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Orchidaceae

Genera D to M

Including Apostasiaceae

Dendrobium Sw.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 18 August 2017

Photos


Dendrobium sect. Aporum

(Includes species also placed in the segregate genera Aporum and Ceraia)
  1. Dendrobium albayense Ames, PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 14; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 343; --Aporum albayense (Ames) M.A.Clem., Telopea 10(1) (2003) 294. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Laguna, Quezon, Albay, NEGROS: Negros Occidental, LEYTE, SAMAR, MINDANAO: Davao, Agusan del Norte, Cotabato, Surigao, POLILLO, PALAWAN. Epiphytic up to 900m. Fairly common. Photos
  2. Dendrobium aloifolium (Blume) Rchb.f., in Walpers, Ann. Bot. Syst. 6: 279; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 65; --Aporum aloifolium (Blume) Brieger, Schlechter Orchideen 1(11-12) (1981) 676; --Macrostomium aloifolium Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 355. Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam, Laos, Peninsular Malaysia, Indonesia, Borneo, New Guinea, Philippines. LUZON: Nueva Vizcaya, MINDORO. Epiphytic in rather well-lit sites, to 300m. Photos
  3. Dendrobium basilanense Ames, PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 14; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 345; --Aporum basilanense (Ames) M.A.Clem., Telopea 10(1) (2003) 295. Endemic to the Philippines. PANAY: Iloilo, BASILAN, MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Agusan del Norte. Epiphytic, sea-level to 400m.
  4. Dendrobium blumei Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. (1830) 88; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 69; --Onychium fimbriatum Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 7 (1825) 325. Thailand, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Borneo, Philippines. LEYTE, SAMAR, BASILAN, MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Lanao, Bukidnon, Agusan del Norte, Surigao. Epiphytic. Sometimes in swamps, to 1000m. Photos
  5. Dendrobium bukidnonense Ames & Quisumb., PJS 59 (1936) 5; --Ceraia bukidnonensis (Ames & Quisumb.) M.A.Clem., Telopea 10(1) (2003) 291. Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Misamis. Epiphytic, up to 800m.
  6. Dendrobium butchcamposii Cootes, M.Leon & R.Boos, OrchideenJ. (2016) 5; --Type: M.D. De Leon cult. MDL 006/2016 (CMUH00010805, holo), Mindanao: Misamis Oriental, 22-May-2016. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Photos
  7. Dendrobium cabadbarense Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 117; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 346; --Ceraia cabadbarensis (Ames) W.Suarez, OrchideenJ. 17 (2010) 12. Endemic to the Philippines.
  8. Dendrobium carinatum (L.) Willd., Sp. Pl. 4 (1805) 133; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 346; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 70; --Ceraia carinata (L.) M.A.Clem., Telopea 10(1) (2003) 291; --Bulbophyllum carinatum (L.) Náves in Blanco, Fl. Filip., ed. 3 (1880) 235; --Epidendrum carinatum L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 953; --Type: FB  6315 Curran. --Ceraia robinsonii (Ames) M.A.Clem., Telopea 10(1) (2003) 293; --Dendrobium robinsonii Ames, PJS 8 c (1913, publ. 1914) 425. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province, Nueva Vizcaya, Quezon, Rizal, Zambales, MINDORO. Epiphytic, up to 1000m. Photos
  9. Dendrobium crumenatum Sw. in Schrad. J. Bot. 2 (1799) 237; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 346; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 73; --Type from Indonesia. --Ceraia saaronica (J.Koenig) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones, Orchadian 13 (2002) 486. India, Sri Lanka, Andaman Isls, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, Peninsular Malaysia, S China, Taiwan (Lanyu & Kwasyoto Isls), Sumatra, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls (Sumba, Timor), Borneo, Sulawesi, Moluccas (Ambon), Philippines. Common and widely distributed throughout the Philippines, lowlands up to 500m. [Ceraia simplissima acc. to L. Co] Photos
  10. Dendrobium distichum (C.Presl) Rchb.f., Linnaea 41 (1876) 39; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 348; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 75; --Aporum distichum (C.Presl) Rauschert, Feddes Repert. 94 (1983) 439; --Schismoceras disticha C.Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1 (1827) 96. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Ifuago, Benguet, Zambales, Bataan, Aurora, Nueva Vizcaya, Quezon, Rizal, Laguna, Camarines, Sorsogon, Albay, MINDORO, POLILLO, SULU ARCHIPELAGO, MINDANAO: Surigao. Epiphyte to 900m. Fairly common in Luzon. Photos
  11. Dendrobium equitans Kraenzl. in Engl. (ed.), Pflanzenreich, IV,  50 II B 21 (1910) 228; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 76; --Ceraia equitans (Kraenzl.) M.A.Clem., Telopea 10(1) (2003) 291; --Aporum equitans (Kraenzl.) Brieger, Schlechter Orchideen 1(11-12) (1981) 673; --Type from Taiwan. --Dendrobium batanense Ames & Quisumb., PJS 47 (1932) 200. Taiwan, Philippines. BATANES. Epiphytic, c. 600m.
  12. Dendrobium escritorii Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 123; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 348; --Ceraia escritorii (Ames) W.Suarez, OrchideenJ. 17 (2010) 12; --Aporum escritorii (Ames) M.A.Clem., Telopea 10(1) (2003) 295. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Camarines, Laguna, Quezon, MINDANAO: Surigao. Epiphytic, low elevation. Photos
  13. Dendrobium gerlandianum Kraenzl. in Feddes Repert. 6 (1909) 317; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 348; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 77; --Ceraia gerlandiana (Kraenzl.) M.A.Clem., Telopea 10(1) (2003) 291. Endemic to the Philippines. Described from plants originating in the Philippines. Exact provenance unknown.
  14. Dendrobium hampelii Cootes & R.Boos, OrchideenJ. 22 (2015) 8; --Type: G. Hampel cult. (CMUH00009781, holo), Mindanao: Misamis Oriental, 28-Feb-15, c. 1200m. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Misamis Oriental. Photos
  15. Dendrobium hymenanthum Rchb.f., Bonplandia 3 (1855) 222; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 350; --Ceraia hymenantha (Rchb.f.) W.Suarez, OrchideenJ. 17 (2010) 12; --Bolbidium hymenanthum (Rchb.f.) Rauschert, Feddes Repert. 94 (1983) 433. Vietnam, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines. LUZON: Bataan, Quezon, Rizal, POLILLO, MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Epiphyte, sometimes in mangrove trees, up to 300m. Photos
  16. Dendrobium indivisum (Blume) Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 3 (1859) 630; --Aporum indivisum Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 334.
  17. Dendrobium junceum Lindl., Edwards’s Bot. Reg. 28(Misc.) (1842) 9; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 80; --Ceraia juncea (Lindl.) M.A.Clem., Telopea 10(1) (2003) 291; --Aporum junceum (Lindl.) Rauschert, Feddes Repert. 94 (1983) 440. Borneo, Philippines. LUZON: Rizal, Quezon, MINDANAO: Surigao del Norte, BUCAS GRANDE. Epiphytic, c. 500m. Photos
  18. Dendrobium lunatum Lindl., J. Linn. Soc. 3 (1859) 4; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 351; --Aporum lunatum (Lindl.) M.A.Clem., Telopea 10(1) (2003) 296. Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. Epiphytic, sea-level to 500m. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  19. Dendrobium lydiae Cootes, M.Leon & Naive, OrchideenJ. 4 (2016) 3; --Type: M.D. De Leon MDL 014/2016 (CMUH00010803, holo), Mindanao: Bukidnon (cult. in Misamis Oriental), 27-May-2016. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Photos
  20. Dendrobium marivelense Ames, Orchidaceae 2 (1908) 180; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 351; --Ceraia marivelensis (Ames) W.Suarez, OrchideenJ. 17 (2010) 12; --Aporum marivelense (Ames) Rauschert, Feddes Repert. 94 (1983) 440. Possibly a synonym of Dendrobium parciflorum Rchb.f. ex Lindl.
  21. Dendrobium merrillii Ames, Orchidaceae 2 (1908) 181; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 352; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 80; --Aporum merrillii (Ames) M.A.Clem., Telopea 10(1) (2003) 296. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Pangasinan, Ifugao, Rizal, Quezon, MINDORO, LEYTE, SAMAR. Epiphytic, up to 350m.
  22. Dendrobium mindanaense Ames, PJS 8 c 1913) Bot. 423; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 352; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 81; --Ceraia mindanaensis (Ames) W.Suarez, OrchideenJ. 17 (2010) 12; --Aporum mindanaense (Ames) M.A.Clem., Telopea 10(1) (2003) 296. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Rizal, Quezon, CULION, PALAWAN, NEGROS: Negros Occidental, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Agusan, Zamboanga, Cotabato, Davao, Surigao del Sur. Epiphytic, up to 300m, also found in mangroves. Photos
  23. Dendrobium modestum Rchb.f., Bonplandia 3 (1855) 222; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 352; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 82; --Ceraia modesta (Rchb.f.) M.A.Clem., Telopea 10(1) (2003) 292. LUZON: Nueva Vizcaya, Rizal, Quezon, CORON. Epiphytic, often in well-lit sites, to 1200m.
  24. Dendrobium multiramosum Ames,  Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 129; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 352; --Ceraia multiramosa (Ames) M.A.Clem., Telopea 10(1) (2003) 292. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Nueva Vizcaya, Rizal, MINDORO. Ephiphytic, low elevation. Photos
  25. Dendrobium niveobarbatum Cootes, Austral. Orchid Rev. 73(4) (2008) 22; --Ceraia niveobarbata (Cootes) W.Suarez & Cootes, OrchideenJ. 2 (2015) 60. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Epiphytic, c. 500m. Photos
  26. Dendrobium pachyphyllum (Kuntze) Bakh.f., Blumea 12 (1963) 69; --Ceraia pachyphylla (Kuntze) W.Suarez, OrchideenJ. 2 (2015) 60; --Callista pachyphylla Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2 (1891) 654. MINDANAO: Agusan, Davao, Bukidnon (Cabactulan, 12-Jan-13). India to W Malesia, Philippines. Photos
  27. Dendrobium parciflorum Rchb.f. ex Lindl., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 3 (1858) 4. India to China, Philippines?
  28. Dendrobium philippinense Ames,  PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 424; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 353; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 84; --Ceraia philippinensis (Ames) M.A.Clem., Telopea 10(1) (2003) 293. Guam, Marianas, Philippines. LUZON: Zambales, Bataan, Bulacan, Rizal, Laguna, Quezon, POLILLO, MINDORO: Mindoro Oriental, PANAY, LEYTE, MINDANAO. Epiphytic, up to c. 300m. Photos
  29. Dendrobium planibulbe Lindl., Bot. Reg. 29 (1843) Misc. 54; --Ames in  Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 353; --Ceraia planibulbis (Lindl.) M.A.Clem., Telopea 10(1) (2003) 293; --Aporum planibulbe (Lindl.) Rauschert, Feddes Repert. 94 (1983) 441. Borneo, Peninsular Malaysia, Thailand, Philippines.
  30. Dendrobium polytrichum Ames, PJS 2 c  (1907) Bot. 328; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 353; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 86; --Ceraia polytricha (Ames) M.A.Clem., Telopea 10(1) (2003) 293. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan, Isabela, Aurora, Bataan, Rizal, Quezon, Laguna, MINDORO: Mindoro Oriental. Usually a sun-loving epiphyte, up to 500m. Photos
  31. Dendrobium pseudoequitans Fessel & Lückel, Orchidee (Hamburg) 51 (2000) 83; --Ceraia pseudoequitans (Fessel & Lückel) M.A.Clem., Telopea 10(1) (2003) 293. Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE. Epiphytic at low elevation. Photos
  32. Dendrobium quisumbingii A.D.Hawkes & A.H.Heller, Lloydia 20 (1957) 123. --Aporum macgregorii M.A.Clem., Telopea 10(1) (2003) 296; --Dendrobium macgregorii Ames, PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 17-18, non F.Muell. & Kraenzl. (1894). Endemic to the Philippines.
  33. Dendrobium simplicissimum (Lour.) Kraenzl., Pflanzenr. IV, 50 II B 21 (1910) 235; --Ceraia simplicissima Lour., Fl. Cochinch. (1790) 518. --Dendrobium angulatum Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. (1830) 76, non (Blume) Lindl. --Dendrobium podagraria Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 5 (1890) 728. 1890; et Icon. Pl. (1890) t. 2026. Photos
  34. Dendrobium sinuosum Ames, Orchidaceae 7 (1922) 96; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 355; --Ceraia sinuosa (Ames) W.Suarez, OrchideenJ. 17 (2010) 12 (-13); --Aporum sinuosum (Ames) M.A.Clem., Telopea 10(1) (2003) 297. Endemic to the Philippines.
  35. Dendrobium usterii Schltr., Bull. Herb. Boissier, II, 6 (1906) 458; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 357; --Ceraia usterii (Schltr.) M.A.Clem., Telopea 10(1) (2003) 294; --Flickingeria usterii (Schltr.) Brieger in Schltr., Orchideen 1(11-12) (1981) 742; --Ephemerantha usterii (Schltr.) P.F.Hunt & Summerh., Taxon 10 (1961) 107. Endemic to the Philippines.
  36. Dendrobium usterioides Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 142; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 357; --Ceraia usterioides (Ames) M.A.Clem., Telopea 10(1) (2003) 294. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDORO. Epiphytic, up to 500m. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  37. Dendrobium ventricosum Kraenzl., Pflanzenr. (Engler) Orch.-Dendrob. pars I (1910) 209; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 357; --Cootes, Orch. Philip.  (2001) 93; --Ceraia ventricosa (Kraenzl.) M.A.Clem., Telopea 10(1) (2003) 294. Taiwan (Lanyu and Kwasyoto Isls), Philippines (according to Co's original checklist; Cootes 2011: Endemic to the Philippines). BATAN (Mt Iraya, in forest, 100-500m, locally frequent. Hatusima 29079), LUZON: Nueva Vizcaya, Quezon, Zambales, Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Davao, Agusan, Surigao. Epiphytic, up to 300m.
  38. Dendrobium wenzelii Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 144; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 358; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 94; --Aporum wenzelii (Ames) M.A.Clem., Telopea 10(1) (2003) 297. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Aurora, Quezon, MINDORO: Oriental Mindoro, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Lanao del Sur, Surigao del Norte. Epiphytic up to 500m. Photos
Dendrobium sect. Cadetia

(Includes species also placed in the segregate genus Cadetia)
  1. Dendrobium microphyton L.O.Williams, Bot. Mus. Leafl. 5 (1937) 47; --Cadetia microphyton (L.O.Williams) Christenson, Lindleyana 7 (1992) 89. Sulawesi, Philippines. BOHOL, MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Epiphyte or lithophyte, 300-1000m.
Dendrobium sect. Calyptrochilus

(Includes species also placed in the segregate genera Chromatotriccum, Coelandria and Pedilonum)
  1. Dendrobium amethystoglossum Rchb.f., Gard. Chron. (1872) 109; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 343; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 66; --Pedilonum amethystoglossum (Rchb.f.) M.A.Clem., Telopea 10 (2003) 288. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Mountain Province, Nueva Ecija, Nueva Vizcaya, Pangasinan. Epiphyte, usually in brightly-lit sites above 1000m. Photos
  2. Dendrobium auriculatum Ames & Quisumb., PJS 49 (1932) 488; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 67. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Bulacan, Mountain Province, Nueva Ecija, Nueva Vizcaya, Quezon, MINDORO, MINDANAO: Davao. Epiphyte or lithophyte, c. 900m. Photos
  3. Dendrobium boosii Cootes & W.Suarez, Austral. Orchid Rev. 76(4) (2011) 49. Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE. Epiphyte, c. 700m. Photos
  4. Dendrobium bullenianum Rchb.f., Bot. Zeit. 20 (1862) 214; PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 14; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 345; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 70. --Dendrobium topaziacum Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 140; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 357. Endemic to the Philippines. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  5. Dendrobium bunuanense Ames, Schedul. Orchid. 9 (1925) 53; --Dendrobium appendiculoides Ames, Orchidaceae 7 (1922) 93, nom. illeg., auct. non J.J.Sm. (1913); --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 345; --Type: BS 38940 Ramos & Edaño. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon (Mt Candoon). Epiphytic in forest, 1650m.
  6. Dendrobium ceraula Rchb.f., Linnaea 41 (1876) 40; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 346; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 70. --Dendrobium gonzalesii Quisumb., PJS 66 (1938) 143. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Albay. Epiphytic, above 1300m. Photos
  7. Dendrobium cerinum Rchb.f., Gard. Chron., n.s., 12(2) (1879) 554; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 71. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Rizal. Epiphytic, c. 800m. Photos
  8. Dendrobium chameleon Ames, Orchidaceae 2 (1908) 174; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 346; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 72; --Type: R.S. Williams 1940 (NY, holo; AMES, K, NY, iso), Luzon: Benguet Prov., Baguio, 30-Sep-1904. Taiwan, Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Laguna, Mountain Province, Pampanga, Sorsogon. Epiphytic, above 1000m. LUZON: Benguet, Pampanga. Epiphytic in fairly shaded sites, over 1000m. Photos
  9. Dendrobium compressum Lindl., Edwards’s Bot. Reg. 28(Misc.) (1842) 63. Borneo, Java, Myanmar, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Thailand, ?Philippines.
  10. Dendrobium crassimarginatum L.O.Williams, Bot. Mus. Leafl. 5 (1937) 42. Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE. Epiphytic, 600-1000m. Photos
  11. Dendrobium davaoense Lubag-Arquiza, Austral. Orchid Rev. 71(1) (2006) 22 (-24; figs.). Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Davao. Epiphytic, c. 1100m.
  12. Dendrobium derekcabactulanii Cootes, Pimentel & M.Leon, OrchideenJ. 5 (2017) 5; --Type: M.D. De Leon 003/2017 (CMUH, holo), Mindanao: Bukidnon, 4-Nov-16. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Photos
  13. Dendrobium diffusum L.O.Williams, Bot. Mus. Leafl. 5 (1937) 44. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  14. Dendrobium erosum (Blume) Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. (1830) Pl. 86; --Chromatotriccum erosum (Blume) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones, Orchadian 13 (2002) 11; --Pedilonum erosum Blume in Bijdr. (1825) 320, t. 323. Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, New Guinea, some Pacific islands, Philippines. LUZON: Nueva Vizcaya. Epiphytic, c. 1000m. Photos
  15. Dendrobium fairchildiae Ames & Quisumb., PJS 47 (1932) 202. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province, Nueva Ecija, Rizal, CATANDUANES. Epiphytic or lithophytic, above 1200m. Photos
  16. Dendrobium goldschmidtianum Kraenzl., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 7 (1909) 40; --Pedilonum goldschmidtianum (Kraenzl.) Rauschert, Feddes Repert. 94 (1983) 460; --Type: H. Goldschmidt-Essen s.n. (HBG, holo), cultivated, Jul-1907. --Dendrobium miyakei Schltr., Orch. Sino-Jap. (1919) 64; --Hatusima, Mem. Fac. Agr. Kagoshima Univ. 5 (1966) 63. --Dendrobium irayense Ames & Quisumb., PJS 52 (1934) 446. Taiwan, Philippines. BATANES, CAMIGUIN DE BABUYANES. Epiphytic, 200-1000m. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  17. Dendrobium guerreroi Ames & Quisumb., PJS 49 (1932) 489. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDORO, DINAGAT. Epiphytic, up to 500m. Photos
  18. Dendrobium ionopus Rchb.f., Gard. Chron. 2 (1882) 808; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 79. --Dendrobium epidendropsis Kraenzl., Orchis 2 (1908) 79; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 348. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Nueva Vizcaya, Nueva Ecija, Bataan, Rizal. Epiphytic, c. 1200m. Photos
  19. Dendrobium jimcootesii Cabactulan & M.Leon, Die Orchidee 2 (2016) 3; --Type: M.D. De Leon s.n. (CMUH00010832, holo), Mindanao: Bukidnon, 5-Aug-2016. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Photos
  20. Dendrobium masarangense Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 10 (1911) 78; --Type from Indonesia. Indonesia, New Guinea, Pacific Islands, Philippines. Photos
  21. Dendrobium milaniae Fessel & Lückel, Orchidee (Hamburg) 47 (1996) A131. Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE. Epiphytic, c. 600m. Photos
  22. Dendrobium miyasakii Ames & Quisumb., PJS 44 (1931) 373. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Pampanga, Zambales. Terrestrial or lithophytic, c. 600m. Photos
  23. Dendrobium nebularum Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 1 (1912) 540; --Pedilonum nebularum (Schltr.) Rauschert, Feddes Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 94 (1983) 461.
  24. Dendrobium obrienianum Kraenzl., Gard. Chron. iii, 11 (1) (1892) 266; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 352. Endemic to the Philippines.
  25. Dendrobium papilio Loher, Gard. Chron. iii, 21(1) (1897) 416; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 352; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 83; --Aporum papilio (Loher) Rauschert, Feddes Repert. 94 (1983) 441. --Dendrobium vanoverberghii Ames, PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 425. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province, Benguet, Nueva Vizcaya, Albay, NEGROS: Negros Oriental, MINDANAO: Davao del Sur, Surigao del Sur. Lithophytic or epiphytic, over 1200m. Photos
  26. Dendrobium pentapterum Schltr., Nacht. Fl. Deutsch. Schutzgeb. Südsee (1905) 161; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 83. S Philippines, NE New Guinea. MINDANAO: Davao del Sur (Mt Apo). On mossy branches, 500-2500m.
  27. Dendrobium phillipsii Ames & Quisumb., PJS 56 (1935) 457; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 84. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Epiphytic, c. 800m. Photos
  28. Dendrobium platycaulon Rolfe, Kew Bull. (1892) 139; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 353; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 85. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province, Benguet, Laguna, Quezon, BILIRAN, BOHOL, MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Surigao. Epiphytic in shaded sites, c. 500m. Photos
  29. Dendrobium profusum Rchb.f., Gard. Chron. ii, 21 (1884) 510; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 354; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 87. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Quezon, Camarines, Albay. Epiphytic in well-lit sites, 100-500m. Photos
  30. Dendrobium pterocarpum Ames, Sched. Orchid. 6 (1923) 80; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 354. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Davao del Sur (Mt Apo), South Cotabato (Mt Matutum). Photos
  31. Dendrobium ramosii Ames, PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 18; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 354; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 87. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province, Benguet, Quezon. Terrestrial, over 1200m. Photos
  32. Dendrobium ravanii Cootes, OrchideenJ. 15 (2008) 70. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDORO. Epiphytic, 500-800m. Photos
  33. Dendrobium reypimentelii Cootes, Cabactulan & M.Leon, OrchideenJ. 5 (2017) 7; --Type: M.D. De Leon 004/2017 (CMUH, holo), Mindanao: Bukidnon, 9-Dec-16. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Photos
  34. Dendrobium sanguinolentum Lindl., Edwards's Bot. Reg. 28 (Misc.) (1842) 62. Thailand to W Malesia, ?Philippines. ?SULU.
  35. Dendrobium schettleri Cootes, Cabactulan, Pimentel & M.Leon, OrchideenJ. 5 (2017) 8; --Type: M.D. De Leon 005/2017 (CMUH, holo), Mindanao: Bukidnon, 3-Dec-16. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Photos
  36. Dendrobium secundum (Blume) Lindl. in Wall., Numer. List (1828) n.º 1996; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 355; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 89; --Pedilonum secundum Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. (1825) 320. --Dendrobium bursigerum Lindl., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 3 (1859) 16; --Pedilonum bursigerum (Lindl.) Rauschert, Feddes Repert. 94 (1983) 458. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Bataan, Camarines, Rizal, LEYTE, NEGROS, MINDANAO: Agusan, Davao, Lanao, Surigao. Epiphytic, up to 500m. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  37. Dendrobium serratilabium L.O.Williams, Bot. Mus. Leafl. 5 (1937) 45; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 90. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Aurora, Quezon, Rizal, Laguna, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Bikidnon, Misamis. Epiphytic in deep shade, 500-1200m. Photos
  38. Dendrobium stricticalcarum W.Suarez & Cootes, Austral. Orchid Rev. 73(4) (2008) 23. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Laguna, MINDORO, LEYTE. Epiphytic, 500-1100m. Photos
  39. Dendrobium tiongii Cootes, Austral. Orchid Rev. 75(5) (2010) 58; --Coelandria armeniaca M.A.Clem. & Cootes --OrchideenJ. 16 (2009) 22. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  40. Dendrobium × usitae T.Yukawa, Ann. Tsukuba Bot. Gard. 14 (1995) 43. Natural hybrid: C. bulleniana × C. goldschmidtiana. Endemic to the Philippines. BABUYAN. Epiphytic, up to 300m.
  41. Dendrobium victoriae-reginae Loher, Gard. Chron. iii, 21 (1897)(1) 399; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 358; --Pedilonum victoriae-reginae (Loher) Rauschert, Feddes Repert. 94 (1983) 465. --Dendrobium coeleste Loher, Gard. Chron. 1897 (2) (1897) 1. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province, Ifugao, Nueva Vizcaya, Pampanga, Quezon, MINDORO: Mindoro Oriental, NEGROS, CAMIGUIN, MINDANAO: Davao del Sur. Epiphytic in mossy cloud forests, above 1300m. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  42. Dendrobium yeageri Ames & Quisumb., PJS 52 (1934) 447; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 94. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province, Benguet. Epiphytic above 1000m. Photos
  43. Dendrobium zamboangense Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 145; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 358. Endemic to the Philippines.
Dendrobium sect. Conostalix

