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Fabaceae 

= Leguminosae

Subfamily Faboideae

Abrus Adans.

Photos
  1. Abrus fruticulosus Wall. ex Wight & Arn., Prodr. 1 (1834) 236; --Breteler, Blumea 10 (1960) 612; --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 71, (as ‘fruticulus’). --Abrus laevigatus E Meyer, Comm. 1 (1835-37) 126; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 303. Pantropical. LUZON: Abra southward to Laguna. Lowland and medium elevation thickets. Photos
  2. Abrus precatorius L., Syst. ed. 12 (1767) 472; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 303; --Breteler, Blumea 10 (1960) 617; --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 69. Pantropic, although probably a native of tropical Asia. Throughout the Philippines. Lowland and medium elevation dry thickets. Photos

 Aeschynomene L. [Not native]

Photos
  1. Aeschynomene americana L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 713; --Rudd, Reinwardtia 5 (1959) 25; --Type: from Jamaica.
  2. Aeschynomene indica L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 715; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 237; EPFP 2 (1923) 282; --Rudd, Reinwardtia 5 (1959) 30; --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 32. Presumably native to SE United States, now widely distributed in tropical and warm temperate part of the Old World. Throughout the Philippines. Open water-logged grasslands and rice paddies. Photos

Aganope Miq.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 29 July 2017

Photos
  1. Aganope heptaphylla (L.) Polhill, Kew Bull. 25 (1971) 268; --Derris heptaphylla (L.) Merr., Interp. Rumph. Herb. Amb. (1917) 273; EPFP 2 (1923) 299; --Sophora heptaphylla L., Sp. Pl. 1 (1753) 373. India to Indochina, Perninsular Malaysia, Philippines. LUZON (Cagayan, La Union, Pangasinan, Zambales, Bataan, Rizal), MINDORO, PALAWAN, NEGROS, LEYTE, BILIRAN, MINDANAO. In thickets, secondary forests, etc., at low and medium elevation. Photos
  2. Aganope thyrsiflora (Benth.) Polhill, Kew Bull. 25 (1971) 268; --Derris thyrsiflora Benth., J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 4 (1860) Suppl. 249; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 301. Nicobar Isls., Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Philippines. NEGROS, BASILAN. Lowland thickets.

Airyantha Brummitt

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 29 July 2017

No Photos
  1. Airyantha borneensis (Oliv.) Brummitt, Kew Bull. 22 (1968) 378; --Baphia borneensis Oliv., Hook., Icon. Pl. (1896) t. 2456; --Merr., PJS 30 (1926) 396; --Soejarto et al. (1995) Prelim. Checklist Fl. Pl. Palawan. Borneo, Philippines. PALAWAN (Aborlan, Mt Iraan, S slope; based on PNH 3993 Sulit, A, PNH), TAWI-TAWI (Merrill 1926 cites 2 collections). Lowland forest.

Alysicarpus Neck. ex Desv.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 29 July 2017

Photos
  1. Alysicarpus monilifer (L.) DC., Prodr. 2 (1825) 353; --Adema, Blumea 48 (2003) 148; --Hedysarum moniliferum L., Mant. Pl. (1767) 102. Philippine record based on Clemens 17871 (SING) from LUZON.
  2. Alysicarpus bupleurifolius (L.) DC., Prodr. 2 (1825) 352; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 241; EPFP 2 (1923) 292; --Meeuwen et al., Reinwardtia 6 (1961) 88; --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 47; --Hedysarum bupleurifolium L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 745. Mauritius, Bourbon, Sri Lanka, India to S China, Taiwan, across Malesia: Philippines, Sulawesi, Moluccas, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, N Australia, and Polynesia. N LUZON to MINDANAO. Along roadsides, grasslands, cultivated lands, etc., in sunny places subject to a pronounced dry season, low to medium elevation.
  3. Alysicarpus vaginalis (L.) DC., Prodr. 2 (1825) 353; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 242; --EPFP 2 (1923) 292; --Steen., Reinwardtia 6 (1961) 87; --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 47; --Hedysarum vaginale L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 746. --Alysicarpus nummularifolius (non Hedysarum nummularifolium L.) DC., Prodr. 2 (1825) 353; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 242; EPFP 2 (1923) 292; --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 47. Old World Tropics, introduced in tropical America. Widespread in the Philippines, especially in areas subjected to at least a short annual dry season. Low elevation, along roadsides, grasslands, cultivated lands, etc. Photos

 Arachis L. [Not native]

Photos
  1. Arachis hypogaea L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 741; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 237; EPFP 2 (1923) 283; --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 34. Native of tropical America. Now widely cultivated in most tropical and subtropical countries. Peanut. Naturalized? Photos
  2. Arachis pintoi Krapov. & W.C.Greg., Bonplandia 8 (1994) 81. Native of NE Brazil (Bahia). Cultivated as a ground cover. Naturalized? Photos

Atylosia Wight & Arn. = Cajanus

Baphia Afzel. ex Lodd.

Cajanus DC.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 29 July 2017

Photos
  1. Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp., Field Columb. Mus. Bot. 2 (1900) 53; --Merr.,Fl. Manila (1912) 255; --Interpret. Herb. Amboin. (1917) 282; --Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 190; EPFP 2 (1923) 314; --Cystisus cajan L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 739; --Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 597; --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 93. --Cajanus bicolor DC., Hort. Monsp. (1813) 85; --Blanco, Fl. Filip. ed. 2 (1845) 416; ed. 3, 2 (1879) 396, t. 167. --Cajanus indicus Spreng., Syst. 3 (1826) 248; --Fern.-Villar, Novis. App. (1880) 66; --Vidal, Phan. Cuming. Philip. (1885) 109; Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 110; --Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 82; PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 126. Probably of prehistoric introduction from tropical Asia or Malaya, now pantropic. Throughout the Philippines in the settled areas, cultivated, semi-cultivated or spontaneous, sea level to 2400m. Photos
  2. Cajanus crassus (Prain ex King) Maesen, Agric. Univ. Wageningen Pap. 85 (1986) 105, 110. --Atylosia mollis Benth. in Miq., Pl. Jungh. (1852) 243; --Fern.-Villar, Novis. App. (1880) 66; --Vidal, Sinopsis Atlas (1883) 23; Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 110; Phan. Cuming. Philip. (1885) 109; --Perkins, Fragm. Fl. Philip. (1904) 88; --as ‘Atylosia volubilis (Blanco)’ in Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 91, nomen. --Cantharospermum volubile (Blanco) Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 127; Fl. Manila (1912) 127; Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 190; EPFP 2 (1923) 315; --Cajanus volubilis Blanco, Fl. Filip. ed. 2 (1845) 447; ed. 3, 2 (1879) 395; --Cytisus volubilis Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 599. India to Indochina, Malesia. LUZON: La Union, Mountain Province, Nueva Vizcaya, Rizal, SULU ARCHIPELAGO. Low and medium elevation thickets.
  3. Cajanus scarabaeoides (L.) Thouars, Dict. Sci. Nat. [F. Cuvier] 6 (1806) 167; --Cantharospermum scarabaeoides (L.) Baill., Bull. Soc. Linn. Paris 1 (1883) 384 ‘scarabeoideum’; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 128; Fl. Manila (1912) 128; EPFP 2 (1923) 315. --Atylosia scarabaeoides Benth., in Miq., Pl. Jungh. (1852) 245; --Fern.-Villar, Novis. App. (1880) 66; --Vidal, Phan. Cuming. Philip. (1885) 109; --Perkins, Fragm. Fl. Philip. (1904) 88; --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 91. Mascarene Isls to India, S China, Peninsular Malaysia, Philippines, Marianas Isls. N LUZON to MINDANAO. Low and medium elevation grasslands and thickets.

Callerya Endl.

Photos
  1. Callerya atropurpurea (Wall.) Schot, Blumea 39 (1994) 15; --Millettia atropurpurea (Wall.) Benth., in Miq., Pl. Jungh. (1852) 249. Cultivated. Native?
  2. Callerya scandens (Elmer ex Dunn) Schot, Blumea 39 (1994) 31; --Whitfordiodendron scandens Elmer ex Dunn, Kew Bull. (1912) 364 in syn.; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 280; --Whitfordia scandens Elmer, LPB 2 (1910) 689; --Type: Elmer 12259. PALAWAN, SIBUYAN, PANAY, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Agusan del Norte. Low and medium elevation forests. Photos

 Calopogonium Desv. [Not native]

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 5 July 2017

No Photos
  1. Calopogonium mucunoides Desv., Ann. Sci. Nat. ser. 1, 9 (1826) 423; --Backer & Bakh.f., Fl. Java 1 (1963) 631; --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 94. Native of tropical America (Guianas). A very common weed throughout the lowland open areas of the Philippines. Thoroughly naturalized. Invasive species (CABI 2017).

Canavalia DC.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 17 May 2016

Photos
  1. Canavalia cathartica Thouars, J. Bot. Desv. 1 (1813) 31; --Sauer, Brittonia 16 (1964) 158; --Quisumb., Araneta J. Agric. 12 (1965) 2. --Canavalia microcarpa (DC.) Piper, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 30 (Oct 23, 1917) 177; --Merr., Interpret. Herb. Amboin. (1917) 280; EPFP 2 (1923) 313; --Lablab microcarpus DC., Prodr. 2 (1825) 402. --Canavalia turgida Grah. in Wall. Cat. (1832) No. 5534, nomen nudum; ex A.Gray, Bot. US Expl. Exped. 1 (1854) 440; --Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 81, 450; PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 124; Fl. Manila (1912) 257. --Canavalia obtusifolia Prain, J. As. Soc. Beng. 66, 2 (1897) 68; --Perkins, Fragm. Fl. Philip. (1904) 88; --Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 67, non DC. India to S China, Taiwan, Malesia. Cultivated in Hawaii for flowers. BATANES ISLS, CAMIGUIN DE BABUYANES, LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, La Union, Cagayan, Zambales, Bataan, Pampanga, Bulacan, Rizal, Laguna, Batangas, Quezon, Camarines, POLILLO, MINDORO, PALAWAN, BALABAC, BANCALAN, CAGAYAN DE SULU, PANAY: Capiz, Iloilo, NEGROS: Negros Oriental, BILIRAN, LEYTE, SAMAR, TAWI-TAWI, JOLO, MINDANAO: Lanao del Sur, Cotabato, Davao, Agusan, Surigao. Coastal thickets especially immediately behind beach, lake margins to at least 600m. Photos
  2. Canavalia ensiformis (L.) DC., Prodr. 2 (1825) 404; --Fern.-Villar, Novis. App. (1880) 64; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 125, pro parte; EPFP 2 (1923) 312; --Sauer, Brittonia 16 (1964) 142; --Quisumb., Araneta J. Agric. 12 (1965) 4; --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 96; --Dolichos ensiformis L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 725. Native of tropical America, now pantropic in distribution. Occasionally planted in the Philippines but nowhere spontaneous. LUZON: Zambales (Subic Bay), Laguna, Quezon, MINDORO: Mindoro Oriental (Mansalay), MINDANAO: Zamboanga (Tumarup).
  3. Canavalia gladiata (Jacq.) DC., Prodr. 2 (1825) 404; --Blanco, Fl. Filip. ed. 2 (1845) 403; Fl. Filip. 3, 2 (1870) 376; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 126; Fl. Manila (1912) 258; Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 189; EPFP 2 (1923) 312; --Sauer, Brittonia 16 (1964) 150; --Quisumb., Araneta J. Agric. 12 (1965) 4; --Dolichos gladiatus Jacq., Coll. 2 (1788) 276. --Dolichos ensiformis Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 577, non DC.
  4. Canavalia macrobotrys Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 13; --Sauer, Brittonia 16 (1964) 158; --Quisumb., Araneta J. Agric. 12 (1965) 5; --Type: BS 17517 Ramos (US, lecto), Samar: Cauayan Valley, 14-Mar-1914. --Canavalia luzonica Piper, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 30 (1917) 177; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 313; --Type: Baker 2791 (PNH, holo, lost?), Luzon: Laguna prov., Los Baños. --Canavalia ensiformis Perkins, Fragm. Fl. Philip. (1904) 88; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 125, pro majore parte; Fl. Manila (1912) 258, non DC. Philippines, Sulawesi, Muna, Kisar. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, Pangasinan, Mountain Province, Benguet, Cagayan, Isabela, Nueva Vizcaya, Nueva Ecija, Zambales, Bataan, Bulacan, Rizal, Laguna, MINDORO, SAMAR, MINDANAO: Davao. Lowland to medium elevation dry thickets and forests, ascending to 1400m.
  5. Canavalia ramosii Sauer, Brittonia 16 (1964) 156; --Quisumb., Araneta J. Agric. 12 (1965) 7; --Type: BS 42637 Ramos (UC, holo; SING, UC, US, W, iso), Bohol: Bilar, open places along the forest, 2000ft, 12-Sep-1923. PANAY, BOHOL. Open sites in forests, c. 600m. Known only from the type collection.
  6. Canavalia rosea (Sw.) DC., Prodr. 2 (1825) 404; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 313; --Dolichos roseus Sw., Prodr. Veg. Ind. Occ. (1788) 105. --Canavalia maritima (Aublet) Thouars in Desv., J. de Bot. 1 (1813) 80; --Merr., EPFP 4 (1925) 242; --Sauer, Brittonia 16 (1964) 163; --Quisumb., Araneta J. Agric. 12 (1965) 6; --Dolichos maritimus Aublet, Pl. Guian. France (1775) 765. --Dolichos acinaciformis Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 578, non Jacq. --Dolichos ensiformis Blanco, Fl. Filip. ed. 2 (1845) 404; Fl. Filip. 3, 2 (1879) 377, non DC. --Canavalia lineata Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 410; PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 125; Fl. Manila (1912) 257; Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 187, non DC. --Canavalia lineata non auct. (Thunb.) DC., Prodr. 2 (1825) 404; --Sauer, Brittonia 16 (1964) 162; --Quisumb., Araneta J. Agric. 12 (1965) 5. Pantropic. Widespread in the Philippines. BABUYAN ISLS, BATANES, FUGA, LUZON: Ilocos Sur, La Union, Cagayan, Zambales, Bataan, Bulacan, Rizal, Cavite, Batangas, Pangasinan, Quezon, MINDORO, PALAWAN, PANAY: Iloilo, CALANGAMAN (in Leyte prov.), LEYTE, MINDANAO: Cotabato. Along sandy seashores, usually in association with beach morning glory, Ipomoea pescaprae. Photos

 Cantharospermum Wight & Arn. = Cajanus

Centrosema (DC.) Benth. [Not native]

Photos
  1. Centrosema plumieri (Turp.) Benth., Ann. Wien. Mus. 2 (1838) 118; --Fern.-Villar, Novis. App. (1880) 65; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 109; Fl. Manila (1912) 258; EPFP 2 (1923) 303; --Pancho & Obien, Manual Ricefield Weeds Philip. (1995) 130; --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 104; --Clitorea plumieri Turp. in Pers., Syn. 2 (1807) 303. Native of South America. Introduced and thoroughly naturalized throughout the Philippines. A common weed in cultivated fields and occasionally along ricefield dikes and canals. Photos
  2. Centrosema pubescens Benth., Comm. Leg. Gen. (1837) 55; Ann. Wien. Mus. 2 (1838) 119; --Pancho & Obien, Manual Ricefield Weeds Philip. (1995) 130; --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 104. Native of South America. Introduced and thoroughly naturalized in the Philippines. A common weed in cultivated fields and occasionally along ricefield dikes and canals. Photos

Christia Moench

No Photos
  1. Christia obcordata (Poir.) Bakh.f., ex Meeuwen, Reinwardtia 6 (1961) 91; --Lourea obcordata Desv., J. de Bot. 1 (1813) 122; --DC., Prodr. 2 (1825) 324; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 293; --Hedysarum obcordatum Poir. in Lam., Encycl. 6 (1804) 425. India to S China, Taiwan, NE Sumatra, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls (Bali; Lombok; Timor; Leti), Philippines, SW Sulawesi, Moluccas (W Seram), E New Guinea. N LUZON, MINDANAO. Dry grasslands usually subject to periodic burning, roadsides and other sunny sites, lowlands generally.
  2. Christia vespertilionis (L.f.) Bakh.f., ex Meeuwen, Reinwardtia 6 (1961) 90; --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 52; --Lourea vespertilionis (L.f.) Desv, J. de Bot. 1 (1813) 122; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 243; EPFP 2 (1923) 293; --Hedysarum vespertilionis L.f., Suppl. (1781) 331. Sometimes held as native of Thailand, but probably also of Myanmar, Indochina and even Malesia. Now pantropic. Occasionally cultivated for ornamental purposes.

 Clitoria L. [Not native]

Photos 
  1. Clitoria fairchildiana R.A.Howard, Baileya 15 (1967) 16; --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Flora Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 54. --Clitorea racemosa Benth. [non G.Don], Ann. Mus. Vind. 2 (1832) 115. Probably a native of Brazil. Recently introduced in LUZON: Laguna (Mt Makiling area and University of the Philippines Los Baños Campus.) Why the choice of C. fairchildiana over the much older name C. racemosa is not clear.
  2. Clitoria ternatea L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 753; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 303; --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt. Makiling 2 (2006) 54. Native of tropical America, now pantropic. Apparently naturalized in the Philippines at low and medium elevation, occasionally cultivated and escaping, but not far from human settlements. Photos

Codariocalyx Hassk.

No Photos
  1. Codariocalyx gyroides (Roxb. ex Link) Hassk., Fl. 25, Beibl. 2 (1842) 49, pro minore parte; --H.Ohashi, Ginkgoana no. 1 (1973) 43, pl. 1a; --Desmodium gyroides (Roxb.) DC., Prodr. 2 (1825) 326; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 285; --Meeuwen, Reinwardtia 6 (1962) 250. Himalayas, India, Sri Lanka, Sri Lanka, Thailand, S China, Hainan, Indochina, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Borneo (one coll.), Philippines, Sulawesi, Papua New Guinea. PALAWAN, MINDANAO: Lanao del Sur. Low and medium elevation lakeshore thickets, forest edges, etc. 
  2. Codariocalyx motorius (Houtt.) H.Ohashi, J. Jap. Bot. 40 (1965) 367; Ginkgoana no. 1 (1973) 46, pl. 1b; --Desmodium motorium (Houtt.) Merr., J. Arnold Arb. 19 (1938) 345; --Meeuwen, Reinwardtia 6 (1962) 254; --Hedysarum motorium Houtt., Nat. Hist. 2, 10 (1779) 246. --Codariocalyx gyrans Hassk., Flora 25, Beibl. 2 (1842) 49; --Desmodium gyrans (L.f.) DC., Prodr. 2 (1825) 326; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 285; --Hedysarum gyrans L.f., Suppl. (1781) 332. India, Sri Lanka, Indochina, Thailand, Taiwan, Sumatra, Java (E half), Lesser Sunda Isls (Sumba; Timor; Wetar), Philippines, Sulawesi, N Australia. Introduced in America. LUZON: Mountain Province, Benguet, Cagayan, Nueva Vizcaya, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Davao. Lowland to medium elevation thickets, ravines, etc., showing distinct preference for areas subject to a moderate to strong dry season.

