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Cyperaceae

Actinoschoenus Benth

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 9 November 2014

No Photos
  1. Actinoschoenus thouarsii (Kunth) Benth., Hooker's Icon. Pl. 14 (1881) 33; --Fimbristylis thouarsii (Kunth) Merr., Enum. Philipp. Fl. Pl. i. (1923) 127--Kern, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1974) 591. Tropical Africa, Indian Ocean, S China, Indochina to W and C Malesia, N Australia, Philippines. BUSUANGA, CULION.

Actinoscirpus (Ohwi) R.W.Haines & Lye

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 9 November 2014

No Photos
  1. Actinoscirpus grossus (L.f.) Goetgh. & D.A.Simpson, Kew Bull. 46 (1991) 171; --Scirpus grossus L.f., Suppl. Pl. (1782) 104; --Kern, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1974) 498.

Bolboschoenus Palla

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 9 November 2014

No Photos
  1. Bolboschoenus planiculmis (F.Schmidt) T.V.Egorova, Trudy Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R., Ser. 1, Fl. Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 3 (1967) 20. --Scirpus maritimus non L., --Kern, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1974) 499. Eurasia. LUZON: Laguna.

Bulbostylis Kunth

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 9 November 2014

Photos
  1. Bulbostylis barbata (Rottb.) C.B.Clarke in J.D.Hooker, Fl. Brit. India 6 (1893) 651; --Kern, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1974) 539. Photos
  2. Bulbostylis densa (Wall. in Roxb.) Hand.-Mazz., Vegetationsbilder 20(7) (1930) 16; --Kern, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1974) 538.
  3. Bulbostylis hispidula (Vahl) R.W.Haines in R.W.Haines & K.A.Lye, Sedges & Rushes E. Afr., App. 3 (1983) 1; --Fimbristylis hispidula (Vahl ) Kunth, Enum. Pl. [Kunth] 2 (1837) 227; --Kern, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1974) 560. --Fimbristylis preslii Kunth, Enum. Pl. [Kunth] 2 (1837) 228.