(Includes species also placed in the segregate genus Conostalix)
  1. Dendrobium lobbii Teijsm. & Binn., Tijdschr. Ned.-Indië 5 (1853) 491; --Conostalix lobbii (Teijsm. & Binn.) Rauschert, Feddes Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 94 (1983) 444. Philippines. SAMAR. Photos
  2. Dendrobium nemorale L.O.Williams, Bot. Mus. Leafl. 5 (1937) 41; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 82. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Aurora, Quezon, Rizal, MINDORO. Epiphytic, c. 400m. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Photos
Dendrobium sect. Crinifera

(Includes species also placed in the segregate genus Flickingeria)
  1. Dendrobium appendiculatum Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. (1830) 76. Java, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Thailand, ?Philippines.
  2. Dendrobium candoonense Ames, Orchidaceae 7 (1922) 94; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 346; --Flickingeria candoonense (Ames) Seidenf., Dansk Bot. Ark. 34(1) (1980) 17. Endemic to the Philippines.
  3. Dendrobium chrysographatum Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 119; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 346; --Flickingeria chrysographata (Ames) Hawkes, Orch. Weekly 2 (1961) 452; Orquídea (Rio de Janeiro) 27 (1965) 302; --Ephemerantha chrysographata (Ames) P.F.Hunt & Summerh., Taxon 10 (1961) 103. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Aurora, Mountain Province, Quezon, Rizal, Zambales. Epiphytic, 500-2000m. Photos
  4. Dendrobium comatum (Blume) Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. (1830) 76; --Flickingeria comata (Blume) A.D.Hawkes, Orchid Weekly 2(46) (1961) 453; --Ephemerantha comata (Blume) P.F.Hunt & Summerh., Taxon 10 (1961) 103; --Desmotrichum comatum Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 329; --Type from Java. --Flickingeria fimbriatolabellum (Hayata) A.D.Hawkes, Orchid Weekly 2(46) (1961) 454; --Ephemerantha fimbriatolabella (Hayata) P.F.Hunt & Summerh., Taxon 10 (1961) 104; --Dendrobium fimbriatolabellum Hayata, Icon. Pl. Formosan. 4 (1914) 38; --Type: not from the Philippines. Taiwan, Malesia to W. Pacific, Philippines.
  5. Dendrobium convexum Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. (1830) 76; --Flickingeria convexa (Blume) A.D.Hawkes, Orch. Weekly 2(46) (1961) 453; --Desmotrichum convexum Blume, Bijd. (1825) 330. Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Australia, Solomon Isls, Philippines. MINDORO, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Cotabato. Epiphytic, up to 600m.
  6. Dendrobium eurorum Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 124; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 348; --Flickingeria eurorum (Ames) A.D.Hawkes, Orch. Weekly 2 (1961) 454; Orquídea (Rio de Janeiro) 27 (1965) 303; --Ephemerantha eurora (Ames) P.F.Hunt & Summerh., Taxon 10 (1961) 103; --Desmotrichum eurorum (Ames) A.D.Hawkes, Lloydia 20 (1957) 125. Endemic to the Philippines.
  7. Dendrobium interjectum Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 125; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 350; --Flickingeria interjecta (Ames) A.D.Hawkes, Orch. Weekly 2 (1961) 454; Orquídea (Rio de Janeiro) 27 (1965) 304; --Ephemerantha interjecta (Ames) P.F.Hunt & Summerh., Taxon 10 (1961) 104; --Desmotrichum interjectum (Ames) A.D.Hawkes, Lloydia 20 (1957) 126. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Quezon, MINDORO, LEYTE, PANAY. Epiphytic, up to 750m. Photos
  8. Dendrobium junctilobum (Fessel & Lückel) Schuit. & Peter B.Adams, Muelleria 29 (2011) 67; --Flickingeria junctiloba Fessel & Lückel, Orchidee (Hamburg) 49 (1998) 254. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Quezon, LEYTE. Epiphytic, 800-1000m. Photos
  9. Dendrobium loherianum Kraenzl., Ann. Nat. Hofmus. Wien 30 (1916) 62; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 350; --Flickingeria loheriana (Kraenzl.) W.Suarez, OrchideenJ. 17 (2010) 14. Endemic to the Philippines.
  10. Dendrobium luxurians J.J.Sm., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, III, 3 (1921) 288; --Flickingeria luxurians (J.J.Sm.) A.D.Hawkes, Orch. Weekly 2 (1961) 457; Orquídea (Rio de Janeiro) 27 (1965) 305; --Desmotrichum luxurians (J.J.Sm.) Carr, Gard. Bull. Straits Settlem. 7 (1932) 9; --Ephemerantha luxurians (J.J.Sm.) P.F.Hunt & Summerh., Taxon 10 (1961) 105. Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Borneo, Philippines. MINDANAO: Surigao, DINAGAT, TAWI-TAWI. Epiphytic, up to 300m.
  11. Dendrobium omissum Schuit. & Peter B.Adams, Muelleria 29 (2011) 67. --Flickingeria praetermissa W.Suarez & Cootes, Philip. Orch. Rev. 15(2) (2007) 19; --Dendrobium forcipatum Ames, ined., non Dendrobium forcipatum J.J.Sm., 1920; --Type: Wenzel 65 (AMES, holo), Leyte: Leyte prov., Dagami, Puguahaan, 17-May-1913. --Flickingeria xantholeuca auct. non (Rchb.f.) A.D.Hawkes. --Flickingeria praetermissa W.Suarez & Cootes, --Philipp. Orchid Rev. 15(2) (2007) 19. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Nueva Vizcaya, Laguna, Quezon (according to Cootes 2011 only known from Quezon), LEYTE: Leyte (Dagami, Puguahaan), MINDANAO: Davao del Sur. Lowland mixed dipterocarp forests, epiphytic on limbs of medium-sized to tall trees, in exposed sites, 120-750m. Photos
  12. Dendrobium parietiforme J.J.Sm., Icon. Bogor. [Boerlage] 2 (1903) t. 117 C; --Flickingeria parietiformis (J.J.Sm.) A.D.Hawkes, Orquídea (Mexico City) 27 (1965) 306; --Type from Sulawesi. Taiwan, Sulawesi, Philippines. LUZON: Aurora, Camarines Sur, Laguna, Quezon, MINDORO, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Agusan, BASILAN. Epiphytic, low elevation. Photos
  13. Dendrobium plicatile Lindl., Edwards's Bot. Reg. 26 (Misc.) (1840) 10; --Flickingeria fimbriata (Blume) A.D.Hawkes, Orch. Weekly 2 (1961) 454; Orquídea (Rio de Janeiro) 27 (1965) 303; --Ephemerantha fimbriata (Blume) P.F.Hunt & Summerh., Taxon 10 (1961) 103; --Dendrobium fimbriatum (Blume) Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. (1830) 76, nom. illeg., auct. non Hook; --Desmotrichum fimbriatum Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 329. --Dendrobium plicatile Lindl., Edwards’s Bot. Reg. 26 (1840) Misc. 10; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 353; --Type: not from the Philippines. China, Vietnam, Thailand, Nicobar Isls, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Sulawesi, Borneo, Philippines. LUZON: Bataan, Cagayan, Isabela, Laguna, Pampanga, Quezon, Rizal, Tarlac, CATANDUANES, DINAGAT, MINDORO, PALAWAN, LEYTE, PANAY, SAMAR, MINDANAO: Agusan, Lanao, Surigao. Epiphytic, up to 800m. Photos
  14. Dendrobium pseudoconvexum Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 135; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 354; --Flickingeria pseudoconvexa (Ames) A.D.Hawkes, Orch. Weekly 2 (1961) 458; Orquídea (Rio de Janeiro) 27 (1965) 306; --Desmotrichum pseudoconvexum (Ames) A.D.Hawkes, Lloydia 20 (1957) 126; --Ephemerantha pseudoconvexa (Ames) P.F.Hunt & Summerh., Taxon 10 (1961) 105.
  15. Dendrobium purpureostelidium Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 136; Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 354--Flickingeria purpureostelidia (Ames) A.D.Hawkes, Orquídea (Rio de Janeiro) 27 (1965) 306; --Desmotrichum purpureostelidium (Ames) A.D.Hawkes, Lloydia 20 (1957) 127; --Ephemerantha purpureostelidium (Ames) P.F.Hunt & Summerh., Taxon 10 (1961) 105. Endemic to the Philippines.
  16. Dendrobium restrepioides (W.Suarez & M.A.Clem.) J.M.H.Shaw, Orchid Rev. Suppl., 124 (1314) (2016) 35; --Flickingeria restrepioides W.Suarez & M.A.Clements, OrchideenJ. 2 (2015) 68; --Type: ORG 1866 (CANB, holo). Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Zambales, MINDORO.
  17. Dendrobium scopa Lindl., Edwards’s Bot. Reg. 28 (1842) Misc. 55; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 354; --Flickingeria scopa (Lindl.) Brieger in Schltr., Orchideen, ed. 3, 1(11-12) (1981) 742; --Desmotrichum scopa (Lindl.) Kraenzl. in Engl., Pflanzenreich, IV, 50 II B 21 (1910) 349; --Ephemerantha scopa (Lindl.) P.F.Hunt & Summerh., Taxon 10 (1961) 106. Sulawesi, Taiwan, Guam, New Guinea, Philippines. LUZON: Laguna, Quezon, Rizal, Tarlac, MINDORO, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Cotabato. Epiphytic or lithophytic, up to 500m. Photos
  18. Dendrobium unicorne Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 140; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 357; --Flickingeria unicornis (Ames) A.D.Hawkes, Orch. Weekly 2 (1961) 459; Orquídea (Rio de Janeiro) 27 (1965) 307; --Desmotrichum unicorne (Ames) A.D.Hawkes, Lloydia 20 (1957) 127; --Ephemerantha unicornis (Ames) P.F.Hunt & Summerh., Taxon 10 (1961) 106. Endemic to the Philippines.
Dendrobium sect. Dendrobium
  1. Dendrobium aclinia Rchb.f., Bonplandia 4 (1856) 329; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 342. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Isabela, Zambales, Rizal. Epiphytic. Up to 300m elevation in Rizal.
  2. Dendrobium anosmum Lindl., Edwards’s Bot. Reg. 31 (1845) Misc. 32; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 66; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 343. --Dendrobium superbum Rchb.f., Ann. Bot. Syst. (Walpers) 6(2) (1861) 282. --Dendrobium anosmum var. dearei (Rolfe) Ames & Quisumb., PJS 56 (1935) 435; --Dendrobium superbum var. dearei Rolfe, Lindenia 6 (1891) 52. --Dendrobium anosmum var. huttonii (Rchb.f.) Ames & Quisumb., PJS 56 (1935) 454; --Dendrobium superbum var. huttonii Rchb.f., Gard. Chron. (1869) 1206. --Dendrobium superbum var. giganteum Rchb.f. in W.G.Walpers, Ann. Bot. Syst. 6 (1861) 283. Sri Lanka, India, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Laos, Peninsular Malaysia, Indonesia, Moluccas, Borneo, New Guinea, Philippines. LUZON: Abra, Benguet, Mountain Province, Nueva Vizcaya, Rizal, MINDORO, LEYTE, MINDANAO, Davao. Epiphyte. Photos
  3. Dendrobium aphyllum (Roxb.) C.E.C.Fisch. in Gamble, Fl. Madras 1416 (1928); --Limodorum aphyllum Roxb., Pl. Coromandel 1 (1795) 34 (t. 41). --Dendrobium cucullatum R.Br., Bot. Reg. (1821) t. 548. NW India to China, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Philippines. MINDORO, LEYTE. Epiphyte, c. 1000m. Photos
  4. Dendrobium hercoglossum Rchb.f., Gard. Chron. (1886)(2) 487; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 489. Endemic to the Philippines.
  5. Dendrobium heterocarpum Wall. ex Lindl. Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. 78. 1830 (May 1830). [D. rhombeum or D. velutinelabrum acc. L. Co]. China to tropical Asia, Philippines. Photos
  6. Dendrobium rhombeum Lindl., Edwards’s Bot. Reg. 29 (1843) t. 17. --Dendrobium heterocarpum Wall., Cat. (1828) No. 20, nomen, ex Lindl. Gen. & Sp. Orch. (1830) 78; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 349; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 78. Sri Lanka, India, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Borneo, Philippines, Sulawesi (according to Co's original list; Cootes 2011: Endemic to the Philippines). LUZON: Ilocos, Mountain Province, Benguet, Nueva Vizcaya, Nueva Ecija, Bataan, Quezon, Rizal, Albay, Sorsogon, MINDORO: Mindoro Oriental, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Davao del Sur. Epiphytic, over 1000m. Photos 
  7. Dendrobium stuposum Lindl., Bot. Reg. 24 (1838) misc. 94. --Dendrobium pristinum Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 133; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 353; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 86. India, Sikkim, Bhutan, S. China, Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Philippines. LUZON: Laguna, Quezon, Rizal, MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Epiphytic, c. 1000m. Photos
  8. Dendrobium tetrachromum Rchb.f., Gard. Chron. (1880) I. 712. Borneo, Peninsular Malaysia, ?Philippines.
  9. Dendrobium velutinelabrum M.A.Clem. & Cootes, OrchideenJ. 16 (2009) 19-23. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
Dendrobium sect. Diplocaulobium
  1. Dendrobium clemensiae Ames, PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 16; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 346; --Diplocaulobium clemensiae (Ames) A.D.Hawkes, Lloydia 20 (1957) 128. Endemic to the Philippines. NEGROS, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Lanao, Surigao. Epiphytic, up to 800m. Photos 
Dendrobium sect. Distichophyllae

(Includes species also placed in the segregate genus Distichorchis)

  1. Dendrobium connatum (Blume) Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. (1830) 89; --Onychium connatum Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 7 (1825) 328. Borneo, Java, Malaysia, Moluccas, Sumatra, Thailand, Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Photos
  2. Dendrobium metachilinum Rchb.f., Bonplandia 3 (1855) 222; --Distichorchis metachilina (Rchb.f.) M.A.Clem., Telopea 10(1) (2003) 281. Borneo, Moluccas, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Thailand, ?Philippines.
  3. Dendrobium uniflorum Griff., Notul. 3 (1851) 305; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 357; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 92; --Distichorchis uniflora (Griff.) M.A.Clem., Telopea 10(1) (2003) 282. --Dendrobium quadrisulcatum J.J.Sm., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, II, 25 (1917) 49. --Distichorchis angusta (Quisumb.) M.A.Clem., Telopea 10(1) (2003) 280; --Dendrobium uniflorum var. angustum Quisumb., Philip. Orchid Rev. 3 (1950) 9. Thailand, Vietnam, Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo, Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Aurora, Zambales, Bataan, Rizal, Laguna, Quezon, Sorsogon, POLILLO, SIBUYAN, MINDORO, PANAY, NEGROS: Negros Occidental, LEYTE, SAMAR, BASILAN, MINDANAO: Lanao del Sur, Agusan del Norte, Surigao del Norte, Zamboanga, DINAGAT. Epiphytic, often in well-lit sites, up to 700m. Photos
Dendrobium sect. Formosae
  1. Dendrobium dearei Rchb.f., Gard. Chron. 18(2) (1882) 361; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 348; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 75. Endemic to the Philippines. E. coast of entire Philippines. Epiphytic, up to 500m. Photos
  2. Dendrobium carmindae M.Leon, Cootes & R.Boos, OrchideenJ. 23 (2016) 33; --Type: M.D. De Leon s.n. (CMUH009836, holo), Mindanao, 15-Nov-15. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO. c. 800-880m. Photos
  3. Dendrobium parthenium Rchb.f., Gard. Chron., ser. 2, 24 (1885) 489. Borneo, SW Philippines. PALAWAN. Epiphytic, up to 900m. Photos
  4. Dendrobium sanderae Rolfe, Gard. Chron. iii, 45 (1909) 374; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 354; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 87. --Dendrobium sanderae var. major auct., Orchid J. 3 (1954) 113. --Dendrobium sanderae var. milleri Quisumb., Philipp. Orchid Rev. 6 (1958) 11. --Dendrobium sanderae var. parviflorum Anschutz ex Quisumb., Philipp. Orchid Rev. 2 (1949) 3. Endemic to the Philippines. BABUYAN ISLS (CALAYAN), LUZON: Mountain Province, Ifugao, Benguet, Cagayan, Nueva Vizcaya, Rizal, PALAWAN, MINDANAO: Surigao del Norte, Surigao del Sur. Epiphytic, up to 1700m. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  5. Dendrobium schuetzei Rolfe, Orch. Rev. 19 (1911) 224; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 354. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Surigao del Norte, Surigao del Sur. Epiphytic, up to 300m elevation. Conservation status: Critically Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  6. Dendrobium surigaense H.P.Wood, The Dendrobiums (2006) 704, nom. inval., incomplete reference to basionym; --Dendrobium sanderae var. surigaense Quisumb., Philip. Orchid Rev. 4 (1951) 2. Philippines. MINDANAO: Surigao. Epiphytic, up to 300m. Also considered a synonym of Dendrobium sanderae Rolfe. Photos
  7. Dendrobium valmayorae Tiu, Phil. Orch. Rev. (2010) [Not in IPNI on 19-Aug-2017]. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO. Epiphytic, c. 500m. Photos
Dendrobium sect. Fugacia

(Includes species also placed in the segregate genus Euphlebium)
  1. Dendrobium balzerianum Fessel & Lückel, Orchidee (Hamburg) 48 (1997) 173; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 68; --Euphlebium balzerianum (Fessel & Lückel) M.A.Clem. & Cootes, OrchideenJ. 16 (2009) 26. Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE. Epiphytic, up to 300m. Photos
  2. Dendrobium bicolense Lubag-Arquiza, Journ. Orchideefreund Nov. (2006) 337 (336-343; figs.); --Euphlebium bicolense (Lubag-Arquiza) M.A.Clem. & Cootes, OrchideenJ. 16 (2009) 26. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Albay, Aurora, Quezon, Sorsogon. Epiphytic. Photos
  3. Dendrobium decoratum (M.A.Clem. & Cootes) Schuit. & Peter B.Adams, Muelleria 29 (2011) 66; --Euphlebium decoratum M.A.Clem. & Cootes, OrchideenJ. 16 (2009) 25-26. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Nueva Vizcaya, Nueva Ecija. Epiphytic, c. 1000m. Photos
  4. Dendrobium josephinae Cootes, Austral. Orchid Rev. 73(4) (2008) 24; --Euphlebium josephinae (Cootes) M.A.Clem. & Cootes, OrchideenJ. 16 (2009) 26. Endemic to the Philippines. NEGROS. Epiphytic, c. 350m. Photos
  5. Dendrobium orbilobulatum Fessel & Lückel, Orchidee (Hamburg) 47 (1996) A232; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 83; --Euphlebium orbilobulatum (Fessel & Lückel) M.A.Clem. & Cootes, OrchideenJ. 16 (2009) 26. Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE. Epiphytic, hanging over water, c. 600m. Photos 
  6. Dendrobium rhodochilum (Ferreras & Cootes) Schuit. & Peter B.Adams, Muelleria 29 (2011) 66; --Euphlebium rhodochilum Ferreras & Cootes, OrchideenJ. 17 (2010) 54 (-57; figs.). Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Agusan del Sur. Epiphytic, c. 350m.
  7. Dendrobium sibuyanense Lubag-Arquiza, Phil. Agr. Sci. 88 (2005) 4, 484, nom. inval.; --Orchid Digest 70(3) (2006) 174; --Euphlebium sibuyanense (Lubag-Arquiza) M.A.Clem. & Cootes, OrchideenJ. 16 (2009) 26. --Euphlebium papilionaceum Cootes & M.A.Clem., Die Orchidee 3 (2017) 81; --Type: J.E. Cootes s.n. (CANB, holo), cult. ex Mindoro: Puerto Galera. Endemic to the Philippines. SIBUYAN, MINDORO. Epiphytic, 500-700m. Photos
  8. Dendrobium spurium (Blume) J.J.Sm., Fl. Buitenz. 6 (Orch. Jav.) (1905) 343; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 355; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 91. Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Java, Borneo, Philippines, New Guinea. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Cagayan, Bataan, Laguna, Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Davao del Sur. Epiphytic on tree trunks in well-lit sites, lowlands. Photos
Dendrobium sect. Grastidium

