.
  2. Lepisanthes fruticosa (Roxb.) Leenh., Blumea 17 (1969) 76; --Leenh. in Adema et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1994) 643, Fig. 52b; --Otophora fruticosa (Roxb.) Blume, Rumphia 3 (1847) 142; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 500. --Otophora cauliflora Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 24; EPFP 2 (1923) 500. --Otophora glandulosa Radlk., Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 15 (1929) 174; Radlk. in Engl. Pflanzenreich. Sapindac. (1932) 763, descr. ampl. (1932) 763, descr. ampl. --Otophora grandifoliola Quisumb. & Merr., PJS 37 (1928) 163. --Otophora oliviformis Radlk., PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 24; EPFP 2 (1923) 501. --Otophora setigera Radlk., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 445; EPFP 2 (1923) 501. Photos
  3. Lepisanthes rubiginosa (Roxb.) Leenh., Blumea 17 (1969) 82; --Leenh. in Adema et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1994) 649, Fig. 52c; --Erioglossum rubiginosum (Roxb.) Blume, Rumphia 3 (1847) 118; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 498.
  4. Lepisanthes senegalensis (Poir.) Leenh., Blumea 17 (1969) 85; --Leenh. in Adema et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1994) 651, Fig. 52a. --Aphania angustifolia Radlk. in Elmer, LPB 1 (1907) 209; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 499. --Aphania loheri Radlk., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 444, 452; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 499. --Aphania philippinensis Radlk. in Perkins Frag. Fl. Philip. (1904) 60; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 499.
  5. Lepisanthes tetraphylla (Vahl) Radlk., Sitz. Math.-Phys. Cl. Kgl. Bayer. Akad. Wiss. Münch. 8 (1878) 276; --Leenh., Blumea 17 (1969) 39, 63; --Leenh. in Adema et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1994) 630, Fig. 52h. --Lepisanthes acutissima Radlk., PJS 20 (1922) 657; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 499. --Lepisanthes eriolepis Radlk., Act. Congr. Bot. Amsterdam 1877 (1878) 107 (Sapind. Holl.-Ind. 36); --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 500. --Lepisanthes macrocarpa Radlk., PJS 20 (1922) 657; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 500. --Lepisanthes schizolepis Radlk., Sapind. Holl.-Ind. Nachtr. (1878) 87; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 500. --Lepisanthes viridis Radlk., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 445, 454; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 500. Sri Lanka, India (Deccan peninsula) to Hainan, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Borneo, Philippines, N Sulawesi, Timor, New Guinea. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Cagayan, Isabela, Nueva Ecija, Bulacan, Rizal, Laguna, Batangas, Quezon, Camarines, MINDORO, NEGROS, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Agusan. Primary and secondary forests, altitude 0-1200m. Photos

Litchi Sonn.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 18 August 2017

Photos
  1. Litchi chinensis Sonn., Voy. Ind. Or. Chine 2 (1782) 230, t. 129.

Mischocarpus Blume

Photos
  1. Mischocarpus pentapetalus (Roxb.) Radlk., Sapind. Holl.-Ind. (1879) 43; --RWJM van der Ham, Blumea 23 (1977) 271; --RW van der Ham in Adema et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1994) 662, Fig. 58c.  --Mischocarpus brachyphyllus Radlk., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 447; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 512. --Mischocarpus ellipticus Radlk. in Elmer, LPB 1 (1907) 210; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 513. --Mischocarpus endotrichus Radlk. in Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1615; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 513. --Mischocarpus fuscescens Blume, Rumphia 3 (1847) 169; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 513. --Mischocarpus salicifolius Radlk. in Perkins,  Frag. Fl. Philip. (1904) 64; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 513. India, Myanmar, SW China, throughout SE Asia to W Malesia up to the line Philippines-Borneo, Java.
  2. Mischocarpus sundaicus Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 238; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 513; --Adelb., Blumea 6 (1948) 324; --RWJM van der Ham, Blumea 23 (1977) 281;--RWJM van der Ham in Adema et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1994) 667, Fig. 58g. India and S China through SE Asia and throughout Malesia. 
  3. Mischocarpus triqueter Radlk. in Perkins,  Frag. Fl. Philip. (1904) 65; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 514; --RWJM van der Ham in Adema et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1994) 668, Fig. 58h, i. --Mischocarpus cauliflorus Radlk., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 447, 471; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 513. LUZON, MINDORO, GUIMARAS, NEGROS. Primary forests up to 500m. Fl. Oct, Jan; fr. Feb-Jul. Photos