Carex L.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 9 November 2014

Photos
  1. Carex alopecuroides D.Don, Philos. Mag. J. 62 (1823) 455 (1823); --Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 160. Tropical and subtropical Asia. Philippines.
  2. Carex ascotreta C.B.Clarke ex Franch., Nouv. Arch. Mus. Hist. Nat., sér. 3, 9 (1897) 182. --Carex formosensis Lev. & Van., Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Math. Cherbourg 35 (1905) 216; --Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 152; --Carex ligata Boott var. formosensis (Lev. & Van.) Kük. China to Japan, Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Ilocos Norte.
  3. Carex baccans Nees in R.Wight, Contr. Bot. India (1834) 122; --Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 137. Tropical and subtropical Asia, Philippines. LUZON.
  4. Carex breviculmis R.Br., Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl. (1810) 242; --Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 150.
  5. Carex breviscapa C.B.Clarke in J.D.Hooker, Fl. Brit. India 6 (1894) 736; --Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 148. Sri Lanka to Ryukyu Isl. and Australia, Philippines. LUZON: Sorsogon, PALAWAN.
  6. Carex brunnea Thunb. in J.A.Murray, Syst. Veg. ed. 14 (1784) 844; --Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 173. Not in Philippines according to World Checklist (9-Nov-14). Madagascar, Indian Ocean, Pacific, India to Australia, Philippines. BOHOL, LUZON, MINDANAO, NEGROS.
  7. Carex capillacea Boott, Ill. Carex 1 (1858) 44; --Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 158; --Carex rara Boott ssp. capillacea (Boott) Kük.
  8. Carex capillacea Boott, Ill. Carex 1 (1858) 44; --Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 158; --Carex rara Boott ssp. capillacea (Boott) Kük.
  9. Carex cirrhulosa Nees, Hooker's J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 6 (1854) 29; --Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 117; --Carex fuirenoides Gaudich. var. cirrhulosa (Nees) Kük.; --Merr. EPFP 1 (1923) 138, pro parte. Endemic to Philippines. CEBU. Only known from type.
  10. Carex cryptostachys Brongn. in Duperrey, Voy. Monde, Phan. (1833) 152; --Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 148. Thailand to China and Australia, Philippines. LUZON, MINDANAO.
  11. Carex dolichostachya Hayata, Icon. Pl. Formosan. 10 (1921) 61; --Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 151. --Carex ligata Boott var. nexa Kük.; --Merr. EPFP 1 (1923) 139, quoad specim. cit., non C. nexa Boott. --Carex sociata Boott in A Gray, Bot. Jap. (1859) 420 et illustr. 4 (1867) 200; --Hatusima, Mem. Fac. Agr. Kagoshima Univ. 5 (1966) 59.
  12. Carex doniana Spreng., Syst. Veg. 3 (1826) 825. --Carex alopecuroides var. chlorostachys (D.Don) C.B.Clarke, Linn. Soc., Bot. 36 (1903) 271; --Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 160; --Carex japonica var. chlorostachys Kük. ex Matsum., Pflanzenr. IV, 20(38) (1909) 620. Nepan and India to China and Japan, south to New Guinea, Philippines. LUZON.
  13. Carex filicina Nees. in Wight, Contr. Bot. India [Wight] (1834) 123; --Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 122. India, China, Indochina, thoughout Malesia, Philippines. 
  14. Carex graeffeana Boeck., Flora 58 (1875) 123; --Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 169. Polynesia and Malesia, Philippines. LEYTE, LUZON, MINDANAO, NEGROS.
  15. Carex hattoriana Nakai ex Tuyama, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 49 (1935) 508. Taiwan to Bonin Isls. to Palau, Philippines.
  16. Carex indica L., Mant. Pl. Altera (1771) 574; --Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 126. --Carex fuirenoides (non Gaudich.?) CB Clarke, 1904; --Merr. EPFP 1 (1923) 138, pro parte.
  17. Carex lateralis Kük., Pflanzenr. (Engler) Cyperac.-Caricoid. (1909) 639;  --Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 147. --Carex elmeri Kük., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 8 (1910) 326. India, Sri Lanka, Malesia, Philippines. LUZON, MINDORO, NEGROS.
  18. Carex lenta D.Don, Trans. Linn. Soc. London 14 (1824) 327. Japan to Tropical Asia, Philippines.
  19. Carex loheri C.B.Clarke., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 37 (1904) 14; --Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 147. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Laguna, Mountain Province, Quezon, Rizal, Zambales.
  20. Carex myosurus Nees in Wight., Contr. Bot. India (1834) 122; --Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 138. India, Myanmar, China, Indochina, Malesia, Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province.
  21. Carex nodiflora Boeck., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 5 (1884) 516; --Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 128. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Quezon, MINDANAO: Agusan.
  22. Carex nubigena D.Don, Philos. Mag. J. 62 (1823) 455; --Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 178.
  23. Carex oligostachya Nees in Hook., J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 6 (1854) 29; --Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 144. --Carex rhizomatosa Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2 (1855) 206. India to China, south through Malesia, Philippines. LUZON, MINDANAO, NEGROS.
  24. Carex palawanensis Kük., LPB 4 (1911) 1169; --Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 149. Borneo, Philippines. PALAWAN (Mt. Pulgar).
  25. Carex phacota Spreng., Syst. Veg. 3 (1826) 826; --Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 170. Himalaya, Sri Lanka, Thailand, China, Korea, Taiwan, Japan, Ryukyu Isls., Malesia, Philippines. LUZON.
  26. Carex rafflesiana Boott, Proc. Linn. Soc. i. (1845) 285; --Merr. EPFP 1 (1923) 140, incl. var. scaberrima Kük. & var. continua Kük.; --Carex cruciata var. rafflesiana (Boott) Noot., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 122. --Carex pycnothyrsos Kük., PJS C 6 (1911) 60. Nicobar Isls., Thailand, Taiwan, throughout Malesia, Philippines.
  27. Carex ramosii Kük., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 8 (1910) 8; --Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 155. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON, MINDANAO.
  28. Carex rhynchachaenium C.B.Clarke., Publ. Bur. Sci. Gov. Lab. 35 (1906) 5; --Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 150. Taiwan, Vietnam, Philippines. LUZON: Bataan, Benguet, Kalinga, Laguna, Pampanga, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Zambianga.
  29. Carex satsumensis Franch. & Savat., Enum. Pl. Jap. 2 (1878) 558; --Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 132. --Carex nikoensis Franch & Savat., Enum. Pl. Jap. 2 (1878) 558; 'nikkoensis' in Merr. EPFP 1 (1923) 140. Japan, Taiwan, Vietnam, Philippines. LUZON: Benguet.
  30. Carex subtransversa C.B.Clarke, PJS C 2 (1907) 108. China, Japan to Philippines.
  31. Carex tristachya Thunb., Syst. Veg. ed. 14 (1784) 845; --Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 152.
  32. Carex truncatigluma C.B.Clarke, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 36 (1904) 315. China to Peninsular Malaysia, Philippines.
  33. Carex turrita C.B.Clarke, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 37 (1904) 13; --Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 142.

