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Plantaginaceae

Adenosma R.Br.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 7 September 2017

No Photos
  1. Adenosma bilabiatum (Roxb.) Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 434; --Erinus bilabiatus Roxb., Hort. Beng. (1814) 47, nomen nudum; Fl. Ind. ed. 2, 3 (1832) 92. India to Malaya. LUZON: Nueva Vizcaya, Rizal, PALAWAN, MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Low and medium elevation thickets.
  2. Adenosma javanicum (Blume) Koord., Exkursfl. Java 3 (1912) 175; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 434; --Herpestis javanica Blume, Bijdr. (1826) 748. Myanmar and Indochina through Malesia to the Moluccas. LUZON: Pangasinan, Bulacan, Rizal, Laguna, PANAY, SAMAR, MINDANAO: Lanao del Sur, Surigao del Norte. Lowland and medium elevation forests along small streams.

Bacopa Aubl.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 7 September 2017

Photos
  1. Bacopa floribunda (R.Br.) Wettst. in Engl. & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 43 b (1891) 76; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 422; EPFP 3 (1923) 435; --Herpestis floribunda R.Br., Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl. (1810) 442. Tropical Africa, India, Java, and tropical Australia. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Zambales, Rizal. A characteristic rice paddy weed.
  2. Bacopa monnieri (L.) Wettst. in Engl. & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 43 b (1891) 77; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 422; EPFP 3 (1923) 435 (‘monnieria’); --Liu in Huang (ed.), Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 4 (1998) 585; --Lysimachia monnieri L., Cent. Pl. (1756) II 9. Pantropical. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Cagayan, Rizal, Laguna, CEBU. Lowland open wet places, chiefly within the influence of salt or brackish water. Photos

Bythophyton Hook.f.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 7 September 2017

No Photos
  1. Bythophyton indicum (Hook.f. & Thomson) Hook.f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 4 (1884) 286; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 436; --Micranthemum indicum Hook.f. & Thomson, Hooker's J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 9 (1857) 245. India (Khasya Mtns), N Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province (Mt Data). In shallow water, and along the marshy margin of a small pond, c. 2200m.

Curanga Juss. = Picria

Dopatrium Buch.-Ham.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 7 September 2017

No Photos
  1. Dopatrium junceum (Roxb.) Buch.-Ham. ex Benth., Scroph. Ind. (1835) 31; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 426; EPFP 3 (1923) 435; --Liu in Huang (ed.), Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 4 (1998) 589; --Gratiola juncea Roxb., Pl. Coromandel 2 (1799) 16. India to S China through Malesia to tropical Australia. Naturalized in North America. LUZON: Rizal, PANAY. Lowland old rice paddies. Very local in the Philippines.

Ellisiophyllum Maxim.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 7 September 2017

No Photos
  1. Ellisiophyllum pinnatum (Wall. ex Benth.) Makino, Bot. Mag. Tokyo 20 (1906) 91; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 441; --Liu in Huang (ed.), Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 4 (1998) 591; --Ourisia pinnata Wall. ex Benth., Scroph. Ind. (1835) 47. Nepal, India, China, Taiwan, Japan, N Philippines, Papua New Guinea. LUZON: Benguet. Mossy forests on the highest mountains, 2000-2400m.

Hemiphragma Wall.

Photos
  1. Hemiphragma heterophyllum Wall., Tent. Fl. Nepal. (1824) 16; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 441; --Liu in Huang (ed.), Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 4 (1998) 597. --Nertera dentata Elmer, LPB 1 (1906) 15; --Type: Elmer 6239 (BISH, L, NY, US, iso), Luzon: Benguet prov., Mt Sto Tomas, forming dense mats in clay-like soil at c. 2000m, May-1904. E Himalayas, Myanmar, W and C China, Taiwan, Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province, Benguet. High montane regions, 2000-2600m, in open grasslands, marshy borders of sluggish streams, etc. Photos

Limnophila R.Br.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 7 September 2017