Crotalaria L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 12 September 2017

Photos
  1. Crotalaria acicularis Buch.-Ham. ex Benth. in Hook., London J. Bot. 2 (1843) 476; in Wall., Cat. (1832) No. 5390, nom. nud.; --Fern.-Villar, Novis. App. (1880) 57; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 61; EPFP 2 (1923) 271; --de Munk, Reinwardtia 6 (1962) 199; --Adema, Blumea 51 (2006) 322; --Type: from Myanmar (lecto). Cambodia, China, Iran, Laos, India (Assam, Chittagong), Pegu, Thailand, Vietnam, Philippines, SW Sulawesi, C & E Java, and Lesser Sunda Isls (Bali). LUZON: Mountain Province, Benguet, Rizal, Batangas (Taal Volcano), MINDORO, MINDANAO: Lanao. Medium elevation grassy slopes, 700-1400m. On Taal Volcano practically occurring at sea-level.
  2. Crotalaria albida Heyne ex Roth, Nov. Pl. Sp. (1821) 333; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 61; EPFP 2 (1923) 271; --de Munk, Reinwardtia 6 (1962) 200; --Adema, Blumea 51 (2006) 322 (in key); --Type: from India. Cambodia, India (Nilgiris, Concan, Kashmir, Assam), Thailand, S China (Guangdong), Laos, Myamar, Sri Lanka, Sumatra (Aceh), Taiwan, Tibet, Vietnam, Philippines, SW Sulawesi, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls (Lombok, Sumbawa, Sumba, Alor), New Guinea (Moresby Distr.). LUZON: Cagayan to Batangas, CULION. Low and medium elevation grasslands, ascending to 1400m. Photos
  3. Crotalaria assamica Benth. in Hook., London J. Bot. 2 (1843) 481; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 62; EPFP 2 (1923) 271; --de Munk, Reinwardtia 6 (1962) 201; --Type: from India. India, Myanmar, China, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Philippines.
  4. Crotalaria calycina Schrank, Pl. Rar. Monac. (1819) t. 12; --Fern.-Villar, Novis. App. (1880) 57; --Vidal, Phan. Cuming. Philip. (1885) 107; Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 105; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 60; EPFP 2 (1923) 271; --de Munk, Reinwardtia 6 (1962) 202; --Adema, Blumea 51 (2006) 322 (in key); --Type: Schrank, Plantae Rariores Horti Academic Monacensis 1817 plate 12. Africa, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India (Concan), Laos, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Thailand, N Vietnam across Malesia to Australia, E Java (also Madura), Lesser Sunda Isls (Timor, Alor, Wetar), Philippines, Sulawesi (Minahassa, SW peninsula, Buton Is), New Guinea (Hollandia). LUZON: Zambales; Rizal, MINDORO, E MINDANAO. Low and medium elevation grasslands.
  5. Crotalaria chinensis L., Syst. ed. 10 (1759) 1158; --Fern.-Villar, Novis. App. (1880) 57; --Vidal, Phan. Cuming. Philip. (1885) 107; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 272; --de Munk, Reinwardtia 6 (1962) 202; --Adema, Blumea 51 (2006) 321 (in key); --Type: from India. India (Concan, Malabar, Upper Ganges), Bangladesh, Cambodia, Laos, Malaysia, Pegu, Tenasserim, S China, Sumatra, SE Borneo, Thailand, Vietnam, Philippines, New Guinea (Irian Jaya). LUZON (Rizal), NEGROS, MINDANAO (Misamis). Low elevation grasslands. Very local.
  6. Crotalaria humifusa Graham ex Benth. in Hook., London J. Bot. 2 (1843) 476; --in Wall. Cat. (1832) 5421, nom. nud.; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 61; --de Munk, Reinwardtia 6 (1962) 205; --Adema, Blumea 51 (2006) 321 (in key); --Type: Nepal (lecto). Australia, China, SE Asia (Kumaon to Sikkim, Khasya, Nepal, Anamalay Hills), C Java, Lesser Sunda Isls (Lombok; Alor), Thailand, Vietnam, N Philippines. LUZON: Benguet.
  7. Crotalaria incana L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 716; --Fern.-Villar, Novis. App. (1880) 57; --Vidal, Phan. Cuming. Philip. (1885) 107; Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 104; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 60; Fl. Manila (1912) 241; Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 178; EPFP 2 (1923) 272; --de Munk, Reinwardtia 6 (1962) 205; --Adema, Blumea 51 (2006) 320 (in key); --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 78; --Type: from Jamaica (lecto). --Crotalaria radiata Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 63. Presumably native in the Caribbean Isls, widely introduced and now almost pantropical. Africa, N America, Asia, China, India, Pakistan, Singapore, Thailand, Yemen, Philippines. BABUYAN ISLS, LUZON: Cagayan to Sorsogon, MINDORO, PANAY. In waste places and cultivated areas in and about towns. Locally abundant. C. radiata Merr. is a form with abnormal flowers due to fungal or insect attack. Photos
  8. Crotalaria juncea L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 714; --Fern.-Villar, Novis. App. (1880) 58; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 64; Fl. Manila (1912) 251; EPFP 2 (1923) 272; --de Munk, Reinwardtia 6 (1962) 206; --Adema, Blumea 51 (2006) 321 (in key); --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 74; --Type: from India (lecto). Africa (Zomba Distr.; Congo, Katanga), N America, Australia, Cambodia, China, Sri Lanka, India, Myanmar, Peninsular Malaysia, Thailand, E Java, Madura, Lesser Sunda Isls (Bali; Alor; Wetar), Vietnam. An introduced plant in the Philippines where it is occasionally cultivated for Sunn hemp. Apparently naturalized.
  9. Crotalaria lejoloba Bartl., Index Sem. Hort. Acad. Gotting. (1837) 2; --Adema, Blumea 51 (2006) 315; --Type: from Java (neo). --Crotalaria ferruginea Graham ex Benth. in Hook., London J. Bot. 2 (1843) 476; --in Wall. Cat. (1832) No. 5398, nom. nud.; --Fern.-Villar, Novis. App. (1880) 57; --Vidal, Phan. Cuming. Philip. (1885) 107; Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 105; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 61; EPFP 2 (1923) 272; --de Munk, Reinwardtia 6 (1962) 203; --Backer & Bakh.f., Fl. Java 1 (1964) 581. --Crotalaria ferruginea var. major Benth., London J. Bot. 2 (1843) 477; --Type: Cuming 1628 (K, holo), Philippines. N America, Sri Lanka, India, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, S China, Taiwan, Thailand, Sumatra, Vietnam, Borneo (Sarawak), Java, Lesser Sunda Isls (Bali; Lombok), Philippines, SW & C Sulawesi (also Saleyer), New Guinea. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Mountain Province, Ifugao, Benguet, Cagayan, Zambales, Rizal, MINDANAO: Misamis, Lanao, Cotabato, Bukidnon, Davao. Low and medium elevation grasslands. In Benguet ascending to 2000m.
  10. Crotalaria linifolia L.f., Suppl. (1781) 322; --Fern.-Villar, Novis. App. (1880) 57; --Vidal, Phan. Cuming. Philip. (1885) 107; Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 105; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 60; Fl. Manila (1912) 241; Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 178; EPFP 2 (1923) 272; --de Munk, Reinwardtia 6 (1962) 207; --Adema, Blumea 51 (2006) 315; --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 74. --Crotalaria pumila auct. non Aiton; --Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 570. --Crotalaria pumila auct. non Schrank; --Blanco, Fl. Filip. ed. 2 (1845) 397; ed. 3, 2 (1879) 366, t. 268. --Quirosia secunda Blanco, Fl. Filip. ed. 2 (1845) 398; ed. 3, 2 (1879) 365. India, Thailand, Indochina, S China, Taiwan, Java, Madura, Lesser Sunda Isls (W Bali; Sumba; Timor; Alor; Wetar), Borneo (Sabah), Philippines, Sulawesi, Tanah Djampea, Buton Isls, Moluccas (Halmahera; Ambon; Tanimbar Isls), New Guinea. LUZON: Cagayan to Quezon, MINDORO, NEGROS, MINDANAO. Lowland and medium elevation grasslands. In Benguet ascending to 1400m. Photos
  11. Crotalaria luzoniensis Adema, Blumea 51 (2006) 312; --Type: BS 29236 Fenix (L, holo; BO, K, SING, iso), Luzon: La Union prov., Bauang, 31-Dec-1916. --Crotalaria bracteata auct. non Roxb. ex DC., --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 63; Fl. Manila (1912) 252; EPFP 2 (1923) 271. LUZON: Ilocos Norte (Piddig; Mt Pico de Loro), La Union (Bauang), Benguet (Bued River). Forested ridges, open banks, etc., up to 400m. Fl. Oct, fr. Mar, Nov, Dec
  12. Crotalaria medicaginea Lam., Encycl. Meth. 2 (1790) 201; --de Munk, Reinwardtia 6 (1962) 208; --Adema, Blumea 51 (2006) 320 (in key); --Type: from India. --Crotalaria trifoliastrum auct. non Willd.; --Benth., Fl. Austral. 2 (1864) 183; --Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 17; EPFP 2 (1923) 273. Afghanistan, Africa, N America, China, India, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Laos, Thailand, Java, SE New Guinea, Vietnam, Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Norte. Low  elevation, open places.
  13. Crotalaria pallida Aiton, Hortus Kew. (W. Aiton) 3 (1789) 20; --Type: from Ethiopia. --Crotalaria mucronata Desv., J. Bot. 3 (1814) 76; --de Munk, Reinwardtia 6 (1962) 209. --Crotalaria striata DC., Prodr. 2 (1825) 131; --Perkins, Fragm. Fl. Philip. (1904) 16; --Type: from Jamaica. --Crotalaria saltiana auct. non Andr.; --Prain ex King, J. As. Soc. Beng. 66, ii (1897) 41; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 62; EPFP 2 (1923) 273. Native of tropical America, widely introduced in other tropical countries. N America, Africa, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Maldive Isls., Myanmar, Singapora, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam, very common throughout Malesia, widespread in the Philippines. Waste places in and about towns. Common. Photos
  14. Crotalaria prostrata Rottl. ex Willd., En. Hort. Berol. 2 (1809) 747; --de Munk, Reinwardtia 6 (1962) 211; --Adema, Blumea 51 (2006) 322 (in key); --Type: from India. Australia, India (Concan; Himalayas), Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, C & E Java, Lesser Sunda Isls (Bali), Myanmar, Philippines, S Sulawesi (Muna Is), Thailand, Vietnam. MINDORO: Mindoro Occidental (PNH 13759 Sulit).
  15. Crotalaria quinquefolia L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 716; --Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 569; Fl. Filip. 2 (1845) 397; Fl. Filip. 3, 2 (1879) 365; --Fern.-Villar, Novis. App. (1880) 58; --Vidal, Phan. Cuming. Philip. (1885) 107; Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 104; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 64; Fl. Manila (1912) 252; --Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 177; EPFP 2 (1923) 273; --de Munk, Reinwardtia 6 (1962) 212; --Adema, Blumea 51 (2006) 320 (in key); --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 78; --Type: from India. Native country not precisely known. Now almost pantropic in distribution and throughout Malesia indifferent to presence or absence of dry season. Africa, N America, Australia, Cambodia, India, Laos, Myanmar, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam. N LUZON to MINDANAO. Open wetlands, rice paddies and other waterlogged sites at low and medium  elevation.
  16. Crotalaria retusa L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 715; --Fern.-Villar, Novis. App. (1880) 57; --Perkins, Fragm. Fl. Philip. (1904) 16; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 62; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 273; --de Munk, Reinwardtia 6 (1962) 212; --Adema, Blumea 51 (2006) 321 (in key); --Type: from Sri Lanka (lecto). Probably a native of SE Asia, now pantropical in distribution, cultivated and introduced throughout Malesia. Africa, N America, Australia, Cambodia, China, Hawaii, India, Laos, Maldive Isls, Myanmar, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. N LUZON to MINDANAO. Lowlands and medium elevation, in open, usually damp places in settled areas. Photo
  17. Crotalaria sessiliflora L., Sp. Pl. ed. 2 (1763) 1004; --Fern.-Villar, Novis. App. (1880) 57; --Vidal, Phan. Cuming. Philip. (1885) 107; Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 105; --Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 81; PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 105; EPFP 2 (1923) 273; --de Munk, Reinwardtia 6 (1962) 214; --Adema, Blumea 51 (2006) 322 (in key); --Type: from China. Australia, Cambodia, China, Hawaii, Indian Himalayas, Sikkim, Khasya, Korea, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Japan (Nagasaki), Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls (Timor), Philippines, C & S Sulawesi, Moluccas (Buru; Aru Isls), New Guinea. LUZON: Cagayan to Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Occasional in pyrogenous grasslands and parang vegetation at low and medium  elevation. In Mountain Province ascending to 1300m. In areas subject to at least a feeble dry monsoon.
  18. Crotalaria verrucosa L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 718; --Fern.-Villar, Novis. App. (1880) 57; --Vidal, Phan. Cuming. Philip. (1885) 107; Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 104; --Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 80; PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 62; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 251; Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 177; EPFP 2 (1923) 274; --de Munk, Reinwardtia 6 (1962) 217; --Adema, Blumea 51 (2006) 321 (in key); --Type: from Sri Lanka. --Phaseolus bulai Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 572. --Quirosia anceps Blanco, Fl. Filip. 2 (1845) 398; Fl. Filip. 3, 2 (1879) 367. Native country not known. Now of pantropic distribution. Africa, N America, Australia, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam, Philippines. LUZON: Bataan, Rizal, Laguna, Quezon, MINDORO, MASBATE, NEGROS, CEBU, MINDANAO. Low elevation in open sites.

Non-naturalized

  1. Crotalaria micans Link, Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. 2 (1822) 228; --Type: from Colombia. --Crotalaria anagyroides Kunth in Humb., Bonpl. & Kunth, Nov. Gen. et Sp. 6 (1823) 404; --de Munk, Reinwardtia 6 (1962) 200. Introduced as a green manure from tropical America. Africa, N and S America, Australia, Cambodia, China, Hawaii, Laos, Malaysia, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam. Commonly found throughout Malesia including the Philippines.
  2. Crotalaria orixensis Willd., Ges. Naturf. Neue Schr. 4 (1803) 217; --Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 18; --EPFP 2 (1923) 273; --de Munk, Reinwardtia 6 (1962) 211; --Adema, Blumea 51 (2006) 323. Tropical Africa, Ethiopia, India. Ascribed by Merrill to the Philippines on the basis of one record from “Luzon, Manila. BS 19145 Guerrero”. Perhaps a casual introduction which did not persist.
  3. Crotalaria trichotoma Bojer, Hort. Maurit. (1837) 88; Polhill, Fl. Mascar. 80 (1990) 200; --Adema, Blumea 51 (2006) 320 (in key); --Type: from Mauritius (neo). --Crotalaria usaramoensis Baker f., J. Linn. Soc. 42 (1914) 346; --de Munk, Reinwardtia 6 (1962) 216; --Type: from Tanzania. --Crotalaria zanzibarica Benth., London J. Bot. 2 (1843) 584; --Verdc., Manual New Guinea Legumes (1979) 548; --Polhill, Crotalaria in Africa & Madagascar (1982) 191; --Type from Tanzania. Native in Africa(?), widely distributed throughout Malesia owing to usefulness as green manure. Africa, N America, Australia, China, Hawaii, Thailand, Malaysia, Vietnam, Philippines.

Cullen Medik.

Photos
  1. Cullen badocanum (Blanco) Verdc., Kew Bull. 43 (1988) 360; --Psoralea badocana (Blanco) Blanco, Fl. Filip. ed. 2 (1845) 416; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 277; Meeuwen et al., Reinwardtia 6 (1961) 103; --Liparia badocana Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 597; --Type: Cuming 1149 (L, NY 2 sheets, isoneo). N Philippines, Lesser Sunda Isls (E Timor; Wetar), S New Guinea, N Australia (Northern Territory and N Queensland). LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, La Union, Pangasinan, Abra, Mountain Province. Low and medium elevation grasslands and waste places.