Cladium P.Browne = Machaerina (for Philippines)

Cyperus L.

Photos
  1. Cyperus babakan Steud.
  2. Cyperus brevifolius (Rottb.) Hassk. Photos
  3. Cyperus compactus Retz. --Mariscus dilutus Nees in Wight. Photos
  4. Cyperus compressus L.
  5. Cyperus cuspidatus Kunth. --Cyperus uncinatus (non Poir.) Merr. EPFP 1 (1923) 108.
  6. Cyperus cyperinus (Retz.) Valck. Sur.
  7. Cyperus cyperoides (L.) Kuntze. --Mariscus sieberianus Nees, nom. nud. ex CB Clarke. Photos
  8. Cyperus diaphanus Schrad. ex Roem. & Schultes
  9. Cyperus difformis L. --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 110. Photos
  10. Cyperus diffusus Vahl
  11. Cyperus digitatus Roxb.
  12. Cyperus distans L.f.
  13. Cyperus dubius Rottb. --Mariscus merrillii C.B.Clarke. --Mariscus niveus Merr. PJS 14 (1919) 369; EPFP 1 (1923) 113, non Schoenus niveus Murr., 1774.
  14. Cyperus elatus L.
  15. Cyperus flabelliformis Rottb.
  16. Cyperus flavidus Retz. --Pycreus globosus Reichb.
  17. Cyperus halpan L.
  18. Cyperus imbricatus Retz. --Cyperus radiatus Vahl. Photos
  19. Cyperus iria L. Photos
  20. Cyperus javanicus Houtt. --Mariscus stuppeus Merr. --Mariscus pennatus Domin. Photos
  21. Cyperus kyllingia Endl. --Kyllinga monocephala Rottb., --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 108. Photos
  22. Cyperus malaccensis Lam.
  23. Cyperus melanospermus (Nees) Valck.Sur.
  24. Cyperus nutans Vahl.
  25. Cyperus odoratus L. --Torulinum ferax Hamilt. ('ferox'). Photos
  26. Cyperus pedunculatus (R.Br.) Kern. --Remirea maritima Aublet. Photos
  27. Cyperus pilosus Vahl.
  28. Cyperus polystachyos Rottb.
  29. Cyperus procerus Rottb.
  30. Cyperus pulchellus R.Br. --Cyperus leucocephalus (non Retz.) Merr. EPFP 1 (1923) 106.
  31. Cyperus pulcherrimus Willd. ex Kunth.
  32. Cyperus pumilus L. --Pycreus nitens Nees, --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 108.
  33. Cyperus pygmaeus Rottb.; --Juncellus pygmaeus (Rottb.) C.B.Clarke, --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 109.
  34. Cyperus rotundus L.
  35. Cyperus sanguinolentus Vahl.
  36. Cyperus sesquiflorus (Torr.) Mattf. & Kük.
  37. Cyperus stenophyllus Valck.Sur. --Mariscus tenuifolius (non Nees) Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 114.
  38. Cyperus stoloniferus Retz.
  39. Cyperus sulcinux C.B.Clarke. --Pycreus sulcinux (C.B.Clarke) C.B.Clarke.
  40. Cyperus tenuiculmis Boeck. --Cyperus zollingeri (non Steud.) C.B.Clarke; --Merr. EPFP 1 (1923) 108, excl. Ramos 7672.
  41. Cyperus tenuispica Steud. --Cyperus halpan (non  L.) Merr. EPFP 1 (1923) 105, p.p.
  42. Cyperus unioloides R.Br. --Pycreus unioloides (R.Br.) Urban.
  43. Cyperus zollingeri Steud.

 Hybrid:

  1. Cyperus distans L.f. X C. rotundus L.

Diplacrum R.Br. = Scleria sect. Diplacrum (R.Br.) Kern

Eleocharis R.Br.

