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Hernandiaceae

Gyrocarpus Jacq.

Photos
  1. Gyrocarpus americanus Jacq., Stirp. Am. (1763) 282, t. 178; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 205; --Duyfjes, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 743, Fig. 2. Pantropic. LUZON, PALAWAN, MARINDUQUE. Forests near the seashore, also inland on dry slopes in seasonal areas, 0-200m. Photos

Hernandia L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 19 August 2017

Photos
  1. Hernandia nymphaeifolia (C.Presl) Kubitzki in Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 90 (1970) 272; --Duyfjes, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 747; --Biasolettia nymphaeifolia C.Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 2 (1835) 141. Africa, Madagascar, Mascarenes, Seychelles, Sri Lanka, Nicobar Isls, Taiwan, Ryukyu Isls, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Philippines, Sulawesi, Moluccas, New Guinea, Solomon Isls, Australia, New Caledonia, Carolines and many Pacific islands.  Coastline forests, occasionally extending inland at low elevation. Photos
  2. Hernandia ovigera L. in Stickm., Herb. Amboin. (1754) 14; --Duyfjes, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 749. Sumatra, Christmas Is, Lesser Sunda Isls (Bali), Philippines, Sulawesi, Moluccas, New Guinea, New Britain, Solomon Isls, Marianas Isls. Conservation status: Other Threatened Species (DAO 2017-11). Photos

Illigera Blume

Photos
  1. Illigera celebica Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 2 (1866) 215; --Duyfjes, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 755, Fig. 5 a-d; --Type from Sulawesi. --Illigera platyandra Dunn, J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 38 (1908) 294; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 206; --Type from N Vietnam. --Illigera ovatifolia Quisumb. & Merr., PJS 37 (1928) 149, pro parte, quoad specim. BS 47166 (K). S China, Hongkong, N & S Vietnam, Thailand, Borneo (Sabah; NE Kalimantan), Philippines, Sulawesi, New Guinea (NW Irian Jaya). LUZON, PALAWAN, CEBU.
  2. Illigera luzonensis (C.Presl) Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philip.) 17 (1904) 18; 27 (1905) 45; PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 58; idem., 3 c (1908) Bot. 407; Fl. Manila (1912) 212; Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 156; EPFP 2 (1923) 205; --Henschelia luzonensis C.Presl, Rel. Haenk. 2 (1835) 81, t. 63; --Duyfjes, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 756. --Illigera pubescens Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 446; EPFP 2 (1923) 206; --Type: Vanoverbergh 2135, Luzon: Ilocos Sur prov., near Cervantes [in the label cited under the now defunct Lepanto subprov.], in thickets along streams, 12-Nov-1912. --Illigera reticulata Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 291; EPFP 2 (1923) 206; --Type: FB 7761 Curran & Merritt, Luzon: Laguna prov., Mt Makiling, on trees, open cogon slopes, 160m, 24-Oct-1907. --Illigera cardiophylla Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 292; EPFP 2 (1923) 205; --Type: BS 4082 Fenix, Babuyan Isls (Calayan): thickets near old clearing, 28-Jun-1907. --Illigera ovatifolia Quisumb. & Merr., PJS 37 (1928) 150, pro parte, excluding BS 47166 Ramos & Edaño (K) [=Illigera celebica Miq.]. S Ryukyu Isls, Taiwan, Philippines. BABUYAN ISLS, LUZON: Ilocos Norte,  Ilocos Sur (near Cervantes), La Union, Pangasinan, Nueva Ecija, Bataan, Bulacan, Rizal, Laguna, Quezon, MINDORO, PALAWAN, SAMAR. Lowland and medium elevation thickets, second-growth forest, mountain ridges, ascending to c. 1300m. Photos
  3. Illigera megaptera Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 290; EPFP 2 (1923) 206; --Duyfjes, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 757, Fig. 5 a-d; --Type: BS 21511 Escritor (US, 2 sheets, iso), Mindanao: Agusan del Norte prov., Aug-1913. --Illigera diptera Elmer, LPB 7 (1915) 2687; --Type: Elmer 11362 (MO, NY, US, iso), Mindanao: Agusan del Norte prov., Mt Urdaneta, Jul-1912. --Illigera elliptifolia Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 291; EPFP 2 (1923) 205; --Type: FB 20571 Miranda (US, 2  sheets, iso), Mindanao: Agusan del Norte prov., SE of Nasipit, in forests along streams, c. 20m, Sep-1913. Borneo (Sabah), Philippines. LUZON, MINDORO, PANAY, SAMAR, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte. Lowland and medium elevation forests (also disturbed), ridges and steep forested valleys.

Literature

DENR Administrative Order. 2017. Updated national list of threatened Philippine plants and their categories. DAO 2017-11

Kubitzki, K. 1969. Bot. Jahrb. 89: 78-148.

Duyfjes, BEE. 1996. Hernandiaceae. Flora Malesiana series 1, 12: 737-761

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Last updated 19 August 2017