(Includes species also placed in the segregate genus Grastidium)
  1. Dendrobium acuminatissimum (Blume) Lindl., Gen. & Sp. Orch. (1830) 86; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 342; --Grastidium acuminatissimum Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 333. Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Moluccas, New Guinea, Sumatra, Philippines.
  2. Dendrobium agusanense Ames, Sched. Orchid. 6 (1923) 79; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 343; --Grastidium agusanense (Ames) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones, Lasianthera 1 (1997) 57; --Type: Elmer 12462. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte. Elevation 330m.
  3. Dendrobium aliciae Ames & Quisumb., PJS 52 (1934) 443; --Grastidium aliciae (Ames & Quisumb.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones, Lasianthera 1 (1997) 58. Endemic to the Philippines.
  4. Dendrobium blanche-amesiae A.D.Hawkes & A.H.Heller, Lloydia 20 (1957) 119; --Grastidium blanche-amesiae (A.D.Hawkes & A.H.Heller) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones, Lasianthera 1 (1997) 64. --Dendrobium verruculosum Ames, PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 426; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 357; --Type: Lyon 143 (AMES, holo; AMES, iso), Philippine Islands, no precise locality given, 1909. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Quezon, Rizal, Sorsogon, LEYTE. Epiphytic, up to 300m.
  5. Dendrobium chloranthum Schuit. & Peter B.Adams, Muelleria 29 (2011) 68; --Grastidium chlorinum M.A.Clem. & Cootes, OrchideenJ. 16 (2009) 25. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Nueva Vizcaya. Epiphytic, c. 1200m. Photos
  6. Dendrobium ginalopeziae (Cootes, M.Leon & Naive) ined.; --Grastidium ginalopeziae Cootes, M.Leon & Naive, Die Orchidee 3 (2017) 5; --Type: M.D. De Leon 026/2016 (CMUH, holo), Mindanao: Bukidnon, Kalatungan Mountain Range, 27-July-2016. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Photos
  7. Dendrobium luzonense Lindl., Bot. Reg. 30 (1844) Misc. 54; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 351; --Grastidium luzonense (Lindl.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones, Lasianthera 1 (1997) 89; --Type from Philippines. --Grastidium alagense (Ames) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones, Lasianthera 1 (1997) 57; --Dendrobium alagense Ames, PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 328. Taiwan, Philippines. LUZON: Kalinga-Apayao, Benguet, Pangasinan, Quezon, Sorsogon, CATANDUANES, MINDORO, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Lanao, Davao, Agusan. Epiphytic, sea-level to 1300m. Fairly common. Photos
  8. Dendrobium ornithoflorum Ames, Orchidaceae 3 (1908) 60, t. 46; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 352; --Grastidium ornithoflorum (Ames) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones, Lasianthera 1 (1997) 95; --Type: FB 4627 Mearns & Hutchinson. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Quezon, NEGROS, MINDANAO: Misamis Occidental (Mt Malindang). Epiphytic, up to 2000m. Photos
  9. Dendrobium pergracile Ames, PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 423; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 353; --Grastidium pergracile (Ames) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones, Lasianthera 1 (1997) 97; --Type: MS Clemens 999. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Lanao del Sur (Camp Keithley). 
  10. Dendrobium planum J.J.Sm., Orchid. Java 352. --Grastidium leytense (Ames) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones, Lasianthera 1 (1997) 89; --Dendrobium leytense Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 126; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 350. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Laguna, Quezon, LEYTE. Epiphytic in forest, 60-500m. Photos
Dendrobium sect. Latouria

(Includes species also placed in the segregate genus Sayeria)
  1. Dendrobium macrophyllum A.Rich. in JCS Dumont d’Urville, Voy. Astrolabe 2 (1834) 22; --Sayeria macrophylla (A.Rich.) Rauschert, Feddes Repert. 94 (1983) 467; --Latourorchis macrophylla (A.Rich.) Brieger, Schlechter Orchideen 1(11-12) Suppl. 18 (1981) 727.
  2. Dendrobium setigerum Ames ex M.A.Clem., Austral. Orchid Res. 64 (1999) 7; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 90. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province, Bataan, Pampanga, Rizal, Laguna, Quezon. Epiphytic, usually up to 500m. Synonym of Dendrobium macrophyllum var. macrophyllum? Photos
Dendrobium sect. Spatulata
  1. Dendrobium bicaudatum Reinw. ex Lindl., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 3 (1859) 20; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 68; --Ceratobium bicaudatum (Reinw. ex Lindl.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones, Orchadian 13 (2002) 486. Sulawesi, Moluccas, Philippines. NEGROS, MINDANAO: Agusan, Bukidnon. Epiphyte up to 300m. Photos
  2. Dendrobium busuangense Ames, Orchidaceae 6 (1920) 296; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 346; --Durabaculum busuangense (Ames) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones, Orchadian 13 (2002) 487; --Type: Taylon s.n. Endemic to the Philippines. CALAMIANES.
  3. Dendrobium conanthum Schltr., Feddes Repert. Spec. Nov.; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 73. Papua New Guinea, Solomon Isls, Bismarck Archipelago, Admiralty Isls, Vanuatu, Philippines. BUSUANGA, PALAWAN. Epiphytic, to 300m.
  4. Dendrobium taurinum Lindl., Bot. Reg. 29 (1843) t. 28; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 356; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 91; --Durabaculum taurinum (Lindl.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones, Orchadian 13 (2002) 489. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Zambales, Rizal, Laguna, Quezon, PALAWAN, HOMONHON, PANAY, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Davao del Sur, DINAGAT. Epiphytic, up to 300m elevation. Photos
Dendrobium sect. Stachyobium
  1. Dendrobium compactum Rolfe, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew (1906) 113. China, Peninsular Malaysia, Thailand, ?Philippines.