Photos
  1. Eleocharis acicularis (L.) Roem. & Schultes. Photos
  2. Eleocharis acutangula (Roxb.) Schultes. --Eleocharis fistulosa Schult.
  3. Eleocharis atropurpurea (Retz.) C Presl. --Eleocharis ochreata (non Nees, nec Steud.) C.B.Clarke, 1907.
  4. Eleocharis congesta D Don. --Eleocharis afflata Steud.
  5. Eleocharis dulcis (Burm.f.) Henschel.
  6. Eleocharis geniculata (L.) Roem. & Schultes. --Eleocharis capitata R.Br. --Eleocharis caribaea SF Blake
  7. Eleocharis nigrescens (Nees) Steud.
  8. Eleocharis ochrostachys Steud. --Eleocharis variegata (Poir.) C Presl var. laxiflora C.B.Clarke; --Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 121, pro parte.
  9. Eleocharis philippinensis Svens. --Eleocharis variegata var. laxiflora (non C.B.Clarke, 1893) C.B.Clarke, 1907; --Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 121, pro parte.
  10. Eleocharis retroflexa (Poir.) Urban.
  11. Eleocharis spiralis (Rottb.) Roem. & Schultes.
  12. Eleocharis tetraquetra Nees.

Fimbristylis Vahl

Photos
  1. Fimbristylis alboviridis C.B.Clarke.
  2. Fimbristylis acicularis R.Br. --Fimbristylis setacea Benth. in Hook.
  3. Fimbristylis acuminata Vahl.
  4. Fimbristylis aestivalis (Retz.) Vahl. --Fimbristylis squarrosa (non Vahl) Zoll., --Merr. EPFP 1 (1923) 126, excl. BS 26093.
  5. Fimbristylis aphylla Steud.
  6. Fimbristylis bisumbellata (Forssk.) Bub.
  7. Fimbristylis caesia Miq.
  8. Fimbristylis cinnamometorum (Vahl) Kunth
  9. Fimbristylis complanata (Retz.) Link.
  10. Fimbristylis cymosa R.Br.-- Fimbristylis spathacea Roth. --Fimbristylis capitulifera Merr.
  11. Fimbristylis dichotoma (L.) Vahl.
  12. Fimbristylis dipsacea (Rottb.) C.B.Clarke.
  13. Fimbristylis falcata (Vahl) Kunth. --Fimbristylis junciformis Miq.
  14. Fimbristylis ferruginea (L.) Vahl.
  15. Fimbristylis fusca (Nees) C.B.Clarke, --Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 123, excl. syn. Cladium cyperoides.
  16. Fimbristylis globulosa (Retz.) Kunth.
  17. Fimbristylis insignis Thwaites --Fimbristylis rigidula (non Nees) Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 125, pro parte.
  18. Fimbristylis leptoclada Benth.
  19. Fimbristylis lineatisquama Ohwi.
  20. Fimbristylis littoralis Gaudich. 
  21. Fimbristylis macassarensis Steud. --Fimbristylis tenera (non Schult.) C.B.Clarke. --Fimbristylis corniculata Merr.
  22. Fimbristylis merrillii Kern. --Fimbristylis squarrosa (non Vahl) Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 126, pro parte, quoad BS 26093.
  23. Fimbristylis microcarya F.Muell.
  24. Fimbristylis miliacea (L.) Vahl. --Fimbristylis quinquangularis Kunth.
  25. Fimbristylis ovata (Burm.f.) Kern. --Fimbristylis monostachyos Hassk.
  26. Fimbristylis pierotii Miq. --Fimbristylis pinetorum Merr.
  27. Fimbristylis polytrichoides (Retz.) R Br.
  28. Fimbristylis rigidula Nees in Wight.
  29. Fimbristylis salbundia (Nees) Kunth. --Fimbristylis paludosa Merr.
  30. Fimbristylis schoenoides (Retz.) Vahl.
  31. Fimbristylis sieberiana Kunth.
  32. Fimbristylis signata S.T.Blake.
  33. Fimbristylis squarrosa Vahl
  34. Fimbristylis tenuinervia Kern.
  35. Fimbristylis tetragona R Br.
  36. Fimbristylis thomsonii Boeck.
  37. Fimbristylis tomentosa Vahl. --Fimbristylis podocarpa Nees & Mey. ex Nees.
  38. Fimbristylis tristachya R.Br. --Fimbristylis subbispicata (non Nees) C.B.Clarke.
  39. Fimbristylis vanoverberghii Kük. --Fimbristylis fusca (non C.B.Clarke) Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 123, pro parte.

Fuirena Rottb.