 Dalbergia L.f.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 30 July 2017

Photos
  1. Dalbergia candenatensis (Dennst.) Prain, J. As. Soc. Beng. 70, 2 (1901) 49; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 97; EPFP 2 (1923) 294; --Cassia candenatensis Dennst., Schlüs. Hort. Malabar. (1818) 32. --Dalbergia monosperma Dalz in Hook., J. Bot. Kew Miscel. 2 (1850) 36; --Fern.-Villar, Novis. App. (1880) 67; --Vidal, Phan. Cuming. Philip. (1885) 109; Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 112; --Perkins, Fragm. Fl. Philip. (1904) 82; --Type: from India. India to S China, across Malesia to New Guinea, Australia, Marianas and Caroline Isls. C LUZON: Bataan, Quezon to MINDANAO. Tidal stream thickets subject to the influence of salt or brackish water.
  2. Dalbergia canescens (Elmer) Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 294; --Derris canescens Elmer, LPB 8 (1919) 3087; --Type: Elmer 17883 (BO, CAL, K, L, MO, NA, NY, U, US, iso), Luzon: Laguna prov., Mt Makiling, Jun/Jul-1917. Borneo, Philippines. LUZON: Laguna (Mt Makiling). Lowland forest edge.
  3. Dalbergia cumingiana Benth. in Miq., Pl. Jungh. (1852) 255; --Fern.-Villar, Novis. App. (1880) 67; --Vidal, Phan. Cuming. Philip. (1885) 109; Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 111; --Perkins, Fragm. Fl. Philip. (1904) 98; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 98; EPFP 2 (1923) 294; --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 63; --Type: Cuming 1244 (E, K, L, MO, OXF, iso), Luzon: Albay prov. Endemic to the Philippines. N LUZON (Cagayan), LEYTE, SAMAR to MINDANAO. Lowland and medium elevation thickets and secondary forests. Locally common.
  4. Dalbergia densa Benth. in Hook., London J. Bot. 2 (1843) 217; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 295; --Type: from New Guinea (lecto). Philippines, Moluccas, New Guinea. A variety in NE Australia. CEBU, MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Lowland thickets.
  5. Dalbergia mimosella (Blanco) Prain, Ann. Bot. Gard. Calcutta 10 (1904) 42; --Merr., Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 184; EPFP 2 (1923) 295; --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 63; --Amerimnon mimosella Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 563; Fl. Filip. 2 (1845) 393; Fl. Filip. 3, 2 (1879) 358; --Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philip.) 27 (1905) 40; --Type: Ramos & Edaño PNH 28968 (L, neo), Luzon: Prov. Tayabas, Umiray. --Dalbergia minahassae Koord., Meded. Lands Plantent. 19 (1898) 430, 630; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 98; --Type: from Sulawesi. --Dalbergia lanceolaria auct. non L.f., --Llanos, Mem. Acad. Cienc. Madrid (1858); --Fern.-Villar & Naves in Blanco, Fl. Filip. ed. 3, 41 (1880) 103; --Fern.-Villar, Novis. App. (1880) 67. --Dalbergia cassioides auct. non Wall., --A.Gray, Bot. Wilkes US Explor. Exped. (1854) 457; --Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 82. --Dalbergia davaoensis Elmer, LPB 2 (1910) 700; --Type: Elmer 10551 (L, lecto; BISH, K, MO, NY, U, US, isolecto), Mindanao: Davao, Mt Apo, Todaya, May-1909. Borneo, Singapore, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province, Bataan, Bulacan, Rizal, Laguna, Quezon, MINDANAO. Lowland and medium elevation secondary forests. Photos
  6. Dalbergia multifoliolata Adema, Blumea 61 (2016) 196; --Dalbergia polyphylla Benth. in Miq., Pl. Jungh. (1852) 256; --Fern.-Villar, Novis. App. (1880) 67; --Vidal, Phan. Cuming. Philip. (1885) 109; Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 112; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 96; EPFP 2 (1923) 296, nom. illeg., non Poir.; --Type: Cuming 1164 (K, holo; BM, K, L, OXF, iso), Luzon. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Sur, Nueva Vizcaya, Bataan, Bulacan, Rizal. Lowland and medium elevation thickets and secondary forests.
  7. Dalbergia pinnata (Lour.) Prain, Ann. Bot. Gard. Calcutta 10 (1904) 48; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 96; EPFP 2 (1923) 296; --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 64. --Derris pinnata Lour., Fl. Cochinch. (1790) 432; --Type: from Vietnam. --Dalbergia tamarindifolia Roxb., Hort. Beng. (1814) 53, nom. nud., Fl. Ind. ed. 2, 3 (1832) 233, pro parte; Fern.-Villar, Novis. App. (1880) 67; --Vidal, Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 111; --Perkins, Fragm. Fl. Philip. (1904) 82; --Type: from Silhet. --Dalbergia dubia Elmer, LPB 8 (1915) 2731; --Type: Elmer 13733 (K, holo; BISH, BM, L, MO, NA, NY, U, US, iso), Mindanao: Agusan del Norte prov., Cabadbaran, Mt Urdaneta, Sep-1912. --Dalbergia pinnata var. badia Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 96; EPFP 2 (1923) 296; --Type: FB 9649 Curran (US, iso), Luzon: Quezon prov., Pitogo, Mar-1908. --Dalbergia pinatubensis Elmer, LPB 9 (1934) 3198; --Type: Elmer 22094 (K, holo; L, MO, NY, P, iso), Luzon: Pampanga prov., Mt Pinatubo, Camp Stotsenburg, May-1927. India to S China, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Flores, Moluccas, Philippines. N LUZON to PALAWAN and MINDANAO. Lowland and medium elevation thickets and forests and coastal thickets., ascending to 1400m.
  8. Dalbergia ramosii Sunarno & H.Ohashi, Blumea 61 (2016) 198; --Type: Ramos BS 1367 (BO, holo; K, iso), Luzon: Rizal Prov., Morong. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Rizal. Only known from the type.
  9. Dalbergia reticulata Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 14; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 296; --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 63; --Type: FB 21406 Villamil (PNH, holo, lost?; US, iso), Luzon: Laguna prov., Mt Makiling, Apr-1914. JOLO, LUZON: Laguna (Mt Makiling). Primary forests, 400-500m.
  10. Dalbergia rimosa Roxb., Hort. Bengal. 53; --Fl. Ind. iii. 233; --Type: from India. Borneo, India, Java, Laos, Myanmar, Sulawesi, Thailand, Vietnam, Philippines. BALABAC. Up to 400m.
  11. Dalbergia rostrata Hassk., Flora 25 (1842) II. Beibl. 53; --Type: from Java. --Dalbergia subalternifolia (Elmer) Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) 14; EPFP 2 (1923) 296; --Derris subalternifolia Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1801; --Type: Elmer 12965 (L, holo; BO, CAL, K, MO, NY, US, iso). Palawan: Palawan prov., Puerto Princesa, Mt Pulgar (=Thumb Peak), Apr-1911. Borneo, India, Irian Jaya, Java, Moluccas, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Sumatra, Thailand, Philippines. PALAWAN, MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Lowland and medium elevation primary forests.
  12. Dalbergia stipulacea Roxb., Hort. Bengal. (1814) 53, nom. nud.; Fl. Ind. ed. 2, 3 (1832) 233; --Fern.-Villar, Novis. App. (1880) 67; --Vidal, Sinopsis Atlas (1883) t. 40; Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 111. --Dalbergia ferruginea Roxb., Hort. Beng. (1814) 98, nom. nud., Fl. Ind. ed. 2, 3 (1832) 228; --Perkins, Fragm. Fl. Philip. (1904) 81; --Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 65; PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 410; PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 97; Fl. Manila (1912) 247; EPFP 2 (1923) 295; --Type: from Malay Isl. --Dalbergia luzonensis Vogel, Nov. Act. Nat. Cur. 19 (1843) Suppl. 1: 33; --Type Meyen s.n., Luzon. --Dalbergia ferruginea var. daronensis Elmer, LPB 2 (1910) 699; --Type: Elmer 11030 (PNH, holo, lost; BISH, L, MO, NY, US, iso), Mindanao: Davao, Mt Apo, Todaya, along the upper limit of the cogon formation at 1250ft or higher, May/Jun?-1909. Australia, Borneo, Caroline Isls., Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines. N LUZON to PALAWAN and MINDANAO. Lowland and medium elevation thickets and secondary forests.

Non-naturalized cultivated taxa:

  1. Dalbergia latifolia Roxb., Plants of the coast of Coromandel 2 (1799) 7. India and Java. Cultivated in Borneo, Java, Lombok, Sumbawa, Philippines.
  2. Dalbergia sissoo Roxb. ex DC., Prodr. 2 (1825) 416. Afghanistan, Pakistan (Baluchistan), N India, Java. A recent introduction in the Philippines. Photos

Dalea L. [Not native]

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 8 November 2014

Photos
 
  1. Dalea cliffortiana Willd., Sp. Pl., ed. 4 [Willdenow] 3 (1802) 1336. --Dalea glandulosa (Blanco) Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philip.) 27 (1905) 37; --Parosela glandulosa (Blanco) Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 68; Fl. Manila (1912) 246; Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 180; EPFP 2 (1923) 277; --PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 64; --Amorpha glandulosa Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 555. --Dalea alopecuroides Blanco, Fl. Filip. ed. 2 (1845) 389; Fl. Filip. 3, 2 (1879) 351; --Fern.-Villar, Novis. App. (1880) 58, non Willd. --Dalea nigra Mart. & Gal., Bull. Acad. Brux. 10, 2 (1843) 43; --Vidal, Phan. Cuming. Philip. (1885) 107; Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 105; --Perkins, Fragm. Fl. Philip. (1904) 16. Introduced from Mexico. LUZON: Ilocos Norte to Batangas. Lowlands and medium elevation, ascending to 1300m, on open dry slopes. Photos 

Dendrolobium (Wight & Arn.) Benth.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 9 July 2015

Photos
  1. Dendrolobium cumingianum Benth., Pl. Jungh. [Miquel] 2 (1852) 216; --Desmodium cumingianum (Benth.) Benth. in Benth. & Hook.f., Gen. Pl. 1 (1865) 519; --Fern.-Villar, Novis. App. (1880) 61; --Vidal, Phan. Cuming. Philip. (1885) 108; Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 107; --Merr., PJS 5c (1910) Bot. 80; EPFP 2 (1923) 284; --Type: Cuming 1454 (K, holo; K, BM, UPS, iso), Luzon: Batangas. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Batangas.
  2. Dendrolobium geesinkii H.Ohashi, J. Jap. Bot. 73 (1998) 251; --Type: Ridsdale 1554 (L, holo; A, BO, K, L, MO, PNH, TUS, iso), Luzon: Zambales prov., Sta. Cruz, Acoje Mine Concession Area, regrowth on abandoned mine road rubble, low elevation, 25-May-1986. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Zambales, SAMAR.
  3. Dendrolobium quinquepetalum (Blanco) Schindl., Fedde, Repert. 20 (1924) 278; --H.Ohashi, Ginkgoana no. 1 (1973) 68, pl. 3b; --Desmodium quinquepetalum (Blanco) Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philip.) 35 (1906) 20; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 239; EPFP 2 (1923) 288; --Meeuwen, Reinwardtia 6 (1962) 256; --H.Ohashi, Ginkgoana No. 1 (1973) 68, pl. 3b; --Cystisus quinquepetalus Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 598. Philippines, New Guinea, Australia (Queensland). LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Abra, Rizal, Manila, Batangas, Benguet, Pampanga, Pangasinan, MINDORO. Common in low and medium elevation thickets. Photos
  4. Dendrolobium umbellatum (L.) Benth. in Miq., Pl. Jungh. (1852) 216 & 218; --H.Ohashi, Ginkgoana no. 1 (1973) 82, pl. 9b; --Desmodium umbellatum (L.) DC., Prodr. 2 (1825) 325; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 290; --Meeuwen, Reinwardtia 6 (1962) 263; --Backer & Bakh.f., Fl. Java 1 (1963) 603; --Hedysarum umbellatum L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 747; --Type: from Sri Lanka. Africa, Mascarenes, Sri Lanka, India, Myanmar, Thailand, Indochina, Taiwan, Lanyu, Ryukyus, throughout Malesia to Australia and the Pacific Islands. BATAN, BABUYANES (CAMIGUIN), LUZON, CULION, PALAWAN, TABLAS, LEYTE, and MINDANAO: Davao. Photos

Derris Lour.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 30 July 2017

Photos
  1. Derris elegans Graham ex Benth. in Miq., Pl. Jungh. (1852) 252; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 299.
  2. Derris elliptica (Wall.) Benth., J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 4 (1860) suppl. 111; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 299, pro parte, excl. syn. Cylista piscatoria Blanco & Millettia piscatoria Merr.; --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 67; --Paraderris elliptica (Wall.) Adema, Blumea 48 (2003) 137; --Pongamia elliptica Wall., Pl. As. Rar. 3 (1832) t.237; --Type: from Ambon. Bangladesh (Chittagong) through Malesia to New Guinea and Bismarck Archipelago. N LUZON to MINDANAO. Low and medium elevation, along streamside thickets, secondary forests, etc. Often abundant. (Merr. 1923).
  3. Derris lianoides Elmer, LPB 1 (1907) 228; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 106; EPFP 2 (1923) 300; --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 66; --Paraderris lianoides (Elmer) Adema, Blumea 48 (2003) 138; --Type: Elmer 7443 (holo PNH, lost?, CAL, K, MO, NY, US, iso), Luzon: Quezon prov., Lucban, in forests, c. 1000m, May-1906. N LUZON to PALAWAN and MINDANAO. Lowland and medium elevation thickets and forests.
  4. Derris luzoniensis (Adema) Sirich. & Adema, Taxon 63 (2014) 534; --Paraderris luzoniensis Adema, Blumea 48 (2003) 134; --Type: ISU 564 Ridsdale et al. (L, holo; K, iso), Luzon: Isabela prov., Palanan, Dimapnat, secondary forest on riverine gravel banks surrounded by ultramafics, 50m, 15-Apr-1992. LUZON: Isabela (Palanan). Note by L.L.Co: Known only from the type collection.
  5. Derris oblongifolia Merr., PJS 7c (1912) Bot. 82; EPFP 2 (1923) 300; --Paraderris oblongifolia (Merr.) Adema, Blumea 48 (2003) 139; --Type: Vanoverbergh 280 (PNH, holo, lost), Luzon: Mountain Province, Bontoc. LUZON: Mountain Province. Montane thickets and forests, 1300-1600m
  6. Derris piscatoria (Blanco) Sirich. & Adema, Taxon 63 (2014) 535; --Paraderris piscatoria (Blanco) Adema, Blumea 48 (2003) 133; --Derris elliptica sensu Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 299, pro parte, excl. syn. Galedupa elliptica Roxb.; --Type: Merrill Species Blancoanae 469 (L, neo; A, K, US, isoneo), Luzon: Batangas Prov., Mt.
    Batulo.
  7. Derris polyantha Perkins, Frag. Fl. Philip. (1904) 83; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 103; EPFP 2 (1923) 301; --Adema, Blumea 48 (2003) 402; --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 69; --Type: Merrill 1457. LUZON: Pangasinan, Pampanga, Rizal, Laguna, Batangas. Lowland thickets and secondary forests.
  8. Derris pubipetala Miq., Fl. Ned.-Ind. (1855) 115; --Adema, Blumea 48 (2003) 401. --Derris mindorensis Perkins, Fragm. Fl. Philipp. (1904) 82; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 106; EPFP 2 (1923) 300. --Derris micans Perkins, Fragm. Fl. Philipp. (1904) 82; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 106; EPFP 2 (1923) 300. --Derris ferruginoides Quisumb. PJS 41 (1930) 324; --Type: Clemens 7406a (UC, holo), Luzon: Isabela prov., Santiago, in thickets and secondary forests, Apr-1926. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Isabela, Pangasinan, Bulacan, Rizal, ALABAT, MINDORO, PALAWAN, MINDANAO: Surigao del Norte. Low and medium elevation thickets and secondary forests.
  9. Derris spanogheana Blume ex Miq. Fl. Ned.-Ind. (1855) 141; --Adema, Blumea 48 (2003) 403. --Derris cebuensis Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 273; EPFP 2 (1923) 299; --Type: BS 11014 Ramos (US, iso), Cebu: Cebu prov., Bucacao, on dry hills, 19-Mar-1912. --Derris surigaoensis Elmer, LPB 8 (1915) 2733; --Type: Elmer 13463 (NY, US, iso), Mindanao: Agusan del Norte prov., Cabadbaran, Mt Urdaneta, Aug-1912. LUZON: Sorsogon, CEBU, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte.
  10. Derris trifoliata Lour., Fl. Cochinch. (1790) 433; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 105; PJS 15 (1919) 241; --Fl. Manila (1912) 248; --Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 185; --EPFP 2 (1923) 301; --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 66. --Pterocarpus frutescens Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 562; Fl. Filip. 2 (1845) 392; Fl. Filip. 3, 2 (1879) 356, non Vell. --Derris uliginosa Benth. in Miq. Pl. Jungh. (1852) 252; J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 4 (1860) Suppl. 107; --Fern.-Villar, Novis. App. (1880) 68; Vidal, Phan. Cuming. Philip. (1885) 109; Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 112; --Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 410. --Derris diadelphus Naves in Blanco, Fl. Filip. ed. 3 (1877-83) t. 161, non Blanco. Tropical E Africa and Asia through Malesia to Australia and Polynesia. Strictly a littoral species. Throughout the Philippines on muddy seashores, tidal streams, etc. Abundant.

 Unaccounted for in Adema’s Blumea revision:

  1. Derris zambalensis Elmer, LPB 9 (1934) 3199, not validly published. No Latin description; --Type: Elmer 22053 (NY, US, iso), Luzon: Pampanga prov., Mt Pinatubo, Camp Stotsenburg.