Dendrochilum
Blume

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 19 August 2017

Photos
  1. Dendrochilum abortum (Ames) L.O.Williams, PJS 80 (1952) 310; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 17; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 72; --Acoridium abortum Ames, Blumea Suppl. 1 (1937) 68; --Type: Loher 14694 (AMES, holo; L, P, iso), Luzon: Rizal prov., no further locality data, Sep-1909. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Rizal, Nueva Ecija, Nueva Vizcaya. Epiphytic, c. 1200m. Photos
  2. Dendrochilum affine Ames, Orchidaceae 2 (1908) 13, 95; --Acoridium affine (Ames) Ames, Orchidaceae 7 (1922) 80; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 284; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 22; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 106. Endemic to the Philippines.
  3. Dendrochilum amesianum H.A.Pedersen, Nordic J. Bot. 15 (1996) 381; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 43; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 166; --Type: University of San Carlos 784 (L, holo), Mindanao: Surigao del Sur prov., Aras-asan, logging area between 25-250m, 5-Dec-1975. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Surigao del Sur. Known only from the type collection. Fl. May.
  4. Dendrochilum anfractum (Ames) Pfitzer in Engl., Pflanzenreich iv. 50. ii. B. 7 (1907) 118; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 59; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 41; --Pseudacoridium anfractum (Ames) Szlach. & Marg., Polish Bot. J. 46 (2001) 114; --Acoridium anfractum Ames, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 19 (1906) 148; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 284, --Type: Merrill 4482 (PNH, holo, lost; AMES, iso), Luzon: Mountain Province, Mt Data, 2150m, 20-Oct-1905. Endemic to the Philippines.
  5. Dendrochilum apiculatum (Ames) L.O.Williams, PJS 80 (1952) 331; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 60; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 42; --Pseudacoridium apiculatum (Ames) Szlach. & Marg., Polish Bot. J. 46 (2001) 114; --Acoridium apiculatum Ames, Blumea Suppl. 1 (1937) 70, --Type: Loher sn (AMES, holo), Luzon: Rizal prov., Guiniuisan, Jan-1913 (15-Nov-1912 according to Loher’s handwritten field notes attached to the type sheet). Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Rizal (Guiniuisan).
  6. Dendrochilum apoense T.Hashim., J. Jap. Bot. 56 (1981) 335; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 33; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 125; --Type: Hashimoto s.n. (TNS, holo), Mindanao: Davao, Mt Apo, near the Forestry Development (presumably Bureau of Forest Development) office. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Davao del Sur (Mt Apo). Epiphytic, 1500-2500m. Photos
  7. Dendrochilum arachnites Rchb.f., Gard. Chron. ii, 17 (1882)(1) 256; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 292; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 96; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 43; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 149; --Acoridium arachnites (Rchb.f.) Rolfe, Orchid Rev. (1904) 219; --Type: Low s.n. (W, Herb. Rchb.f. 49028 pro parte, holo), Philippines. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province (Baguio-Bontoc Road), Ifugao (Mt Batwag, Mt Polis), Benguet (Apunan, Mt Nangaoto, Mt Natoo, Mt Pangualitikai, Mt Pulag, Pauai, Baguio, Mt Sto Tomas), Nueva Vizcaya, Nueva Ecija, Pampanga (Mt Arayat), Rizal (Montalban, Mt Susong Dalaga, San Isidro near Bosoboso, unspecified locality for Loher 14643b), Quezon (Mt Banahaw), MINDORO: Mindoro Oriental (Mt Halcon), LEYTE: Leyte (Masaganap & Buenavista near Jaro), MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Misamis Occidental (Mt Malindang), Bukidnon (Mt Lipa, vicinity of Tanculan), Agusan del Norte (Mt Hilong-hilong), Davao del Sur (Mt Apo), Davao Oriental (Mt Kampalili). Epiphytic, mostly in mossy cloud forest, 500-2600m. Fl. Jan-Jul, Sep-Dec. Photos
  8. Dendrochilum asperum L.O.Williams, PJS 80 (1952) 309; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 17; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 65; --Acoridium exasperatum Ames, Sched. Orchid. 6 (1923) 21; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 285; --Type: BS 42338 Ramos (AMES, holo; P, iso), Luzon: Rizal prov., Mt Lumutan, 1200m, Apr-1923. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Aurora (Mt Camatis), Rizal (Mt Lumutan), Laguna (Mt San Cristobal). Mossy forests, c. 1200m. Fl. Apr-May.
  9. Dendrochilum auriculare Ames, PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 595; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 33; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 121; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 96; --Acoridium auriculare (Ames) Ames, Orchidaceae 7 (1922) 80; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 284; --Type: BS 5818 Ramos & Edaño (AMES, holo), Luzon: Benguet, Dec-1908. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Ifugao (Mt Himi-o, Mt Pimmage), Benguet (Mt Pulag, Mt Simakoko, Mt Ugo), Nueva Vizcaya (unspecified locality for BS 20104 McGregor), Aurora (Mt Camatis), Rizal (Montalban, unspecified locality for Loher 14733A & 14737), Quezon. Epiphytic in the mossy forests, 1500-2500m. Fl. Sep-Oct, Dec-Feb. Photos
  10. Dendrochilum banksii Cootes, Austral. Orchid Rev. 74(4) (2009) 13. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Laguna. Epiphytic, c. 500 m. Photos
  11. Dendrochilum binuangense Ames, Orchidaceae 6 (1920) 281; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 17; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 69; --Acoridium binuangense (Ames) Ames, Orchidaceae 7 (1922) 80; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 284; --Type: BS 28620 Ramos & Edaño (AMES, holo; BM, K, NY, P, SING, US, W, iso), Luzon: Quezon prov., Mt Binuang, epiphytic, 500m, 27-May-1917. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Quezon (Mt Binuang). Known only from the type collection.
  12. Dendrochilum cinnabarinum Pfitzer in Engl., Pflanzenreich iv. 50. ii. B. 7 (1907) 104; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 22; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 94; --Acoridium cinnabarinum (Pfitzer) Ames, Orchidaceae 7 (1922) 80; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 285; --Type: Loher 461 (K, holo; P, US, iso), Luzon: Mountain Province, Mt Data. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet. Epiphytic, above 1600m. Photos
  13. Dendrochilum clowesiae Cootes & G.Tiong, OrchideenJ. 3 (2014) 122; --Type: V. Clowes s.n. (NSW821681, holo), cult. in Australia from Luzon: Aurora. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Aurora. Epiphyte, 1000m.
  14. Dendrochilum cobbianum Rchb.f., Gard. Chron. ii, 14 (1882)(2) 748; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 292; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 44; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 169; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 96; --Acoridium cobbianum (Rchb.f.) Rolfe, Orchid Rev. (1904) 220; --Type: Boxall/cult. Cobb s.n. (W-Herb. Rchb.f. 29679), Philippines. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province (Mt Data, Bauko, Baguio-Bontoc Road), Benguet (Kabayan, Pauai, Baguio), Nueva Vizcaya, Nueva Ecija, Rizal, LEYTE, CATANDUANES, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte (Mt Hilong-hilong), Davao. Many unlocalized specimens cited by Pedersen. Exposed sites, 1200-2500m, epiphytic or lithophytic (sometimes possibly terrestrial). Fl. Apr-Jun, Jul?, Aug-Dec. One of the most commonly cultivated species of the genus. Photos
  15. Dendrochilum coccineum H.A.Pedersen & Gravend., Blumea 49 (2004) 356-358. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Davao. Epiphytic, c. 1000m. Photos
  16. Dendrochilum convallariiforme Schauer, Nov. Act. Nat. Cur. 19, Suppl. 1 (1843) 429; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 293; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 33-34; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 130; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 97; --Type: Meyen s.n. (W, holo?; Herb. Lindl. at K, iso; drawing and note in Herb. Rchb.f. 49007, pro parte at W), Philippines, 1831. --Dendrochilum bicallosum Ames, PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 317, nomen, Orch. 2 (1908) 117; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 292; --Type: Merrill 5812 (AMES, holo; K, US, iso), Mindoro: Mindoro Oriental, Mt Halcon, epiphyte on ridge forest, 2500ft [=762m], 22-Nov-1906. --Dendrochilum bistortum (Wendl. & Kraenzl.) J.J.Sm., Recueil Trav. Bot. Néerl. 1 (1904) 64; --Acoridium bistortum (Wendl. & Kraenzl.) Rolfe, Orchid Rev. 12 (1904) 220; --Platyclinis bistorta Wendl. & Kraenzl. in Rchb.f. & Kraenzl., Xenia Orchid. 3 (1900) 169; --Type: Sander s.n. (HBG, holo; K, iso), Masbate (‘Maschate’ in original publ.). Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Aurora, Camarines Sur, Laguna, Nueva Vizcaya, Quezon, Rizal, Sorsogon, MINDORO, MASBATE, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Davao. Epiphytic, 300-900m. Photos
  17. Dendrochilum cootesii H.A.Pedersen, Lindleyana 12(4) (1997) 205; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 98; --Pseudacoridium cootesii (H.A.Pedersen) Szlach. & Marg., Polish Bot. J. 46 (2001) 114. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Ifugao, Nueva Vizcaya, Nueva Ecija. Cloud forest edges on mossy tree trunks and branches, epiphytic, 1200-2000m. Photos
  18. Dendrochilum copelandii (Ames) Ames, Orchidaceae 2 (1908) 115; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 293; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 34; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 129; --Acoridium copelandii Ames, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 19 (1906) 153; --Type: Copeland s.n. (PNH, holo, lost; AMES, iso), Mindanao: Zamboanga, 1905. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Epiphytic, c. 800m. Only known from type specimen.
  19. Dendrochilum cordatum H.A.Pedersen, Lindleyana 16 (2001) 231. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: C Luzon. Epiphytic, c. 2000m. Photos
  20. Dendrochilum croceum H.A.Pedersen, Orchid Review, 113 (2005) 286. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Laguna. Epiphytic, c. 750m. Photos
  21. Dendrochilum curranii Ames, Orchidaceae 3 (1908) 15, t. 29; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 22; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 98; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 98; --Acoridium curranii (Ames) Ames, Orchidaceae 7 (1922) 80; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 285; --Type: BS 3077 Curran (AMES, lecto; AMES, K, iso), Luzon: Laguna prov., Mt Makiling, Jan-1908. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Albay, Benguet, Laguna, Pampanga, Quezon, Rizal, MINDORO, LEYTE. Epiphytic, 600-2000m. Photos
  22. Dendrochilum cymbiforme Ames, PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 41; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 293; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 45; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 177; -- Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 99; --Type: BS 7133 Ramos (AMES, lecto; K, US, iso), Luzon: Abra, Mt Bawagan. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Abra (Mt Bawagan), Apayao, Kalinga (Mt Pastan), Ifugao (Bayninan, near Banawe; Mt Himi-o; Mt Pimmage; Sumigar, near Mt Polis). Mossy forests, 1665-2010m, pendant epiphyte from the lower branches and overhanging trunks. Fl. Jan and/or Feb, Mar-Apr.
  23. Dendrochilum diabloviride Cootes & R.Boos, OrchideenJ. 1-1 (2013) 3; --Type: Boos 02/2011 (PUH, holo), Samar. Endemic to the Philippines. SAMAR.
  24. Dendrochilum ecallosum Ames, Orchidaceae 6 (1920) 282; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 293; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 35; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 134; --Type: BS 30240 Ramos (AMES, holo; K, iso), Catanduanes: Mt Mariguidon, epiphytic in forest, 140m, 14-Nov to 11-Dec-1917. Endemic to the Philippines. CATANDUANES (Mt Mariguidon). Forest epiphyte at elevation 140m at the type locality, Fl. Nov-Dec. An unlocalized specimen, BS 78885 Quisumbing, recorded in flower in Jan. 
  25. Dendrochilum ecucullatum Naive, R.Boos, M.Leon & Cootes, OrchideenJ. 24 (2017) 57; --Type: M.D. De Leon 004/2016 (CMUH, holo), Mindanao: Bukidnon, Kalatungan Mountain Range, 21-May-2016. MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Misamis Oriental. Photos
  26. Dendrochilum edanoi Quisumb., PJS 66 (1938) 141; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 46; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 153; --Type: BS 77914 Edaño (A, holo; K, iso), Palawan: Mt Gantung summit, 5500ft [=1676m], 8-May-1929. Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. Known only from the type collection.
  27. Dendrochilum elmeri Ames in Elmer, LPB 5 (1912) 1558; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 37; -- H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 138; --Acoridium elmeri Ames, Orchidaceae 7 (1922) 80; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 285; --Type: Elmer 10635 (AMES, holo; AMES, NY, iso), Mindanao: Davao del Sur prov., Mt Apo, Todaya, ‘…clumps upon moss-covered limbs of woods…,’ elevation 2300m, May-1909. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Davao del Sur (Mt Apo, Mt McKinley). Epiphytic in the mosy forest, 2300-2465m. Fl. May-Sep.
  28. Dendrochilum ewae R.Boos, Cootes & W.Suarez, OrchideenJ. 3 (2014) 124. --Type: R. Boos s.n. (NSW821686, holo), cult., Samar, 26-Jun-2014. Endemic to the Philippines. SAMAR. Epiphyte, 400m. Photos
  29. Dendrochilum exiguum (Ames) H.A.Pedersen, Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 60; ibid. 131 (1997) 38; --Pseudacoridium exiguum Ames, Amer. Orchid Soc. Bull. 9 (1940) 45; --Type: PNH 5174 Alcasid & Edaño (PNH, holo, lost; AMES, iso), Luzon: Aurora, summit of Mt Camatis, c. 1750m, May-1939. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Aurora (Mt Camatis, Mt Mingan), Quezon. Epiphytic in mossy forests, 1500-1750m. Photos 
  30. Dendrochilum exile Ames, PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 317, nomen; Orchidaceae 2 (1908) 84; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 23; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 108; --Acoridium exile (Ames) Ames, Orchidaceae 7 (1922) 80; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 285; --Type: Merrill 5721 (PNH, holo, lost; AMES, K, SING, US, iso), Mindoro: Mindoro Oriental, Mt Halcon, 2075m, 15-Nov-1906. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Mindoro Oriental (Mt Halcon). Epiphytic, 2075m. Fl. Nov. Apparently only known from the type collection. 
  31. Dendrochilum eximium (Ames) L.O.Williams, PJS 80 (1952) 327; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 23; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 100; --Type: Loher 13221 (AMES, holo; PNH, lost, iso), Luzon: Rizal prov., Montalban, Mt Paningtingan. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Rizal. Thus far known only from a few collections made by Loher at the general vicinity of the type locality. Habitat preferences and elevation range not known. Fl. Sep. 
  32. Dendrochilum filiforme Lindl., Bot. Reg. 26 (1840) Misc. 52; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 293; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 46; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 170; -- Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 99; --Type: Cuming/cult. Bateman s.n. (K-Herb. Lindley, holo), Luzon. --Dendrochilum filiforme var. ramosii (Ames) L.O.Williams, Bot. Mus. Leafl. 5 (1937) 49; --Dendrochilum ramosii Ames, PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 410; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 295; --Type: BS 15003 Ramos (AMES, holo; K, iso), Luzon: Laguna, San Antonio, Jun-1912. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province (Lepanto Road), Benguet, Cagayan (Mt Babatngin), Rizal (Montalban, Paningtingan, Mt Irid), Laguna (Mt Banahaw, Pangil, San Antonio), Quezon, NEGROS: Negros Oriental (sitio Malangko near Sibulan). Epiphytic in forests, 665-2250m. Fl. Feb-Jul, Sep-Aug & Nov as well in cultivated plants. One of the most commonly cultivated Dendrochilum species. Photos
  33. Dendrochilum flexuosum H.A.Pedersen, Nordic J. Bot. 15 (1995) 383; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 47; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 172; --Type: PNH 10874 Mendoza & Convocar (PNH, holo), Mindanao: Surigao del Norte, Mt Kabatuan, 968m, epiphytic on a forested peak. Endemic to the Philippines. SAMAR: Western Samar (Concord Mtns, identification uncertain), MINDANAO: Surigao del Norte (Mt Kabatuan). Known only from the type collection. The Samar material was collected from in primary limestone forest.
  34. Dendrochilum foxworthyi Ames, Orchidaceae 3 (1908) 8, t. 26; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 18; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 48; --Acoridium foxworthyi (Ames) Ames, Orchidaceae 7 (1922) 80; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 285; --Type: BS 2542 Foxworthy (AMES, lecto; K, SING, US, iso), Luzon: Pampanga, Mt Pinatubo, 1800m, ‘…the most prominent thing on top of the mtn. It covers the mossy tree trunks very densely…” , Apr-1907. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Ifugao (Mt Polis), Aurora (Mt Camatis), Quezon, Pampanga (Mt Pinatubo), Prov. unknown (‘near Manbuybuy’ for Taylor 130). Mossy forests, 1800-2402m. Photos
  35. Dendrochilum geigeri Cootes, Cabactulan, Pimentel & M.Leon, OrchideenJ. 5 (2017) 9; --Type: M.D. De Leon 006/2017 (CMUH, holo), Mindanao: Bukidnon, 9-Dec-2016. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Photos
  36. Dendrochilum glumaceum Lindl., Bot. Reg. 27 (1841) Misc. 23; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 293; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 37; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 150; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 100; --Acoridium glumaceum (Lindl.) Rolfe, Orchid Rev. 12 (1904) 220; --Type: Cuming, cult. Loddiges s.n. (K-Herb. Lindl., holo), Philippines. Borneo, Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Norte (route from Mt Bubonbilit to miner’s camp; route from miner’s camp to Mt Burnay), Ifugao (Mt Himi-o, Mt Polis), Mountain Province (Mt Data, Bauko), Benguet (Mt Pulogloco, Mt Simakoko, Mt Sinapsapan), Cagayan (Mt Cagua), Isabela, Nueva Vizcaya, Aurora, Bataan (Mt Mariveles, Lamao Forest Reserve, Lamao River, Limay), Pampanga (Mt Arayat), Rizal (Angilog, Antipolo, Bosoboso, Mt Irid, Mt Susong Dalaga, Mt Tokduanbaboy, Laguna (Mt Makiling, Sta Maria), Quezon (Mt Cadig, Mt Malaiaga), Camarines Sur (Mt Iriga, Mt Isarog), MINDORO: Mindoro Oriental (Mt Halcon), CATANDUANES: Catanduanes (Sto Domingo River), MINDORO, PANAY: Capiz (Mt Bulilao), BILIRAN (Mt Suiro), LEYTE: Leyte (Jaro, Buenavista, Compagal & Masaganap near Jaro), Southern Leyte (Cabalian), MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Misamis Occidental, Lanao del Sur (Camp Keithley along Lake Lanao, Sacred Mtn), Davao del Sur (Mt Apo, Mt McKinley), Davao Oriental (Mt Kampalili), Agusan del Norte (Mt Hilong-hilong), NEGROS: Negros Oriental (Cuernos Mtns), MINDANAO: Davao Oriental (Mt Mansamuga). Epiphytic (occasionally lithophytic) in (usually mossy) forest, (30-)500-2330m. Sometimes very common. Fl. Jan-Jun, Aug-Dec. Photos
  37. Dendrochilum graciliscapum (Ames) Pfitzer in Engl., Pflanzenreich iv. 50. ii. B. 7 (1907) 99; -- H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 36; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 126; --Type: Copeland 1019 (PNH, holo, lost; AMES, K, US, iso), Mindanao: Davao del Sur prov., trail to Mt Apo, 1650m. --Dendrochilum cucullatum (Ames) Pfitzer in Engl., Pflanzenreich iv. 50. ii. B. 7 (1907) 98; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 293; --Acoridium cucullatum Ames, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 19 (1906) 153; --Type: Copeland s.n. (PNH, holo, lost; AMES, iso), Mindanao: Davao, Mt Apo, 1800m, on mossy trees, 11-Apr-1904. MINDANAO: Davao del Sur (Mt Apo: Todaya, Lake Linao, Mt McKinley), South Cotabato (Mt Matutum), Davao Oriental (Mt Kampalili). Epiphytic in mossy forests, 1650-2465m. Fl. Mar-May, Jul, Sep-Nov. Photos
  38. Dendrochilum graminifolium (Ames) Pfitzer in Engl., Pflanzenreich iv. 50. ii. B. 7 (1907) 114; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 18; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 73; --Acoridium graminifolium Ames, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 19 (1906) 144; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 285; --Type: Merrill 4764 (PNH, holo, lost; AMES, K, iso), Luzon: Benguet prov., between Suyoc and Pauai, 2000m, Oct/Nov-1905. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Apayao (Mt Magnas, Mt Duraragan), Kalinga (trail to Balbalasang), Ifugao (Mt Pimmage, Mt Polis, Sumigar), Mountain Province (Mt Data, between Bontoc and Mt Polis), Benguet (Pauai, between Suyoc and Pauai, Mt Pulag), Batangas (Mt Makulot, near Cuenca). Forests (usually mossy), 700-2400(-2450?)m. Fl. Mar, Oct-Jan. Photos
  39. Dendrochilum hampelii Sulistyo, Gravend., R.Boos & Cootes, PhytoKeys 56 (2015) 91; --Type: Perry 490 (L, holo). Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Misamis Oriental. Photos
  40. Dendrochilum hastatum Ames, PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 317, nomen; Orchidaceae 2 (1908) 99; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 36; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 123; --Acoridium hastatum (Ames) Ames, Orchidaceae 7 (1922) 80; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 285; --Type: Merrill 5759 (AMES, lecto; BO, K, SING, US, iso), Mindoro: Mindoro Oriental prov., Mt Halcon, 15-Nov-1906. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDORO: Mindoro Oriental (Mt Halcon), PANAY: Antique (Mt Madia-as), LUZON: Mountain Province. Terrestrial and epiphytic on bases of trees in ridge forests, 1440-2050m. Fl. Apr, Jun, Nov.
  41. Dendrochilum hutchinsonianum, PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 317, nomen; Orch. 2 (1908) 96; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 23; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 102; --Acoridium hutchinsonianum (Ames) Ames, Orchidaceae 7 (1922) 81 (sphalm.: “hutchinsonii”); --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 286; --Type: Merrill 5813 (PNH, holo, lost; AMES, K, US, iso), Mindoro: Mindoro Oprental prov., Mt Halcon, 2660m, 20-Nov-1906. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDORO: Mindoro Oriental (Mt Halcon). Exposed ridge in dense mossy thickets, terrestrial as well as epiphytic, 2660m. Fl. Nov. Known only from the type collection.
  42. Dendrochilum irigense Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 58; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 23; -- H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 106; --Type: F Santos s.n. (AMES, lecto; BM, BO, K, GH, NY, P, SING, US, W, iso; drawing at GH), Luzon: Camarines Sur prov., Mt Iriga, Dec-1913; --Acoridium irigense (Ames) Ames, Orchidaceae 7 (1922) 81; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 286. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Laguna (Mt Makiling), Rizal, Camarines Sur (Mt Iriga, Mt Isarog). Epiphytic, 500-1665m. Fl. Nov-Dec. Photos
  43. Dendrochilum javierense Magrath, Bulmer & I.Shafer, Lindleyana 4 (1989) 135 ('javieriense'); --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 18; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 84; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 100 & (2011) 132, as ‘D. javieri’; --Type: Magrath 17372 (OCLA, holo; BRIT, MO, SEL, iso), Luzon: Nueva Vizcaya prov., Dalton Pass, 1830-2440ft, erroneously indicated in meters [=558-744m]. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Nueva Vizcaya (Dalton Pass), Nueva Ecija. Epiphytic on moss-covered tree branches where it was receiving 10-30% sunlight, above 1200m. Fl. Nov. Photos
  44. Dendrochilum kingii (Hook.f.) J.J.Sm., Recueil Trav. Bot. Néerl. 1 (1904) 76; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 41; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 142; --Platyclinis kingii Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 5 (1890) 708; --Type from Peninsular Malaysia, Perak. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11).
  45. Dendrochilum kopfii Lückel., Orchidee (Hamburg) 62(1) (2011) 26. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Terrestrial and epiphytic, 900-1250m. Photos
  46. Dendrochilum latifolium Lindl., Bot. Reg. 29 (1843) Misc. 56; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 294; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 50-51; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 157; --Acoridium latifolium (Lindl.) Rolfe, Orchid Rev. 12 (1904) 220; --Platyclinis latifolia (Lindl.) Hemsl., Gard. Chron. 2, 16 (1881) 656; --Type: Collector unknown, cult. Loddiges s.n. (K-Herb. Lindl., holo), Philippines. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Bataan, Camarines Sur, Catanduanes, Pampanga, Quezon, MINDORO, NEGROS, PANAY, MINDANAO: Cotabato, Davao, Lanao. Epiphytic, 300-1700m. Photos
  47. Dendrochilum loheri Ames, Orchidaceae 3 (1908) 12; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 18; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 61; --Acoridium loheri (Ames) Ames, Orchidaceae 7 (1922) 81; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 286.--Type: Loher 461A (US, holo; AMES, P, iso), Luzon: Mountain Province, Mt Data. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province (Mt Data), Benguet (Baguio, Mt Sto Tomas). Elevation 1600-c. 2100m. Fl. Feb, May.
  48. Dendrochilum longibulbum Ames, PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 26; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 23; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 112; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 101; --Acoridium longibulbum (Ames) Ames, Orchidaceae 7 (1922) 81; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 286; --Type: Vanoverbergh 782 (AMES, holo; NY, iso), Luzon: Mountain Province, 23-Aug-1910. --Acoridium lucbanense (Ames) Ames, Orchidaceae 7 (1922) 81; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 286; --Dendrochilum lucbanense Ames, LPB 5 (1912) 1559; --Type: Elmer 7571 (AMES, holo; iso: AMES, BM, C, HBG, K, L, NY 2 sheets, P, PNH, US), Luzon: Quezon prov., Lucban, May 1907. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province (Bauko, Mt Data), Benguet, Ifugao (Mt Pimmage, Mt Polis, Sumigar, Mt Himi-o), Rizal (Loher 14619), Laguna (Mt Banahaw), Quezon (Lucban), Albay (Mayon Volcano), Sorsogon, PANAY, NEGROS: Negros Occidental (Mt Kanlaon). Epiphytic in (usually mossy) forest, 665-2600m. Fl. Jan, Feb, May, ?Jul, Aug-Oct. Photos
  49. Dendrochilum longifolium Rchb.f., Bonplandia 4 (1856) 329; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 51-52; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 155; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 102; --Acoridium longifolium (Rchb.f.) Rolfe, Orchid Rev. 12 (1904) 220. --Dendrochilum clemensiae Ames, Orchidaceae 2 (1908) 109; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 292; --Type: MS Clemens 642 (PNH, holo, lost; photo of the holotype, together with syntype, MS Clemens s.n., in AMES), Mindanao: Lanao del Sur prov., Camp Keithley, along Lake Lanao, Jul-1906. Myanmar, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Sulawesi, Moluccas, New Guinea, New Britain, Philippines. ?LUZON, MINDANAO: Lanao del Sur (Camp Keithley), PALAWAN. Epiphytic or lithophytic, 600-2200m. Fl. May, Jul, Sep-Oct. Photos
  50. Dendrochilum longilabre (Ames) Pfitzer in Engl., Pflanzenreich iv. 50. ii. B. 7 (1907) 99; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 294; --Acoridium longilabre Ames, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 19 (1906) 152; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 42; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 139; --Type: Copeland 1025 (PNH, holo; lost; AMES, K, iso), Mindanao: Davao del Sur prov., Mt Apo, solitary or clustered on mossy trees, 5600m [=1707m], 19-Apr-1904. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon (Mt Kitanglad), Davao del Sur (Mt Apo, Mt McKinley). Epiphytic in mossy forest, 1700-2300(-2500)m. Fl. Mar, Apr, ?May, Aug. Photos 
  51. Dendrochilum louisianum H.A.Pedersen, Nordic J. Bot. 15 (1996) 384; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 18; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 78; --Type: BS 78670 Edaño (AMES, holo; AMES, NY, iso), Luzon: Cagayan prov., Mt Balatongan summit, epiphytic, c. 800m, 11-Nov-1929. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan (Mt Balatongan). Known from two collections from the type locality. Fl. Nov. 
  52. Dendrochilum luzonense Ames, Orchidaceae 2 (1908) 121; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 18; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 81; --Acoridium luzonense (Ames) Ames, Orchidaceae 7 (1922) 81; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 286; --Type: FB 5735 Klemme (AMES, holo; K, iso), Luzon: Kalinga prov., trail to Balbalasang, 1600m, 19-Nov-1906. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Norte (Mt Burnay), Apayao (Mt Sulu), Kalinga (trail to Balbalasang), Benguet (Mt Pangualitikai, Mt Pulag), Ifugao (Mt Polis). Epiphytic, Mossy forests, 1600-2600(-2700?)m. Fl. Feb, Oct-Dec. Photos
  53. Dendrochilum macgregorii Ames, PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 42; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 18; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 56; --Acoridium macgregorii (Ames) Ames, Orchidaceae 7 (1922) 81; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 286; --Type: BS 8849 McGregor (AMES, holo; BO, K, US, iso), Luzon: Benguet prov., Mt Pulog [=Pulag], 4-Jul-1909. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet (Mt Pulag). High montane mossy oak forest, epiphytic, reportedly at c. 2900m (although alpine grasslands cover this mountain from c. 2650m upwards). Fl. Jul. Only known from two collections at the type locality. 
  54. Dendrochilum macranthum Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 9 (1911) 163; --Dendrochilum latifolium var. macranthum (Schltr.) H.A.Pedersen, Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 51; ibid. 131 (1997) 159; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 101; --Dendrochilum grandiflorum Schltr. -- Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 8: 563. 1910, nom. illeg., auct. non (Ridl.) J.J.Sm; --Type: ?Micholitz, cult. Sander s.n. (B, holo, lost), Philippines. --Dendrochilum serratum L.O.Williams, Bot. Mus. Leafl. 5 (1937) 51, nom. illeg. --Dendrochilum cagayanense Ames, PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 41; Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 292; --Type: FB 16722 Curran (AMES, holo; US, iso), Luzon: Cagayan prov., no further locality data, Mar-1909. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Kalinga (Balbalan), Cagayan, Aurora (Mt Camatis), Quezon, Rizal (near Antipolo, Montalban, Batingtingan, Mt Irid, Mt Lumutan), Laguna (San Antonio), Nueva Ecija, Nueva Vizcaya, MINDORO, PANAY: Antique (Culasi, Mt Madia-as), NEGROS: Negros Occidental (Mt Kanlaon), Negros Oriental (Cuernos Mtns), LEYTE: Leyte (Dagami, Jaro). Epiphytic in (often mossy) forest, 370-1630m. Fl. Mar-Sep(-?Oct). A cultivated species recorded to flower in Nov. Photos
  55. Dendrochilum magnum Rchb.f. in Walp., Ann. Bot. Syst. 6 (1861)240; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 294; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 53; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 160; --Acoridium magnum (Rchb.f.) Rolfe, Orchid Rev. 12 (1904) 220; --Type: Cuming s.n. (K-Herb. Lindl., holo; drawing in W-Herb. Rchb.f. 49016), Philippines. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Camarines Sur (Mt Isarog), MINDORO: Mindoro Oriental (Mt Dulangan, Mt Ilong, Mt Halcon), PANAY: Antique (near Culasi, Mt Madia-as), NEGROS: Negros Occidental (Mt Malbug), Negros Oriental (Cuernos Mtns, Dumaguete), MINDANAO: Davao del Sur (Mt Apo). Epiphytic (rarely terrestrial) in (often mossy) forest, (?500-)665-1995m. Fl. Feb, Apr-Jul, ?Sep, Nov. 
  56. Dendrochilum maleolens Kraenzl., Orchis 2 (1908) 63; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 23; -- H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 116; --Acoridium maleolens (Kraenzl.) Ames, Orchidaceae 7 (1922) 81; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 286; --Type: Loher s.n., Luzon: Rizal prov.. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Rizal (uncertain locality). Habitat preferences and elevation range not known. Fl. Jan.
  57. Dendrochilum malindangense Ames, Orchidaceae 2 (1908) 114; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 295; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 53; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 174; --Type: FB 4597 Mearns & Hutchinson (AMES, holo; K, NY, US, iso), Mindanao: Misamis Occidental prov., Mt Malindang, 1130m. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Misamis Occidental (Mt Malindang). Fl. May. Probably known only from the type collection. Valmayor’s cited occurrence from ‘Zamboanga (Dapitan)’ probably refers unintendedly to the type collection from Mt Malindang (fide Pedersen, 1997). Epiphytic, above 1100m. Photos
