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Arenaria L.

  1. Arenaria serpyllifolia L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 423; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 138. Europe, N Africa, temperate and subtemperate Asia, naturalized in other countries. LUZON: Benguet. On wet cliffs, open seepage slopes, etc., 1300-2400m. According to Merrill (1923), apparently indigenous in Benguet. Photos

Cerastium L.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 24 September 2013

  1. Cerastium fontanum Baumg., Enum. Stirp. Transsilv. 1 (1816)  425. Photos
  2. Cerastium glomeratum Thuill., Fl. Env. Paris ed. 2 (1799) 226. --Cerastium vulgatum L., Fl. Suec. ed. 2 (1755) 158, nom. inval.; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 138. Cosmopolitan in temperate and subtropical climates, rare in the tropics. Indonesia: Java, Papua New Guinea, Philippines. LUZON: Benguet. Weed in temperate vegetable gardens, c. 1400m. Photos

Dianthus L. [Not native, not naturalized?]


  1. Dianthus barbatus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 409. Cultivated. Photos
  2. Dianthus caryophyllus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 410. Cultivated.
  3. Dianthus chinensis L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 411. Cultivated.

Drymaria Willd. ex Roem. & Schult. [Not native]

  1. Drymaria cordata (L.) Willd. ex Roem. & Schult., Syst. 5 (1819) 406; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 139.

Gypsophila L. [Not native, not naturalized?]

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 24 September 2013


  1. Gypsophila elegans M.Bieb., Fl. Taur.-Cauc. 1 (1808) 319. From southern Russia throughout the Middle East, Indonesia: Java, Philippines. Cultivated.
  2. Gypsophila paniculata L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 407. East and Central Europe, West Asia, Indonesia, Philippines? Widely cultivated as ornamental.

Polycarpaea Lam.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 24 September 2013

No Photos
  1. Polycarpaea corymbosa (L.) Lam., Tab. Encycl. 2 (1797) 129; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 139; --Type from Sri Lanka. Pantropic. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Mountain Province (Mt Data), Benguet (Pauai), Zambales. In open, dry, sandy places, dry slopes, etc. from near sea-level to 1300m. Locally abundant. 

Polycarpon L.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 24 September 2013

  1. Polycarpon prostratum (Forssk.) Asch. & Schweinf., Osterr. Bot. Zeitschr. 39 (1889) 128; --Type from Egypt. --Polycarpon indicum (Retz.) Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 302; EPFP 2 (1923) 139, nom. illeg. Tropical Asia and Africa. LUZON: Pampanga. Apparently very rare and local in the Philippines.

Sagina L.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 24 September 2013

  1. Sagina papuana Warb., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 16 (1892) 14, 21; --Type from Papua New Guinea. Indonesia: Sulawesi, Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines. LUZON.
  2. Sagina procumbens L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 128; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 138. N and S temperate zones of both hemispheres. LUZON: Benguet. On wet cliffs, open seepage slopes, etc., altitude 1300-2400m. Photos

Spergula L. [Not native]

  1. Spergula arvensis L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 440; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 139. Native of Europe, now a cosmopolitan weed in the N temperate zone and montane parts of the tropics such as Java, the Philippines and New Guinea.  LUZON: Mountain Province, Benguet. A thoroughly naturalized and very common weed in temperate vegetable farms, 1400-2400m. Photos

Stellaria L.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 24 September 2013

  1. Stellaria media (L.) Cirillo, Char. Comm. (1784) 36; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 138. Circumboreal regions, said to be a native of Asia. An introduced weed in the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet. Waste places, vegetable farms, etc., 1500-2300m. Photos
  2. Stellaria vestita Kurz, J. Bot. 11 (1873) 194; --Type from China. --Stellaria laxa Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 29 (1905) 12; EPFP 2 (1923) 138; --Type: Elmer 6612 (NY, PNH), Luzon. Taiwan, N Philippines. LUZON: Benguet. Montane thicket margins, banks, cliffs, 1600-2300m.


Bakker, K. 1957. Revision of the genus Polycarpaea (Caryophyllaceae) in Malaysia. Acta Botanica Neerlandica 6: 48-53, 1 fig.

Duke, I. 1961. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 48: 173-

Larsen, K. 2002. Caryophyllaceae. Flora Malesiana, Series 1 16:1-51

Mattfeld, J. 1938. Botaniche Jahrbücher 69: 267-273.

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Last updated 23 July 2017