 Desmodium Desv.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 30 July 2017

Photos
  1. Desmodium adscendens (Sw.) DC., Prodr. 2 (1825) 332; --Meeuwen, Reinwardtia 6 (1962) 245; --H.Ohashi, Ginkgoana No. 1 (1973) 199, pl. 25b; --Hedysarum adscendens Sw., Prodr. 1 (1788) 106.
  2. Desmodium bolsteri Merr. & Rolfe, PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 102; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 83; EPFP 2 (1923) 284; --Meeuwen, Reinwardtia 6 (1962) 250; --H.Ohashi, Ginkgoana No. 1 (1973) 250; --Type: BS 76896 Ramos (NY), Luzon: Cagayan prov., Peñablanca, bank of the river in forest. LUZON: Cagayan, Nueva Ecija. Lowlands, on boulders along streams on slopes, etc. Apparently very local.
  3. Desmodium diffusum DC., Ann. Sci. Nat. (Paris) 4 (1825) 100; --Type: from India. --Desmodium laxiflorum non DC., --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 286; --Meeuwen, Reinwardtia 6 (1962) 252; --H.Ohashi, Ginkgoana no. 1 (1973) 101 p.p., incl. pl. 12. India, Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan, Myanmar, Thailand, Indochina, Malesia, China, Philippines.
  4. Desmodium gangeticum (L.) DC., Prodr. 2 (1825) 327; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 241; EPFP 2 (1923) 285; --Meeuwen, Reinwardtia 6 (1962) 249; --Backer & Bakh.f., Fl. Java 1 (1963) 607; --H.Ohashi, Ginkgoana No. 1 (1973) 184, pl. 22b; --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 36; --Hedysarum gangeticum L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 746. Tropical Africa, India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, SW China (Yunnan; Guangdong), Hainan, Taiwan, Ryukyu Isls, Peninsular Malaysia, Philippines, New Guinea, Australia and Micronesia (Palau). Throughout the Philippines. Low and medium elevation open wastelands, thickets and secondary forests.
  5. Desmodium heterocarpon (L.) DC., Prodr. 2 (1825) 337; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 285 ‘heterocarpum’; --Meeuwen et al. Reinwardtia 6 (1961) 95; --Meeuwen, Reinwardtia 6 (1962) 251; --H.Ohashi, Ginkgoana No. 1 (1973) 210, pl. 28, 29; --Hedysarum heterocarpon L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 747. --Desmodium polycarpum DC. var. ovalifolium Prain ex King, J. As. Soc. Beng. 66, 2 (1897) 141; --Desmodium ovalifolium Wall., Cat. no. 5730, nomen; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 287. --Desmodium buergeri Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 3 (1867) 45; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 85; EPFP 2 (1923) 284.
  6. Desmodium heterophyllum (Willd.) DC., Prodr. 2 (1825) 334; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 240; --EPFP 2 (1923) 286; --Meeuwen, Reinwardtia 6 (1962) 251; --H.Ohashi, Ginkgoana No. 1 (1973) 239, l. 35b; --Hedysarum heterophyllum Willd., Sp. Pl. 3, 2 (1803) 1201. Mascarene Isls, India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, China, Indochina, Thailand, throughout Malesia, Australia (Queensland), New Caledonia, Micronesia (Yap Is).
  7. Desmodium laxiflorum DC. in Ann. Sci. Nat. 1, 4 (1825) 100; Prodr. 2 (1825) 335; --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 42. Bhutan, China, Indonesia, Laos,
    Myanmar, Nepal New Guinea, Sikkim, Thailand, Vietnam, Philippines. Photos
  8. Desmodium microphyllum (Thunb.) DC., Prodr. 2 (1825) 337; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 287; --Meeuwen, Reinwardtia 6 (1962) 254; --H.Ohashi, Ginkgoana No. 1 (1973) 241, pl. 36a; --Hedysarum microphyllum Thunb., Fl. Jap. (1784) 284.
  9. Desmodium nemorosum F.Muell. ex Benth., Fl. Austral. 2 (1864) 234.
  10. Desmodium ovalifolium Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 85, pro parte, excl. syn. cit. D. polycarpum var. ovalifolia Prain, non Wall. 1831-32 (= D. heterocarpon var. heterocarpon); EPFP 2 (1923) 287. Philippines, Australia (Queensland; New South Wales). LUZON: Bataan (Mt Mariveles, Lamao River). Primary forests, 150-1100m.
  11. Desmodium ormocarpoides DC., Prodr. 2 (1825) 337; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 287; --Meeuwen et al., Reinwardtia 6 (1961) 98; --Meeuwen, Reinwardtia 6 (1962) 255; --H.Ohashi, Ginkgoana No. 1 (1973) 113, pl. 14a. Lesser Sunda Isls (Timor), SW Philippines, Sulawesi, Moluccas (Bacan; Seram; Halmahera; Buru; Kai Isls; Banda; Ambon; Ternate), New Guinea, Bismarck Archipelago, Solomon Isls, Vanuatu. JOLO. In teak plantation at low elevation.
  12. Desmodium procumbens (Mill.) Hitchc., Rept. Mo. Bot. Gard. 4 (1893) 76; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 239; EPFP 2 (1923) 288; --Meeuwen, Reinwardtia 6 (1962) 255; --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 42; --Hedysarum procumbens Mill., Gard. Dict., ed. 8. (1768) n. 10. Native of tropical America, now pantropical. Throughout the Philippines. Thickets, open wastelands and settled areas.
  13. Desmodium scorpiurus (Sw.) Desv., J. Bot. 1 (1813) 122; Prodr. 2 (1825) 337; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 239; EPFP 2 (1923) 289; --Meeuwen et al., Reinwardtia 6 (1961) 98, 101; --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 42; --Hedysarum scorpius Sw., Prod. Veg. Ind. Occ. (1788) 107. Native of tropical America, now pantropical. In Malesia: Philippines, Lesser Sunda Isls (Lombok), E New Guinea, N Queensland. BATAN, LUZON, MINDORO, BALABAC, PANAY. Low and medium elevation dry thickets and grasslands. Photos
  14. Desmodium securiforme Benth. in Miq., Pl. Jungh. (1852) 226; --Fern.-Villar, Novis. App. (1880) 62; --Vidal, Phan. Cuming. Philip. (1885) 108; Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 108; --Meeuwen et al., Reinwardtia 6 (1961) 258;--H.Ohashi, Ginkgoana No. 1 (1973) 128, pl. 15b; --Monarthrocarpus securiformis (Benth.) Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 89; EPFP 2 (1923) 291; --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 87.
  15. Desmodium sequax Wall., Pl. As. Rar. 2 (1831) 46, t. 157; --Meeuwen et al., Reinwardtia 6 (1961) 98, 100; --Meeuwen, Reinwardtia 6 (1962) 259; --H.Ohashi, Ginkgoana no. 1 (1973) 112. --Desmodium dasylobum Miq., Fl. Ind. Bot. Suppl. (1860-61) 305; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 284. India, Himalayas, Myanmar, Indochina, China, Taiwan and Malesia: Sumatra, Java, Philippines, Sulawesi and New Guinea. LUZON: Kalinga, Mountain Province, Benguet, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Davao. Montane thickets, ravines and forests, 1200-2400m. Photos
  16. Desmodium styracifolium (Osbeck) Merr., Am. J. Bot. 3 (1916) 580; --Meeuwen, Reinwardtia 6 (1962) 259; --H.Ohashi, Ginkgoana No. 1 (1973) 224, pl. 32b; --Hedysarum styracifolium Osbeck, Dagbok Ostind. Resa (1757) 247. --Desmodium capitatum (Burm.f.) DC., Prodr. 2 (1825) 336; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 240; EPFP 2 (1923) 284; --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 39; --Hedysarum capitatum Burm.f., Fl. Ind. (1768) 167. India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Indochina, S China, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Borneo, Philippines, Sulawesi, Moluccas, W Carolines (Yap Is.). Throughout the Philippines. Common roadside and grassland weed at low and medium elevation. Photos
  17. Desmodium triflorum (L.) DC., Prodr. 2 (1825) 334; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 240; EPFP 2 (1923) 289; --Meeuwen, Reinwardtia 6 (1962) 261; --H.Ohashi, Ginkgoana No. 1 (1973) 245, pl. 36b; --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 45; --Hedysarum triflorum L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 749. --Desmodium parvifolium Blanco, Fl. Filip. ed. 2 (1845) 408, non DC. Pantropic. Asia: India, Thailand, Indochina, China, Sumatra, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Borneo, Philippines, Sulawesi, Moluccas, New Guinea; Australia (Queensland), Carolines, Samoa, Tonga. Throughout the Philippines. Lowlands, in open grassy places, dry thickets, cultivated lands, lawns, etc. Very common. Photos
  18. Desmodium unifoliolatum (Merr.) Steen., Reinwardtia 10 (1982) 23-24; --Trifidacanthus unifoliolatus Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 269; EPFP 2 (1923) 292; --Type: BS 27196 Ramos (US, iso), Luzon: Ilocos Norte prov., Burgos, Feb/Mar-1917. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Batangas. Lowland dry thickets. Photos
  19. Desmodium velutinum (Willd.) DC., Prodr. 2 (1825) 328; --Meeuwen, Reinwardtia 6 (1962) 264; --H.Ohashi, Ginkgoana no. 1 (1973) 192, pl. 24; --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 36; --Hedysarum velutinum Willd., Sp. Pl. 3, 2 (1803) 117. --Desmodium lasiocarpum DC., Prodr. 2 (1825) 328; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 241; PJS 14 (1919) 243; EPFP 2 (1923) 286. --Desmodium virgatum Zoll. & Mor., Nat. Geneesk. Arch. Ind. 3 (1846) 58, 76; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 240; PJS 14 (1919) 243; EPFP 2 (1923) 290.
  20. Desmodium zonatum Miq., Fl. Ind. Bat. 11 (1855) 248; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 290; --Meeuwen et al., Reinwardtia 6 (1961) 97; --Meeuwen, Reinwardtia 6 (1962) 265; --H.Ohashi, Ginkgoana no. 1 (1973) 107, pl. 13b. India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, S China, Taiwan, widespread in Malesia: Sumatra, Enggano Is, Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls (Lombok), Borneo, Philippines, Sulawesi, Moluccas (Kai Isls; Tanimbar), Papua New Guinea, Solomon Isls (Florida Is). LUZON: Laguna, Quezon, Camarines, Sorsogon, MINDORO, PALAWAN, PANAY, NEGROS, CEBU, LEYTE, SAMAR, MINDANAO. Lowland and medium elevation thickets.

Imperfectly known

  1. Desmodium malacophyllum (Link) DC., Prodr. 2 (1825) 338 (‘malachophyllum’); --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 84; EPFP 2 (1923) 287; --Meibomia malacophylla (Link) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1 (1891) 198; --Hedysarum malacophyllum Link, Enum. Hort. Berol. 2 (1822) 247. Based on a Chamisso specimen (in B, cited by Merrill, 1923) supposedly from Cavite. “An imperperfectly known endemic species known only from the original collection, perhaps not originating in the Philippines” (Merrill, 1923). Pelser (11-Jul-17): I am not sure if there is support for recognizing Meibomia as distinct from Desmodium.

 Desmofischera Holthuis = Desmodium section Monarthrocarpus (Merr.) H.Ohashi

 Dioclea Kunth

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 30 July 2017

No Photos
  1. Dioclea decandra Amshoff ex Adema, Blumea 43 (1998) 234, nom. nov. for Macropsychanthus ferrugineus Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 121; EPFP 2 (1923) 311. --Dioclea hexandra (Ralph) Mabb., Taxon 29 (1980) 605; --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 98; --Mucuna hexandra Ralph., Icon. Carpolog. (1849) 30; --Dioclea reflexa Hook.f., Niger Flora (1849) 306; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 311. Pantropic. LUZON: Rizal, Laguna, MINDORO, BUSUANGA, PALAWAN, MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Lanao del Sur, Agusan del Norte. Lowland and medium elevation dry thickets and forests, chiefly along small streams.
  2. Dioclea umbrina Elmer, LPB 1 (1907) 224; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 119; EPFP 2 (1923) 311; --Adema, Blumea 43 (1998) 234; --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 98. LUZON: Benguet, Nueva Vizcaya, Rizal, Laguna, PANAY, LEYTE, SAMAR. Lowland and medium elevation forests.

Dolichos L.

Photos
  1. Dolichos trilobatus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 726; --Verdc., Taxon 17 (1968) 170, non auctt. al.; --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 117. --Dolichos falcatus Klein in Willd. Sp. Pl. 3 (1800) 1047; --Fern.-Villar, Novis. App. (1880) 66; --Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 82; PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 135; Fl. Manila (1912) 264; Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 193; EPFP 2 (1923) 321. India, Sri Lanka, Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Norte to Batangas, CEBU, LEYTE. Lowland thickets. Photos
  2. Dolichos uniflorus Lam., Encycl. 2 (1786) 299; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 135; EPFP 2 (1923) 322. Tropical Asia. LUZON: Rizal. Low elevation, in old rice fields.

Dumasia DC.

Photos
  1. Dumasia villosa DC., Ann. Sci. Nat. 1, 4 (1825) 257, t. 44; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 304. S Africa (Natal), Madagascar, India to S China, Java, Philippines. LUZON: Abra, Kalinga, Mountain Province, Benguet. Montane thickets and ravines, 1200-1600m. Photos

Dunbaria Wight & Arn.

Photos
  1. Dunbaria cumingiana Benth. in Miq., Pl. Jungh. (1852) 242; --Fern.-Villar, Novis. App. (1880) 66; --Vidal, Phan. Cuming. Philip. (1885) 109; Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 110; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 127; EPFP 2 (1923) 314. LUZON: La Union, Benguet, Nueva Vizcaya, Bataan, Rizal, Laguna, LEYTE. Low and medium elevation thickets.
  2. Dunbaria merrillii Elmer, LPB 1 (1907) 225; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 127; EPFP 2 (1923) 315. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Mountain Province, Benguet, Cagayan, Pampanga. Medium elevation thickets.
  3. Dunbaria rotundifolia (Lour.) Merr., PJS 15 (1919) 242; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 315; --Indigofera rotundifolia Lour., Fl. Cochinch. (1790) 458. --Dunbaria punctata Benth. in Miq., Pl. Jungh. (1852) 242; --Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 235; Fl. Manila (1912) 254. India to China southward to tropical Australia. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, La Union, Rizal. Low elevation grasslands, margins of thickets, etc.

Eriosema (DC.) Rchb.

No Photos
  1. Eriosema chinense Vogel, Nov. Act. Acad. Nat. Cur. 19 (1843) Suppl. 1: 31; --Fern.-Villar, Novis. App. (1880) 66; --Vidal, Phan. Cuming. Philip. (1885) 109; Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 111; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 129; EPFP 2 (1923) 316. India to China across Malesia to tropical Australia. LUZON: Mountain Province, Benguet, Cagayan, Isabela, Nueva Vizcaya, SEMIRARA, CULION, MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Open grasslands chiefly at medium elevation, ascending to 2000m, occasionally at sea-level (Semirara).

Erythrina L.

Photos
  1. Erythrina fusca Lour., Fl. Cochinch. (1790) 427; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 113; Fl. Manila (1912) 256; Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 187; EPFP 2 (1923) 305; --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 89. --Erythrina ovalifolia Roxb., Hort. Beng. (1814) 53, nom. nud., Fl. Ind. ed. 2, 3 (1832) 254; --Fern.-Villar (1880) 63; Perkins, Fragm. Fl. Philip. (1904) 85; --Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 81. --Erythrina picta Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 565, non L. --Erythrina caffra Blanco, Fl. Filip. 2 (1845) 394; Fl. Filip. 3, 2 (1879) 360, non Thunb. India to S China southward to Malesia and Polynesia. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, La Union, Pangasinan, Bataan, Rizal, MINDANAO: Lanao. Along streams and lakes, often in swampy places.
  2. Erythrina stricta Roxb., Hort. Beng. (1814) 53, nom. nud.; Fl. Ind. 3 (1832) 251; --Krukoff & Barneby, Lloydia 37 (1974) 352; --Adema, Blumea 41 (1996) 465; --Type: from India. --Erythrina stricta Roxb. var. suberosa (Roxb.) Niyomdham, Nord. J. Bot. 12 (1992) 342; --Erythrina suberosa Roxb., Hort. Beng. (1814) 53, nom. nud.; Fl. Ind. 3 (1832) 253; --Whitmore, Tree Fl. Malaya 1 (1973) 292; --Krukoff & Barneby, Lloydia 37 (1974) 351; --Type: Icon. Roxb. 104 (K), India. --Erythrina stipitata Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 112; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 305; --Type: Merrill 958 (NY, US, iso), Lubang, Apr-1903. India, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Langkawi Isls, Java, Philippines, Lesser Sunda Isls (Bali; Flores; Timor). LUBANG. Low elevation, dry open sites.
  3. Erythrina subumbrans (Hassk.) Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 113; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 305; --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 88; --Hypaphorus subumbrans Hassk., Retzia (1855) 198. Myanmar, Indochina, Malaya, Java, Philippines. N LUZON to MINDANAO. Low and medium elevation thickets, secondary forests, etc. occasionally planted.
  4. Erythrina variegata L. in Stickm. Herb. Amb. (1754) 10; Krukoff & Barneby Lloydia 37 (1974) 431; --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 89. --Erythrina variegata L. var. orientalis (L.) Merr., Interp. Herb. Amb. (1917) 276; EPFP 2 (1923) 306; --Erythrina orientalis (L.) Murr., Comm. Gotting. 8 (1787) 35; --Erythrina corallodendrum L. var. orientalis L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 706. --Erythrina indica Lam., Encycl. 2 (1788) 391. As var. orientalis: India to Polynesia. Throughout the Philippines along the seashore, frequently planted inland. The typical form with mottled leaves occurs occasionally in the Philippines in cultivation. Old World tropics, extending from Madagascar and Zanzibar eastward through India, Indochina, S China, Taiwan, Malesia and Polynesia. Introduced to the neotropics. Throughout the Philippines, commonly along the seashores. Also planted as an ornamental tree. Photos

Cultivated

  1. Erythrina crista-gallii L., Mantissa (1767) 99; --Backer & Bakh.f., Fl. Java 1 (1963) 628; --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 88. Native of Argentina. A recent introduction as avenue trees in Baguio City and La Trinidad in Benguet. Occasionally seen elsewhere. Photos 

Euchresta Benn.

No Photos
  1. Euchresta horsfieldii (Lesch.) Benn., Pl. Jav. Rar. (1840) 148; --Fern.-Villar, Novis. App. (1880) 68; --Ceron Cat. Pl. Herb. Manila (1892) 67; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 107; EPFP 2 (1923) 302; --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 59; --Andira horsfieldii Lesch., Ann. Mus. Paris 16 (1810) 481, t. 12. India to the Ryukyu Isls and Taiwan, southward to the Philippines, Java. N LUZON to MINDANAO. Of local occurrence on the higher mountains.

Flemingia Roxb. ex W.T.Aiton

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 30 July 2017

Photos
  1. Flemingia involucrata Benth. in Miq., Pl. Jungh. (1852) 246; --Moghania involucrata (Benth.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. 1 (1891) 199; --Meeuwen et al., Reinwardtia 5 (1960) 436; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 316. E Himalayas, India (Assam, Sikkim) to Myanmar, Thailand and Indochina, through Malesia to Queensland. In Malesia: SE New Guinea, Lesser Sunda Isls (Bali, Sumba), Java (predominantly in the E), SW Sulawesi and the Philippines. CULION, based on BS 41326 Ramos, cited by Merrill, 1923. Open places at low elevation.
  2. Flemingia lineata (L.) Roxb., Hort. Beng. (1814) 56; --Moghania lineata (L.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. 1 (1891) 199; --Meeuwen et al., Reinwardtia 5 (1960) 434; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 317; --Hedysarum lineatum L., Syst. ed. 10 (1759) 1170. --Flemingia blancoana Llanos, Fragm. (1851) 80; --Fern.-Villar & Naves in Blanco, Fl. Filip. ed. 3, 41 (1880) 62. India, Myanmar, Thailand, through Malesia, W Australia. In Malesia found in S New Guinea, Lesser Sunda Isls (Bali, Timor), Java, SW Sulawesi and the Philippines. LUZON: Bulacan, Rizal. Low elevation open grasslands.
  3. Flemingia macrophylla (Willd.) Kuntze ex Prain, J. As. Soc. Beng. 66, 2 (1897) 440; --Moghania macrophylla (Willd.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. 1 (1891) 199; --Meeuwen et al., Reinwardtia 5 (1960) 434; --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 81; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 130; EPFP 2 (1923) 317; --Crotalaria macrophylla Willd., Sp. Pl. 3 (1800) 982. --Flemingia cumingiana Benth. in Miq., Pl. Jungh. (1852) 245; --Fern.-Villar, Novis. App. (1880) 67; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 130, 354; Fl. Manila (1912) 253; EPFP 2 (1923) 316. --Flemingia philippinensis Merr. & Rolfe, PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 103; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 130; EPFP 2 (1923) 317; --Type: Merrill 4460 (L, NY, iso), Luzon: Lepanto District (vicinity of present-day Ilocos Sur and Mountain Province provincial borders), Cervantes to Mankayan, Nov-1905. Africa (Mozambique), C Himalayas to Sri Lanka and China, throughout Malesia, probably also in Australia. Widespread throughout the Philippines. Lowland and medium elevation thickets. Photos
  4. Flemingia strobilifera (L.) R.Br. in Aiton, Hort. Kew. ed. 2, 4 (1812) 350; --Moghania strobilifera (L.) St. Hil. ex Jackson, Index Kew. 2 (1894) 252; --Meeuwen et al., Reinwardtia 5 (1960) 433; --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 81; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 317; --Hedysarum strobiliferum L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 764. India to S China, throughout Malesia. Introduced in Mauritius and in the West Indies (e.g. Jamaica and Trinidad). Throughout the Philippines. Low to medium elevation in settled areas, open dry waste places. Often very abundant. Photos

Fordia Hemsl.