  58. Dendrochilum marginatum (Ames) L.O.Williams, PJS 80 (1952) 318; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 18-19; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 50; --Acoridium marginatum Ames, Sched. Orch. 6 (1923) 23; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 287; --Type: M. Ramos s.n. (AMES, holo), Luzon: Rizal pov., Mt Irig [=Irid], 1495m, on tree near summit, 19-Apr-1922. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Rizal (Mt Irid). Epiphyte on summit. Known only from the type collection. 
  59. Dendrochilum mearnsii Ames, Orchidaceae 2 (1908) 116; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 295; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 37; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 128; --Type: FB 4605 Mearns & Hutchinson (AMES, holo; K, iso), Mindanao: Misamis Occidental prov., Mt Malindang, 2425m, May-1906. Endemic to the Philippines. NEGROS: Negros Oriental (Cuernos Mtns: Mt Talinis), CAMIGUIN, MINDANAO: Misamis Occidental (Mt Malindang), Bukidnon (Mt Lipa), Agusan del Norte (Mt Hilong-hilong). Epiphytic in mossy forests, 1350-2500m. Fl. Mar-May, Jul.
  60. Dendrochilum megacallosum R.Boos, Naive, Cootes & M.Leon, OrchideenJ. 24 (2017) 59; --Type: M.D. De Leon 008/2016 (CMUH, holo), Mindanao: Bukidnon, Kalatungan Mountain Range, 21-May-2016. MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Photos
  61. Dendrochilum merrillii (Ames) Pfitzer in Engl., Pflanzenreich iv. 50. ii. B. 7 (1907) 119; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 37; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 146; --Acoridium merrillii Ames, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 19 (1906) 151; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 287; --Type: Merrill 4585 (PNH, holo, lost; AMES, K, iso), Luzon: Mountain Province, Mt Data, Nov-1905. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province (Mt Data), Benguet (Pauai). Epiphytic, 2100-2545m. Fl. Jun, Aug-Oct.
  62. Dendrochilum microchilum (Schltr.) Ames, Orchidaceae 2 (1908) 87; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 19; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 66; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 102; -- Acoridium microchilum (Schltr.) Ames, Orchidaceae 7 (1922) 81; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 287; -- Platyclinis microchila Schltr., Bull. Herb. Boissier, II, 6 (1906) 302; --Type: Schlechter s.n., cult. (B, holo, lost, drawing at K), Philippines. --Dendrochilum tenue (Ames) Pfitzer in Engl., Pflanzenreich iv. 50. ii. B. 7 (1907) 116; --Acoridium tenue Ames, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 19 (1906) 145; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 290; --Type: Copeland 1019a (PNH, holo, lost; AMES, K, iso; an unnumbered Copeland specimen, US barcode # 00344424, dated Apr-1904 from Mt Apo is possibly an isotype), Mindanao: Davao del Sur prov., Mt Apo, epiphytic on mossy trees, 5400ft, 19-Apr-1904. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province (Bauko), Benguet (Mt Pulag), Ifugao (Mt Himi-o, Mt Pimmage, Mt Polis, Sumigar), Bataan (Mt Mariveles, Lamao River), Rizal, Camarines Sur (Mt Isarog, Panagan River), MINDORO: Mindoro Oriental (Mt Halcon), PANAY: Antique, NEGROS: Negros Occidental (Mt Kanlaon; Mt Malbug), Negros Oriental (Cuernos Mtns), LEYTE: Leyte (Buenavista and Masaganap near Jaro, Lake Danao, Mt Janagdan, Mt Mamban), SAMAR: Western Samar (Mt Sohoton), CAMIGUIN, MINDANAO: Agusan, Misamis Occidental (Mt Malindang), Bukidnon (Mt Lipa, vicinity of Tangculan), Davao (Mt Apo, Mt McKinley). Usually in oak-dominated and ericaceous mossy forests, sometimes with dense Pandanus thickets, 500-2830m, epiphytic. Fl. throughout the year (except in Aug?). According to Pedersen (1997: 68), record from Taiwan by Ying is possibly due to confounding with D. uncatum which is very well-known there. Photos
  63. Dendrochilum migueldavidii Cootes & Cabactulan, OrchideenJ. 23 (2016) 171; --Type: M.D. De Leon 027/2016 (CMUH00010844, holo), Mindanao: Bukidnon. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Photos
  64. Dendrochilum mindanaense (Ames) L.O.Williams, PJS 80 (1952) 309; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 19; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 70; --Acoridium mindanaense Ames, Sched. Orchid. 6 (1923) 25; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 287; --Type: Elmer 14095 (AMES, holo; AMES, BM, BO, K, L, NY, US, iso), Mindanao: Agusan del Norte prov., Cabadbaran, Mt Urdaneta, Aug-1912. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte. Fl. Oct. Photos
  65. Dendrochilum mindorense Ames, PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 317, nomen; Orchidaceae 2 (1908) 91; -- H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 23-24; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 104; --Acoridium mindorense (Ames) Ames, Orchidaceae 7 (1922) 81; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 287; --Type: Merrill 5795 (AMES, lecto; K, SING, US, iso), Mindoro: Mindoro Oriental prov., Mt Halcon, Nov-1906. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDORO: Mindoro Oriental (Mt Halcon, Mt Ilong). 860-1995m. Fl. Nov. 
  66. Dendrochilum niveum Ames, Orchidaceae 6 (1920) 284; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 295; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 54; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 153; --Type: Boettcher s.n., pro parte (AMES, holo; K, iso), Luzon: Kalinga prov., Balbalan, 1000m, 9-Mar-1918. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Kalinga (Balbalan), Rizal (Mt Susong Dalaga), Nueva Vizcaya, MINDORO. Epiphytic at c. 1000m. Fl. Mar. (a cultivated specimen in Dec). Photos
  67. Dendrochilum ocellatum (Ames) Pfitzer in Engl., Pflanzenreich iv. 50. ii. B. 7 (1907) 117; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 19; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 57; --Acoridium ocellatum Ames, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 19 (1906) 151; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 287; --Type: Merrill 4481a (PNH, holo, lost; AMES, iso), Luzon: Mountain Province, Mt Data, 2150m, 29-Oct-1905. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province (Mt Data), Benguet (Lusod, near Benguet-Ifugao-Nueva Vizcaya provincial borders). Fl. Oct. 
  68. Dendrochilum oliganthum (Ames) Pfitzer in Engl., Pflanzenreich iv. 50. ii. B. 7 (1907) 117; -- H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 19; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 57; --Acoridium oliganthum Ames, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 19 (1906) 150; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 287; --Type: Merrill 4481 (PNH, holo, lost; AMES, iso), Luzon: Mountain Province, Mt Data, 2150m, 29-Oct-1905. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province (Mt Data, Mt Sinapsapan). 1890-2150m. Fl. Oct. 
  69. Dendrochilum oreophilum (Ames) L.O.Williams, PJS 80 (1952) 317; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 24; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 90; --Acoridium oreophilum Ames, Blumea, Suppl. 1 (1937) 71; --Type: Loher 15042 (AMES, holo; AMES, PNH lost, iso), Luzon: Rizal prov. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Rizal. Photos
  70. Dendrochilum pallidiflavens Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 399; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 28-29; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 179; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 103; --Type from Java.
  71. Dendrochilum pangasinanense Ames, Sched. Orchid. 6 (1923) 29; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 295; -- H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 54-55; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 168; --Type: BS 8286 Ramos (AMES, holo), Luzon: Pangasinan prov., May-1909. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Pangasinan, Nueva Vizcaya, CEBU. Lithophytic, c. 900m. Fl. May. Photos
  72. Dendrochilum parvipapillatum H.A.Pedersen, Nordic J. Bot. 15 (1996) 386; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 55; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 166; --Type: BS 32401 R.C. McGregor (AMES, holo), Panay: Antique prov., mossy forest, 1000m, May/Aug-1918. Endemic to the Philippines. SIBUYAN (Mt Giting-giting), PANAY: Antique (Mt Madia-as), Capiz (Mt Salibongbong). Mossy forests, 665-1030m, epiphytic. Fl. Apr-Jun. Photos
  73. Dendrochilum parvulum (Ames) Pfitzer in Engl., Pflanzenreich iv. 50. ii. B. 7 (1907) 116; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 19; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 63; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 104; --Acoridium parvulum Ames, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 19 (1906) 146; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 288; --Type: Merrill 317b (PNH, holo, lost; AMES, US, iso), Luzon: Bataan prov., Mt Mariveles, Lamao River, Oct-1903. --Dendrochilum venustulum (Ames) Pfitzer In Engler, Pflanzenreich IV 50 II B 7 (1907) 116; --Acoridium vensutulum Ames, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 19 (1906) 147; --Type: Elmer 6273 (PNH, holo, lost; AMES, K, US, iso), Luzon: Benguet prov., Mt Sto Tomas, May-1904. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Bataan, Benguet, Cagayan, Kalinga-Apoyao, Laguna, Mountain Province, Nueva Vizcaya, Quezon, Rizal, MINDANAO: Lanao, Misamis. Epiphytic, above 1200m. Photos
  74. Dendrochilum perplexum (Ames) L.O.Williams, PJS 80 (1951) 299; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 20; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 75; --Acoridium perplexum Ames, Orchidaceae 7 (1922) 142; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 288; --Type: Ramos & Edaño 55 (AMES, holo; AMES, BM, K, NY, P, SING, US, W, iso), Luzon: Benguet prov., Mt Sinapsapan, mossy forest, 1830m, 13-Oct-1921. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  75. Dendrochilum philippinense (Ames) Pfitzer in Engl., Pflanzenreich iv. 50. ii. B. 7 (1907) 118; -- H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 20; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 53; --Acoridium philippinense Ames, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 19 (1906) 149; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 288; --Type: Merrill 4757 (PNH, holo, lost; AMES, K, NY, US, iso), Luzon: Benguet prov., between Suyoc and Pauai, 2000m, 7-Nov-1905. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Ifuago, Mountain Province, Nueva Vizcaya. Epiphytic, 2000-2500m.
  76. Dendrochilum plocoglottoides H.A.Pedersen, Nordic J. Bot. 15 (1996) 387; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 59; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 141; --Type: K. Iwatsuki, G. Murata & H.G. Gutierrez P-874 (L, holo; KYO, iso), Luzon: Ilocos Norte prov., Mt Burnay, in mossy forest, 1800-2000m, 4-Dec-1975. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Norte (Mt Burnay). Known only from the type collection. Fl. Dec. 
  77. Dendrochilum prodigiosum Ames, Orchidaceae 7 (1922) 98; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 295; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 38; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 136; --Type: BS 38521 Ramos & Edaño (AMES, holo), Mindanao: Bukidnon prov., Mt Lipa, epiphytic in mossy forest, 6500ft [=1981m], 13-Jul-1920. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon (Mt Lipa). Epiphytic in mossy forest at c. 2000m. Apparently known only from the type collection, collected in flower in Jul. 
  78. Dendrochilum propinquum Ames, Orchidaceae 6 (1920) 285; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 295; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 38; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 133; --Type: Wenzel 805 (AMES, holo; K, iso), Leyte: Leyte prov., Masaganap near Jaro, epiphyte in forest, 700m, 27-Dec-1919. Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE: Leyte (Jaro, Masaganap and Buenavista near Jaro), MINDANAO: Cotabato. Epiphytic in forests, 500-700(-900?)m. Fl. Feb, Mar, Dec. Photos
  79. Dendrochilum pseudowenzelii H.A.Pedersen, Malesian Orchid J. 7 (2011) 118. Endemic to the Philippines.
  80. Dendrochilum pulcherrimum (Ames) L.O.Williams, PJS 80 (1952) 311; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 26; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 44; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 104; --Acoridium pulcherrimum Ames, Orchidaceae 7 (1922) 144; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 288; --Type: Ramos & Edaño 45 (AMES, holo; BM, K, NY, US, W, iso), Luzon: Benguet prov., Mt Natoo, 1750m, 30-Sep-1921. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Ifugao (Mt Polis), Mountain Province, Benguet (Mt Natoo), Nueva Vizcaya, Nueva Ecija. Mossy forest, c. 1200-1830m, epiphytic, often in well-lit sites. Fl. Feb, Sep. Photos
  81. Dendrochilum pulogense Ames, PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 594; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 20; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 59; --Acoridium pulogense (Ames) Ames, Orchidaceae 7 (1922) 81; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 288; --Type: FB 16347 Curran, Merritt & Zschokke (AMES, holo), Luzon: Benguet prov., Mt Pulog [=Pulag], Jan-1909. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet (Pauai, Mt Simakoko, Mt Pulag). High-montane mossy forests, epiphytic, above 1200m. Fl. Jan, May-Jul, Oct. Photos
  82. Dendrochilum pumilum Rchb.f., Bonplandia 3 (1855) 222; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 24; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 109; --Acoridium pumilum (Rchb.f.) Rolfe, Orch. Rev. 12 (1904) 220; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 288; --Type: Cuming 2102 (W-Rchb.f. 20440, holo; BM, K, W, iso; drawing in AMES), Luzon. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  83. Dendrochilum quadrilobum Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 61; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 20-21; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 68; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 105; --Acoridium quadrilobum (Ames) Ames, Orchidaceae 7e (1922) 81; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 288; --Type: BS 19894 R.C. McGregor (AMES, lecto; BM, BO, K, L, NY, P, US, isolecto), Luzon: Ifugao prov., Mt Polis, Feb-1913. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Kalinga (Mt Pasuan), Ifugao (Mt Polis). Epiphtic in forests (usually mossy), 200-2000m. Fl. Jan & Feb.
  84. Dendrochilum quinquecallosum H.A.Pedersen, Orchid Rev. 115(1276) (2007) 223. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Nueva Vizcaya. Epiphytic, c. 1200m.
  85. Dendrochilum quisumbingianum H.A.Pedersen, Nordic J. Bot. 15 (1996) 389; H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 55; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 178; --Type: PNH 10887 Mendoza & Convocar (PNH, holo; AMES, iso), Mindanao: Agusan del Norte prov., Mt Hilong-hilong, summit. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte (Mt Hilong-hilong). Mossy forest, c. 1940m, epiphytic. Fl. Mar. Photos
  86. Dendrochilum ravanii Cootes, OrchideenJ. 17 (2010) 114. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDORO. Epiphytic, c. 800m. Photos
  87. Dendrochilum reniforme Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 63; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 24; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 91; --Acoridium reniforme (Ames) Ames, Orchidaceae 7 (1922) 81; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 289; --Type: F Calico s.n. (AMES, lecto; BM, K, NY, iso), Luzon: Laguna prov., San Antonio, Mar-1913. --Dendrochilum urciforme (Ames) L.O.Williams, PJS 80 (1952) 316; --Acoridium urciforme Ames, Blumea Suppl. 1 (1937) 76; --Type: Loher 13276 (AMES, holo; PNH, lost, iso), Luzon: Rizal prov., Mt Paminglingan, near Montalban, Apr-1912. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Ifugao (Mt Polis), Rizal (Mt Kanumay, Mt Paminglingan), Laguna (San Antonio). Fl. Feb, ?Mar, Apr, Oct.
  88. Dendrochilum rhombophorum (Rchb.f) Ames, Orchidaceae 3 (1908) 7; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 21; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 54; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 106. --Acoridium rhombophorum (Rchb.f) Ames, Sched. Orchid. 5 (1923) 1; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 289; --Coelogyne rhombophora Rchb.f., Linnaea 41 (1877) 116; --Type: Wallis s.n. (W-Herb. Rchb.f. 20434, holo; NY, iso), Philippines: Note by L.L.Co: From the NY sheet, one can see clearly that contrary to Pedersen’s (1997) citation, the Wallis sheet is an unnumbered collection and that ‘72001’ is most likely intended for 7200’ [7200ft]. --Dendrochilum whitfordii (Rolfe) Pfitzer & Kraenzl. In Engler, Pflanzenreich IV 50 II B 7 (1907) 162; --Acoridium whitfordii Rolfe in Ames, Orchidaceae 1 (1905) 73; --Type: Whitford 139 (K, holo; AMES 2 sheets, NY, US, iso), Luzon: Bataan prov., Mt Mariveles, Lamao River, May-1904. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Aurora (mtns NNE of Dingalan), Bataan (Mt Mariveles, Lamao River), Rizal (Mt Lumutan), Laguna (Majayjay, Mt Banahaw, Lucban), Quezon (Mt Binuang), Albay, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Surigao del Norte (Lake Mainit). Epiphytic in mossy forests, 500-2500(-2600?) m. Fl. Mar-Jun. Photos
  89. Dendrochilum rotundilabium L.O.Williams, Bot. Mus. Leafl. 5 (1937) 50; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 39; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 124; --Type: BS 75814 Edaño (AMES, holo), Luzon: Camarines Sur prov., Mt Madooy summit, 2000ft [=610m], 9-Nov-1928. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Camarines Sur (Mt Madooy, Mt Potianay), MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte (Mt Hilong-hilong). Epiphytic in (sometimes mossy) forests, 600-1940m. Fl. Apr, Nov.
  90. Dendrochilum saccolabium Kraenzl., Ann. Nat. Hofmus. Wien 30 (1916) 56; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 21; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 87; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 106; --Acoridium saccolabium (Kraenzl.) Ames, Sched. Orchid. 5 (1923) 2; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 289; --Type: Loher s.n., cult. Hort. Bot. Nymphenb., Philippines. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Rizal, Laguna (Siniloan, Kapatalan, Sta Maria), Quezon. Epiphytic in forests, 200-350m. Fl. Sep, Nov-Jan. Photos
  91. Dendrochilum schweinfurthianum (Ames) L.O.Williams, PJS 80 (1952) 323; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 24; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 115; --Acoridium schweinfurthianum Ames, Blumea, Suppl. 1 (1937) 73; --Type: BS 48602 Ramos & Edaño (AMES, holo; K, NY, US, iso), Luzon: Rizal prov., Mt Tokduanbaboy, epiphytic in mossy forest, 1200m, Nov-1926. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Rizal (Mt Tokduanbaboy). Fl. Nov. Apparently known only from the type collection.
  92. Dendrochilum septemnervium H.A.Pedersen, Malesian Orchid J. 7 (2011) 119. Endemic to the Philippines.
  93. Dendrochilum serratoi (Ames) Cootes, Philippine Native Orchid Species (2011) 139; --Acoridium serratoi Ames, Sched. Orchid. 6 (1923) 27; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 289; --Dendrochilum curranii Ames var. serratoi (Ames) L.O.Williams, PJS 80 (1951) 308; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 23; -- H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 100; --Type: J.S. Serrato s.n. (AMES, holo; AMES, NY, iso), Luzon: Laguna prov., Sep-1912. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet (Mt Sto Tomas), Rizal (Mt Paningtingan, Mt Irid), Laguna (Mt Makiling, San Antonio), MINDORO: Mindoro Oriental (San Teodoro, upstream Subaan River, Mt Halcon). Epiphytic in (usually mossy) forests, 500-1830(-2195?)m. Fl. Jun/Jul, Sep-Nov. Photos
  94. Dendrochilum simulacrum Ames, Orchidaceae 2 (1908) 92; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 24; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 116; --Acoridium simulacrum (Ames) Ames, Orchidaceae 7 (1922) 82; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 289; --Type: FB 4981 Curran (AMES, holo; K, US, iso), Luzon: Benguet prov., Mt Tonglon [=Mt Sto Tomas], 8-Aug-1906. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet (Mt Sto Tomas), Quezon (Lucban). Epiphytic along forest margins on the summit vicinity at the type locality, c. 1995m. Fl. May & Aug. 
  95. Dendrochilum smithianum (Ames) L.O.Williams, PJS 80 (1952) 311; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 26; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 44; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 106; --Acoridium smithianum Ames, Blumea, Suppl. 1 (1937) 74; --Type: Loher 15129 (AMES, holo), Luzon: Rizal prov.. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Aurora, Nueva Vizcaya, Quezon, Rizal (Montalban). Note by L.L.Co: Aside from the type, also known from two other collections (Loher 12566a & 13950) possibly rather adjacent to the type locality. Epiphytic, c. 500m. Fl. Jan, May. Photos
  96. Dendrochilum sphacelatum (Ames) Pfitzer in Engl., Pflanzenreich iv. 50. ii. B. 7 (1907) 112; --Acoridium sphacelatum Ames, Orchidaceae 1 (1905) 1; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 289; --Type: Elmer 6554 (PNH, holo, lost; AMES 2 sheets, K, L, NY, P, US, iso), Luzon: Benguet prov., Mt Sto Tomas, Jun-1904. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet. Epiphytic, above 2000m. Photos
  97. Dendrochilum stenophyllum L.O.Williams, PJS 80 (1953) 300; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 21; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 77; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 107; --Acoridium angustifolium Ames, Blumea Suppl. 1 (1937) 69; --Type: Loher 14721 (AMES, holo; P, iso), Luzon: Rizal prov., Sep-1909. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Rizal (Montalban). Note by L.L.Co: The type locality is most likely to be located in the general vicinity of the Sierra Madre Range N and E of Montalban. Said region is the most important collection site of Loher during the late 1890s to early 1900s. Cootes (2001, 2011) also adds Aurora and Quezon provinces to the distributional range, and ‘epiphytic at elevations (of) about 1000m’, otherwise, nothing is known about the habitat and elevation range of this species. Fl. Sep. Photos
  98. Dendrochilum tenellum (Nees & Meyen) Ames, PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 318; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 21; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 79; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 108; -Acoridium tenellum Nees & Meyen, Nov. Act. Nat. Cur. 19, Suppl. 1 (1843) 131; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 290; --Type: Meyen s.n. (K, holo), Philippines. --Dendrochilum junceum Rchb.f., Otia Bot. Humburg. 1 (1878) 54; --Type: Wallis s.n. (W-Herb. Rchb.f. 49002), Luzon: Laguna prov., Los Baños. Endemic to the Philippines. CAMIGUIN DE BABUYANES (Mt Camiguin), LUZON: Ilocos Norte (Mt Burnay), La Union (Naguilian), Apayao (Mt Sulu), Kalinga (Balbalan), Ifugao (Mt Himi-o, Mt Pimmage, Mt Polis, Sumigar), Mountain Province (Mt Masapilid, Sitio Pokpok Tayao), Benguet (Baguio, Mt Sto Tomas), Cagayan (Mt Cagua, Mt Balatongan), Nueva Vizcaya, Nueva Ecija, Aurora (Mt Camatis), Zambales (Masinloc, Mt Apoi near Coto, Mt Tapulao), Bataan (Mt Mariveles, Lamao Forest Reserve, Mt Limay), Pampanga (Mt Pinatubo), Pangasinan, Quezon, Rizal, Laguna (Mt Makiling, Mt Banahaw), Camarines Sur (Mt Isarog), Sorsogon (Mt Bulusan), MINDORO: Mindoro Oriental (Mt Halcon), BILIRAN (Mt Suiro), LEYTE: Leyte (Buenavista near Jaro, Masaganap near Jaro, Mt Mamban), MINDANAO: Davao Oriental (Mt Kampalili). Epiphytic (usually oak-ericaceous mossy forests), sometimes in open ridge forests, 300-2495m, but most common between 1000-1500m. Fl. Sep-Jul. Photos
  99. Dendrochilum tenuibulbum (Ames) L.O.Williams, PJS 80 (1952) 325; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 25; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 113; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 108; -- Acoridium tenuibulbum Ames, Blumea Suppl. 1 (1937) 75; --Type: Loher 13046 (AMES, holo; AMES, iso), Luzon: Rizal prov., Balacbac, May-1916. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Rizal (Balacbac), Albay, PANAY: Antique (Mt Madia-as, near Culasi). Epiphytic among mosses, on tree trunks, in rather brightly-lit sites, c. 950-1430m. Photos
  100. Dendrochilum tenuifolium (Ames) Pfitzer in Engl., Pflanzenreich iv. 50. ii. B. 7 (1907) 114; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 25; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 97; --Acoridium tenuifolium Ames, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 19 (1906) 145; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 290; --Type: Merrill 4576 (PNH, holo, lost; AMES, K, US, iso), Luzon: Mountain Province, Mt Data, Nov-1905. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Norte (Mt Burnay), Mountain Province (Mt Data), Ifugao (Mt Himi-o, Mt Pimmage, Mt Polis), Benguet (Mt Pulag, Mt Pulogloco, Mt Boadan, Mt Sinapsapan, Mt Simakoko, Baguio, Mt Sto Tomas). Epiphytic in mossy forest, 1600-2150(-2500?)m. Fl. Jul-Feb. Photos
  101. Dendrochilum tetradactyliferum H.A.Pedersen, Nordic J. Bot. 15 (1996) 390; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 40; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 135; --Type: PNH 2370 Edaño (AMES, holo), Mindanao: Davao del Sur prov., Mt Apo, Miran River, bole epiphyte in forest, 1915m, 6-Nov-1946. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Davao del Sur (Mt Apo: Baklayan and Miran River). Epiphytic on forested ridges, 1800-1915m. Eight collections cited by Pedersen are thus far only known to be confined to the general vicinity of the type locality. Fl. Nov.
  102. Dendrochilum tiongianum Cootes, OrchideenJ. 18 (2011) 152. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  103. Dendrochilum tortile H.A.Pedersen, Malesian Orchid J. 7 (2011) 121 (-123; fig. 3-5). Cootes (2011): " ...most likely of Philippine origins. The exact whereabouts of this species, are at this time, unknown." Endemic to the Philippines.
  104. Dendrochilum turpe (Ames) Pfitzer in Engl., Pflanzenreich iv. 50. ii. B. 7 (1907) 118; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 25; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 93; --Acoridium turpe Ames, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 19 (1906) 149; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 290; --Type: Merrill 4758 (PNH, holo, lost; AMES, K, iso), Luzon: Benguet prov., between Suyoc and Pauai, 7-Nov-1905. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet (Mt Tabayoc, Mt Pulag, Mt Pulogloco, Mt Simakoko, between Suyoc & Pauai), Ifugao (Mt Himi-o, Mt Pimmage, Mt Polis). Epiphytic in mossy forests, (?1700-)2060 and 2400(-2500?)m. Fl. Feb-Apr, Sep-Dec. Photos
  105. Dendrochilum uncatum Rchb.f., Bonplandia 3 (1855) 222; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 295; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 57-58; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 162; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 109; --Acoridium uncatum (Rchb.f.) Rolfe, Orchid Rev. 12 (1904) 220; --Type: Cuming 2073 (W-Herb. Rchb.f. 49080, holo; BM, K, L 2 sheets, P, SING, W, A (drawing), iso), Luzon: Zambales prov. Taiwan, Philippines. LUZON: Albay, Aurora, Bataan, Benguet, Cagayan, Ifuago, Laguna, Nueva Vizcaya, Pampanga, Quezon, Rizal, Sorsogon, Zambales, PANAY, MINDANAO: Agusan. Epiphytic, above 500m. Photos
  106. Dendrochilum undulatum H.A.Pedersen, Orch. Rev. 115 (2007) 225. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Nueva Vizcaya. Epiphytic, c. 1200m. Photos 
  107. Dendrochilum unicallosum L.O.Williams, Bot. Mus. Leafl. 5 (1937) 51; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 58; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 146; --Type: Loher 14643, pro parte (AMES, holo; BM, BO, C, K, P, iso), Luzon: Rizal prov., Sep-1909. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Rizal (Montalban, Mt Irid). Epiphytic in mossy forest, c. 1330m. Photos
  108. Dendrochilum unicorne (Ames) L.O.Williams, PJS 80 (1952) 314; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 25; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 118; --Acoridium unicorne Ames, Orchidaceae 7 (1922) 145; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 290; --Type: Ramos & Edaño 54 (AMES, holo; AMES, BM, K, L, NY, P, SING, US, W, iso), Luzon: Benguet prov., Mt Simakoko, epiphytic in the mossy forest, 6500ft [=1981m], 6-Oct-1921. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet (Mt Simakoko). Fl. Oct. Photos
  109. Dendrochilum veronicae Cootes, OrchideenJ. 22 (2015) 163; --Type: Clowes cult. NSW 907366 (NSW, holo), Luzon: Nueva Vizcaya, 28-Aug-2014. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  110. Dendrochilum vanoverberghii Ames, PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 27; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 25; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 102; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 109; --Acoridium vanoverberghii (Ames) Ames, Orchidaceae 7 (1922) 82; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 290; --Type: Vanoverbergh 1046 (AMES, lecto; A, PNH lost, iso), Luzon: Mountain Province, Nov/Dec-1910. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province, Ifugao (Mt Polis), Nueva Vizcaya. Epiphytic in mossy forests, c. 2000m. Fl. Jan, Feb, Nov/Dec.
  111. Dendrochilum warrenii H.A.Pedersen & Gravend., Blumea 49 (2004) 358-360. Cootes (2011): "... is believed to have originated in the Philippines but this is not certain. Its closest relatives are of Philippine origins." Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  112. Dendrochilum wenzelii Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 65; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 21; -- H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 85; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 110; --Acoridium wenzelii (Ames) Ames, Orchidaceae 7 (1922) 82; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 291; --Type: Wenzel 264 (AMES, lecto; BM, C, K, L, NY, P, SING, US, iso), Leyte: Leyte prov., Masaganap near Jaro, epiphyte in forest, 750m, 11-Feb-1914. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Apayao (Mt Sulu), Kalinga (Balbalan), Nueva Vizcaya (Dalton Pass), Camarines Sur (Mt Isarog, Sagnay), Albay (Mt Malinao), BILIRAN (Mt Suiro), LEYTE: Leyte (Buenavista and Masaganap, near Jaro, Mt Abucayan), MINDANAO: Bukidnon (Mt Kitanglad). Epiphytic in forests (sometimes mossy), frequently on ridges, 500-1800m. Fl. Feb, Mar, Dec. Photos 
  113. Dendrochilum williamsii (Ames) Pfitzer in Engl., Pflanzenreich iv. 50. ii. B. 7 (1907) 114; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 22; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 83; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 111; --Acoridium williamsii Ames, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 19 (1906) 143; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 291; --Type: R.S. Williams 1939 (NY, holo; AMES, GH, K, US, iso), Luzon: Benguet prov., La Trinidad, on rocks, 28-Sep-1904. LUZON: Mountain Province (Mt Data, Mt Pukis), Ifugao (Mt Himi-o, Mt Pimmage, Sumigar), Benguet (Mt Pauai, La Trinidad, Mt Sto Tomas), Nueva Vizcaya, Rizal (Montalban, Mt Tokduanbaboy, Mt Irid). Epiphytic in mossy forests (rarely lithophytic), 1165-2540m. Fl. Sep-Nov. Photos
  114. Dendrochilum woodianum Ames, PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 318, nom. nud.; Orchidaceae 2 (1908) 80; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 60; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 37; --Pseudacoridium woodianum (Ames) Ames, Orchidaceae 7 (1922) 79; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 284; --Type: Merrill 5618 (AMES, holo; K, SING, US, iso; drawings at BM, NY, PNH, SING), Mindoro: Mindoro Oriental prov., Mt Halcon, 2050-2600m. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDORO: Mindoro Oriental (Mt Halcon; Subaan River near San Teodoro). Epiphyte on ridges between 1200-2830 m. Fl. Apr, May, Nov.
  115. Dendrochilum yuccifolium L.O.Williams, Bot. Mus. Leafl. 5 (1937) 53; --H.A.Pedersen et al., Opera Bot. 130 (1997) 58; --H.A.Pedersen, ibid. 131 (1997) 175; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 111; --Type: Loher 13216 (AMES, holo; K, iso), Luzon: Rizal prov., Montalban, Paningtingan. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Rizal (Montalban). Cootes (2001) also adds Aurora, Quezon and Nueva Vizcaya provinces (2011) to the distribution range, reportedly epiphytic at elevations over 500m. Fl. Jan, Sep; known to flower in March from cultivated specimens. Photos