No Photos
  1. Fuirena ciliaris (L.) Roxb.
  2. Fuirena umbellata Rottb.

Gahnia J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.

Photos
  1. Gahnia javanica Zoll. & Moritzi. Photos

Hypolytrum Rich.

Photos
  1. Hypolytrum compactum Nees & Meyen.
  2. Hypolytrum nemorum (Vahl) Spreng.

Juncellus C.B.Clarke = Cyperus

Kyllingia Rottb. = Cyperus subg. Kyllinga (Rottb.) Valckenier-Suringar

Lepironia Rich.

Photos
  1. Lepironia articulata (Retz.) Domin, Bibl. Bot. Heft 85 (1915) 486; --Kern, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1974) 460, Fig. 5-6. Madagascar, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Indochina, S China, Sumatra, Banka, Lingga Archipelago, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Borneo, Philippines (Mindanao), C Sulawesi, Moluccas (Sula Isls; Buru), New Guinea, N & E Australia, Carolines, New Caledonia, Fiji. MINDANAO: Agusan del Sur (Agusan Marsh, Kaimpugan, Co 5990, PUH). Open swampy site in peat dome sedgeland, alt. c. 30m. Photos

Lipocarpha R.Br.

No Photos
  1. Lipocarpha chinensis (Osbeck) Kern. --Lipocarpha argentea R Br. ex Nees.
  2. Lipocarpha microcephala (R.Br.) Kunth.

Machaerina Vahl

Photos
  1. Machaerina disticha (C.B.Clarke) Koyama; --Cladium distichum C.B.Clarke. --Cladium philippinense Merr. Photos
  2. Machaerina falcata (Nees) Koyama; --Cladium latifolium Merr., PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 262; EPFP 1 (1923) 129, pro parte. Photos
  3. Machaerina glomerata (Gaudich.) Koyama. --Cladium juncoides Elmer. Photos
  4. Machaerina rubiginosa (Spreng.) Koyama. --Cladium riparium Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 128.
  5. Machaerina sinclairii (Hook.) Koyama; --Cladium crinitum Merr. EPFP 1 (1923) 129. --Cladium latifolium Merr. loc. cit., pro parte. Photos

Mapania Aubl.

Photos
  1. Mapania cuspidata (Miq.) Uittien, J. Arnold Arb. 20 (1939) 213; --Kern, Fl. Males. ser.1, 7 (1974) 473, Fig. 14; --Lepironia cuspidata Miq., Sum. (1861) 263, 603.  --Mapania humilis Fern.-Villar, Novis. App. (1882) 309, quoad specim., haud Pandanophyllum humile Steud; --Merr., EPFP 1 (1922) 132. --Mapania platyphylla Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) Bot. 54. Photos
  2. Mapania macrocephala (Gaudich.) K Schum. in Warb., Bot. Jahrb. 13 (1891) 265; --Merr., EPFP 1 (1922) 132, pro parte, excl. Elmer 11978; --Kern, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1974) 470, Fig. 11 (map); --Hypolytrum macrocephalum Gaudich. in Freycin. Voyage, Bot. (1829) 415. Philippines, Lesser Sunda Isls (W Flores), Moluccas (Talaud Isls; Morotai; Halmahera: Bacan; Seram, Ambon), New Guinea (also in Admiralty Is, Bismarck Archipelago, Louisiades, Pulau Rawak near Waigeo, and Aru Isls). BOHOL, MINDANAO: Davao, BALUT. Primary forest, altitude c. 650m.
  3. Mapania palustris (Hassk. ex Steud.) Fern.-Villar, Novis. App. (1882) 309; --Merr., EPFP 1   (1922) 132; --Kern, Fl. Males. ser.1, 7 (1974) 477; --Lepironia cuspidata Miq., Illustr. (1870) 63, t. 25. --Mapania kurzii (non C.B.Clarke) Merr., PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 422; --C Robinson, PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 194; --Merr., EPFP 1 (1922) 132; --Elmer, LPB 10 (1938) 3537. --Mapania affinis Merr., J. Str. Br. R. As. Soc. no. 85 (1922) 157; EPFP 1 (1922) 131. --Mapania banahaensis Elmer, LPB 2 (1909) 574. India (Assam) to S China and Indochina, Sumatra, Riouw Archipelago, Peninsular Malaysia, W Java, Natuna Isls, Borneo, Philippines, New Guinea.  LUZON: Laguna, Quezon, Camarines, Sorsogon, POLILLO, ALABAT, PALAWAN, CATANDUANES, PANAY, NEGROS, JOLO, MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Agusan Low and medium altitude (to c. 800m) primary forests, in wet or muddy places along streams, wet rocks. Photos

Doubtful:

  1. Mapania alpina Elmer, LPB 10 (1938) 3535; --Kern, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1974) 479, 484; --Voucher: Elmer 14864 (material not seen by Kern), Luzon: Sorsogon prov., Irosin, Mt Bulusan.  Based on description, Kern suggests possible conspecificity with M. borneensis Merr.