Nephelium L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 18 August 2017

Photos
  1. Nephelium cuspidatum Blume, Rumphia 3 (1847) 110.
  2. Nephelium lappaceum L., Mant. 2 (1771) 566; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 504; --Leenh., Blumea 31 (1986) 398; --Leenh. in Adema et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1994) 680.
  3. Nephelium melanomiscum Radlk., Sapind. Holl.-Ind. (1879) 74; --Leenh., Blumea 31 (1986) 410; --Leenh. in Adema et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1994) 687. --Nephelium xerospermoides Radlk. in Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1608; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 505. Borneo, S Philippines. MINDANAO.
  4. Nephelium ramboutan-ake (Labill.) Leenh., Blumea 31 (1986) 415; --Leenh. in Adema et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1994) 689, Fig. 60i.  --Nephelium intermedium Radlk. in Perkins,  Frag. Fl. Philip. (1904) 61; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 504. --Nephelium mutabile Blume, Rumphia 3 (1847) 104; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 505. --Nephelium philippinense Monsalud et al., PJS 95 (1966) 541, nom. inval.  India (Assam), Myanmar, and Malesia: Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Java (doubtfully native), Borneo, Philippines: LUZON, MINDORO, PALAWAN, LEYTE, SAMAR, MINDANAO (Davao), BASILAN, SULU ARCHIPELAGO. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Photos

Otophora Blume emend. Radlk. =Lepisanthes subg. Otophora (Blume) Leenh.  sect. Pseudotophora (Radlk.) Leenh. [sect. Otophora not represented in the Philippines].

Paranephelium Miq.

No Photos
  1. Paranephelium xestophyllum Miq., Fl. Ind. Bat. Suppl. (1861) 509; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 514; --David, Blumea 29 (1984) 437, Fig. 1; --Davids in Adema et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1994) 696, Fig.   64b-d, 65. SW China (Yunnan), Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, C Vietnam, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo, S Philippines.  MINDANAO.

Pometia J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.

Photos
  1. Pometia pinnata JR & G Forst., Char. Gen. (1776) 109, t. 55; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 505; --Jacobs   in Adema et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1994) 701, Fig. 66, 67. --Pometia pinnata forma repanda Jacobs, Reinwardtia 6 (1962) 127; --Type: PNH 9627 Canicosa (L, holo; PNH, iso), Luzon: Laguna prov., Mt Makiling, 28-Jul-1949. --Pometia tomentosa (Blume) Teysm. & Binn., Cat. Hort. Bogor. (1886) 214; -- Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 506; --Pometia pinnata forma tomentosa (Blume) Jacobs, Reinwardtia 6 (1962) 130. Throughout Malesia.  BABUYAN ISLS, LUZON (Ilocos Norte, Cagayan, Bataan, Laguna), MINDORO, PALAWAN, TICAO, MASBATE, NEGROS, CEBU, LEYTE, SAMAR, MINDANAO. In everwet to seasonal regions, in both primary and secondary forests.  Photos

Rhysotoechia Radlk.