Dendrolirium Blume
[Also considered a synonym of Eria Lindl.]

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 13 November 2012, following Cootes 2011

Photos
  1. Dendrolirium ornatum Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 345; --Eria ornata (Blume) Lindl., Gen. & Sp. Orch. (1830) 66; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 373. Thailand, Laos, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Sulawesi, Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Ifuago, Mountain Province, Nueva Vizcaya, Rizal, Zambales, LEYTE, SAMAR, MINDANAO: Agusan, Bukidnon, Zamboanga. Epiphytic, up to 1450m. Photos

 Dicerostylis Blume = Hylophila

 Didymoplexis Griff.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 20 August 2017

Photos
  1. Didymoplexis micradenia (Rchb.f.) Hemsl., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 20 (1883) 311; --Epiphanes micradenia Rchb.f. in B.Seemann, Fl. Vit. (1886) 295; --Type from Fiji. Thailand, Vietnam, Malesia to Taiwan and W Pacific, Philippines. LUZON: Quezon. Photos
  2. Didymoplexis pallens Griff., Calcutta J. Nat. Hist. 4 (1844) 383; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 267; --Type from India. India, China, Peninsular Malaysia, Thailand, Sumatra, Java, Taiwan, N Australia, Philippines. LUZON: Camarines, Pampanga, Rizal, Laguna, LEYTE, PALAWAN. Terrestrial, up to 300m.
  3. Didymoplexis philippinensis Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 24; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 268. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Camarines, PALAWAN, LEYTE. Forest up to 300m elevation.

Dienia Lindl.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 20 August 2017

Photos
  1. Dienia carinata Rchb.f., Bonplandia 3 (1855) 223; --Crepidium carinatum (Rchb.f.) Marg., Edinb. Journ. Bot. 62 (3) (2005) 165-179. --Dienia benguetensis (Ames) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones, Lasianthera 1 (1996) 41; --Crepidium benguetense (Ames) Marg., Ann. Bot. Fenn. 39 (2002) 65; --Malaxis benguetensis Ames, PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 43; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 303. Sumatra, Philippines. Photos
  2. Dienia ophrydis (J.Koenig) Seidenf., Contr. Orchid Fl. Thailand 13 (1997)18; --Malaxis ophrydis (J.Koenig) Ormerod in Seidenf., Descr. Epidendrorum Koenig (1995) 18; --Crepidium ophrydis (J.Koenig) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones, Lasianthera 1 (1996) 38; --Epidendrum ophrydis J.Koenig in Retzius, Observ. Bot. 6 (1791) 46; --Type from India. --Dienia curranii (Ames) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones, Lasianthera 1 (1996) 41; --Malaxis curranii Ames, PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 44; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 303. --Dienia latifolia (Sm.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones, Lasianthera 1 (1996) 41; --Malaxis latifolia Sm., in Rees Cycl. 22 (1819) no. 3; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 304; --Type from Nepal. India, Nepal, S China, throughout SE Asia, New Guinea, N Australia. Terrestrial, low elevation. Photos

Diglyphosa Blume

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 11 February 2017

No Photos
  1. Diglyphosa elmeri Ames in Elmer, LPB 5 (1912) 1555; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 280. Endemic to the Philippines.
  2. Diglyphosa latifolia Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 336. India, Java, Moluccas, New Guinea. Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Philippines.

Dilochia Lindl.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 13 November 2012, following Cootes 2011

Photos
  1. Dilochia elmeri Ames, in Elmer, LPB 5 (1912) 1554; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 317. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Rizal, LEYTE, SAMAR, MINDANAO: Davao. Epiphytic, c. 500m.
  2. Dilochia wallichii Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orch. Pl. (1830) 38. Thailand, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Borneo, Philippines, Moluccas. MINDANAO: Davao Oriental. Epiphytic, up to 800m. Photos

Dimorphorchis Rolfe.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 13 April 2014

Photos
  1. Dimorphorchis breviscapa (J.J.Sm.) Kocyan & Schuit., Phytotaxa 161 (2014) 64; --Arachnis breviscapa J.J.Sm., Natuurk. Tijdschr. Ned.-Indië 72 (1912) 74. --Arachnis longicaulis (Schltr.) L.O.Williams, Bot. Mus. Leafl. 5 (1937) 31; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 28; --Vandopsis longicaulis Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 1 (1913) 973. --Arachnis lyonii Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 221; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 427. --Arachnis longicaulis forma flavescens Valmayor & Tiu in Valmayor, Orchid. Philip. Xxxx; Phil. Orch. Rev. 1983. New Guinea, Philippines. LUZON: Isabela, Nueva Ecija, Quezon, Rizal, MINDANAO: Lanao del Sur, TAWI-TAWI. High-canopy epiphyte, usually at c. 1000m. Photos

Diplocaulobium (Rchb.f) Kraenzl. = Dendrobium

 Dipodium R.Br.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 20 August 2017

Photos
  1. Dipodium fevrellii J.J.Sm., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. lxv. (1933) 497. --Dipodium paludosum auct. non Rchb.f., --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 402; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 112. Thailand, Vietnam, Cambodia, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo, Philippines. LUZON: Albay, Quezon, Sorsogon, SIBUYAN, MINDORO, PANAY, LEYTE, SAMAR, MINDANAO: Surigao del Sur. Up to 600m. Photos 
  2. Dipodium pictum (Lindl.) Rchb.f., Xenia Orchid. 2 (1862) 15; --Wailesia picta Lindl., J. Hort. Soc. London 4 (1849) 261. Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Philippines. MINDORO, NEGROS. c. 800 m. Photos 
  3. Dipodium scandens (Blume) J.J.Sm., Orch. Java (1905) 488; --Leopardanthus scandens Blume, Rumphia 4 (1849) 47. Java, ?Philippines.

Disperis Sw.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 23 June 2017

No Photos
  1. Disperis neilgherrensis Wight, Icon. Plant. Ind.Orient. 5 (1851) t. 1719; --Kurzweil, Blumea 50 (2005) 145; Adansonia sér. 3, 27(2) (2005) 174; --Type from India. --Disperis philippinensis Schltr., Feddes Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 9 (1911) 436; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 260; --Type: Merrill 4215 (AMES, iso), Luzon: Pampanga prov., Mt Arayat, very scattered among boulders on forested slopes, 300-700m, Sep-1905. --Disperis siamensis Rolfe ex Downie, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew (1925) 422; --Type from Thailand. --Stigmatodactylus palawensis Tuyama, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) liii (1939) 57. Sri Lanka, India, Thailand, S China (Hongkong), Taiwan, S Japan, Philippines, Palau, Java, Moluccas, Papua New Guinea. LUZON: Pampanga, Batangas, Sorsogon. Terrestrial at 300-700m.

Distichorchis M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones = Dendrobium sect. Distichophyllae

Doritis Lindl. = Phalaenopsis

Durabaculum M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones = Dendrobium

Epiblastus Schltr.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 13 November 2012, following Cootes 2011

Photos
  1. Epiblastus merrillii L.O.Williams, PJS 71 (1940) 113. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Cotabato, Misamis, Zamboanga. Epiphytic, 1000-2350 m. Photos

Epicranthes Blume = Bulbophyllum

Epigeneium Gagnep.

[Also considered a synonym of Dendrobium Sw.]

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 18 August 2017

Photos
  1. Epigeneium acuminatum (Rolfe) Summerh., Kew Bull. 12 (1957) 260; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 113; --Katherinea acuminata (Rolfe) A.D.Hawkes, Lloydia 19 (1956) 94; --Dendrobium acuminatum Rolfe in Ames, Orchidaceae 1 (1905) 86; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 343; --Type: C.A. Wenzel 47. --Dendrobium acutilingue Schuit. & Peter B.Adams --Muelleria 29(1) (2011) 65. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Kalinga, Benguet, Nueva Vizcaya, Nueva Ecija, Aurora, Bataan, Rizal, Quezon, MINDORO. Epiphytic, 500-2000m, often in full sun. Photos
  2. Epigeneium lyonii (Ames) Summerh., Kew Bull. 12 (1957) 263; --Dendrobium lyonii Ames, Orchidaceae 2 (1908) 177; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 351; --Type: Lyon s.n. Borneo, Philippines. LUZON: Bataan. Epiphytic, 660-1100m.
  3. Epigeneium stella-silvae (Loher & Kraenzl.) Summerh., Kew Bull. 12 (1957) 265; --Katherinea stella-silvae (Loher & Kraenzl.) A.D.Hawkes, Lloydia 19 (1956) 97; --Dendrobium stella-silvae (Loher & Kraenzl.) Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 139; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 356. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Abra, Benguet, Ifuago, Mountain Province, Rizal, Zambales. Epiphytic, Forest slope, above 500m. Photos 
  4. Epigeneium treacherianum (Rchb.f ex Hook.f.) Summerh., Kew Bull. 12 (1957) 265; --Katherinea treacheriana (Rchb.f. ex Hook.f.) A.D.Hawkes, Lloydia 19 (1956) 97; --Dendrobium treacherianum Rchb.f. ex Hook.f., Bot. Mag. 107 (1881) t. 6591. Borneo, Philippines. LUZON: Apayao, Kalinga, Nueva Vizcaya, Nueva Ecija, Bataan, Quezon, Rizal, Laguna, MINDORO: Mindoro Oriental, NEGROS, SAMAR. Commonly epiphytic, occasionally lithophytic, often in well-lit sites, 600-1200m. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Photos 

Epipogium Gmel. ex Borkh.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 23 June 2017

Photos
  1. Epipogium roseum (D.Don) Lindl., J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 1 (1857) 177; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 265; --Limodorum roseum D.Don, Prodr. Fl. Nepal. (1825) 30; --Type from Nepal. Mainland Asia, throughout SE Asia, India, Sri Lanka, Java, New Guinea, Solomon Isls, Australia and Africa. LUZON: Bataan, Nueva Vizcaya, Laguna, Quezon, MINDORO, LEYTE, NEGROS: Negros Oriental, MINDANAO: Lanao, Davao, Misamis. Terrestrial in forest, 500-800m. Photos 

Eria Lindl.

(excluding species also placed in segregate genera: Aeridostachya (Hook.f.) Brieger, Aporodes (Schltr.) W.Suarez & Cootes, Cylindrolobus Blume, Dendrolirium Blume, Pinalia Buch.-Ham. ex Don)

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 20 August 2017

Photos

  1. Eria aporoides Lindl., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 3 (1858) 60. Sulawesi, Philippines. Photos
  2. Eria cymbiformis J.J.Sm., Recueil Trav. Bot. Néerl. 1 (1904) 152. Sulawesi, Sumatra, ?Philippines.
  3. Eria javanica (Sw.) Blume, Rumphia 2 (1836) 23; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 369; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 117; --Dendrobium javanicum Sw., Neues J. Bot. 1 (1805) 96; --Type from Java. --Eria cochleata Lindl., in Edwards’s Bot. Reg. 30 (1844) Misc. 14; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 366. India, China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Peninsular Malaysia, Indonesia, New Guinea, Philippines. LUZON: Albay, Benguet, Camarines Sur, Laguna, Mountain Province, Rizal, MINDORO, LEYTE, SAMAR, MINDANAO: Lanao, Zamboanga. Epiphytic or lithophytic, up to 1200m. Photos
  4. Eria sessilifolia (J.Fraser) D.L.Roberts & Sayers, Curtis's Bot. Mag. 22(1) (2005) 40. Sulawesi, Philippines. Photos
  5. Eria whitfordii Leav. PJS c 4 (1909) 215, 236. Synonym of Eria robusta (Blume) Lindl.? Photos

Erythrodes Blume

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 15 November 2012, following Cootes 2011

No Photos
  1. Erythrodes boettcheri Ames, Sched. Orchid. 6 (1923) 8; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 273. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Kalinga. 1000m.
  2. Erythrodes weberi Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 30; --in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 273. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Lanao del Sur (Lake Lanao), Agusan del Sur (Talacogon), JOLO. Terrestrial in shady forest at 10m elevation. In JOLO at 830m elevation.
  3. Erythrodes wenzelii Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 31; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 273. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Quezon, PALAWAN, LEYTE. Terrestrial, 600-1800m.

Erythrorchis Blume

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 22 June 2017

Photos
  1. Erythrorchis altissima (Blume) Blume, Rumphia 1 (1837) 200; --Galeola altissima (Blume) Rchb.f., Xenia Orchid. 2 (1865) 77; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1(1924) 262; --Holttum, Rev. Fl. Malaya 1 (1954) 99; --Cyrtosia altissima Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 396; --Type from Java. --Erythrorchis ochobiensis (Hayata) Garay, Bot. Mus. Leafl. Harvard Univ. 30 (1986) 234; --Galeola ochobiensis Hayata, Icon. Pl. Formosan. 6 (1916) 87; --Type from Taiwan. Assam, Thailand, Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, Myanmar, Peninsular Malaysia, Throughout Indonesia (Java, Borneo), Taiwan, Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan (according to Co); Nueva Vizcaya and Quezon (according to Cootes 2011). Photos 

Euanthe Schltr. = Vanda

Eulophia R.Br. ex Lindl.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser 20 August 2017

Photos
  1. Eulophia bicallosa (D.Don) P.F.Hunt & Summerh., Kew Bull. 20 (1966) 60; --Ormerod, Taiwania 49(3) (2004) 176 ; --Bletia bicallosa D.Don, Prodr. Fl. Nepal. (1825) 30; --Type from Nepal. --Eulophia merrillii Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 104; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 339; --Type: Merrill 5452 (AMES, holo), Mindanao: Davao Oriental prov., Caraga, open grassy slopes, 100m, 6-Oct-1906. --Eulophia vanoverberghii Ames, PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 13; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 341; --Type: Vanoverbergh 336 (AMES, holo), Luzon: Mountain Province, on hillocks, 1350m, 2-Apr-1910. India, Nepal, China, Taiwan, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines, Timor, Papua New Guinea, NE Australia. LUZON: Mountain Province, MINDANAO: Bukidnon (Malaybalay, Balsambangan), Davao, South Cotabato (Buayan; Nutol). Near sea-level to 1350m.
  2. Eulophia dentata Ames, PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 51; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 339. Endemic to the Philippines.
  3. Eulophia exaltata Rchb.f., Bonplandia 5 (1857) 38; --Ormerod, Taiwania 49(3) (2004) 176. --Bletia stricta C.Presl, Rel. Haenk. 1 (1827) 98; --Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. (1833) 185; --Eulophia stricta (C.Presl) Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 103; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 340, nom. illeg., auct. non Rolfe 1897; --Type from Java. Borneo (Kalimantan), Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Sulawesi, Philippines. Photos
  4. Eulophia graminea Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. (1833) 182; --Type from Singapore. China, India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Nicobar Isls, Japan, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Laos, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, N Australia, Taiwan, Hongkong, Ryukyu Isls, Philippines. LUZON. Terrestrial, up to 500m. Photos 
  5. Eulophia spectabilis (Dennst.) Suresh in D.H.Nicolson, C.R.Suresh & K.S.Manilal, Interpr. Van Rheede’s Hort. Malab. (1988) 300; --Wolfia spectabilis Dennst., Schlussel Hortus Malab. (1818) 11, 25, 38. --Eulophia squalida Lindl., Edwards’s Bot. Reg. 27 (1841) Misc. 77; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 339. --Eulophia macgregorii Ames, PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 12; --Type: not from the Philippines. India, Sri Lanka, Himalayan Mnts., Nepal, Bhutan, China, Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Borneo, New Guinea east to Fiji and Tonga, Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Mountain Province, Pampanga, Quezon, Zambales, MINDORO, PALAWAN, BALABAC, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Davao. Terrestrial, up to 1300m. Photos 
  6. Eulophia zollingeri (Rchb.f.) J.J.Sm., Orchid. Java (1905) 228; --Cyrtopera zollingeri Rchb.f., Bonplandia 5 (1857) 38; --Type from Java. --Eulophia zollingerioides P.O'Byrne, Malesian Orchid J. 7 (2011) 58. Malaysia, Taiwan, Philippines. LUZON: Bataan, Quezon, Rizal, Sorsogon, MINDORO, LEYTE, NEGROS, MINDANAO: Davao. Terrestrial, up to 1000m. Photos

Euphlebium (Kraenzl.) Brieger = Dendrobium sect. Fugacia

Flickingeria A.D.Hawkes = Dendrobium sect. Crinifera

Galeola Lour.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 15 November 2012, following Cootes 2011

Photos
  1. Galeola nudifolia Lour., Fl. Cochinch. 2 (1790) 520. --Galeola pterosperma (Lindl.) Schltr., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 45 (1911) 386; --Vanilla pterosperma Lindl. in Wall., Numer. List (1832) 7402. --Galeola kuhlii Rchb.f., Xenia Orchid. 2 (1865) 78; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 262; --Holttum, Rev. Fl. Malaya 1 (1954) 99. Nepal, Sikkim, Tenasserim, E Himalayas, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Peninsular Malaysia, throughout Indonesia (Java, Sumatra), Borneo, New guinea, Taiwan, Philippines. BABUYAN ISLS (CAMIGUIN), LUZON: Cagayan, Rizal, Laguna, Quezon, Sorsogon, MINDORO, PANAY: Capiz, LEYTE, SAMAR, MINDANAO: Lanao, Davao. Widely distributed common species in the Philippines, 75-180m. Photos 

Garayanthus Szlach = Cleisostoma

Gastrochilus D.Don

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 18 August 2017

Photos
  1. Gastrochilus calceolaris (Buch.-Ham. ex Sm.) D.Don, Prodr. Fl. Nepal. (1825) 32; --Aerides calceolaris Buch.-Ham. ex Sm. in A.Rees, Cycl. 39 (1818) 11. --Gastrochilus philippinensis Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 231; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 434. Nepal, Sikkim, NE India, China (Yunnan, Guangdong), Myanmar, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Philippines. LUZON: Benguet (Baguio), MINDANAO: Misamis. Epiphytic, c. 1000m. Conservation status: Critically Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  2. Gastrochilus sororius Schltr., Feddes Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12 (1913) 315. Borneo, Java, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Philippines.