No Photos
  1. Fordia brachybotrys Merr., PJS 30 (1926) 397; --Buijsen, Blumea 33 (1988) 397; --Type: BS 44277 Ramos & Edaño (K, holo; P, SING, US, NY, iso), Tawi-tawi: Damp forest at low elevation, Jul-1924. Borneo and Philippines. TAWI-TAWI. Lowland forest.

Galactia P.Browne

Photos
  1. Galactia kalahiensis Korth., [name not in IPNI] --Soejarto et al., Checklist Fl. Pl. Palawan (1995). PALAWAN (Quezon, Tamlangon). Based on Mendoza & Espiritu 152, (PNH). Coll. 26-Apr-1964. Note by L.L.Co: I don’t know if this is really the correct specimen citation; but certainly not PNH 152 as this is an Edano collection from Mt Mantalingahan in Mar-1947.
  2. Galactia tashiroi Maxim., Bull. Acad. Sci. St. Petersb. 31 (1886) 34; --Hatusima, Mem. Fac. Agr. Kagoshima Univ. 5 (1966) 33. Ryukyus, Taiwan and the Philippines. BATAN, E side of Mt Iraya, on littoral cliff, Hatusima 28719.
  3. Galactia tenuiflora (Klein ex Willd.) Wight & Arn., Prodr. (1834) 206; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 119; Fl. Manila (1912) 259; Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 188; EPFP 2 (1923) 310; --Steen. et al., Reinwardtia 5 (1960) 431; --Glycine tenuiflora Klein ex Willd., Sp. Pl. 3 (1800) 1059. --Dolichos repens Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 577; Fl. Filip. 2 (1845) 402; Fl. Filip. 3, 2 (1879) 378, non L. Tropical Africa and Asia through Malesia (Philippines, SW Sulawesi, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls and E New Guinea) to tropical Australia. LUZON: Benguet, Bulacan, Rizal, Batangas. Grasslands and thickets often subjected to fires, more or less bound to seasonal climatic conditions, from sea-level to c. 2000m.

Gliricidia Kunth [Not native]

Photos
  1. Gliricidia sepium (Jacq.) Kunth ex Steud., Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1 (1840) 688; --Perkins, Fragm. Fl. Philip. (1904) 17; --Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 64; PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 73; Fl. Manila (1912) 245; Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 180; EPFP 2 (1923) 280; --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 54; --Robinia sepium Jacq., Enum. (1760) 28. --Gliricidia maculata Kunth, Nov. Gen. 6 (1824) 393; --Fern.-Villar, Novis. App. (1880) 59; --Merr., Philip. Bur. Forestry Bull. 1 (1903) 22; Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philip.) 6 (1904) 30. --Galedupa pungam Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 558; Fl. Filip. 2 (1845) 390; Fl. Filip. 3, 2 (1879) 352, t. 250, non Gmel. --Millettia ?luzoniensis A.Gray, Wilkes US Explor. Exped. (1854) 456; --Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 82. --Millettia splendidissima Naves in Blanco, Fl. Filip. ed. 3 (1877-83) t. 250; --Vidal, Cat. Pl. Prov. Manila (1880) 25, non Blume. Introduced from Mexico, thoroughly naturalized in the settled areas at low and medium elevation throughout the Philippines. Photos

Glycine Willd.

Photos
  1. Glycine tomentosa Benth., Fl. Austral. 2 (1864) 245; --Vidal, Phan. Cuming. Philip. (1885) 108; Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 109; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 110; EPFP 2 (1923) 304. S China, N Philippines, Australia. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, based on Cuming 1238. Apparently not again recollected in the Philippines since 1840.

Cultivated

  1. Glycine max (L.) Merr., Interpret. Herb. Amboin. (1917) 274; --Phaseolus max L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 725. Cultigen of Chinese origin. Photos

Hylodesmum H.Ohashi & R.R.Mill

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 2 July 2012


Photos

  1. Hylodesmum leptopus (A.Gray ex Benth.) H.Ohashi & R.R.Mill, Edinburgh J. Bot. 57(2) (2000) 178. --Desmodium laxum DC., Ann. Sci. Nat. 1, 4 (1825) 102; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 287.
  2. Hylodesmum podocarpum (DC.) H.Ohashi & R.R.Mill, Edinburgh J. Bot. 57(2) (2000) 181.
  3. Hylodesmum repandum (Vahl) H.Ohashi & R.R.Mill, Edinburgh J. Bot. 57(2) (2000) 185; --Desmodium repandum (Vahl) DC., Prodr. 2 (1825) 334; --Meeuwen, Reinwardtia 6 (1962) 258; --H.Ohashi, Ginkgoana No. 1 (1973) 160; --Hedysarum repandum Vahl, Symb. 2 (1791) 82. --Desmodium scalpe DC., Prodr. 2 (1825) 334; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 289. Africa, Sri Lanka, India, Bhutan, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, N Vietnam, China (Yunnan), Sumatra, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Borneo, Philippines, Sulawesi, Moluccas (Seram), New Guinea, ?Australia. LUZON: Mountain Province, Benguet. Montane thickets and ravines, 1200-2200m. Photos

Indigofera L.

Photos
  1. Indigofera erectifructa Y.Endo, H.Ohashi & Madulid, J. Jap. Bot. 80(5) (2005) 261, Figs. 1-3. Philippines.
  2. Indigofera galegoides DC., Prodr. 2 (1825) 225; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 274; --de Kort & Thijsse, Blumea 30 (1984) 118, Map 1; --Type: from Sri Lanka. India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls (Sumbawa; Wetar; Timor), Borneo (Kalimantan), Philippines, Sulawesi, Moluccas (Tanimbar Isls). CALAMIANES.
  3. Indigofera hirsuta L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 751; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 275; --de Kort & Thijsse, Blumea 30 (1984) 120; --Type: from Sri Lanka. --Indigofera angustifolia Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 596; --Merr., Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 179; --Indigofera tinctoria Naves in Blanco, Fl. Filip. ed. 3 (1877-83) t. 163, non L.; --Type: Merrill Sp. Blancoanae 403 (BM, K, L, US), Luzon: Pangasinan prov., Umingan. Pantropical. Grasslands, waste places, riverbanks, 0-1500m.
  4. Indigofera linifolia Retz., Obs. 4 (1786) 29; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 275; --de Kort & Thijsse, Blumea 30 (1984) 123. Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Kashmir, India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam, SW China (Yunnan; Sichuan), Taiwan, Ryukyu Isls, Java, Madura, Lesser Sunda Isls (Bali; Sumbawa; Sumba; Flores; Solor; Alor; Wetar; Timor), N Philippines, New Guinea, Australia (W Australia; Northern Territory; Queensland; New South Wales). LUZON.
  5. Indigofera luzonensis de Kort & Thijsse, Blumea 30 (1984) 126; --Type: Merrill 5043 (L, holo; BO, K, P, US, iso), Luzon: Rizal prov., Montalban, Mar-1906. LUZON: Rizal (Montalban).
  6. Indigofera nigrescens Kurz ex King & Prain, J. As. Soc. Beng. 67, 2 (1898) 268; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 275; --de Kort & Thijsse, Blumea 30 (1984) 127; --Type: from Myanmar. India (Assam), Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, China, Java, N Philippines. LUZON.
  7. Indigofera spicata Forssk., Fl. Aegypt. Arab. (1775) 138; --de Kort & Thijsse, Blumea 30 (1984) 132. --Indigofera hendecaphylla Jacq., Coll. 2 (1788) 259; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 275, excl. I. pusilla Lam; --Type: from Africa.
  8. Indigofera suffruticosa Mill., Gard. Dict. ed. 8 (1768) No. 2; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 275; --de Kort & Thijsse, Blumea 30 (1984) 134; --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 57.
  9. Indigofera tinctoria L. Sp. Pl. (1753) 751; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 276; --de Kort & Thijsse, Blumea 30 (1984) 136; --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 56; --Type: from Sri Lanka. Pantropical. Roadsides, grassy fields, cultivated grounds, riverbanks, secondary forests, etc.
  10. Indigofera trifoliata L., Amoen. Acad. 4 (1759) 327; Sp. Pl. ed. 2 (1763) 1062; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 276; --de Kort & Thijsse, Blumea 30 (1984) 137, Map 3; --Type: from India.
  11. Indigofera zollingeriana Miq., Fl. Ind. Bat. 1, 1 (1855) 310; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 276; --de Kort & Thijsse, Blumea 30 (1984) 142; --Type: from Java. China (Guangxi; Guangdong), Ryukyu Isls, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Peninsular Malaysia, Banka, Java, Kangean Archipelago, Lesser Sunda Isls (Bali; Flores; Babar), Borneo (Sarawak; Sabah), Batu Is, Philippines, Sulawesi, Moluccas, New Ireland. BATANES, LUZON, PALAWAN, PANAY, LEYTE, SAMAR, MINDANAO. Low and medium elevation thickets, secondary thickets, etc., ascending to 1400m in Benguet. Photos

Introduced: 

  1. Indigofera arrecta Hochst. ex A Rich., Tent. Fl. Abys. 1 (1847) 184; --de Kort & Thijsse, Blumea 30 (1984) 109; --Type: from Ethiopia. Tropical, subtropical and S Africa, Arabia. Introduced in Laos, Vietnam, Sumatra, Java, Sumba, Flores, Luzon.
  2. Indigofera decora Lindl., J. Hort. Soc. 1 (1846) 68; --de Kort & Thijsse, Blumea 30 (1984) 117; --Type: from Hongkong. Hongkong, N Philippines. LUZON.

Inocarpus J.R.Forst. & G.Forst. [Not native?]

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 30 July 2017

No Photos
  1. Inocarpus fagifer (Parkinson) Fosb., J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 31 (1941) 95; --Aniotum fagiferum Parkinson, Journ. Voy. 'Endeavour' (1773) 39. --Inocarpus edulis J.R.Forst. & G.Forst., Char. Gen. (1776) 66, t. 33; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 302. Malesia and Polynesia, frequently planted. SAMAR, SULU ARCHIPELAGO, MINDANAO. Cultivated only (Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 302).

Kunstleria Prain

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 18 August 2017

No Photos
  1. Kunstleria forbesii Prain, J. As. Soc. Beng. 66, 2 (1897) 111, 465; --Ridder-Numan & Kornet, Blumea 38 (1994) 471. --Kunstleria atroviolacea (Elmer) Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 14; EPFP 2 (1923) 298; --Derris atroviolacea Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1798; --Type: Elmer 12965. Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. Lowland secondary forests. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11).
  2. Kunstleria philippinensis Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 359; EPFP 2 (1923) 298; --Ridder-Numan & Kornet, Blumea 38 (1994) 478; --Type: Wenzel 836 (US, iso), Leyte: Leyte prov. LEYTE, BASILAN. Lowland forests to 500m.

Lablab Adans. [Not native]

Photos
  1. Lablab purpureus (L.) Sweet, Hort. Brit. ed. 1 (1827) 481; --Verdc., Kew Bull. 24 (1970) 410; --Dolichos purpureus L., Sp. Pl. ed. 2 (1763) 1021. --Dolichos lablab L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 725; --Fern.-Villar, Novis. App. (1880) 65; --Perkins, Fragm. Fl. Philip.  (1904) 90; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 135; Fl. Manila (1912) 264; Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 193; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 321; --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 116. --Lablab cultratus DC., Prodr. 2 (1825) 402; --Blanco, Fl. Filip. ed. 2 (1845) 405; ed. 3, 2 (1879) 379, t. 292. Old World native and now pantropic in cultivation. A naturalized introduced plant in the Philippines. Commonly cultivated in the settled areas, sometimes escaping. Bataw.  Photos

Leptospron (Benth. & Hook.f.) A.Delgado [Not native]

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 6 November 2014

Photos
  1. Leptospron adenanthum (G.Mey.) A.Delgado, Amer. J. Bot. 98 (2011) 1710; --Vigna adenantha (G.Mey.) Maréchal, Mascherpa & Stainier, Taxon 27 (1978) 202; --Phaseolus adenanthus G.Mey., Prim. Fl. Esseq. (1818) 239; --Perkins, Fragm. Fl. Philip. (1904) 89; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 132; Fl. Manila (1912) 261; EPFP 2 (1923) 318. Native to Central and South America. N LUZON (Cagayan) to MINDANAO. Thickets bordering swamps, streams, etc., at low and medium elevation. Photos

Lespedeza Michx.

Photos
  1. Lespedeza sericea (Thunb.) Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 3 (1867) 49; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 294; --Hedysarum sericeum Thunb., Fl. Jap. (1784) 287. --Lespedeza juncea Pers., Syn. 2 (1807) 318,

 Lourea Necker = Christia

Luzonia Elmer

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 18 August 2017

No Photos
  1. Luzonia purpurea Elmer, LPB 1 (1907) 220; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 120; PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 17; EPFP 2 (1923) 314; --Adema, Blumea 43 (1998) 235; --Type: Elmer 9013 (L, NY, US, iso), Luzon: Quezon prov., Lucban, wooded ravines, 775m, May-1907. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Bataan, Quezon, LEYTE. Low and medium elevation forests, ascending to 1400m in Benguet. Conservation status: Other Threatened Species (DAO 2017-11).

Macropsychanthus Harms ex Schumann & Lauterbach

No Photos
  1. Macropsychanthus mindanaensis Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 120; EPFP 2 (1923) 311. MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Surigao del Norte. Low and medium elevation forests along streams. Listed as a "dubious species."

 Macroptilium (Benth.) Urb. [Not native]

Photos
  1. Macroptilium atropurpureum (DC.) Urban, Symb. Antill. (Urban) 9 (1928) 457; --Phaseolus atropurpureus DC., Prodr. 2 (1825) 395; --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 110. Native of SW United States. Widely distributed in North, Central and South America. Throughout the Philippines, in open grasslands and rice fields. Photos
  2. Macroptilium lathyroides (L.) Urban, Symb. Antill. (Urban) 9 (1928) 457; --Phaseolus lathyroides L., Sp. Pl. ed. 2 (1763) 1018; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 260; EPFP 2 (1923) 318; --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 110. --Phaseolus semierectus L., Mantissa 1 (1767) 100; --Perkins, Fragm. Fl. Philip. (1904) 89; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 132. Native of tropical America, now pantropically distributed. Widespread in the Philippines, low elevation grasslands, rice fields, roadsides, etc. Photos

 Medicago L. [Not native]

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 11 July 2017

Photos
  1. Medicago lupulina L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 779; --Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 274; Fl. Manila (1912) 253; EPFP 2 (1923) 274. Widely distributed in Europe and Asia, naturalized in North America. An introduced plant in the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet. Open grassy sites, 1500m. Photos
  2. Medicago polymorpha L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 779. --Medicago denticulata Willd., Sp. Pl. 3 (1803) 1414; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 64; EPFP 2 (1923) 274. Europe to India, China and Japan, naturalized in North America. LUZON: La Union, Benguet, Manila. Apparently well established in Benguet. Photos

 Melilotus Mill. [Not native]

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 30 July 2017

Photos
  1. Melilotus indicus (L.) All., Fl. Ped. 1 (1785) 308; --Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 15; EPFP 2 (1923) 274; --Trifolium indicum L., Sp. Pl. 2 (1753) 765. --Trifolium melilotus-indica L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 765. Widely distributed in Asia, introduced in other areas including the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet (Baguio). ‘Disturbed soil along the railroad grade, also as a weed in the Forestry Nursery’ (Merrill, 1915).