 Mariscus Vahl = Cyperus

Paramapania Uittien

No Photos
  1. Paramapania gracillima (Kük. ex Merr.) Uittien, Rec. Trav. Bot. Néerl. 32 (1935) 190, Fig. 3; --Kern, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1974) 488; --Mapania gracillima Kük. ex Merr., PJS 9 c (1914)   Bot. 267; --Merr., EPFP 1 (1922) 132. LUZON: Aurora (Mt Dingalan), MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Forested ridges, altitude c. 1100m.
  2. Paramapania parvibractea (C.B.Clarke) Uittien, Rec. Trav. Bot. Néerl. 33 (1936) 143; --Kern, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1974) 486, Fig. 17; --Hypolytrum parvibractea C.B.Clarke, Kew Bull. (1899) 114. --Thoracostachyum lucbanense Kükenthal ex Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) Bot. 258; EPFP 1 (1922) 132, pro parte. W Sumatra, Lingga Archipelago, Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo (Sabah: Sandakan), Philippines, Sulawesi (E peninsula), Moluccas (Talaud Isls; Morotai; Ambon; Seram, Pulau Gebe), New Guinea and adjacent islands, Solomon Isls, W Carolinas, Samoa, Fiji.  LUZON: Laguna, Quezon, PANAY, SAMAR, MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Low and médium altitude primary forests.
  3. Paramapania rostrata Uittien, Rec. Trav. Bot. Néerl. 32 (1936) 189; --Kern, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1974) 488; --Mapania rostrata Elmer, name in sched. on Philip. Isl. Pl. 16150. --Thoracostachyum lucbanense Kükenthal ex Merr. EPFP 1 (1922) 132, pro parte, non Mapania lucbanense Elmer. LUZON: Aurora (Sierra Madre Mtns NNE of Dingalan), Sorsogon (Mt Bulusan; Lake Polog), ALABAT. Primary dipterocarp forest at 300-400m altitude in the Sierra Madre; on loose, humus-covered ground among shrubberies at 1750m on Mt Bulusan.

 Pycreus P.Beauv. = Cyperus subg. Pycreus (P.Beauv.) Miq.

 Remirea Aubl. = Cyperus sect. Remirea (Aubl.) Koyama

Rhynchospora Vahl

Photos (non-Philippine)
  1. Rhynchospora corymbosa (L.) Britt.
  2. Rhynchospora heterochaeta S.T.Blake. --Rhynchospora wightiana (non Steud.) C.B.Clarke, 1907; --Merr. EPFP 1 (1923) 131.
  3. Rhynchospora rubra (Lour.) Makino.
  4. Rhynchospora rugosa (Vahl) Gale. --Rhynchospora glauca var. chinensis C.B.Clarke.

Schoenus L.

Photos (non-Philippine)
  1. Schoenus delicatulus (Fernald) Kern. --Schoenus falcatus (non L.) Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 128, pro parte.
  2. Schoenus maschalinus M Roem. & Schultes. --Schoenus axillaris Poir. in Lam.; --Merr. EPFP 1 (1923) 128; non Lam., 1791. --Schoenus philippinensis Kük. ex Merr.
  3. Schoenus melanostachys R Br.

Scirpodendron Zipp. ex Kurz

No Photos
  1. Scirpodendron ghaeri (Gaertn.) Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 268; --WH Brown, Min. Prod. Philip. For. 1 (1920) 352; --Merr., EPFP 1 (1922) 131; --Kern, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1974) 456, Fig. 3; --Chionanthus ghaeri Gaertn., Fruct. 1 (1788) 190, t. 39, Fig. 6a-c. --Mapania macrocephala (non K Schum.) Merr., Enum. Philipp. Fl. Pl. 1 (1923) 132, pro parte, quoad  Elmer 11978. Sri Lanka, Peninsular Thailand, Sumatra (and adjacent islands), Peninsular Malaysia (also in Penang), W & C Java, Borneo (Sarawak, N & E Borneo), Philippines, SE Sulawesi, Moluccas (Halmahera, Ternate, Sula Isls, Buru, Seram, Ambon), New Guinea (Sorong), Vanuatu, Australia (N Queensland), Polynesia (Fiji; Samoa). LUZON, POLILLO, PALAWAN, BILIRAN, LEYTE, MINDANAO.