Gastrodia R.Br.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 17 June 2016

Photos
  1. Gastrodia cajanoae Barcelona & Pelser, Phytotaxa 266 (2016) 53; --Type: Plaga & Alcala 1 (PNH, holo), Negros: Negros Occidental, Northern Negros Natural Park, Victorias City, Barangay Gawahon, Gawahon Eco-Park, 6-Dec-2015. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Prov., MINDANAO: Bukidnon, North Cotabato, NEGROS. 550–1400m. Conservation status: Least Concern (Pelser et al. 2016). Photos
  2. Gastrodia javanica (Blume) Lindl., Gen. & Sp. Orch. (1840) 384; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 268; --Epiphanes javanica Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 421. Sri Lanka, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Indonesia (Java), Ryukyu Isls, Taiwan, Philippines. LUZON: Aurora, Pampanga, Tayabas, Quezon, MINDORO, PALAWAN, LEYTE, PANAY, MINDANAO: Davao, Lanao, Surigao. Terrestrial, apparently more general in mountainous regions. Photos 
  3. Gastrodia verrucosa Blume, Mus. Bot. 2(9-12) (1856) 175; --Suddee & Harwood, Thai For. Bull. (Bot.) 37 (2009) 144-146. Java, Sumatra, Japan, Peninsular Malaysia, Thailand, Philippines. PANAY. Photos

Gastrosiphon (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones = Corybas

Geodorum Jacks.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 22 June 2017

Photos
  1. Geodorum densiflorum (Lam.) Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 4 (1919) 259; --Limodorum densiflorum Lam., Encycl. 3 (1792) 516; --Type not from the Philippines. --Geodorum nutans (C.Presl) Ames, Orchidaceae 2 (1908) 164; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 341; --Dendrobium nutans C.Presl, Symb. Bot. 1 (1831) 34 (1831); --Type: not from the Philippines. China, Ryukyu Isls, Myanmar, Vietnam, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Sulawesi, Taiwan, Philippines. BABUYAN ISLS (DALUPIRI), LUZON: Nueva Vizcaya, Bataan, Rizal, Cavite, Laguna, Quezon, Camarines, Sorsogon, POLILLO, PALAWAN, BANCALAN, MASBATE, MINDORO, PANAY: Antique, NEGROS: Negros Oriental, BILIRAN, LEYTE, SAMAR, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Davao, Surigao. Terrestrial in secondary forests and open grasslands and other degraded habitats, 0-500m. Note by P.B. Pelser (7-Aug-15): Bone et al. (2015) indicated that Geodorum needs to be synonymized with Eulophia, but the new combinations under this genus have not yet been made. Photos 

Glomera Blume

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 31 January 2017

Photos
  1. Glomera gastrodioides Cootes, Cabactulan & M.Leon, OrchideenJ. 5 (2017) 11; --Type: M.D. De Leon 008/2017 (CMUH, holo), Mindanao: Bukidnon, 27-Dec-2016. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Photos
  2. Glomera merrillii Ames, PJS 8 c (1913, publ. 1914) Bot. 419; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 320. Endemic to the Philippines.

Goodyera R.Br.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 20 August 2017

Photos
  1. Goodyera clausa (A.A.Eaton ex Ames) Schltr., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 45 (1911) 392; --Epipactis clausa A.A.Eaton ex Ames, Orchidaceae 3 (1908) 41, t. 38; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 271. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Ifuago, Mountain Province (Mt Data), Benguet, Tayabas, Quezon, NEGROS: Negros Occidental. Terrestrial, c. 2200m. Photos
  2. Goodyera elmeri (Ames) Ames, Schedul. Orchid., Corrig. (1938) 37; --Epipactis elmeri Ames, Sched. Orchid. 6 (1924) 12; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 271. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Sorsogon.
  3. Goodyera fumata Thwaites, Enum. Pl. Zeyl. 4 (1861) 314; --Type from Sri Lanka. Sri Lanka, throughout much of Asia, Taiwan. Locality information for Philippines not known (see Cootes 2011).
  4. Goodyera luzonensis Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 26; --Epipactis luzonensis (Ames) Ames, in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 271. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Quezon (Mt Banahaw), c. 2000m.
  5. Goodyera procera (Ker Gawl.) Hook., Exot. Fl. 1 (1823) t. 39; --Neottia procera Ker Gawl., Bot. Reg. 8 (1822) t. 639; --Type from Nepal. --Goodyera philippinensis (Ames) Schltr., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 45 (1911) 392; --Epipactis philippinensis Ames, Orchidaceae 2 (1908) 60; --in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 271. Throughout much of Asia. LUZON: Mountain Province, Benguet, Zambales, Bataan, Cavite, Laguna, MINDORO, PANAY. Reasonably common in LUZON at 100-1100m elevation. Photos
  6. Goodyera ramosii Ames, PJS 8 c (1913, publ. 1914) 409; --Epipactis ramosii (Ames) Ames, Sched. Orchid. 6 (1923) 14; --in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 271. Endemic to the Philippines. CAMIGUIN. Mossy forest, on dead tree.
  7. Goodyera rubicunda (Blume) Lindl., Edwards’s Bot. Reg. 25 (1839) Misc. 61; --Hatusima, Mem. Fac. Agr. Kagoshima Univ. 5 (1966) 63; --Epipactis rubicunda (Blume) A.A.Eaton, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 21 (1908) 65; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 271; --Neottia rubicunda Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 408; --Type from Java. NE India, SW China, Taiwan, Ryukyus, Japan, across Malesia, Solomons, NE Australia, New Caledonia, Fiji, Samoa, Tonga, Philippines. BATAN, LUZON: Laguna, Sorsogon, MINDORO, PANAY: Antique, Capiz, NEGROS: Negros Oriental, MINDANAO: Lanao, Cotabato, Davao. Terrestrial in damp forest, 110-260m. Photos
  8. Goodyera viridiflora (Blume) Blume, Fl. Javae, n.s., 1 (1858) 34; --Epipactis viridiflora (Blume) Ames, Orchidaceae 2 (1908) 61; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 272; --Neottia viridiflora Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. (1825) 408; --Type from Java. India, Nepal, Bhutan, China, Japan, Taiwan, throughout SE Asia, Java, Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Bataan, MINDORO, NEGROS: Negros Oriental, MINDANAO: Davao, PALAWAN. Epiphyte, up to 2000m elevation in Davao. Photos

Grammatophyllum Blume

(Excluding species sometimes placed in Sadokum Tiu & Cootes)

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 20 August 2017

Photos
  1. Grammatophyllum elegans Rchb.f., Gard. Chron. II (1882) 776. Fiji, ?Philippines.
  2. Grammatophyllum martae Quisumb. ex Valmayor & D.Tiu, Philipp. Orchid Rev. A-V(3) (1983) 18. Endemic to the Philippines. NEGROS. Epiphytic, up to 300m. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  3. Grammatophyllum measuresianum Sander, Gard. & Forest 2 (1889) 524. Sabah, Philippines. LUZON: Batangas, Cavite, MINDORO, PALAWAN, LUMBUCAN. Epiphytic, up to 500m. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11).
  4. Grammatophyllum multiflorum Lindl., Edwards’s Bot. Reg. 24 (1838) Misc. 46. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Albay, Camarines, Cavite, Laguna, Quezon, Sorsogon, CATANDUANES, MINDORO, PALAWAN, LEYTE, SAMAR. Epiphytic, up to 300m. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  5. Grammatophyllum ravanii D.Tiu, Deciphering Script. Philipp. Grammatophyllum (2009) 90. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDORO. Epiphytic, c. 560m. Conservation status: Critically Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  6. Grammatophyllum rumphianum Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 4 (1869) 219. Borneo, Moluccas, Philippines. PALAWAN.
  7. Grammatophyllum scriptum (L.) Blume, Rumphia 4 (1848) 48; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 399; --Epidendrum scriptum L., Sp. Pl. ed. 2 (1763) 1351. --Grammatophyllum scriptum var. boweri (F.Muell.) Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 1 (1912) 951; --Grammatophyllum boweri F Muell., S. Sci. Rec. 3 (1883) 1. Moluccas, New Guinea, Solomon Isls, east to Fiji, Philippines. MINDANAO: Zamboanga, SARANGGANI. Epiphytic, low elevation. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  8. Grammatophyllum speciosum Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 378; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 401. Vietnam, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Peninsular Malaysia, Indonesia, Borneo, Papua New Guinea, Philippines. LUZON: Camarines, Nueva Ecija, Quezon, Sorsogon, MINDORO, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Davao, Surigao. Epiphytic, up to 600m. Conservation status: Critically Endangered (DAO 2017-11).
  9. Grammatophyllum stapeliiflorum (Teijsm. & Binn.) J.J.Sm., Orch. Java (1905) 487. Malesia to New Guinea, Philippines.
  10. Grammatophyllum wallisii Rchb.f., Linnaea 41 (1877) 107. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Quezon, LEYTE, NEGROS, MINDANAO: Surigao. Epiphytic, up to 600m. Conservation status: Critically Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Photos

Grastidium Blume = Dendrobium sect. Grastidium

Grosourdya Rchb.f.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 20 August 2017

Photos
  1. Grosourdya appendiculata (Blume) Rchb.f., Xenia Orchid. 2 (1868) 123; --Pteroceras appendiculata (Blume) Holttum, Kew Bull. 14 (1960) 269; --Sarcochilus appendiculatus (Blume) J.J.Sm. Fl. Buitenz. 6 (Orch. Jav.) (1905) 564; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 406; --Thrixspermum appendiculatum (Blume) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. 2 (1891) 682; --Dendrocolla appendiculata Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 289; --Type: not from the Philippines. Andaman Isls, Myanmar, Vietnam, Cambodia, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Sulawesi, Philippines. PALAWAN. Epiphytic, low elevation.
  2. Grosourdya emarginata (Blume) Rchb.f., Xenia Orchid. ii. (1868) 123; --Ascochilus emarginatus (Blume) Schuit., Orchids of Sarawak (2001) 145; --Dendrocolla emarginata Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 7 (1825) 290. --Ascochilus siamensis Ridl., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 32 (1896) 375. --Sarcochilus mcgregorii (Ames) Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 213; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 407; --Thrixspermum mcgregorii Ames, PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 337; --Type: R.C. McGregor 288. Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Philippines. MINDORO: Mindoro Oriental (Balete, Baco River). Epiphyte up to 300m.
  3. Grosourdya leytensis (Ames) Kocyan & Schuit., Phytotaxa 161 (2014) 65; --Ascochilus leytensis (Ames) Garay, Bot. Mus. Leafl. Harvard Univ. 23, 4 (1972) 161; --Sarcochilus leytensis Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 211; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 407. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  4. Grosourdya mindanaensis (Ames) Kocyan & Schuit., Phytotaxa 161 (2014) 66; --Ascochilus mindanaensis (Ames) Christenson, Indian Orchid J. 1 (1985) 151; Selbyana 9, 1 (1986) 167; --Sarcochilus mindanaensis (Ames) Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 214; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 407; --Thrixspermum mindanaense Ames, PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 436. --Ascochilus calceolaris Garay, Bot. Mus. Leafl. Harvard Univ. 23 (1972) 161, nom. superfl.; --Aerides calceolaris Teijsm. & Binn., Tijdschr. Ned.-Indië 27 (1864) 19, nom. illeg., auct. non Buch.-Ham. ex Sm. Java, Philippines
  5. Grosourdya muscosa (Rolfe) Garay, Bot. Mus. Leafl. Harvard Univ. 23 (1972) 181; --Sarcochilus muscosus Rolfe, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew (1893) 7; --Type: not from the Philippines. Andama Isl, Peninsular Malaysia, Thailand, Philippines. Photos
  6. Grosourdya tripercus (Ames) Garay, Bot. Mus. Leafl. Harvard Univ. 23, 4 (1972) 181; --Sarcochilus tripercus Ames, Orchidaceae 7 (1922) 125; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 408. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDORO, LEYTE. Epiphytic, up to 1200m. Photos

Habenaria Willd.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 23 June 2017

Photos
  1. Habenaria alagensis Ames, PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 312; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 255. --Habenaria luzonensis (Ames) Ames in Elmer, LPB 5 (1912) 1550. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Camarines Sur, Laguna, Quezon, Sorsogon, CATANDUANES, MINDORO, LEYTE, SAMAR, CAMIGUIN, MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Terrestrial, apparently near streams, up to 2000m. Photos
  2. Habenaria aristulifera Rchb.f., Bonplandia 3 (1855) 213; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 256. --Habenaria cumingii Kraenzl. & Schltr. in Kraenzl., Orchid. Gen. Sp. 1 (1898) 262. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Mountain Province, Rizal, Laguna, ALABAT, MINDORO, MINDANAO: Davao. Terrestrial, 500-600m.
  3. Habenaria boadanensis Ames, Orchidaceae 7 (1922) 153; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 256. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet (Mt Boadan). On open slopes at 2000m elevation.
  4. Habenaria congesta Ames, Orchidaceae 2 (1908) 38; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 256. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON (Lepanto), PANAY: Antique, GUIMARAS, BUSUANGA, CULION, MINDANAO: Zamboanga, JOLO. Apparently in dry open situations at low elevation. Photos
  5. Habenaria curranii Ames, PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 2; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 256. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan (Lalloc, edge of forest, 50m), Benguet (Sablan). 
  6. Habenaria dentata (Sw.) Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 4 (1919) 125; --Orchis dentata Sw., Kongl. Vetensk. Acad. Nya Handl. 21 (1800) 207; --Type from China. Thoughout much of Asia, China, Taiwan, Philippines.
  7. Habenaria diphylla (Nim.) Dalz. in Hook., J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 2 (1850) 262; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 257; --Liparis diphyllos Nimmo in Graham, Cat. Pl. Bombay (1839) 252. Bangladesh, India, Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Rizal, Laguna. Terrestrial, low to mid elevation. Photos
  8. Habenaria falcigera Rchb.f., Linnaea 41 (1876, publ. 1877) 100; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 257. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province, Benguet. 
  9. Habenaria leibergii Ames, Orchidaceae 2 (1908) 34; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 258. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Mountain Province, Bataan, Rizal. Montane regions.
  10. Habenaria lingulosa Ames, Orchidaceae 2 (1908) 33; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 258. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province, Benguet. Near streams in montane areas, to 1400m. 
  11. Habenaria malintana (Blanco) Merr., Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 112; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 258; --Thelymitra malintana Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 642. Tenasserim, Thailand, Vietnam, Myanmar. LUZON: Mountain Province, Benguet, Laguna, Nueva Ecija, Nueva Vizcaya, Pangasinan, Tarlac, Zambales, Bataan, Rizal, MINDORO. A common species in LUZON, terrestrial in the forest, up to 1300m in Mountain Province. Photos
  12. Habenaria muricata (Schauer) Rchb.f., Bonplandia (Hannover) 5 (1857) 35; --Dissorhynchium muricatum Schauer, Nov. Actorum Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. Nat. Cur. 19 (Suppl. 1) (1843) 434; --Habenaria hystrix Ames, Orchidaceae 2 (1908) 35, nom. superfl.; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 258. Borneo (Sabah), Philippines. LUZON: Bataan, Rizal, Cavite, Laguna, Batangas, Quezon, Sorsogon, MINDORO, BOHOL, SIQUIJOR, DUMARAN, MINDANAO: Zamboanga. A rather widely distributed species in the Philippines and fairly common in LUZON at c. 120-300m. Photos
  13. Habenaria polytricha Rolfe, Hooker’s Icon. Pl. 25 (1896) t. 2496; --Type: not from the Philippines.
  14. Habenaria rhodocheila Hance, Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 5, 5 (1866) 243. China to Peninsular Malaysia, Philippines.
  15. Habenaria robinsonii Ames, PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 5; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 259. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Laguna, Batangas, Quezon. Photos
  16. Habenaria rosulata Ames, PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 5; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 259. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Quezon (Quinatacutan).
  17. Habenaria rumphii (Brongn.) Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. (1835) 320; --Platanthera rumphii Brongn. in Duperrey, Voy. Monde (1834) 194; --Type: not from the Philippines. Photos
  18. Habenaria stenopetala Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. (1835) 319; --Type from India. --Habenaria delessertiana Kraenzl., Ann. Conserv. Jard. Bot. Geneve 1 (1897) 108; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 257; --Type: not from the Philippines. Nepal, India, China, Japan, Ryukyu Isls, Vietnam, Thailand, Taiwan. LUZON: Laguna (Calauan), PANAY: Antique, MINDANAO: Lanao del Sur (Camp Keithley). Terrestrial, up to 1000m. Photos 
  19. Habenaria vanoverberghii Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 15; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 259. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province. In wet soil at 1300m.
  20. Habenaria warburgana Kraenzl., Orch. Gen. et Sp. 1 (1898) 467; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 259. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Mountain Province, Zambales. Up to 1300m in Mountain Province.

Herminium L.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 15 November 2012, following Cootes 2011

Photos
  1. Herminium lanceum (Thunb. ex Sw.) Vuijk, Blumea 11 (1961) 228; --Spiranthes lancea (Thunb. ex Sw.) Bakh.f. & Steenis, Blumea 6 (1950) 361; --Ophrys lancea Thunb. ex Sw., Kongl. Vetensk. Acad. Nya Handl. 21 (1800) 223. --Herminium angustifolium (Lindl.) Benth. ex Hook.f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 6 (1890) 129; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 255; --Aceras angustifolium Lindl., Edwards’s Bot. Reg. 18 (1832) t. 1525. Northwestern Himalayas, India, China, Japan, Korea, Vietnam, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Taiwan, Java, Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province, Laguna, Lepanto, Benguet. Reasonably common in this region. Terrestrial, above 2000m. Photos

Hetaeria Blume

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 15 November 2012, following Cootes 2011

Photos
  1. Hetaeria anomala (Lindl.) Rchb.f., Trans. Linn. Soc., Bot. 30 (1874) 142; --Ormerod, Taiwania 49(3) (2004) 177; --Aetheria anomala Lindl. J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 1 (1857) 185; --Type from India (Assam). NE India, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, SE China, Taiwan, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines. MINDORO: Mindoro Occidental (Mt Sablayan, FB 11031 Merritt, AMES).
  2. Hetaeria elata Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 6 (1890) 116; --Ormerod, Taiwania 49(3) (2004) 177; --Type from Peninsular Malaysia (Perak). ?Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo (Sabah), C Philippines. NEGROS: Negros Oriental (Cuernos Mtns, Elmer 10149, AMES). Ormerod states uncertainty in the identification of the Philippine material which has poorly preserved immature flowers. 
  3. Hetaeria oblongifolia Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 410; Fl. Jav. Orch. (1858) 85 (Orch. Arch. Ind. 102); --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 278; --Type from Java. Ryukyu Isls, Java, Thailand, Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Moluccas, New Guinea, ?Samoa, Taiwan, Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Cagayan, Benguet, Isabela, Rizal, Laguna, Quezon, MINDORO, PALAWAN, BALABAC, TICAO, NEGROS: Negros Oriental, SAMAR, MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Lanao, SULU. A common and widely distributed species in the Philippines. Terrestrial in forest at 30-90m elevation. Photos

Hippeophyllum Schltr.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 15 November 2012, following Cootes 2011

No Photos
  1. Hippeophyllum wenzelii Ames, PJS 8 c (1913, publ. 1914) Bot. 413; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 310. Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE. Epiphytic, c. 60m.

Possible novelty

  1. Hippeophyllum sp. LUZON: Nueva Vizcaya, possibly endemic. 

Hylophila Lindl.

Photos
  1. Hylophila lanceolata (Blume) Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 3 (1859) 746; --Dicerostylis lanceolata Blume, Fl. Jav. Orch. (1858) 98 (Orch. Arch. Ind. 116); --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 272. Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Borneo, Philippines. BATAN: Basco, near Mt Iraya, in mossy forest. Photos
  2. Hylophila rubra Ames, Orchidaceae 2 (1908) 65; --Dicerostylis rubra (Ames) Schltr. in Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 45 (1911) 392; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 273. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Laguna, MINDORO: Mindoro Oriental (Mt Halcon), PANAY: Antique, SIBUYAN (Mt Giting-giting). Terrestrial, up to 1450m. Photos

Hymenorchis Schltr.

No Photos
  1. Hymenorchis vanoverberghii (Ames) Garay, Bot. Mus. Leafl. Harvard Univ. 23 (1972) 182; --Saccolabium vanoverberghii Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 230; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 432. Endemic to the Philippines.

Kingidium P.F.Hunt = Phalaenopsis

Kingiella Rolfe non Tieghem = Phalaenopsis

Kuhlhasseltia J.J.Sm.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 24 June 2017

No Photos
  1. Kuhlhasseltia whiteheadii (Rendle) Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 32; --in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 273; --Zeuxine whiteheadii Rendle, J. Bot. 34 (1896) 358. --Kuhlhasseltia merrillii (Ames) Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 9 (1911) 437; --Haemaria merrillii Ames, PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 315. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Laguna (Mt Banahaw), MINDORO: Mindoro Oriental (Mt Mt Halcon). Terrestrial in mossy forest, 1400-2000m.
  2. Kuhlhasseltia yakushimensis (Yamam.) Ormerod, Lindleyana 17 (2002) 209; --Vexillabium yakushimense (Yamam.) Maekawa, J. Jap. Bot. 11 (1935) 459; --Anoectochilus yakushimensis Yamam., Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 38 (1924) 131; --Type from Japan. Japan, Ryukyu Isls, Taiwan, Philippines. LUZON: Bataan. Terrestrial, mid elevation.

Lecanorchis Blume

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 23 June 2017

Photos
  1. Lecanorchis javanica Blume, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 2 (1856) 188; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 264; --Type from Java. Java, Philippines, New Guinea. LUZON: Laguna, Sorsogon, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Agusan. Terrestrial, in damp forest, 150-320m.
  2. Lecanorchis triloba J.J.Sm., Bull. Dép. Agric. Indes Néerl. 19 (1908) 26; --Type from New Guinea. Taiwan, New Guinea, Taiwan, Philippines.