 Millettia Wight & Arn.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 18 August 2017

Photos
  1. Millettia ahernii Merr. & Rolfe, PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 103; PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 71; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 278; --Adema, Blumea 45 (2000) 411; --Type: BS 3373 Ahern’s collector (K, MO, NY, US, iso), Luzon: Rizal prov., Sep-1905. --Millettia canariifolia Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 71; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 279; --Type: BS 4711 (syn), --BS 4727 Ramos (K, syn), Luzon: Zambales prov., Dec-1907. --Millettia cavitensis Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 72; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 279; --Type: Merrill 4181 (L, NY, P, US, iso), Luzon: Cavite prov., Maragondong, Jul-1905. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, Cagayan, Zambales, Rizal, Cavite, Quezon. Lowland thickets, ravines, and open forests.
  2. Millettia brachycarpa Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 17; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 278; --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 53; --Adema, Blumea 45 (2000) 410; --Type: Merrill 9578 (A, K, L, MO, NY, US), Palawan: Palawan prov., Silanga, May-1913. LUZON: Laguna (Mt Makiling), Batangas, PALAWAN. Lowlands, in thin forests, abandoned clearings, etc.
  3. Millettia merrillii Perkins, Frag. Fl. Philipp. (1904) 81; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 279; --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 53; --Adema, Blumea 45 (2000) 413; --Type: Merrill 1387 (A, K, lecto; NY 2 sheets, SING, US, isolecto), Luzon: Pampanga prov., Arayat, Mar-1903. --Millettia foxworthii Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 72; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 279; --Type: BS 740 Foxworthy (A, K, L, NY, US, iso), Palawan: Palawan prov., Mar/Apr-1906. --Millettia stipulata Dunn, PJS 6 c (1912) Bot. 316; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 280; --Type: FB 11140 Aguilar (US, iso), Luzon: Bulacan prov., Angat, Mar/Apr-1908. --Millettia capillipes Dunn, PJS 6 c (1912) Bot. 316; --Type: FB 18549 Alvarez (K), Luzon: Isabela prov., Cabagan River, along stream bank, Apr-1909. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan to Bataan, Bulacan, Rizal, Laguna (Mt Makiling), MINDORO, PALAWAN, NEGROS. Lowland and medium elevation thickets and secondary forests, also along riverbanks. Locally abundant. Conservation status: Other Threatened Species (DAO 2017-11).
  4. Millettia pinnata (L.) Panigrahi in Panigrahi & Murti, Fl. Bilaspur Distr. 1 (1989) 210; --Adema, Blumea 45 (2000) 411; --Pongamia pinnata (L.) Pierre, Fl. For. Cochinch. 5 (1907) t. 384; --Merr., Interp. Herb. Amb. (1917) 271; EPFP 2 (1923) 298; --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 65; --Cystisus pinnatus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 741. --Pongamia pinnata var. xerocarpa (Hassk.) Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 298; --Pongamia mitis (L.) Merr. var. xerocarpa (Hassk.) Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 101; --Pongamia xerocarpa Hassk., Hort. Bogor. descr. ed. 2 (1858) 208; --Type unknown. --Pongamia mitis (L.) Kurz, Prelim. Rep. For. Veg. Pegu, App. A (1875) 49; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 101; --Robinia mitis L., Sp. Pl. ed. 2 (1763) 1044, nom. illeg.; --Type: unknown. Mascarene Isls, tropical Asia, across Malesia to Australia and Polynesia. Throughout the Philippines along the seashore, common. Also extending inland (especially as var. xerocarpa). Photos
  5. Millettia platyphylla Merr. ex Dunn, J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 41 (1912) 140; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 279; --Adema, Blumea 45 (2000) 414; --Type: CM Weber 1123 (A, K, US, isolecto), Mindanao: Agusan del Norte prov., Mar/Jul-1911. BILIRAN, LEYTE, SAMAR, MINDANAO: Misamis, Bukidnon, Agusan del Norte. Low and medium elevation thickets and secondary forests.
  6. Millettia tenuipes Merr., PJS 30 (1926) 398; --Adema, Blumea 45 (2000) 414; --Type: BS 44803 Ramos & Edaño (A, K, NY, SING, US, iso), Luzon: Zambales prov., Mt Marayep, along forested streams at low elevation, 12-Dec-1924. LUZON: Zambales (Mt Marayep). Only known from the type collection.

Dubious species

  1. Millettia longipes Perkins, Frag. Fl. Philipp. (1904) 80; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 279; --Adema, Blumea 45 (2000) 417. Known only from uncorrelated fragmentary materials in K. See Adema (2000: 417).

Excluded species

  1.  Millettia litoralis Dunn, PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 316; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 279. K duplicate of the type specimen has been identified as Derris cf. scandens Benth.

Not accounted for in Adema’s (2000) revision:

  1.  Millettia racemosa (Roxb.) Benth. in Miq., Pl. Jungh. (1852) 249; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 279. India to Myanmar and Thailand. LUZON: Rizal. Based on BS 1064 Ramos (cited by Merrill, 1923). ‘The identity of the Luzon specimen to this species is not certain as it is with buds only (Merrill, 1923).

Moghania J.St.-Hil. = Flemingia Roxb. ex W.T.Aiton

 Monarthrocarpus Merr. = Desmodium section Monarthrocarpus (Merr.) H.Ohashi

 Mucuna Adans.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 24 September 2016

Photos
  1. Mucuna angustifolia Adema, Blumea 61 (2016) 103; --Type: Ridsdale & Reynoso 1420 (L, holo), Luzon: Zambales, Santa Cruz, Acoje Mine concession area, 23-May-1986. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Zambales. Up to 200m.
  2. Mucuna aurea C.B.Rob., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 183; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 307; --Wilmot-Dear, Kew Bull. 46 (1990) 229; --Type: R.S. Williams 1292 (NY, holo; K, NY, PNH, US, iso), Luzon: Benguet prov., Baguio, 13-Jul-1904. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Ifugao (Bayninan), Benguet (Sablan; Baguio). Medium elevation forests and thickets, ascending to 1700m. Photos
  3. Mucuna curranii Elmer, LPB 1 (1907) 230; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 116; EPFP 2 (1923) 308; --Wilmot-Dear, Kew Bull. 46 (1990) 231; --Type: Elmer 8442 (PNH, holo, lost; A, BO, F, K, L, NY, iso), Luzon: Benguet prov., Baguio, Mar-1907. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet (Pauai; Baguio; Mt Sto Tomas). Montane thickets, also limestone cliffs and ravines, 1300-2200m.
  4. Mucuna diplax Wilmot-Dear, Kew Bull. 46 (1991) 240; --Type: R.S. Williams 231 (NY, holo; A, K, NY, US, iso), Luzon: Bataan prov., Mt Mariveles, Lamao River, 23-Nov-1903. --Negretia urens Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 586; Fl. Filip. 2 (1845) 409; Fl. Filip. 3, 2 (1879) 387, nom. illeg., non Tussac; --Type: Merrill Sp. Blanc. 779 (L, neo; K, isoneo), Luzon: Rizal Prov., San Mateo. --Mucuna imbricata sensu Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philip.) 27 (1905) 38; PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 67, non Baker, sensu stricto. --Mucuna nigricans sensu Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 116, pro parte; Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 187; --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 107, non (Lour.) Steud. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Bataan (Mt Mariveles, Lamao River; Pilar), Rizal (San Mateo), Laguna, Sorsogon (Mt Bulusan), POLILLO, ALABAT, MINDORO: Mindoro Occidental (Paluan), Mindoro Oriental (San Teodoro, Subaan River), PALAWAN (photos). Low elevation, recorded among others along riverine habitats. Photos
  5. Mucuna gigantea (Willd.) DC., Prod. 2 (1825) 405; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 308; --Wilmot-Dear, Kew Bull. 46 (1990) 217. Photos
  6. Mucuna hainanensis Hayata, Icon. Pl. Formos. 3 (1913) 72; --Type: from Hainan. Photos
  7. Mucuna longipedunculata Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 29 (1905) 18; EPFP 2 (1923) 308; --Wilmot-Dear, Kew Bull. 46 (1990) 223; --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 106, excl. syn. Mucuna macmillanii Elmer; --Type: Elmer 6233 (PNH, holo, lost; K, NY, iso), Luzon: Benguet prov., Sablan, May-1904. --Mucuna macmillanii Elmer, LPB 8 (1915) 2736, --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 308 (in syn. M. longipedunculata Merr.); --Wilmot-Dear, Kew Bull. 46 (1990) 226; --Type: Elmer 13594 (PNH, holo, lost; A, BISH, E, F, K, L, MO, NEB, NY, US, US, iso), Mindanao: Agusan del Norte prov., Cabadbaran, Mt Urdaneta, Aug-1912. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan (Peñablanca), Isabela, Benguet (Sablan), Aurora (Casiguran), Rizal (Montalban: Malacassing, Mt Paningtingan), Quezon (Dibutanan; Mt Binuang; Guinayangan), Laguna (Los Baños; Calauan), POLILLO, CATANDUANES (Mt Nagpakdit), ?PANAY, BILIRAN, MINDANAO: Misamis Occidental (Mt Malindang), Bukidnon (Mahulicot), Davao (Mt Apo), Agusan del Norte, Surigao del Norte. Ravines, forests, near streams, low and medium elevation up to 500m. Photos
  8. Mucuna mindorensis Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) 231; --EPFP 2 (1923) 309; --Wilmot-Dear, Kew Bull. 46 (1990) 221; --Mucuna acuminata Merr., PJS 1, Suppl. 3 (1906) 196, nom. illeg.; --Type: Merrill 4069 (PNH, holo; K, L, NY, US, iso), Mindoro: Mindoro Oriental prov., Baco River. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDORO: Mindoro Oriental (Baco River; Mt Halcon), PANAY: Capiz (Agravay; Jamindan). Forest, along beach and rivers at low elevation.
  9. Mucuna pachycarpa Parreno ex Wilmot-Dear, Kew Bull. 46 (1990) 221; --Type: BS 84971 Ramos & Edaño (A, holo), Mindanao: South Cotabato prov., Nutol, 18-Apr-1932. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: South Cotabato. Known only from the type? Habitat not indicated.
  10. Mucuna platyplekta Quisumb. & Merr., PJS 37 (1928) 152; --Wilmot-Dear, Kew Bull. 46 (1990) 244; --Type: BS 47232 Ramos & Edaño (PNH, holo, lost; NY, UC, iso), Luzon: Isabela prov., San Mariano, 16-Feb-1926. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan (Peñablanca), Isabela (San Mariano), ?Rizal (Mt Igarrotes, based on Callery sn, in P, collected in Feb 1840). Lowland dry open forests along streams.
  11. Mucuna pruriens (L.) DC., Prodr. 2 (1825) 405; --Perkins, Fragm. Fl. Philip. (1904) 86; --Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 67; PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 117; --Fl. Manila (1912) 259; Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 188; EPFP 2 (1923) 309; --Wilmot-Dear, Kew Bull. 39 (1984) 61; Kew Bull. 42 (1987) 40; Kew Bull. 46 (1990) 245; --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 107; --Dolichos pruriens L., Herb. Amboin. (Linn.) (1754) 23. --Negretia pruriens Blanco, Fl. Filip. ed. 2 (1845) 411, non Negretia pruriens (L.) Oken; --Type: Merrill Species Blancoana 645 (L, neo), Luzon: Rizal, Fort William McKinley. Photos
  12. Mucuna reticulata Burck, Ann. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg 11 (1893) 184; --Wilmot-Dear, Kew Bull. 46 (1990) 226; --Type: from Sulawesi. --Mucuna foveolata Merr., PJS 20 (1922) 389; EPFP 2 (1923) 308; --Type: FB 28379 Mabesa (PNH, holo, lost; K, US, iso), Luzon: Quezon prov., Kabibihan. Sulawesi, Philippines. LUZON: Quezon (Guinayangan; Kabibihan), SAMAR. Low elevation, along streams, forest edges, and secondary forests. Photos
  13. Mucuna samarensis Merr., PJS 20 (1922) 390; EPFP 2 (1923) 309; --Wilmot-Dear, Kew Bull. 46 (1990) 237; --Type BS 24341 Ramos (PNH, holo, lost; K, NY, US, iso), Samar: Catubig River, Feb/Mar-1916. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON, SAMAR: Eastern Samar (Balangiga), MINDANAO: Surigao del Norte (Surigao). Lowlands, damp forests along margins of old clearings.
  14. Mucuna sericophylla Perkins, Frag. Fl. Philip. (1904) 86; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 117; EPFP 2 (1923) 310; --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 109; --Mucuna var. sericophylla Wilmot-Dear, Kew Bull. 46 (1991) 247, Map 5; --Type: Warburg 12438 (B, holo, lost), Luzon: Cagayan prov. --Mucuna luzoniensis Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 196; --Type: Elmer 5599 (PNH, holo, lost; NY, US, iso), Luzon: La Union prov., Bauang, Feb-1904. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: La Union (Bauang; Damortis), Abra (Bucay), Mountain Province, Benguet, Nueva Vizcaya, Zambales (Mt Pinatubo), Bataan, Pampanga, Laguna, MINDORO: Mindoro Oriental (Mansalay, Mt Yagaw), LEYTE, JOLO, MINDANAO. Low to medium elevation dry thickets.

 Ormocarpum P.Beauv.

No Photos
  1. Ormocarpum cochinchinense (Lour.) Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 76; EPFP 2 (1923) 282; --Diphaca cochinchinensis Lour., Fl. Cochinch. (1790) 454. --Ormocarpum sennoides (Willd.) DC., Prodr. 2 (1825) 315; --Fern.-Villar, Novis. App. (1880) 60; --Vidal, Phan. Cuming. Philip. (1885) 107; Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 106; --Perkins, Fragm. Fl. Philip. (1904) 17; --Hedysarum sennoides Willd., Sp. Pl. 3 (1803) 1207. Tropical Africa, India to S China, across Malesia to tropical Australia. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, Batangas, Camarines, CAMIGUIN. Dry open slopes and thickets at low and medium elevation.

Ormosia Jacks.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 30 July 2017

Photos
  1. Ormosia bancana (Miq.) Merr., Enum. Born. (1921) 301; --Whitmore, Tree Fl. Malaya 1 (1972) 300; --Cockburn, Trees of Sabah 1 (1976) 201; --Soejarto et al. (1995) Checklist Fl. Pl. Palawan; --Macrotropis bancana Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind., Eerste Bijv. 2 (1861) 295. Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Langkawi, Malacca, Singapore, Banka, Anambas, Natuna, Borneo (Sabah), SW Philippines. PALAWAN (Taytay; Mt Victoria, Trident Mine area, 4 collections, L, PNH).
  2. Ormosia calavensis Azaola ex Blanco, Fl. Filip. ed. 2 (1845) 230; Fl. Filip. 3, 2 (1878) 64; Fern.-Villar,  Novis. App. (1880) 69; --Vidal, Sinopsis Atlas (1883) 23; Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 113; Phan. Cuming. Philip. (1885) 109; --Perkins, Fragm. Fl. Philip. (1904) 15; --Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 64; PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 58; Interpret. Herb. Amboin. (1917) 262; Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 177; EPFP 2 (1923) 269; --Cockburn, Trees of Sabah 1 (1976) 201; --Pancho &  Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 32; --Type: Merrill Sp. Blancoanae 707 (K, US, isoneo), Luzon: Bulacan prov., Angat, Mt Anginan, dry hill summit, c. 220m, 16-Dec-1914. Java, Borneo (Sabah), Philippines, Sulawesi, Moluccas, New Guinea, Palau. N LUZON to MINDANAO. Low and medium elevation forests.
  3. Ormosia macrodisca Baker, in Hook.f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 2 (1878) 253; --Whitmore, Tree Fl. Malaya 1 (1972) 301. --Ormosia basilanensis Merr., PJS 14 (1919) 407; EPFP 2 (1923) 269; --Type: FB 17893 Rafael (US, syn), Basilan: Basilan prov., Maluno, in forests, c. 140m, 13-Nov-1912; --Hollier 508 (syn), probably same locality, Jan-1904. --?Ormosia clementis Merr., PJS 14 (1919) 406; EPFP 2 (1923) 270; --Type: MS Clemens 1139, Mindanao: Lanao del Sur prov., Camp Keithley, c. 900m, Jul-1907. --?Ormosia grandifolia Merr., PJS 14 (1919) 408; EPFP 2 (1923) 270; --Type: FB 21172 Alvarez, Luzon: Camarines prov., Magdoronganon River, in forests near the river, c. 100m, 23-Mar-1914. Peninsular Malaysia, Malacca, Singapore, Borneo (Sabah), Philippines. LUZON: Camarines, BASILAN, MINDANAO: Lanao del Sur (Camp Keithley). Lowland forest to c. 900m.
  4. Ormosia paniculata Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 35 (1906) 21; EPFP 2 (1923) 270; --Type: FB 2028 Borden (NY, SING, US, iso), Luzon: Bataan prov., Mt Mariveles, Lamao River, Sep/Dec-1904. --Ormosia orbiculata Merr., PJS 14 (1919) 405; EPFP 2 (1923) 270; --Type: BS 32775 Ramos (K, L, US, iso), Luzon: Ilocos Norte prov., Burgos, 17-Jul-1918. LUZON: Ilocos Norte (Burgos; Pasuquin), Bataan (Mt Mariveles). Lowland forest, up to 300m.
  5. Ormosia surigaensis Merr., PJS 17 (1920) 405; EPFP 2 (1923) 263; --Type: BS 34494 Ramos & Pascasio (L, US, iso), Mindanao: Surigao del Norte prov., on ridges at low elevation at the iron deposit on the NE coast, 24-Apr-1919. MINDANAO: Surigao del Norte. Forested ridge at low elevation.

Pachyrhizus Rich. ex DC. [Not native]

Photos
  1. Pachyrhizus erosus (L.) Urban, Symb. Antill. 4 (1905) 311; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 135; Fl. Manila (1912) 263; Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 193; EPFP 2 (1923) 321; --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl.  Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 112; --Dolichos erosus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 726. --Pachyrrhizus angulatus Rich. ex DC., Prodr. 2 (1825) 402; --Blanco, Fl. Filip. ed. 2 (1845) 405; Fl. Filip. ed. 3, 2 (1879) 380; --Fern.-Villar, Novis. App. (1880) 65; --Vidal, Phan. Cuming. Philip. (1885) 109; Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 110. Native of tropical America, now pantropic. Throughout the Philippines in the settled areas at low and medium elevation. Sometimes planted. Yam bean; singkamas.

Paraderris (Miq.) R.Geesink = Derris

Parosela Cav. = Dalea

Pericopsis Thwaites

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 18 August 2017

No Photos
  1. Pericopsis mooniana Thwaites, Enum. Pl. Zeyl. (1864) 414. --Ormosia villamilii Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 313; EPFP 2 (1923) 270; --Type: FB 13290 Foxworthy, Villamil & de Mesa (US, iso), Mindanao: Zamboanga del Sur prov., opposite Olutanga Is, forested slopes near the sea, c. 20m, 16-May-1912. Sri Lanka, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Borneo (Sabah, E Kalimantan), Philippines, Sulawesi, S Moluccas, New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua), Micronesia. MINDANAO: Zamboanga del Sur. Lowland forests near the sea. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11).

 Phaseolus L. [Not native]

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 3 November 2014

Photos
  1. Phaseolus lunatus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 724; --Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 573; Fl. Filip. 2 (1845) 400; Fl. Filip. 3, 2 (1879) 370, t. 352; Fern.-Villar, Novis. App. (1880) 64; --Perkins, Fragm. Fl. Philip. (1904) 89; --Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philip.) 6 (1904) 32; PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 354; --Fl. Manila (1912) 261; Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 191; EPFP 2 (1923) 318; --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 112. --Phaseolus inamoenus Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 571; Fl. Filip. 2 (1845) 399; Fl. Filip. 3, 2 (1879) 368, non ?L. --Phaseolus ilocanus Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 572. --Phaseolus tunkinensis Lour., Fl. Cochinch. (1790) 435; --Blanco, Fl. Filip. ed. 2 (1845) 399; Fl. Filip. 3, 2 (1879) 369. --Phaseolus vexillatus Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 574, non L. Phaseolus vulgaris Blanco, Fl. Filip., ed. 2 (1845) 401; Fl. Filip. 3, 2 (1879) 371, non L. Native of tropical America, now pantropic in distribution. In the Philippines now thoroughly naturalized and common in thickets at low and medium elevation, ascending to 2000m; some forms cultivated. Lima bean. Photos
  2. Phaseolus vulgaris L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 723; --Fern.-Villar, Novis. App. (1880) 64; --Merr., Fl. Manila  (1912) 261; EPFP 2 (1923) 319. Cultivated pantropically. Various forms grown in the Philippines. In the Mountain Province, occasionally subspontaneous. Common bean. Photos

Phylacium Benn.