No photos
  1. Rhysotoechia ramiflora Radlk., Sitzb. Math. -Phys. Acad. Muench. 9 (1879) 657; --Etman, Blumea 39 (1994) xxx ; --Etman in Adema et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1994) 710; --Type from Sulawesi. --Rhysotoechia acuminata Radlk., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 465; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 510; --Type: Loher 5882 (K, M), Luzon.  --Rhysotoechia striata Radlk., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 466; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 510; --Lectotype (Etman, 1994): Clemens 1067 (M), Mindanao; Paratypes: Clemens ‘K’, 778, 978. Borneo (E Kalimantan), Philippines, Sulawesi. LUZON, SAMAR, SULU, MINDANAO.

Sapindus L.

Photos
  1. Sapindus saponaria L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 367; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 498; --Leenh. in Adema et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1994) 689, Fig. 60i. Apparently a native of tropical and subtropical America (Florida to N Argentina), widely cultivated and naturalized in the tropics and subtropics. Photos

Trigonachras Radlk.

No photos
  1. Trigonachras cultrata (Turcz.) Radlk., Act. Congr. Bot. Amsterdam 1877 (1878) 116 (Sapind. Holl.-Ind. 46); --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 511; --Leenh., Blumea 33 (1988) 207; --Leenh. in Adema et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1994) 737, Fig. 80c. --Trigonachras brachycarpa Radlk. in Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1614; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 510. --Trigonachras membranacea Radlk., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 447, 468; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 511. --Trigonachras obliqua Radlk., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 447, 467; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 511. --Trigonachras rigida Radlk., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 447, 467, pro parte; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 511, pro parte, excluding FB 18727 Darling (=T. cuspidata). --Trigonachras spectabilis Radlk., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 447, 469; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 511. LUZON: Cagayan, Zambales, Camarines, Sorsogon, TICAO, ROMBLON, TABLAS, PANAY, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Davao, Agusan, Surigao. Lowland forests, on ridges, along rivers, near the seashore, altitude up to 500m. Fl. Apr & May, fr. Jun-Aug.
  2. Trigonachras cuspidata Radlk., PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 182; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 511; --Leenh., Blumea 33 (1988) 210; --Leenh. in Adema et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1994) 738, Fig. 80d. --Trigonachras falcato-cuspidata Radlk., PJS 20 (1922) 661; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 511. --Trigonachras rigida Radlk., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 447, 467; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 511,  as to FB 18727 Darling only. LUZON, POLILLO, possibly also Mindanao. Behind mangrove and in lowland forests. Fl. Feb-Mar, fr. Jun-Jul.

Tristira Radlk.

No photos
  1. Tristira triptera (Blanco) Radlk., Act. Congr. Bot. Amsterdam 1877 (1878) 133 (Sapind. Holl.-Ind. 63); --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 502; --Leenh. in Adema et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1994) 740, Fig. 81. --Tristira pubescens Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philip.) 6 (1904) 12, incl. forma genuina Radlk. & forma hemidasya Radlk., --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 502. E Philippines, Sulawesi, Moluccas (Sula Isls; Seram).

Tristiropsis Radlk.

No photos
  1. Tristiropsis acutangula Radlk. [in Dur., Index Gen. Phan. (1888) 76, nom. nud.] Sitz. Math.-Phys. Cl. Konigl. Bayer Akad. Wiss. Münch. 20 (1890) 248; --Leenh. in Adema et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1994) 743, Fig. 82d-e. --Tristiropsis oblonga Radlk., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 445, 456; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 501. --Tristiropsis ovata Radlk. in Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1605; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 501. --Tristiropsis subfalcata Radlk., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 445, 455; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 502. Christmas Is, Kangean Archipelago, Bawean, Madura, Flores, Timor, SE Borneo, Philippines, Muna Is (near SE Sulawesi), Moluccas (Halmahera; Sula; Kai Isls), New Guinea, Admiralty Isls, Solomon Isls, Queensland, Marianas (Guam), Carolinas (Palau Is).  MINDORO, GUIMARAS, BASILAN, MINDANAO.

Acknowledgements

Derek D. Cabactulan kindly contributed some of the photos on this webpage.