Lepidogyne Blume

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 15 November 2012, following Cootes 2011

Photos
  1. Lepidogyne longifolia (Blume) Blume, Fl. Jav. Orch. (1858) 78 (Orch. Arch. Ind. 94) t. 25; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 272; --Neottia longifolia Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 406. Peninsular Malaysia, Java, and New Guinea. NEGROS: Negros Oriental, LEYTE. Terrestrial in mountain regions, 500-1000m. Photos 

Liparis Rich.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 21 August 2017

Photos
  1. Liparis acaulis Schltr. in K.Schum. & Lauterb., Fl. Schutzgeb. Südsee, Nachtr. (1905) 102. --Liparis grandis Ames & Schweinf., Orch. 6 (1920) 87; --Type: not from the Philippines. --Liparis jarensis Ames, Orchidaceae 6 (1920) 293; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 313. Borneo, New Guinea, Philippines. Photos
  2. Liparis barbata Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. (1830) 27; --Type from Sri Lanka. --Liparis pectinata Ridl., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 22 (1886) 277; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 315; --Type: not from the Philippines. --Liparis wrayi Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 6 (1891) 181, 108; --Type from Malaysia. India, Myanmar, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, New Guinea, Taiwan, Philippines. LUZON: Laguna, MINDORO, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Davao. Terrestrial, c. 500m. Photos
  3. Liparis bicuspidata J.J.Sm., Icon. Bogor. 2 (1903) 45, t. 109-C: 1-2; --Type: not from the Philippines. --Liparis wenzelii Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 84; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 316. Borneo, Philippines. LEYTE.
  4. Liparis bontocensis Ames, Sched. Orchid. 6 (1923) 38; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 311. Endemic to the Philippines.
  5. Liparis bootanensis Griff., Not. Pl. Asiat. 3 (1851) 278; --Type from Bhutan. --Liparis forbesii Ridl., J. Linn. Soc. 22 (1886) 283; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 313; --Type: not from the Philippines. Himalayas, Nepal, Bhutan, India, Japan, China, Hongkong, Hainan, Ryukyu Isls, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Peninsular Malaysia, Indonesia, Taiwan, Borneo, Philippines. LUZON: Albay, Benguet, Laguna, Mountain Province, MINDORO, MINDANAO: Lanao. Epiphytic or lithophytic, 300-1200m. Photos
  6. Liparis cespitosa (Lam.) Lindl., Bot. Reg. 11 (1825) t. 882; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 311; --Stichorkis cespitosa (Lam.) Thouars ex Marg. in Margonska & Szlachetko, Orchid. Tahiti (2010) 61; --Malaxis cespitosa (Lam.) Thouars, Hist. Orchid. (1822) t. 90; --Epidendrum cespitosum Lam., Encycl. 1 (1783) 187; --Type: not from the Philippines. Africa, Madagascae, Mauritius, Mascarene Isls, India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, Indonesia, New Guinea, Taiwan, Philippines. LUZON: Bataan, Benguet, Mountain Province, Rizal, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Cotabato, Davao, Lanao. Epiphytic or lithophytic, 800-1600m. A true Liparis (Ron Boos, pers. comm. 3-Nov-16). Photos
  7. Liparis carnicolor Ormerod, Taiwania 53(2) (2008) 158; --Liparis monophylla Ames, Orchidaceae 6 (1920) 294, nom. illeg., non Spreng.; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 314. Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE.
  8. Liparis condylobulbon Rchb.f., Hamburger Garten- Blumenzeitung 18 (1862) 34; --Type from Java. --Liparis confusa J.J.Sm., Fl. Buitenz. 6 (Orch. Jav.) (1905) 275; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 312; --Type: not from the Philippines. --Liparis clemensiae (Ames) Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 79; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 312; --Cestichis clemensiae Ames, PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 666. Thailand, Indonesia, Sulawesi, Borneo, Taiwan, Australia, Solomon Isls, Samoa, Fiji, Philippines. LUZON: Albay, Benguet, Kalinga-Apayao, Laguna, Mountain Province, Nueva Vizcaya, Quezon, Rizal, Sorsogon, CATANDUANES, MINDORO, PALAWAN, LEYTE, SAMAR, MINDANAO: Agusan, Davao, Lanao, Zamboanga. Epiphytic or lithophytic, up to 1500m. Photos
  9. Liparis distans C.B.Clarke, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 25 (1889) 71; --Type: not from the Philippines. India to Philippines.
  10. Liparis dumaguetensis Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 80; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 312; --Liparis elmeri Ames, in Elmer, LPB 5 (1912) 1561, nom. illeg., non Cestichis elmeri Ames (1905); --Stichorkis dumaguetensis (Ames) Cootes, Philippine Native Orchid Species (2011) 246. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Laguna, Nueva Vizcaya, Quezon, Rizal, MINDORO, PANAY, NEGROS, CAMIGUIN. Terrestrial, 600-1300m. Photos
  11. Liparis elegans Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. (1830) 30. --Liparis stricta J.J.Sm., Bull. Dept. Agr. Ind. Neerl. 5 (1907) 3; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 316; --Type: not from the Philippines. Nicobar Isl. to China and SW Pacific, Philippines.
  12. Liparis elliptica Wight, Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient. 5 (1851) t. 1735; --Ormerod, Taiwania 49(3) (2004) 177; --Type from India (Nilgiri Hills). --Liparis lyonii Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 81; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 314; --Cestichis lyonii Ames, PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 47; --Type: B. Lyon 155 (AMES, holo), Luzon: Benguet prov., Baguio. S China, Sri Lanka, India, Nepal, Myanmar, Vietnam, Taiwan, Thailand, throughout Indonesia (Java), N Philippines, New Caledonia, Fiji. LUZON: Mountain Province, Benguet. Epiphytic, 200-1600m.
  13. Liparis grossa Rchb.f., Gard. Chron., n.s., 19 (1883) 110; --Type from Myanmar. --Liparis rizalensis Ames, Orchidaceae 6 (1920) 295; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 316; --Type: Ramos BS 24070 (AMES, holo), Luzon: Dec-1915. Myanmar, Taiwan, Philippines. LUZON: Nueva Vizcaya. Epiphytic, c. 500m. Photos
  14. Liparis halconensis (Ames) Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 80; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 313; --Cestichis halconensis Ames, PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 321. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Ifuago, MINDORO, PANAY. Terrestrial or lithophyte, 400-800m. Photos
  15. Liparis latifolia Lindl., Gen. Spec. Orch. Pl. (1830) 30; --Malaxis latifolia Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 393, nom. illeg., non Sm.; --Type: not from the Philippines. --Liparis fulgens Rolfe, Gard. Chron. 2 (1889) 620. China, Thailand to New Guinea, Philippines. Photos
  16. Liparis negrosiana Ames in Elmer, LPB 5 (1912) 1562; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 314. Endemic to the Philippines. NEGROS. Terrestrial, 1300m. Photos
  17. Liparis nervosa (Thunb.) Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. (1830) 26; --Ophrys nervosa Thunb. in Murray, Syst. Veg. ed. 14 (1784) 814; --Type from Japan. Japan, Taiwan, Philippines.
  18. Liparis palawanensis Ames, Sched. Orchid. 6 (1923) 39; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 315. Endemic to the Philippines. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11).
  19. Liparis pallida (Blume) Lindl., Gen. & Sp. Orch. (1830) 31; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 315; --Malaxis pallida Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 391; --Type: not from the Philippines. Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Sumatra, Philippines.
  20. Liparis parviflora (Blume) Lindl., Gen. & Sp. Orch. (1830) 31; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 315; --Malaxis parviflora Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 392; --Type: not from the Philippines. Peninsular Malaysia, Thailand, Indonesia, Sulawesi, Borneo, Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Kalinga-Apayao, Laguna, Mountain Province, Nueva Ecija, Pangasinan, Quezon, Rizal, MINDORO, BUSUANGA, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Agusan, Cotabato, Davao, BASILAN. Epiphytic, up to 2000m.
  21. Liparis propinqua Ames, Orchidaceae 7 (1922) 110. Endemic to the Philippines.
  22. Liparis robusta Hook.f., Hooker's Icon. Pl. (1890) 21. China, Peninsular Malaysia, Thailand, Indonesia, Borneo, Timor, New Guinea, Philippines. LEYTE, MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Epiphytic, up to 1100m. Potentially a synonym of Liparis latifolia (Blume) Lindl. (Wood et al. 2011). Photos
  23. Liparis somai Hayata, Icon. Pl. Formosan. 4 (1914) 33. Taiwan, Philippines. MINDORO. Epiphytic, 200-400m. Photos
  24. Liparis tricallosa Rchb.f., Gard. Chron. n.s., 11 (1879) 684; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 316; --Type: not from the Philippines. Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo, Philippines. SULU. Terrestrial, up to 700m.
  25. Liparis trichoglottis (Ames) Schltr., Feddes Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beihefte 1 (Orch. Deutsch-Neu-Guin.) (1911) 203; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 316; --Cestichis trichoglottis Ames, Orchidaceae 2 (1908) 139. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  26. Liparis viridicallus Holttum, Gard. Bull. Sing. 14 (1953) 4; --Type: not from the Philippines. Borneo, Java, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Philippines.
  27. Liparis viridiflora (Blume) Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. (1830) 31; --Malaxis viridiflora Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 392; --Type from Java. --Liparis longipes Lindl., in Wall. Pl. Asiat. Rar. 1 (1830) 31, t. 35; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 313; --Type: not from the Philippines. India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, China, Taiwan, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, Peninsular Malaysia, Indonesia, Samoa, Fiji, Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Ilocos Norte, Laguna, Mountain Province, Quezon, Rizal, MINDORO, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Epiphytic, up to 1650m. Photos

Excluded taxa

  1. Liparis cauliflora Merr., LPB 6 (1913) 1960. This is Loranthus cauliflorus Merr. (Loranthaceae) in the publication cited.

Ludisia A.Rich.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 16 November 2012, following Cootes 2011

Photos
  1. Ludisia discolor (Ker Gawl.) Blume, Fl. Javae Nov. Ser. 1 (1858) 95; --Ormerod, Taiwania 49(3) (2004) 178; --Goodyera discolor Ker Gawl., Bot. Reg. 4 (1818) t. 271. India, S China, Hongkong, Myanmar, China, Vietnam, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Indonesia, Anambas Isls, Natuna Isls, Philppines. MINDORO, PALAWAN (Brookes Point, BS 81147 Taylor, AMES). Terrestrial, up to 600m. Photos
  2. Ludisia ravanii Cootes & G.Tiong., Austral. Orch. 78 (2013) 56. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos

Luisia Gaudich.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 21 August 2017

Photos
  1. Luisia cordatilabia Ames & Quisumb., PJS 52 (1934) 459. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Mountain Province, Nueva Ecija, Nueva Vizcaya, Quezon. Epiphytic, above 1200m. Photos
  2. Luisia curtisii Seidenf., Contr. Orchid Fl. Thailand 13 (1997) 49. Vietnam, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo, Philippines. PALAWAN. Epiphytic, low elevation. Photos
  3. Luisia foxworthii Ames, Orchidaceae 2 (1908) 222; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 426. Endemic to the Philippines.
  4. Luisia ramosii Ames, PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 55; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 426; --Type: BS 7970. China to Indo-China, Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan, Zambales.
  5. Luisia tristis (G.Forst.) Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 6 (1890) 25; --Epidendrum triste G.Forst., Fl. Ins. Austr. (1786) 60; --Type from New Caledonia. --Luisia teretifolia Gaudich. in Freyc. Voy. Uranie et Physic. (1829) Bot. 427, t. 37; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 426; --Type from Guam. --Luisia valida Rchb.f., Bonplandia 10 (1862) 335; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 427; --Type: not from the Philippines. As Luisia teretifolia in Cootes (2011): Widespread in SE Asia. LUZON: Aurora, Bataan, Bulacan, Cavite, Ifuago, Laguna, Rizal, Sorsogon, CAMIGUIN, MINDORO, PALAWAN, LEYTE, NEGROS, SAMAR, MINDANAO: Agusan, Davao, Lanao, Surigao. Epiphytic, 50-500m. Photos

Macodes (Blume) Lindl.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 16 November 2012, following Cootes 2011

Photos
  1. Macodes petola (Blume) Lindl., Gen. & Sp. Orch. (1840) 497; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 275; --Neottia petola Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 407. Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Philippines. LUZON: Laguna (Mt Makiling), Quezon (Mt Binuang), MINDANAO: Agusan. Terrestrial, 300-1400m. Photos 

Macropodanthus L.O.Williams

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 16 November 2012, following Cootes 2011

Photos
  1. Macropodanthus cootesii Tiong, Orchidee (Hamburg) 61 (2010) 419. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDORO, LEYTE, NEGROS. Epiphytic, up to 600m. Photos
  2. Macropodanthus philippinensis L.O.Williams, Bot. Mus. Leafl. 6 (1938) 104. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDORO.

Malaxis Sol. ex Sw.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 3 November 2016

Photos
  1. Malaxis longipedunculata Ames, PJS 8 c (1913, publ. 1914) Bot. 411. Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE.
  2. Malaxis monophyllos (L.) Sw., Kongl. Vetensk. Acad. Nya Handl. 21 (1800) 234; --Ophrys monophyllos L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 947.

Malleola J.J.Sm. & Schltr. = Robiquetia

Megalotus Garay = Robiquetia

Micropera Lindl.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 16 November 2012, following Cootes 2011

Photos
  1. Micropera edanoi Ormerod, Taiwania 53(2) (2008) 159. Endemic to the Philippines.
  2. Micropera loheri (L.O.Williams) Garay, Bot. Mus. Leafl. Harvard Univ. 23 (1972) 186; --Camarotis loheri L.O.Williams, Bot. Mus. Leafl. 5 (1937) 59. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Rizal. Epiphytic, mid elevation. Photos
  3. Micropera philippinensis (Lindl.) Garay, Bot. Mus. Leafl. Harvard Univ. 23 (1972) 186; --Camarotis philippinensis Lindl., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 3 (1859) 37; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 436. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Laguna, Quezon, Rizal, Sorsogon, BOHOL, LEYTE. Epiphytic, up to 850m. Photos
  4. Micropera utriculosa (Ames) Garay, Bot. Mus. Leafl. Harvard Univ. 23 (1972) 187; --Camarotis utriculosa Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 244; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 436. --Micropera utriculosa diwata Arquiza, Austral. Orch. Rev. 71(6) (2006) 39. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Albay, Cavite, Quezon, BOHOL, MINDANAO: Agusan, Cotabato. Epiphytic, up to 1000m.

Microsaccus Blume

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 16 November 2012, following Cootes 2011

Photos
  1. Microsaccus griffithii (Parish & Rchb.f.) Seidenf., Opera Bot. 95 (1988) 25; --Saccolabium griffithii Parish & Rchb.f., Trans. Linn. Soc. London 30 (1874) 145. --Microsaccus brevifolius J.J.Sm., Icon. Bogor. 3 (1906) 63, t. 225; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 442. Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Cambodia, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Philippines. MINDANAO: Davao. Epiphytic, low elevation.
  2. Microsaccus wenzelii Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 257; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 442. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Nueva Ecija, Nueva Vizcaya, Quezon, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Surigao. Epiphytic, 60-1200m. Photos

Microtatorchis Schltr. = Taeniophyllum

Microtis R.Br.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 23 June 2017

Photos
  1. Microtis unifolia (G.Forst.) Rchb.f., Beitr. Syst. Pflanzenk. (1871) 62; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 261; --Ophrys unifolia G.Forst., Fl. Ins. Austr. (1786) 59; --Type from New Zealand. Sri Lanka, China, Japan, Ryukyu Isls, Taiwan, Malaysia, Java, Australia, New Zealand, New Caledonia. LUZON: Mountain Province, Benguet. Grassy slopes up to 1300m elevation in Mountain Province. Photos 

Mycaranthes Blume

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 18 August 2017

Photos
  1. Mycaranthes anceps (Leavitt) Cootes & W.Suarez, Austr. Orch. Rev. 73(3) (2008) 22; --Eria anceps Leavitt, PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 219, 237; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 364. Endemic to the Philippines.
  2. Mycaranthes candoonensis (Ames) Cootes & W.Suarez, Austr. Orch. Rev. 73(3) (2008) 22; --Eria candoonensis Ames, Orchidaceae 7 (1922) 101; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 366. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Misamis. Epiphytic, c. 1650m. Photos
  3. Mycaranthes citrina (Ridl.) Rauschert, Feddes Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 94 (1983) 455; --Eria citrina Ridl., Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew (1924) 204; --Type: not from the Philippines. Borneo, Peninsular Malaysia, Philippines. PALAWAN, SIBUYAN. Epiphytic, 600-1300m. Photos
  4. Mycaranthes clemensiae (Leavitt) Cootes & W.Suarez, Austr. Orch. Rev. 73(3) (2008) 22; --Eria clemensiae Leavitt, PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 220, 238; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 366. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  5. Mycaranthes davaensis (Ames) Cootes & W.Suarez, Austr. Orch. Rev. 73(3) (2008) 22; --Eria davaensis Ames in Elmer, LPB 5 (1912) 1575; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 367. Endemic to the Philippines.
  6. Mycaranthes gigantea (Ames) Cootes & W.Suarez, Austr. Orch. Rev. 73(3) (2008) 22; --Eria gigantea Ames, Orchidaceae 2 (1908) 192; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 368; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 117. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Bataan, Isabela, Laguna, Nueva Ecija, Rizal, MINDORO, MINDANAO: Agusan, Lanao, Misamis. Lithophytic, sometimes terrestrial, 600-1300m. Photos
  7. Mycaranthes lamellata (Ames) Cootes & W.Suarez, Austr. Orch. Rev. 73(3) (2008) 22; --Eria lamellata Ames in Elmer, LPB 5 (1912) 1576; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 370; --Type: Elmer 11715 (AMES 2 sheets, syn), Mindanao: Davao, Mt Apo, Sep-1909. Endemic to the Philippines.
  8. Mycaranthes leonardoi Ferreras & W.Suarez, Austr. Orch. Rev. 74 (2009) 36. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Nueva Ecija. Epiphytic, c. 1500m. Conservation status: Critically Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  9. Mycaranthes longibracteata (Leavitt) Cootes & W.Suarez, Austr. Orch. Rev. 73(3) (2008) 22; --Eria longibracteata Leavitt, PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 219, 238; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 371. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan, Mountain Province, NEGROS, MINDANAO: Misamis, Zamboanga. Epiphytic, up to 1000m.
  10. Mycaranthes major (Ridl. ex Stapf) J.J.Wood, Orchids Mount Kinabalu 2 (2011) 414; --Eria major Ridl. ex Stapf, Trans. Linn. Soc. ii, 4 (1894) 237, in syn.; --Leavitt, PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 218, 239; --Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 155; 6 (1920) 131; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 371. MINDANAO: Misamis Occidental (Mt Malindang). Elevation 1750m.
  11. Mycaranthes mindanaensis (Ames) Cootes & W.Suarez, Austr. Orch. Rev. 73(3) (2008) 22; --Eria mindanaensis Ames in Elmer, LPB 5 (1912) 1577; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 372. Endemic to the Philippines. NEGROS, SIBUYAN, MINDANAO: Davao del Sur (Mt Apo). Epiphytic, 200-1200m. Photos
  12. Mycaranthes oblitterata Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 7 (1825) 353. Indo-China to W Malesia and Bali, Philippines. Photos
  13. Mycaranthes vanoverberghii (Ames) Cootes & W.Suarez, Austr. Orch. Rev. 73(3) (2008) 22; --Eria vanoverberghii Ames, PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 20; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 375. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Kalinga-Apayao, Mountain Province, Nueva Vizcaya, Quezon, Rizal, MINDORO. Epiphytic, 300-1550m. Photos

Myrmechis Blume

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 16 November 2012, following Cootes 2011

Photos
  1. Myrmechis gracilis (Blume) Blume, Fl. Jav. Orch. (1858) 64 (Orch. Arch. Ind. 77); --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 277; --Anoectochilus gracilis Blume, Bijdr. (1925) 413. Japan, Sumatra, Java, Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Bataan, Laguna, MINDORO, MINDANAO: Misamis, Bukidnon, Davao. In mountain regions, terrestrial, above 1600m, up to 2100m in Benguet, and 3300m in Mindanao. 
  2. Myrmechis perpusilla Ames, Sched. Orchid. 6 (1923) 15; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 277. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Terrestrial, high elevation. Photos
  3. Myrmechis philippinensis Ames, Orchidaceae 2 (1908) 64; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 277. LUZON: Bataan (Mt Mariveles). Terrestrial at 800m elevation. Photos

Literature

Bone, ER, PJ Cribb & S Buerki. 2015. Phylogenetics of Eulophiinae (Orchidaceae: Epidendroideae): evolutionary patterns and implications for generic delimitation. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 179: 43-56.

Burgh van der, W & EF de Vogel. 1997. Revision of the orchid genera Chrysoglossum, Collabium, Diglyphosa, and Pilophyllum (subtribe Collabiinae). Orchid Monographs 8: 135-174

Cabactulan, D & MD De Leon. 2016. A new Dendrobium species (Orchidaceae) from the island of Mindanao, Philippines. Die Orchidee 2: 3-5.

Chase, MW, KM Cameron, JV Freudenstein, AM Pridgeon, G Salazar, C van den Berg & A Schuiteman. 2015. An updated classification of Orchidaceae. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 177: 151-174.

Clements, M & JE Cootes. 2009. The systematics of the Orchidaceae for Flora Malesiana II: Miscellaneous Dendrobieae from the Philippines. OrchideenJournal 16: 18-28


Cootes, JE. 2001. The Orchids of the Philippines, 231 pp., Times Edition, Singapore.

Cootes, JE. 2008. Dendrobium ravanii. A new orchid species from Mindoro Oriental, in the Philippines. OrchideenJournal 15:  70-72


Cootes, JE. 2010. A new Dendrochilum species from the Philippines. OrchideenJournal 17: 114-115


Cootes, JE. 2011. A new Dendrochilum species from the Philippines. OrchideenJournal 18: 152-153

Cootes, JE. 2011. Philippine native orchid species. Katha Publishing Co., Inc., Quezon City.

Cootes, JE. 2013. A new Dendrochilum species (Orchidaceae) from the island of Samar, Philippines. OrchideenJournal 1: 3-5.

Cootes, JE. 2015. A new Dendrochilum (Orchidaceae) species from the Philippines. OrchideenJournal 22: 163-165

Cootes, JE & R Boos. 2015. Three new species of Orchidaceae from the Philippines. OrchideenJournal 22: 3-12

Cootes, JE & MA Clemens. 2017. Euphlebium papilionaceum Cootes et M. A. Clem. spec. nov. (Orchidaceae; Epidendroideae; Dendrobiinae). A new name for a well-known orchid from the Philippines. Die Orchidee 3: 78-83.

Cootes, JE, MD De Leon & MA Naive. 2016. A new Dendrobium (Orchidaceae) species from Mindanao, Philippines. OrchideenJournal 4: 5-6.

Cootes, JE, MD De Leon & MA Naive. 2017. Grastidium ginalopeziae Cootes, M. D. De Leon et Naive spec. nov., a new Grastidium
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Acknowledgements

Jonah van Beijnen, Ron Boos, Raab Bustamante, Derek Cabactulan, Michael Agbayani Calaramo, Michael Claro, Jim Cootes, Miguel David de Leon, Bim Finch, John Clifton Martyr, Ricardo L. Reyes, Ravan Schneider, Melanie Schori and Ernest Kurt Tan kindly provided a number of photographs found on this webpage. We are indebted to Andre Schuiteman for taxonomic advice.

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Last updated 6 September 2017