No Photos
  1. Phylacium bracteosum Benn., Pl. Jav. Rar. (1840) 159, t. 33; --Vidal, Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 108; --Perkins, Fragm. Fl. Philip. (1904) 20; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 94, 354; EPFP 2 (1923) 294; --Bresser, Blumea 24 (1978) 490. Malesia (excluding Borneo) and Australia (N Queensland). N LUZON to MINDANAO. Low and medium elevation dry thickets, ascending to 1400m; locally abundant.

Phyllodium Desv.

Photos
  1. Phyllodium pulchellum (L.) Desv., J. de Bot. ser. 2, 1 (1813) 124; --H.Ohashi, Ginkgoana 1 (1973) 276, Pl. 39b; --Desmodium pulchellum (L.) Benth., Fl. Hongk. (1861) 83; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 79; Fl. Manila (1912) 239; EPFP 2 (1923) 288; --Meeuwen, Reinwardtia  6 (1962) 256; --Backer & Bakh.f., Fl. Java 1 (1963) 603; --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 39; --Hedysarum pulchellum L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 747. Tropical Asia from India through S China, Taiwan, across Malesia to N Australia. Throughout the Philippines. Low and medium elevation wastelands, open thickets, settled areas, etc. Photos

Pisum L. [Not native, not naturalized]

Photos
  1. Pisum sativum L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 272; --Fern.-Villar, Novis. App. (1880) 62; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 108; Fl. Manila (1912) 249; EPFP 2 (1923) 302. Native to western Asia; in the Philippines, cultivated, its occurrence dependent on imported seeds. Common pea; Chicharo. Photos

 Pongamia Vent. = Millettia

Pseudarthria Wight & Arn.

No Photos
  1. Pseudarthria viscida (L.) Wight & Arn., Prodr. (1834) 209; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 90; EPFP  2 (1923) 291; --Meeuwen et al., Reinwardtia 6 (1961) 105; --Hedysarum viscidum L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 747. Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, E Java, Bawean Is, Lesser Sunda Isls (Bali; Lombok; Flores; Timor; Wetar), Philippines, S-C Sulawesi, Moluccas (Halmahera; Sula; Buru; Seram; Ambon; Banda; Kai Isls). LUZON: Bulacan, PANAY, NEGROS. Waste places near towns, deserted clearings, coconut groves, etc.

Psophocarpus Necker ex DC. [Not native]

Photos
  1. Psophocarpus tetragonolobus (L.) DC., Prodr. 2 (1825) 403; --Fern.-Villar, Novis. App. (1880) 66; --Vidal, Phan. Cuming. Philip. (1885) 109; Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 110; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 136; Fl. Manila (1912) 264; EPFP 2 (1923) 322; --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 117; --Dolichos tetragonolobus L., Sp. Pl. ed. 2 (1763) 1020; --Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 576; Fl. Filip. 2 (1845) 402; Fl. Filip. 3, 2 (1879) 374. India to Malaya in cultivation. Cultivated, semi-cultivated, and occasionally spontaneous or subspontaneous in most parts of the Philippines at low and medium elevation. Introduced. Asparagus bean; cigarillas.  Photos

 Psoralea badocana (Blanco) Blanco = Cullen

Pterocarpus Jacq.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 18 August 2017

Photos
  1. Pterocarpus indicus Willd., Sp. Pl. 3 (1800) 904; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 246; EPFP 2 (1923) 297; --Rojo, Phanerog. Monog. 5 (1972) 41; --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 60. --Pterocarpus blancoi Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 6 (1904) 7; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 297. --Pterocarpus pubescens Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 271; EPFP 2 (1923) 297.

Non-naturalized cultivated species

  1. Pterocarpus marsupium Roxb., Pl. Corom. 2 (1799) 9, t. 116; --Rojo, Phanerog. Monog. 5 (1972) 58

Pueraria DC.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 30 July 2017

Photos
  1. Pueraria montana (Lour.) Merr., Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc. ser. 2, 24(2) (1935) 10, 210. Photos
  2. Pueraria pulcherrima (Koord.) Merr. ex Koord.-Schum., Syst. Verzeich. 2 (1914) 132; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 312; --Mucuna pulcherrima Koord., Meded. Lands Plant. 19 (1908) 440. --Glycine warburgii (Perkins) Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 231; --Pueraria warburgii Perkins, Fragm. Fl. Philip. (1904) 87; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 124; --Type: Warburg 14664 (B), Mindanao: Davao, Taumo. Philippines, Sulawesi. LUZON: Albay, Sorsogon, BILIRAN, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Davao, Agusan del Norte, Surigao del Norte. Lowland thickets and forests.

Pycnospora R.Brown ex Wight & Arn.

No Photos
  1. Pycnospora lutescens (Poir.) Schindl., J. Bot. 64 (1926) 145; --Meeuwen et al., Reinwardtia 5 (1960) 437; --Hedysarum lutescens Poir. in Lam., Enc. Bot. 6 (1806) 417. --Pycnospora nervosa (Graham) Wight & Arn., Prodr. (1834) 197; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 91; EPFP 2 (1923) 292; --Crotalaria nervosa Graham in Wall., Cat. (1832) no. 5428, nomen. Tropical Africa, India through Myanmar, Thailand, Indochina to S China to Taiwan, across Malesia to tropical E Australia. In Malesia: SE New Guinea, Aru Isls, Moluccas, Lesser Sunda Isls, Java, S Sulawesi and the Philippines. LUZON (Benguet, Bulacan, Rizal), CULION, SEMIRARA, PANAY, MINDANAO (Lanao, Bukidnon, Davao). Open grasslands at low and medium elevation.

Rhynchosia Lour.

Photos 
  1. Rhynchosia acuminatissima Miq., Fl. Ind. Bat. 1, 1 (1855) 171; --Meeuwen et al., Reinwardtia 5 (1960) 440. --Rhynchosia calosperma Warb. In Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 12 (1891) 314; --Merr., PJS 5c (1910) Bot. 128; EPFP 2 (1923) 316. Hainan, across Malesia from Sumatra to New Guinea and Bismarck Archipelago, Micronesia (Tinian) and NE Australia (Queensland). LUZON, GUIMARAS, MINDANAO. Lowland thickets. Apparently very rare or local in the Philippines.
  2. Rhynchosia minima (L.) DC., Prodr. 2 (1852) 385; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 316; --Meeuwen et al., Reinwardtia 5 (1960) 439; --Dolichos minimus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 1020. Pantropical, recorded from tropical America, tropical and S Africa, rather common in SE-E Asia (northward to Yunnan) and Australia; in Malesia: E Papua, Sumba, Kangean, Java (E and W) and NW tip of LUZON (Ilocos Norte). Grassland in region with a pronounced dry season, low elevation.
  3. Rhynchosia volubilis Lour., Fl. Cochinch. (1790) 460; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 316; --Meeuwen et al., Reinwardtia 5 (1960) 443. Japan to S China and Taiwan. LUZON (Mountain Province and Benguet). In open grasslands, 1400-2000m. According to Meeuwen et al. (1960), this SE-E Asiatic species has never been found native in Malesia. It is said to be cultivated in Bogor during Blume’s time but has since disappeared and not been naturalized.

Sarcodum Lour.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 29 July 2017

No Photos 
  1. Sarcodum scandens Lour., Fl. Cochinch. 2 (1790) 462. --Clianthus binnendyckianus Kurz, J. As. Soc. Beng. 40, 2 (1871) 51; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 282. Philippines, Sulawesi, Moluccas (Seram). LUZON: Sorsogon, POLILLO, LEYTE, CAMIGUIN, MINDANAO. Low and medium elevation thickets and forests.

Sesbania Scop.

Photos
  1. Sesbania cannabina (Retz.) Pers., Syn. 2 (1807) 316; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 74; Fl. Manila  (1912) 250; EPFP 2 (1923) 281; --Aeschynomene cannabina Retz., Obs. 5 (1789) 26. --Sesbania aegyptiaca Fern.-Villar, Novis. App. (1880) 59; --Naves in Blanco, Fl. Filip. ed. 3 (1877-83) t. 405, non Poir. --Sesbania aculeata Fern.-Villar, Novis. App. (1880) 59; --Vidal, Phan. Cuming. Philip. (1885) 107; Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 106; --Perkins, Fragm. Fl. Philip. (1904) 17, non Pers. India to Malaya. N LUZON to MINDANAO. Lowlands to medium elevation along streams, open wetlands, etc. Photos
  2. Sesbania grandiflora (L.) Pers., Syn. 2 (1807) 316; --Blanco, Fl. Filip (1837) 599; Fl. Filip. 2 (1845) 418; Fl. Filip. 3, 2 (1879) 399, t. 291; --Fern.-Villar, Novis. App. (1880) 60; --Vidal, Sinopsis Atlas (1883) 23; --Perkins, Fragm. Fl. Philip. (1904) 17; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 75; Fl. Manila (1912) 250; Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 181; EPFP 2 (1923) 281; --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 71; --Robinia grandiflora L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 722. Mascarene Isls, India, across Malesia to tropical Australia. Planted in other tropical countries. Certainly an introduced plant in the Philippines. N LUZON to MINDANAO. Lowlands to medium elevation in the settled areas. Often planted. Photos
  3. Sesbania roxburghii Merr., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 269; PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 74; Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 181; EPFP 2 (1923) 281. --Sesbania aculeata Poir. var. paludosa Baker in Hook.f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 2 (1876) 115; --Fern.-Villar, Novis. App. (1880) 59. India to S China and Taiwan, southward to Java and Sulawesi. LUZON: Rizal, Laguna. Along streams, in swamps, and in shallow water of lakes.
  4. Sesbania sesban (L.) Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 235; EPFP 2 (1923) 282; --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 72; --Aeschynomene sesban L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 714. Pantropic. Throughout the Philippines. In open poorly-drained fields in the lowlands. Naturalized.

Shuteria Wight & Arn.

No Photos
  1. Shuteria involucrata (Wall.) Wight & Arn., Repert. Bot. Syst. (Walpers) 1(4) (1842) 761; --H.Ohashi, J. Jap. Bot. 50 (1975) 305; --Glycine involucrata Wall., Pl. Asiat. Rar. (Wallich). 3 (1832) 22. --Shuteria vestita (Graham) Wight & Arn., Prodr. (1834) 207; --Vidal, Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 109; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 110, 354; EPFP 2 (1923) 304; --Glycine vestita Graham in Wall. Cat. (1832) No. 5512, nomen nudum. India to S China. LUZON: Mountain Province, Benguet. Open slopes and in thickets associated with pine forests, 1300-2000m.

Smithia Aiton

No Photos
  1. Smithia ciliata Royle, Illustr. Bot. Himal. (1839) 201; --C.B.Rob., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 184; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 77; EPFP 2 (1923) 283; --Meeuwen et al., Reinwardtia 5 (1960) 444. Himalayas, N Thailand, N Vietnam, Taiwan, Malesia: Lesser Sunda Isls (Bali, Timor), E Java, Sulawesi, Philippines. LUZON (Mountain Province, Benguet). Pine forest, 1100-2200m.
  2. Smithia conferta Sm. in Rees, Cycl. 33, no. 2 (1816); --Meeuwen et al., Reinwardtia 5 (1960) 445. India, Indochina, through Malesia (Philippines, N Borneo, S Sulawesi, Java and Lombok) to Queensland. MINDORO: Occidental Mindoro, based on PNH 22478 Sulit.
  3. Smithia sensitiva Aiton, Hort. Kew. 3 (1789) 496; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 283; --Meeuwen et al., Reinwardtia 5 (1960) 444. Tropical Africa and Asia to Taiwan, throughout Malesia (not yet recorded for Borneo) and Australia. LUZON (Mountain, Benguet, Pangasinan, Nueva Vizcaya, Nueva Ecija), MINDANAO (Lanao). Open wet places, chiefly at medium elevation, ascending to 2000m.

Solori Adans.

No photos
  1. Solori cumingii (Benth.) Sirich. & Adema, Taxon 63 (2014) 532; --Derris cumingii Benth., J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 4 (1860) suppl. 104; --Vidal, Phan. Cuming. Philip. (1885) 109; --Perkins, Fragm. Fl. Philip. (1904) 82; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 104; EPFP 2 (1923) 299; --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 66; --Type: Cuming 1208 (K, holo; K, L, MO, iso), Philippines. --Derris cumingiana Vidal, Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 113. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Benguet, Pampanga, Rizal, Laguna (Mt Makiling). Low and medium elevation thickets.
  2. Solori philippinensis (Merr.) Sirich. & Adema, Taxon 63 (2014) 533; --Derris philippinensis Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 104; EPFP 2 (1923) 300; --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 67; --Derris multiflora Benth. var. longifolia Benth., J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 4 (1860) Suppl. 108; --Vidal, Phan. Cuming. Philip. (1885) 109, non D. longifolia Benth.; --Type: Cuming 1162 (K, lecto; E, L, isolecto), Luzon. --Derris multiflora Vidal, Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 112; Perkins, Fragm. Fl. Philip. (1904) 83; --Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 66, non Benth. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Benguet, Cagayan, Bataan, Rizal, Laguna, Quezon, Camarines. Low and medium elevation thickets and forests, ascending to 1400m.
  3. Solori scandens (Roxb.) Sirich. & Adema, Taxon 63 (2014) 533; --Derris scandens (Roxb.) Benth., J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 4 (1860) Suppl. 103; --Fern.-Villar, Novis. App. (1880) 68; --Vidal, Sinopsis Atlas (1883) 23; Phan. Cuming. Philip. (1885) 109; Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 112; --Perkins, Fragm. Fl. Philip. (1904) 84; --Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philip.) 27 (1905) 40; PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 104; Fl. Manila (1912) 248; Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 186; EPFP 2 (1923) 301; --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 65; --Dalbergia scandens Roxb., Pl. Coromandel. 2 (1798) t. 192. --Galedupa frutescens Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 562; Fl. Filip. 2 (1845) 391; Fl. Filip. 3, 2 (1879) 354. India to S China through Malesia to tropical Australia. N LUZON to PALAWAN and MINDANAO. Low and medium elevation thickets and secondary forests.

Sophora L.

Photos
  1. Sophora longipes Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 12; EPFP 2 (1923) 270; --Steen., Bull. Jard. Bot.  Buitenz. 3, 17 (1948) 424; --Meeuwen et al., Reinwardtia 6 (1961) 105; --Type: BS 26765 Ramos (US, iso), Luzon: Batangas prov., Oct-1916. Philippines, E Timor. LUZON: Batangas, GOLO. Low elevation, on slopes in an old clearing; on Golo in open thickets on ultramafic bluffs.
  2. Sophora philippinensis Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 449; EPFP 2 (1923) 270; --Type: Vanoverbergh 2612 (US, iso), Luzon: Mountain Province, Bauco, Jan/May-1913. LUZON: Mountain Province, Benguet. Montane thickets, 1200-1500m.
  3. Sophora tomentosa L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 373; --Blanco, Fl. Filip (1837) 328; Fl. Filip. 2 (1845) 229; Fl. Filip. 3, 2 (1879) 63; --Fern.-Villar, Novis. App. (1880) 69; --Vidal, Sinopsis Atlas (1883) 23; Phan. Cuming. Philip. (1885) 109; Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 113; --Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot.  82, 409; PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 58; Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 177; EPFP 2 (1923) 270. --Sophora heptaphylla Blanco, Fl. Filip (1837) 329; Fl. Filip. 2 (1845) 229; Fl. Filip. 3, 2 (1879) 63; --Fern.-Villar, Novis. App. (1880) 69, non L. Pantropic strand plant. Widespread along the seashore throughout the Philippines. Locally abundant.  Photos

Spatholobus Hassk.