Literature

Adema, F & Ham, RWJM van der. 1993. Cnesmocarpon (gen. nov.), Jagera, and Trigonachras (Sapindaceae—Cupanieae): Phylogeny and systematics. Blumea 38: 173-215

Adema, F, PW Leenhouts, PC van Welzen. 1994. Sapindaceae. Flora Malesiana series. 1, 11: 419-768

Adema, F, PW Leenhouts, PC van Welzen. 1996. Sapindaceae. Tree Flora of Sabah and Sarawak 2: 263-374.

Davids, M. 1984. A taxonomic revision of Paranephelium (Sapindaceae). Blumea 29: 425-441


DENR Administrative Order. 2017. Updated national list of threatened Philippine plants and their categories. DAO 2017-11

van. 1986. A taxonomic revision of Dictyoneura (Sapindaceae). Blumea 31: 437-449

Etman, B. 1994. A taxonomic and phylogenetic analysis of Rhysotoechia (Sapindaceae). Blumea 39: 41-71

Ham, RWJM van der. 1977. A revision of Mischocarpus (Sapindaceae). Blumea 23: 251-288

Ham, RWJM van der. 1977. Notes on Arytera (Sapindaceae). Blumea 23: 289-300

Leenhouts, PW. 1966. Florae Malesianae Precursores XLII. Notes on Sapindaceae II. Tristiropsis. Blumea 13: 395


Leenhouts, PW. 1967. A conspectus of the genus Allophylus (Sapindaceae). The problem of the complex species. Blumea 15: 301-358

Leenhouts, PW. 1969. Florae Malesianae Praecursores L. A revision of Lepisanthes (Sapindaceae). Blumea 17: 33-91


Leenhouts, PW. 1970. Additional notes on Lepisanthes (Sapindaceae). Blumea 18: 429-430

Leenhouts, PW. 1971. A revision of Dimocarpus (Sapindaceae). Blumea 19: 113-131


Leenhouts, PW. 1973. A revision of Crossonophelis (Sapindaceae). Blumea 21: 91-103

Leenhouts, PW. 1975. Taxonomic notes on Glenniea (Sapindaceae). Blumea 22: 411-414


Leenhouts, PW. 1978. Systematic notes on the Sapindaceae-Nephelieae. Blumea 24: 395-403

Leenhouts, PW. 1983. Notes on the extra Australian species of Dodonaea (Sapindaceae). Blumea 28: 271-289


Leenhouts, PW. 1985. An attempt towards a natural system of Harpullia (Sapindaceae). Blumea 31: 219-234

Leenhouts, PW. 1986. A taxonomic revision of Nephelium (Sapindaceae). Blumea 31: 373-436


Leenhouts, PW. 1988. Notes on some genera of the Sapindaceae-Cupanieae. Blumea 33: 197-213

Leenhouts, PW. 1988. A revision of Alectryon (Sapindaceae) in Malesia. Blumea 33: 313-327

Leenhouts, PW & M Vente. 1982. A taxonomic revision of Harpullia (Sapindaceae). Blumea 28: 1-51


Turner, H. 1995. Cladistic and biogeographic analyses of Arytera Blume and Mischarytera gen. nov. (Sapindaceae) with notes on methodology and a full taxonomic revision. Blumea Supplement 9: 1-230

Welzen, PC van. 1988. Key to the Malesian genera of Sapindaceae (based on vegetative and fruit characteristics). Blumea 33: 215-237

Welzen, PC van. 1989. Guioa Cav. (Sapindaceae): Taxonomy, phylogeny, and historical biogeography. Leiden Botanical Series 12: 1-314

Welzen, PC van. 1991. Gloeocarpus Radlk. (Sapindaceae) revised. Blumea 35: 389-392

Welzen, PC van, P Piskaut, & FI Windadri. 1992. Lepidopetalum Blume (Sapindaceae): Taxonomy, phylogeny, and historical biogeography. Blumea 36: 439-465

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Last updated 18 August 2017