Photos
  1. Limnophila aromatica (Lam.) Merr., Interpret. Herb. Amb. (1917) 466; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 432; --Liu in Huang (ed.), Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 4 (1998) 599; --Ambulia aromatica Lam., Encycl. 1 (1783) 128. India to Taiwan, across Malesia to tropical Australia. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Mountain Province, Benguet, Nueva Vizcaya, Camarines, POLILLO, BUSUANGA, PALAWAN, MINDANAO: Davao. Lowlands to medium elevation, ascending to 1600m, in marshes and open wet places.
  2. Limnophila chinensis (Osbeck) Merr., Am. J. Bot. 3 (1916) 581; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 433; --Columnea chinensis Osbeck, Dagb. Ostind. Resa (1757) 230. India to S China to Borneo. MINDANAO: Lanao del Sur, Davao. Low and medium elevation open swampy places.
  3. Limnophila fragrans (G.Forst.) Seem., Fl. Vit. (1865) 180; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 423; EPFP 3 (1923) 433; --Ruellia fragrans G.Forst., Fl. Ins. Austr. (1786) 44. Malesia to tropical Australia and Polynesia. POLILLO. Lowland rice paddies.
  4. Limnophila heterophylla (Roxb.) Benth., Scroph. Ind. (1835) 25; --Columnea heterophylla Roxb., Fl. Ind. ed. 3 (1832) 97. Photos
  5. Limnophila indica (L.) Druce, Bot. Exch. Club (1914) 420; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 433; --Hottonia indica L., Sp. Pl. ed. 2 (1762) 208. India to Japan, across Malesia to tropical Australia. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Pangasinan, Mountain Province, Benguet, Nueva Ecija, Rizal, Laguna, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Lanao del Sur, Bukidnon, Davao. Lowlands and medium elevation, ascending to 1500m, in shallow sluggish streams.
  6. Limnophila manilensis Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 246; Fl. Manila (1912) 423; EPFP 3 (1923) 433; --Type: Merrill 7432 (US, iso), Luzon: Manila and vicinity, Jan/Feb-1911. LUZON: Bulacan, Rizal. Lowlands, in wet fallow rice paddies.
  7. Limnophila obovata Merr., PJS 20 (1922) 439; EPFP 3 (1923) 433; --Type: Merrill 7227 (L, US, iso), Palawan, Sep-1910. Borneo, SW Philippines. PALAWAN. Lowland, along small streams, often in shallow water, in shaded places.
  8. Limnophila rugosa (Roth) Merr., Interpret. Herb. Amb. (1917) 466; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 434; --Liu in Huang (ed.), Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 4 (1998) 601. India, Indochina, Ryukyus, Taiwan, Malesia, Polynesia. LUZON: Mountain Province, Nueva Vizcaya, Pampanga, Bulacan, Camarines, Sorsogon, PALAWAN, PANAY, NEGROS, MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Lowlands, open wet places.
  9. Limnophila stolonifera (Blanco) Merr., Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 345; EPFP 3 (1923) 434; --Type: Not extant, possible neotype: Merrill Sp. Blancoanae 201. LUZON: Rizal. Lowland fallow rice paddies.

Microcarpaea R.Br.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 7 September 2017

No Photos
  1. Microcarpaea minima (K.D.Koenig ex Retz.) Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 100; EPFP 3 (1923) 436; --Liu in Huang (ed.), Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 4 (1998) 612; --Paederota minima K.D.Koenig ex Retz., Observ. Bot. 5 (1789) 10. Tropical and subtropical Asia to tropical Australia. LUZON: Mountain Province. Rice paddies, c. 1200m.

Picria Lour.

No Photos
  1. Picria fel-terrae Lour. Fl. Cochinch. 2 (1790) 393; --Curanga fel-terrae (Lour.) Merr., Interpret. Herb. Amb. (1917) 467; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 439. India to Indochina through Malaya to the Moluccas. LUZON: Kalinga, Cagayan, Laguna. Forested slopes at low elevation, ascending to 400m; rare and local.

Plantago L. [Not native]

Photos
  1. Plantago lanceolata L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 113; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 491. Native of Europe; naturalized in Philippines. Photos
  2. Plantago major L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 112; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 444; EPFP 3 (1923) 491. Native of Europe and Asia; naturalized in Philippines. Photos

Scoparia L. [Not native]

Photos
  1. Scoparia dulcis L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 116; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 420; EPFP 3 (1923) 441; --Liu in Huang (ed.), Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 4 (1998) 621. Native of tropical America, now pantropic in distribution. Throughout the Philippines. Low and medium elevation, a very common weed in the settled areas. Photos

Veronica L.

Photos
  1. Veronica javanica Blume, Bijdr. (1826) 746; --Quisumb., PJS 41 (1930) 345; --Steen., Mountain Fl. Java (1972) Pl. 51-4; --Liu in Huang (ed.), Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 4 (1998) 632. Tropical Africa, India, SE China, Taiwan, Japan, Ryukyus, Sumatra, Java, Philippines. LUZON: Cordillera Highlands (Mt Data; Pauai). Near trails, 2000m.
  2. Veronica monantha Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 385; EPFP 3 (1923) 441; --Type: Merrill 6593 (US, iso), Luzon: Benguet prov., Mt Pulag, May-1909. LUZON: Benguet (Mt Pulag). Mossy forest, c. 2600m.

Non-naturalized

  1. Digitalis purpurea L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 622; --Liu in Huang (ed.), Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 4 (1998) 589. Native of Europe. In the Philippines commonly cultivated as an ornamental at high elevation, e.g. Cordillera Highlands of N Luzon. Photos
  2. Russelia equisetiformis Schltdl. & Cham., Linnaea 6 (1831) 377; --Russelia juncea Zucc., Flora 15 (1832) Beibl. 99; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 421; EPFP 3 (1923) 431. Native of Mexico. Cultivated for ornamental purposes, occasionally spontaneous on damp stone walls in towns. Photos

Literature

Backer, CA & RC Bakhuizen van den Brink. 1965. Flora of Java 2: 445-446.

Backer, CA & RC Bakhuizen van den Brink. 1965. Flora of Java 2: 498-515.

Liu, HY.1998. Scrophulariaceae. In TC Huang (ed). Flora of Taiwan 2nd edition: 582-646.

Yamazaki, T. 1985. Flora of Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam 21: 1-217.

Copyright © 2011, Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines

Last updated 7 September 2017