banner small

Orobanchaceae

Aeginetia L.

Edited by P.B. Pelser, 10 March 2013

Photos
  1. Aeginetia indica L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 63; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 448; --Yang & Lu in Huang (ed.), Fl. Taiwan ed. 2 (1998) 327. Tropical and subtropical Asia. LUZON (widespread), PANAY, LEYTE. Root holoparasite on coarse grasses such as Miscanthus. Sometimes a pest in sugar cane plantation, low to medium elevation. Photos
  2. Aeginetia selebica Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg ser. III, xiii (1933) 89. Sulawesi, Philippines. PANAY: Antique, Iloilo (Barcelona 3721 with Pelser). Root holoparasite on Imperata cylindrica. Photos

Alectra Thunb.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 9 Ocober 2017

Photos
  1. Alectra sessiliflora (Vahl) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2 (1891) 458; --Gerardia sessiliflora Vahl, Symb. Bot. 3 (1794) 79. --Alectra avensis (Benth.) Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 109; EPFP 3 (1923) 441, as Ďarvensisí; --Liu in Huang, Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 4 (1998) 583; --Glossostylis avensis Benth., Scroph. Ind. (1835) 49; --Type: from Myanmar. Myanmar, Nepal, India, Indochina, S China, Peninsular Malaysia, Philippines. Root hemiparasite. Photos

Buchnera L.

Edited by P.B. Pelser, 10 March 2013

Photos
  1. Buchnera tomentosa Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 14 (1826) 741. --Buchnera urticifolia auct. non R.Br.; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 442. Tropical Australia, Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, La Union, Pangasinan, Mountain Province, Benguet, Nueva Vizcaya, Pampanga, Bulacan, MINDORO, CULION, MINDANAO: Lanao, Bukidnon. Root hemiparasite in low and medium elevation dry grasslands, ascending to 1400m. Photos

Centranthera R.Br.

Photos
  1. Centranthera cochinchinensis (Lour.) Merr., Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc., n.s. 24 (1935) 353; --Liu in Huang, Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 4 (1998) 585; --Digitalis cochinchinensis Lour., Fl. Cochinch. (1790) 378. --Centranthera hispida R.Br., Prodr. (1810) 438; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 421; EPFP 3 (1923) 442. China, Indochina, Korea, Japan, Taiwan, Philippines. Throughout the Philippines, in most islands and provinces. A root hemiparasite in lowland and medium elevation open grasslands, ascending to 1400m. Photos

Christisonia Gardner

Edited by P.B. Pelser, 18 January 2016

Photos
  1. Christisonia scortechinii Prain, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt. 2, Nat. Hist. 73 (1904) 205; --Type: from Malaysia. --Christisonia wightii Elmer, LPB 8 (1915) 2793; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 448; --Type: Elmer 9510 (PNH, holo, ?lost), Negros: Negros Oriental, Dumaguete, Cuernos Mts. Borneo, China, Laos, Peninsular Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam, Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan (photos), NEGROS, PALAWAN (photos). Photos

Euphrasia L.

Edited by P.B. Pelser, 10 March 2013

Photos
  1. Euphrasia merrillii Du Rietz, Svensk. Bot. Tidskr. 25 (1931) 510; --Type: Merrill 4720 (NY, holo), Luzon: Benguet prov., Suyoc to Pauai, Oct/Nov-1905. --Euphrasia borneensis auct. non Stapf; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 443, pro parte. LUZON: Benguet (Suyoc to Pauai, Mt Pulag). Root hemiparasite found on exposed ridges, open places, 2400-2700m.
  2. Euphrasia philippinensis Du Rietz, Svensk. Bot. Tidskr. 25 (1931) 502; --Type: Clemens 16412 (NY, holo), Luzon: Mountain Province, Mt Data, Dec-1925. --Euphrasia borneensis auct. non Stapf; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 443, pro parte. LUZON: Mountain Province, Mt Data. Exposed sites, 2200m.

 Lindenbergia Lehm.

Photos
  1. Lindenbergia philippensis (Cham.) Benth. in DC., Prodr. 10 (1846) 377; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 432; --Prijanto, Reinwardtia 7: 552. C China to throughout Indochina, E Himalayas eastward to the Philippines. LUZON: La Union, Pangasinan, Apayao, Mountain Province, Benguet, Nueva Vizcaya, Nueva Ecija, Zambales, Bulacan, Rizal, Batangas, MINDORO: Mindoro Occidental (Paluan). Sea-level to 1600m, on cliffs, talus slopes, etc., in towns on stone walls. This genus is non-parasitic and sister to the entire family Orobanchaceae. Photos

Sopubia Buch.-Ham.

No Photos
  1. Sopubia trifida Ham. in Don, Prodr. Fl. Nepal. (1825) 88; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 442; --Steenis, Mountain Fl. Java (1972) Pl. 51-2. Tropical Africa to Asia and Australia, E Java, Bali, Sumba, Timor, SW Sulawesi, New Guinea, Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province, Benguet, Pangasinan, MINDORO, MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Root hemiparasite, found chiefly at 1200-2000m on open grassy slopes.

Striga Lour.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 25 August 2017

Photos
  1. Striga asiatica (L.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. (1891) 466; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 442; --Buchnera asiatica L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 630. Tropical Africa and Asia. LUZON: Mountain Province, Benguet, Nueva Vizcaya, Zambales, Laguna, Quezon, Sorsogon, BILIRAN. Chiefly at medium elevation, in open grasslands as root hemiparasite on grasses like Imperata. Photos
  2. Striga masuria (Buch.-Ham. ex Benth.) Benth. in Hook., Comp. Bot. Mag. 1 (1835) 364; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 443; --Liu in Huang, Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 4 (1998) 627; --Buchnera masuria Buch.-Ham. ex Benth., Scroph. Ind. (1835) 41. Nepal, India, China, S Taiwan, Indochina, Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Pangasinan, Mountain Province, Cagayan, Isabela, Nueva Vizcaya. A root hemiparasite in low and medium elevation open grasslands.
  3. Striga multiflora Benth. in Hook., Comp. Bot. Mag. 1 (1835) 363; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 443. Philippines, Moluccas, tropical Australia.  LUZON: Mountain Province, Cagayan, Isabela, Nueva Vizcaya, Rizal. Low and medium elevation open grasslands, hemiparasitic on the rhizomes or roots of Themeda and other grasses.

Acknowledgements

Holger Uhlich kindly informed us that our photos of Aeginetia from Panay (Barcelona 3721 with Pelser) represent a new record for the Philippines.

Literature

Ent, A van der & KM Wong. 2015. Range extension of Christisonia scortechinii from mainland Southeast Asia into Borneo, and notes on the distinction between Aeginetia and Christisonia (Orobanchaceae). Botanical Studies 56: 28

Morawetz, JJ & AD Wolfe. 2011. Taxonomic revision of the Alectra sessiliflora complex (Orobanchaceae). Systematic Botany 36: 141-152.

Prijanto, B. 1969. The Asiatic species of Lindenbergia Lehm. (Scrophulariaceae). Reinwardtia 7: 543-560.

Wu, M-J, T-C Huang & S-F Huang. 2009. Phylogenetic biogeography of Euphrasia section Malesianae (Orobanchaceae) in Taiwan and Malesia. Blumea 54: 242-250

Pelser, P.B., J.F. Barcelona & D.L. Nickrent (eds.). 2011 onwards. Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines. www.philippineplants.org

Copyright © 2011, Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines

Last updated 14 November 2017