Photos
  1. Spatholobus apoensis Elmer, LPB 2 (1910) 698; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 310; --Type: Elmer 11795. Borneo (Sarawak and Rejang, Sibu, Kalong), S Philippines. MINDANAO: Davao (Mt Apo), Agusan del Norte. Forests, c. 1200m.
  2. Spatholobus gyrocarpus Benth. in Miq., Pl. Jungh. (1852) 238; --Fern.-Villar, Novis. App. (1880) 63; --Vidal, Phan. Cuming. Philip. (1885) 109; Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 110; --Perkins, Fragm. Fl. Philip. (1904) 87; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 119; EPFP 2 (1923) 310; --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 86; --Butea gyrocarpa Wall., Cat. (1832) No. 5442, nomen nudum. Lowland and medium elevation forests.
  3. Spatholobus littoralis Hassk., Flora 25 (2, Beibl.) (1842) 52. --Derris leytensis Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 361.
  4. Spatholobus macropterus Miq., Fl. Ind. Bat. 2 (1861) 303. --Spatholobus palawanensis (Elmer) Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 310; --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2  (2006) 86. --Spatholobus philippinensis Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 17. LUZON: Apayao, Rizal, Laguna, Camarines, PALAWAN, PANAY, LEYTE. Low andmedium elevation, along streams in primary forests.
  5. Spatholobus sanguineus Elmer, LPB 8 (1919) 3087; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 310.  Photos

Strongylodon B.Vogel

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 18 August 2017

Photos
  1. Strongylodon caeruleus Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 29 (1905) 20; EPFP 2 (1923) 306; --S.F.Huang, Wageningen Agric. Univ. Papers 90-8 (1991) 28; --Type: Elmer 6097 (A, lecto; GH, K, NY, US, iso), Luzon: Benguet prov., Sablan. --Strongylodon paucinervis Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 16; EPFP 2 (1923) 307; --Type: BS 18858 McGregor (NY?, holo; BM, BO, L, US, iso), Biliran, Jun-1914. LUZON: Benguet (Sablan; Baguio), Bataan, Rizal (Montalban; Mt Irig =Irid), BILIRAN, SAMAR. In forests, 300-1200m. Fl. Mar., Apr, Jun; fr. unknown. Note: Huang also listed the locality “Uyungan” for Loher 5895 (K), without indicating what prov.; probably in the Sierra Madre near the tri-provincial borders of Rizal-Bulacan-Quezon. An entry “Oyongan R.(iver)” is cited in the Gazetteer of the Philippine Islands as 15-01.4’N, 121-21.2’E. Photos
  2. Strongylodon elmeri Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 29 (1905) 20; EPFP 2 (1923) 306; --S.F.Huang, Wageningen Agric. Univ. Papers 90-8 (1991) 38; --Type: Elmer 6260 (K, lecto; GH, K, NY, P, US, iso), Luzon: Benguet prov., Sablan. LUZON: Ilocos Norte (Burgos), Benguet (Baguio; Sablan), Cagayan (Peñablanca), Isabela (San Mariano; Mt Moises; Palanan), Rizal. Thickets and forests, 0-1600m. Fl. Feb-Apr; fr. Apr-May. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  3. Strongylodon juangonzalezii Hadsall, Alejado & Cajano, PhytoKeys 73 (2016) 2; --Type: Cajano & Alejado 7708 (CAHUP, holo; PNH, iso), Luzon: Quezon Prov., Mulanay, Brgy. Buenavista, Sitio Maglayaw, Buenavista Protected Landscape (BPL), 295 m, 5-Feb-2015. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Quezon. Conservation status: DD (Hadsall et al. 2016). Photos
  4. Strongylodon loheri S.F.Huang, Wageningen Agric. Univ. Papers 90-8 (1991) 40; --Type: Loher 2304 (K, holo; US, iso), Luzon: Benguet Prov., no precise locality given but  possibly Mt Tonglon. LUZON: Benguet (Mt Tonglon =Sto. Tomas; Baguio), Camarines Sur (Botol River), elevation not known but possibly between 1300-1900m in Benguet and low elevation in Camarines Sur. Fl. Mar.
  5. Strongylodon lucidus (G.Forst.) Seem., Fl. Vit. (1865) 61, as lucidum, p.p., excl. specimens from Hawaii; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 306; --S.F.Huang, Wageningen Agric. Univ. Papers 90-8 (1991) 43; --Type: from Tahiti. Reunion, Sri Lanka, Andaman Isls, Kangean Isls, Philippines, Sulawesi, Moluccas (Seram, Aru Isls, Kei), New Guinea, New Britain, New Ireland, Solomons, Christmas Is, Australia (Queensland), Carolines, Guam, Vanuatu, Fiji, Tahiti, Tonga. BALABAC, PANAY: Capiz (Jamindan), PRALUS Is (BALUT). Forests and thickets along streams at low and medium elevation. Philippine plants belong to the ‘typical’ “lucidus populations’, one of three informal groupings distinguished by Huang. The other two are distributed in the Pacific islands.
  6. Strongylodon macrobotrys A.Gray, Bot. Wilkes US Explor. Exped. (1854) 448, t. 49; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 307; --S.F.Huang, Wageningen Agric. Univ. Papers 90-8 (1991) 52; --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 102; --Type: Rich, s.n. (US, holo), Luzon: Laguna prov., “mtns near Los Baños” (=Mt Makiling). --Strongylodon megaphyllus Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 16; EPFP 2 (1923) 307; --Type: Loher 5935 (K, lecto; M, iso), Luzon: Rizal prov., Montalban. As pointed out by Merrill and Huang, this is a mixtum of different and unrelated plant. --Strongylodon warburgii Perkins, Fragm. Fl. Philip. (1904) 85. LUZON: Benguet (Baguio), Cagayan (Baguio Cove; Peñablanca), Aurora (Casiguran), Bataan (Lamao River), Rizal (Mt Irid), Laguna (Mt Makiling; Paete-Piapi), Cavite, Quezon (Mt Binuang; Lucban; Guinayangan; Sampaloc; Kabibihan), Sorsogon (Mt Bulusan), CATANDUANES, MINDORO: Mindoro Occidental (Mt Calavite), Mindoro Oriental (Baco River; Mansalay, Mt Yagaw). Damp forested ravines along streams, 110-1000m. Fl. Jan-Jun; fr. Nov, Dec. Cultivated elsewhere. ‘Minsag River Norte prov.’ For Edano 9615 (or 9615?). Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  7. Strongylodon pulcher C.B.Rob., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 184; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 307; --S.F.Huang, Wageningen Agric. Univ. Papers 90-8 (1991) 58; --Type: R.S. Williams 2362 (NY, holo; GH, K, MO, NY, US, iso), Mindanao: Zamboanga prov., Sax River. --Strongylodon agusanensis Elmer, LPB 8 (1915) 2738; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 306; --Type: Elmer 13461 (NY, lecto; A, BM, BO, E, GH, K, L, MO, US, isolecto), Mindanao: Agusan del Norte prov., Mt Urdaneta, Catangan Creek bed, 750ft, in wet stony soil, Aug-1912. --Strongylodon mindanaensis Elmer, LPB 2 (1910) 696; --Type: Elmer 11818 (NY, lecto; BM,  BO, E, GH, L, MO, US, isolecto), Mindanao: Davao, Mt Apo (Todaya), along Mainit Creek, scandent on lofty trees in humid forest, 4000 ft. LEYTE (Abucayan; Ormoc along Antilao River), SAMAR (Catubig River), MINDANAO: Zamboanga (Sax River), Lanao (Camp Keithley), Bukidnon (Mt Kitanglad), Davao, Agusan del Norte (Mt Urdaneta). Climbing in swampy forest near creeks, or forest edges along rivers, 90-1700m. Fl. Feb, Mar, Aug, Sept; fr. Mar. Photos
  8. Strongylodon zschokkei Elmer, LPB 1 (1907) 227; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 307; --S.F.Huang, Wageningen Agric. Univ. Papers 90-8 (1991) 60; --Type: Elmer 8540 (K, lecto; BO, E, GH, L, LE, NY, US, isolecto), Luzon: Benguet prov., Baguio. Limestone sinks between Baguio and Irisan, 4750ft, Mar-1907. LUZON: Abra (Mt Posuey), Benguet (Mt Pulag; Baguio; Mt Sto Tomas), Quezon (Mt Camatis; Umiray). Thickets about limestone boulders and cliffs and along creeks, recorded at c. 1400m in Benguet.

Insufficiently known

  1. Strongylodon crassifolius Perkins, Frag. Fl. Philipp. (1904) 85; EPFP 2 (1923) 306; --S.F.Huang, Wageningen Agric. Univ. Papers 90-8 (1991) 63.

Stylosanthes Sw. [Not native]

Photos
  1. Stylosanthes humilis Kunth in Humb., Bonpl. & Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 6 (1823) 506, t. 594; --Meeuwen et al., Reinwardtia 5 (1960) 449. Native in C Mexico through Guatemala and Panama to Colombia, Venezuela and Brazil. Introduced in the Philippines as a cover crop. LUZON (Zambales, San Marcelino). Naturalized? Photos

Tadehagi H.Ohashi

Photos
  1. Tadehagi triquetrum (L.) H.Ohashi, Ginkgoana no. 1 (1973) 290, pl. 41-42; --Desmodium triquetrum  (L.) DC., Prodr. 2 (1825) 326; --Meeuwen, Reinwardtia 6 (1962) 262; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 240; EPFP 2 (1923) 290; --Hedysarum triquetrum L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 746.

Tephrosia Pers.

Photos
  1. Tephrosia candida (Roxb.) DC., Prodr. 2 (1825) 249; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 278; --Bosman & de Haas, Blumea 28 (1983) 445; --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 57; --Robinia candida Roxb., Hort. Beng. (1814) 56; nom. nud.; Fl. Ind. 3 (1832) 327; --Type: from India. Native of India. Introduced, cultivated and naturalized in Malesia. India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Borneo, Philippines, Sulawesi, Moluccas, New Guinea, Solomon Isls, New Zealand, Hawaii, West Indies. LUZON: Laguna (Los Baños). Introduced as green manure crop.
  2. Tephrosia luzoniensis Vogel, Nov. Act. Acad. Nat. Cur. 19 (1843) Suppl. 1: 15; --Fern.-Villar, Novis. App. (1880) 59; --Perkins, Fragm. Fl. Philip. 1 (1904) 17; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 69; EPFP 2 (1923) 277, under synonymy of T. dichotoma Desv.; --Bosman & de Haas, Blumea 28 (1983) 452; --Type: Meyen sn (B, lost), Merrill Sp. Blancoanae 499 (L, neo; BM, BO, K, US, isoneo). --Tephrosia dichotoma sensu Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 69; Fl. Manila (1912) 244; Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 180; EPFP 2 (1923) 277; --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 59, non Desv. Java, Madura, Lesser Sunda Isls, Philippines. Open dry grasslands, waste places, roadsides, etc. on various types of soils, lowlands to medium elevation.
  3. Tephrosia noctiflora Bojer ex Baker, in Oliver, Fl. Trop. Africa 2 (1871) 112; --Backer & Bakh.f., Fl.  Java 1 (1963) 594; --Bosman & de Haas, Blumea 28 (1983) 458; --Type: from Zanzibar. --Tephrosia hookeriana Wight & Arn., Prodr. (1834) 212; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 278. Pantropic. Native of Africa and possibly India, naturalized in many parts of Malesia including the Philippines. JOLO. In waste places.
  4. Tephrosia obovata Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 69; EPFP 2 (1923) 278; --Bosman & de Haas, Blumea  28 (1983) 460; --Type: FB 16939 Curran (K, lecto; US, isolecto), Palaui Is. (off NE tip of Luzon, Cagayan prov.), Mar-1909. Taiwan, N Philippines. PALAUI, LUZON. Low elevation, dry open places. Photos
  5. Tephrosia pumila (Lam.) Pers., Syn. 2 (1807) 330; --Backer & Bakh.f., Fl. Java 1 (1963) 594; --Bosman & de Haas, Blumea 28 (1983) 463,; --Galega pumila Lam., Enc. Meth. 2, 2 (1788) 599; --Type: from Madagascar. --Tephrosia dichotoma Desv., Ann. Sc. Nat. 1, 9 (1826) 415; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 277; --Type: Desvaux s.n., undated (P; K photo), Philippines, no further locality data, left hand specimen.
  6. Tephrosia purpurea (L.) Pers., Syn. 2 (1807) 329; --Perkins, Fragm. Fl. Philip. 1 (1904) 17; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 68; Interpet. Herb. Amboin. (1917) 264; EPFP 2 (1923) 278; --Backer & Bakh.f., Fl. Java 1 (1963) 594; --Bosman & de Haas, Blumea 28 (1983) 464; --Galega purpurea L., Sp. Pl. ed. 2 (1763) 1063; --Type: from Sri Lanka. 
  7. Tephrosia vestita Vogel, Nov. Act. Acad. Nat. Cur. 19 (1843) Suppl. 1: 15; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910)  Bot. 68; EPFP 2 (1923) 278; --Backer & Bakh.f., Fl. Java 1 (1963) 595; --Bosman & de Haas, Blumea 28 (1983) 473; --Type: Meyen s.n., no date (B, lost). Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, S China, Malesia (except Borneo). NEGROS, MINDANAO: Misamis, Lanao del Sur, Bukidnon. Low and medium elevation thickets.
  8. Tephrosia vogelii Hook.f. ex Benth. in Hook., Niger Fl. (1849) 296; --Bosman & de Haas, Blumea  28 (1983) 478; --Type: from Niger. Native in tropical Africa. Introduced in South America. In Asia recorded from India, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Philippines, Sulawesi, New Guinea. Photos

Teramnus P.Browne

Photos
  1. Teramnus angustifolius Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 83; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 305; --Type: Vanoverbergh 716. LUZON: Mountain Province. Waste places, c. 1300m.
  2. Terramnus labialis (L.f.) Spreng., Syst. 3 (1826) 235; --Fern.-Villar, Novis. App. (1880) 63; --Vidal, Phan. Cuming. Philip. (1885) 108; Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 109; Perkins, Fragm. Fl. Philip. (1904) 84; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) 110; Fl. Manila (1912) 257; EPFP 2 (1923) 305; --Glycine labialis L.f., Suppl. (1781) 325. Pantropical. N LUZON to MINDANAO. Thickets, waste places, etc., at low and medium elevation in the settled areas.

Teyleria Backer

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 18 August 2017

No Photos

  1. Teyleria tetragona (Merr.) J.A.Lackey ex Maesen, Agric. Univ. Wageningen Pap. 85 (1985) 119; --Pueraria tetragona Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 312; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 312; --Type: BS 295 Bermejos (PNH, holo; NY, US, iso), Palawan: Palawan prov., near Puerto Princesa, Jan-1906. PALAWAN. Lowland old clearings. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11).

Trifidacanthus Merr. = Desmodium

Trifolium L. [Not native]

Photos
  1. Trifolium repens L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 767. Introduced purposely or casually in the mountains of LUZON and E Java. E New Guinea.  Photos

Uraria Desv.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 8 May 2014

Photos
  1. Uraria crinita (L.) DC., Prodr. 2 (1825) 324; --Hedysarum crinitum L., Mant. Pl. (1767) 102. China, Bangladesh, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Japan, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, N Australia, Philippines. BATANES. Photos
  2. Uraria lagopodioides (L.) Desv. ex DC., Prodr. 2 (1825) 324 (as ‘lagopoides’), in Mém. Soc. Linn. Paris 4 (1826) 309; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 242; EPFP 2 (1923) 293; --Meeuwen et al., Reinwardtia 5 (1960) 451; --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 50; --Hedysarum lagopodioides L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 1198. N India, SW China, Hainan, across Malesia, Bismarck Archipelago, Solomon Isls, New Hebrides, N Australia, New Caledonia, Fiji, Samoa. N LUZON to MINDANAO. Open grasslands at low and medium elevation, often abundant. Photos
  3. Uraria picta (Jacq.) Desv., J. Bot. 1 (1813) 123; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 293; --Meeuwen et al., Reinwardtia 5 (1960) 452; --Hedysarum pictum Jacq., Coll. Bot. 2 (1788) 262. Tropical Africa, introduced into the West Indies. India to S China, throughout Malesia, Australia (Queensland). N LUZON to MINDANAO. Occasional in open grasslands and thickets at low and medium elevation. Photos

Vigna Savi

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 3 November 2014

Photos
  1. Vigna angularis (Willd.) Ohwi & H.Ohashi, J. Jap. Bot. 44 (1969) 29.
  2. Vigna luteola (Jacq.) Benth. in Thwaites, Enum. Pl. Sri Lanka (1859) 90; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 319; --Dolichos luteolus Jacq., Hort. Bot. Vindob. 1(1) (1770) 39. Pantropic. MINDANAO: Lanao del Sur, Cotabato. Thickets or grasslands.
  3. Vigna marina (Burm.) Merr., Interp. Herb. Amb. (1917) 285; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 320; --Phaseolus marinus Burm., Auctuarium (Burman) Index Universalis (1755). Pantropic strand plant. Throughout the Philippines along the seashore. Photos
  4. Vigna minima (Roxb.) Ohwi & H.Ohashi, Journ. Jap. Bot. xliv (1969) 30; --Phaseolus minimus Roxb., Fl. Ind. ed. 2, 3 (1832) 290; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 132; Fl. Manila (1912) 261; EPFP 2 (1923) 319. S China, Philippines. N LUZON (Cagayan) to MINDANAO. Lowland and medium elevation grasslands; widely scattered.
  5. Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper, Kew Bull. 11 (1956) 128; --Phaseolus mungo L., Mant. Pl. 1 (1767) 101; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 318, in syn. of P. aureus. India to China and Malaya in cultivation. Cultivated throughout the Philippines but not a native of the archipelago. Scarcely naturalized.
  6. Vigna pilosa (Roxb.) Baker in Hook.f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 2 (1876) 207; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 320; --Blumea 30 (1985) 381. India to Taiwan. LUZON: Ifugao, Nueva Vizcaya, Rizal, Laguna, Batangas. Dry thickets at low elevation. (Merr., 1923).
  7. Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek, Fl. Congo Belge & Ruanda-Urundi 6 (1954) 386; --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 114; --Phaseolus radiatus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 725; Merr., PJS  5 c (1910) Bot. 132; EPFP 2 (1923) 318; --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 114. --Phaseolus aureus Roxb., Hort. Beng. (1814) 55, nom. nud.; Fl. Ind. ed. 2, 3 (1832) 297; --Merr., EPFP 2  (1923) 318.
  8. Vigna umbellata (Thunb.) Ohwi & H.Ohashi, J. Jap. Bot. 44 (1969) 31. --Phaseolus calcaratus Roxb., Hort. Beng. (1814) 54, nom. nud.; Fl. Ind. ed. 2, 3 (1832) 289; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 318. India to S China, Vietnam, Japan, Peninsular Malaysia, Philippines. BABUYAN ISLS and N LUZON to PALAWAN and MINDANAO. Open grasslands and thickets. Some forms cultivated.
  9. Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp., Repert. Bot. Syst. (Walpers) 1 (1842) 779. --Vigna sinensis (L.) Savi ex Hassk., Cat. Hort. Bogor. (1844) 279; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 320. Cultivated in all tropical and warm-temperate countries. Widely grown in the Philippines. Cowpea.

 Whitfordiodendron Elmer = Callerya

 Zornia J.F.Gmel. [Not native?]

No Photos
  1. Zornia diphylla (L.) Pers., Syn. 2 (1807) 318; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 238; EPFP 2 (1923) 283; --Meeuwen et al., Reinwardtia 5 (1960) 453; --Hedysarum diphyllum L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 747. --Lupinus angustifolius Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 566. --Smithia bigemminata Blanco, Fl. Filip. 2 (1845) 395; Fl. Filip. 3, 2 (1878) 362. Pantropical. In Malesia found throughout (except Borneo). Distinctly rare in Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, W Java, S Philippines, Sulawesi and New Guinea. An example of a class of plants which, though not absent under everwet climatic conditions favors those areas which are subject to a dry period. N to C LUZON (Cagayan to Rizal and Bataan). Open dry grasslands in the settled areas at low and medium elevation, with all the appearance of an introduced species.

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Acknowledgements                                   

Philip Cruz, Mario Molave Maravilla Delmendo, John Michael M. Galindon, Kenneth Kennedy, Ravan Schneider, Jo Quimpo, and Matt Walters kindly contributed photographs to this page. Melanie Thomas provided identifications for Mucuna plants.

Copyright © 2011, Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines

Last updated 12 September 2017