Scirpus L.

Photos
  1. Scirpus articulatus L.
  2. Scirpus juncoides Roxb. --Scirpus erectus (non Poir.) C.B.Clarke.
  3. Scirpus lacustris L.
  4. Scirpus lateriflorus Gmel. --Scirpus supinus (non L.) Fern.-Villar.
  5. Scirpus litoralis Schrad. --Scirpus lacustris (non L.) Merr.,  EPFP 1 (1923) 117, pro parte.
  6. Scirpus mucronatus L.
  7. Scirpus subcapitatus Thwaites
  8. Scirpus subtilissimus (Boeck) S.T.Blake. --Scirpus merrillii Kük. ex Merr.
  9. Scirpus ternatanus Reinw. ex Miq.
  10. Scirpus wallichii Nees.

Scleria P.J.Bergius

Photos
  1. Scleria benthamii C.B.Clarke.
  2. Scleria biflora Roxb. ssp. biflora.
  3. Scleria caricina (R.Br.) Benth; --Diplacrum caricinum R.Br.
  4. Scleria ciliaris Nees in Wight. --Scleria bancana Miq.
  5. Scleria corymbosa Roxb.
  6. Scleria densispicata (C.B.Clarke) Kern; --Scleria motleyi C.B.Clarke var. densispicata C.B.Clarke.
  7. Scleria laxa R.Br.
  8. Scleria levis Retz. --Scleria hebecarpa Nees in Wight; Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 133, incl. var. pubescens C.B.Clarke.
  9. Scleria lithosperma (L.) Sw. 
  10. Scleria motleyi C.B.Clarke.
  11. Scleria novae-hollandiae Boeck. --Scleria annularis (non Steud.) C.B.Clarke, 1907. --Scleria merrillii Palla.
  12. Scleria oblata S.T.Blake. --Scleria levis (non Retz.) Willd. 1805; --Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 133.
  13. Scleria parvula Steud. --Scleria tessellata (non Willd.) Boeck; --Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 135, pro parte.
  14. Scleria pergracilis (Nees) Kunth.
  15. Scleria poaeformis Retz. --Scleria oryzoides C Presl.
  16. Scleria psilorrhiza C.B.Clarke.
  17. Scleria purpurascens Steud.
  18. Scleria rugosa R.Br. --Scleria zeylanica (non Poir.) CB Clarke, 1894, excl. syn. S. thwaitesiana.
  19. Scleria scrobiculata Nees & Meyen ex Nees
  20. Scleria sumatrensis Retz.
  21. Scleria terrestris (L.) Fass. --Scleria luzonensis Palla.

Thoracostachyum Kurz

Photos
  1. Thoracostachyum sumatranum (Miq.) Kurz, J. As. Soc. Beng. 38, ii (1869) 75; --Kern, Fl.   Males. ser. 1, 7 (1974) 464; --Lepironia sumatrana Miq., Sum. (1861) 263, 604.  New Philippine record based on Co xxxx from MINDANAO: Agusan del Sur prov., Kaimpugan peat dome.  

Torulinum Desv. = Cyperus sect. Diclidium (Nees) Benth.

 Uncinia Pers.

Photos
  1. Uncinia compacta R.Br.

Check:

Occurrence of Oreobolus on Mt. Halcon, fide E. Mandia.


Literature

Hinchliff, CE & EH Roalson. 2013. Using supermatrices for phylogenetic inquiry: an example using the sedges. Systematic Biology 62: 205-219.

Kern,  JH. 1974. Cyperaceae. Flora Malesiana series 1, 7: 435-753.

Kern, JH. & HP Nooteboom. 1979. Cyperaceae II. Flora Malesiana series 1, 9: 107-187.


Muasya, AM, DA Simpson, GA Verboom, P Goetghebeur, R Naczi, MW Chase, E Smets. 2009. Phylogeny of cyperaceae based on DNA sequence data: current progress and future prospects. Bot. Rev. 75(1): 2–21.

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Last updated November 9, 2014